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Publication numberUS2860348 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 18, 1958
Filing dateFeb 6, 1958
Priority dateFeb 6, 1958
Publication numberUS 2860348 A, US 2860348A, US-A-2860348, US2860348 A, US2860348A
InventorsWilliam F Mcclenahan
Original AssigneeWilliam F Mcclenahan
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combination fixture
US 2860348 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

' Nov. 18,1958 w. F. MCCLENAHAN 2,350,343

COMBINATION FIXTURE v 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Feb. 6, 1958 63 ll VENTOR. 67 37 r V as WILL/AM I? Afi cLEA/Am 51 ECKHOFF & SLICK ATTORNEYS k I A MEMBER OF THE FIR/W Nov. 18, 1958 w. F. MCCLENAHAN 2,860,348

COMBINATION FIXTURE Filed Feb. 6, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIG- 4 INVENTOR, "(ILL/AM E M CLENAHAN EOYHOFF 8 SLICK ATTOR rs N V WK A MEMBER OF THE F/PM' United States Patent COMBINATION FIXTURE William F. McCIenahan, Burlingame, Calif.

Application February 6, 1958, Serial No. 713,765

'3 Claims. (Cl. 4-3) This application is a continuation-in-part of my application Serial No. 484,743, filed January 28, 1955, now abandoned.

This invention relates to a combination water closet, wash basin and drinking fountain, and particularly relates to an all metal sanitary device of the institutional type.

In public institutions, particularly penal institutions and mental hospitals, conventional plumbing fixtures are a continual source of trouble. Conventional plumbing fixtures are made of ceramic materials and are easily cracked when subjected to heat or other stress. Thus, inmates, in an effort to secure either weapons or cause trouble, frequently break conventional plumbing fixtures for various reasons. Further, in public institutions, space is ordinarily very limited and it is desirable to have a fixture which occupies the minimum amount of floor space. In addition, it is highly desirable to have fixtures which require the minimum amount of installation and maintenance expense.

It is therefore the object of the present invention to provide a combination plumbing fixture which will take care of all the sanitary needs of an inmate, which is substantially indestructible by normal means, which is easy to install and maintain and which occupies a minimum amount of floor space.

Another object of this invention is to provide an all metal integral plumbing fixture which may be readily fabricated.

Still another object of this invention is to provide a sanitary plumbing fixture having no exposed loose parts or plumbing connections whereby it is rendered substantially tamper-proof.

Still other objects will be apparent from the balance of the specification.

In the drawings forming a part of this application:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of one embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 2 is a front elevation of the plumbing fixture of Figure 1.

Figure 3 is a sectional view on the line 33 of Figure 2.

Figure 4 is a perspective view of another embodiment of the invention.

Referring now to Figures 1, 2 and 3 by reference characters, the fixture includes a wash basin, generally indicated at 5, a toilet bowl, generally designated 7, which are joined by a skirt-like member, generally designated 10. The wash bowl portion 5 has a front member 9, a straightsided back member 11, the front portion 9 being of generally curved shape, as is common in lavatories. The lip of the bowl 13 is connected to the back portion 11 by means of a sloping sidewall, as is shown, and the top of the lavatory may be formed into a small shelf 15. The bowl is equipped with a small opening 17 through which water runs slowly through pipe 21 to the toilet bowl. In this manner, it is possible to fill the wash bowl without using a stopper and the water will discharge slowly ice from the wash bowl to the toilet bowl, obviating the need for a separate trap, vent and waste discharge opening for the wash bowl. An overflow outlet 19 is provided which communicates with the pipe 21 through the overflow mem-- ber 23.

The back portion of the lavatory is equipped with a combination water outlet, soap dish and drinking fountain which has been generally designated 23A. This fixture is ordinarily cast separately and welded into place in the balance of the lavatory and contains a water outlet 25, soap dish 27, and a drinking outlet 29. Outlets 25 and 29 are in fluid communication and if one wishes to use the fixture as a drinking fountain, one need merely place a finger over the opening 25, whereupon water will be discharged from the opening 29. The lavatory may also be equipped with two integrally cast toothbrush holders, designated 31. Openings are provided in the lavatory for the insertion of two conventional push button fittings for hot and cold water, which have been designated 33.

The toilet bowl portion 7 of the fixture has a cast integral seat, designated 35. The bowl is provided with a waste discharge opening 37 and the inside of the bowl is provided with a partition or baffle 39. The baffle 39 forms a water trap in the bottom of the closet, as is well known to those skilled in the art. An. integrally cast spud 49 may be provided on the water closet for connection to a water pipe 51 in the known manner. The water connection 49 leads to a chamber 53 having an opening 55 therein for discharge of water into the bowl and also leading from the chamber 53 is a tube 57, with an opening 59 just opposite the bafile 39*. Thus, when the closet is flushed, the major portion of the water enters the bowl through the opening 55, but part enters through the opening 59. The water passing through the opening 59 serves to start the blowout action to empty the bowl.

The water closet proper rests on a base 61 and the base 61 may be of varying height in order that varying heights of wall outlets can be accommodated. The lower skirt 65 is inturned as at 67 to provide a back for the fixture.

In the embodiment shown, the fixture is made by welding together five different aluminum sections, namely the bowl 5, the skirt 10, the lower bowl 7, the lower skirt 65, and the drinking fountain 23. Other metals and other methods of fabrication can be used.

The waste fitting 37 has a flange 63 thereon so that the fixture can be readily fastened to the wall and made tight to the plumbing outlet at the same time as by bolt 68. In addition, the base has openings 69 for the insertion of tamper-proof bolts.

The fixture heretofore described rests on the floor and there is shown in Figure 4 another embodiment of the invention wherein the fixture is hung from a wall. The fixture of Figure 4 has the same internal structure as is shown in Figures 1-3 and has a wash basin 5, a toilet bowl 7, joined by the front skirt 70 and. the side skirts 72. The waste outlet is concealed by the housing 74 which is essentially a continuation of the side skirts. Lugs 76 are provided so that the fixture may be fastened to a wall or the like. In addition, fastening means may be employed near the top of the fixture, at the back thereof, not illustrated.

In the manner described above, a combination plumbing fixture has been provided which is substantially tamper-proof, which occupies a minimum amount of floor space, and which requires a minimum of installation ex pense.

I claim:

1. A tamper-proof unitary plumbing fixture comprising a combined toilet bowl and wash basin, said wash basin being mounted over and having an outlet draining into the Patented Nov. 18, 1958 toilet bowl and having a water inlet and having a concealing member extending downward from the wash basin at the front and sides thereof and forming a portion of the sides of the wash basin, said concealing member extending from each side of the wash basin to the bottom of the fixture and providing a support for the wash basin and said concealing member in front extending to the top of the toilet bowl, a water inlet and Waste outlet extending to and from said toilet bowl, said concealing member concealing'the water inlets and outlets.

2. The fixture of claim 1 wherein the concealing mem- References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Norberg July 26, 1932 Kemach Nov. 21, 1933

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1868760 *Mar 30, 1931Jul 26, 1932Norberg Ernest LLavatory
US1935779 *Feb 16, 1933Nov 21, 1933Abel KemachCombination basin and lavatory tank
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3428964 *Apr 11, 1966Feb 25, 1969Lucas Don DCombined toilet fixture and basin
US3576038 *Jul 18, 1969Apr 27, 1971Josam Mfg CoWater closet construction
US3696448 *Jun 25, 1971Oct 10, 1972Carfora JosephLavatory-water closet combination
US3924279 *Dec 18, 1974Dec 9, 1975Acorn Eng CoHanger and support structure for toilet bowls and the like
US3932899 *Jun 25, 1974Jan 20, 1976Kelsey-Hayes CompanyCombination support frame and security means
US3987502 *Jan 7, 1976Oct 26, 1976Hartmann Jack PPlumbing fixture for penal institution
US4030145 *Feb 12, 1976Jun 21, 1977Aluminum Plumbing Fixture CorporationCombination plumbing fixture having single floor waste outlet
US4358864 *May 4, 1981Nov 16, 1982Medrano Juan MCombination wash basin and toilet conservation system
US4653128 *Nov 5, 1985Mar 31, 1987Francisco CanalizoModular bathroom unit
US4985944 *Jul 20, 1989Jan 22, 1991Bauer Industries Inc.Plumbing control system and method for prisons
US4995410 *Jan 9, 1990Feb 26, 1991Lash Richard LOstomy cleaning and receptacle replacement station
US5083580 *Feb 25, 1991Jan 28, 1992Lash Richard LOstomy cleaning and receptacle replacement station
US5195681 *Dec 31, 1991Mar 23, 1993Chyen Jen TFaucet for selectively discharging downward or upward water stream
US5771501 *Dec 22, 1995Jun 30, 1998Sloan Valve CompanyPlumbing control system and method for prisons
US5855029 *Oct 20, 1997Jan 5, 1999Flippen, Sr.; Robert A.Compact water-saving modular bathroom fixture
US5862546 *Jul 31, 1997Jan 26, 1999Kim; S. Y.Combination, self flush, urinal and hand wash lavatory fixture
US6328882 *Apr 3, 2000Dec 11, 2001Joel Hl. RosenblattResidential waste water recycling system
US6643865Feb 1, 2001Nov 11, 2003Bradley Fixtures CorporationLavatory system
US6769443Apr 29, 2002Aug 3, 2004I-Con Systems, Inc.Plumbing control system with signal recognition
US6802090 *Sep 18, 2002Oct 12, 2004Vicki Lee MartinLavatory-toilet combination
US6986171Apr 25, 2003Jan 17, 2006Bradley Fixtures CorporationLavatory system
US7007318Feb 12, 2003Mar 7, 2006Bradley Fixtures CorporationLavatory system
WO1990014173A1 *Jan 9, 1990Nov 29, 1990Richard L LashOstomy cleaning and receptacle replacement station
WO1999005949A1 *Jul 29, 1998Feb 11, 1999Kim S YA combination, self flush, urinal and hand wash lavatory fixture
Classifications
U.S. Classification4/665, 4/DIG.150, 4/425
International ClassificationE03C1/01, E03D1/00
Cooperative ClassificationE03C1/01, E03D1/003, Y10S4/15
European ClassificationE03D1/00B, E03C1/01