Elastic fabric for goring
US 286037 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
T. J. MA-YALL.
ELASTIG FABRIC PoR GORING. No..286,0.37. Patented Oot. 2,` 1883.
@Mmmm (WMZMQMWM UNITED vSTATES THoMAS J. MAYALL, or HEADING, MAssAoHUsETTs.
ELASTIC FABRIC VFOR GRING.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 286,037, dated October 2, 1883.
Application led March 1,9, 1883. (No model.)
To a/ZZ whom t may concern.:
Be it known that I, THOMAS J. MAYALL, of Reading, in the county of Middlesex and Gommonwealth of Massachusetts, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Elastic Fabric for Gering, of which the following is a specication.
My invention relates to the materials used to make the-fabric and the manner of male ing it, the object of the invention being to produce a fabric for goring which will be more durable, of better appearance, and less expensive than the fabrics heretofore made for that purpose, and it consists in making the fabric of two sheets of leather laid one upon the other with anadhesive compound, which I term in another application for a patent Mayalls cement,7 and strips of highly-elastic rubber drawn to a considerable tension between them, by which the two sheets of leather are firmly secured to each other and gathered up, so as to have not more than one-half the breadth the sheets'of leather had.
In the drawings annexed, Figure 1 Shows a top view of a piece of my improved fabric.
Fig. 2 shows a piece of the fabric in the same position, with al portionv of the top sheet of leather not cemented onto the bottom sheet of leather, showing the strips of elastic rubber adhering to the bottom sheet, and gathering it into folds or corrugations. Fig. 3 shows the edge of a piece of my improved fabric for goring. Fig. 4. shows a low boot with gorep'ieces of this improved fabric inserted on the sides.
'a is the top sheet of leather a', the strips of elastic rubber which are about half of an inch wide, and thick enough to give them the necessary-strength and retractive power. c2 is the bottom sheet of leather.
To make this improved fabric' I take thin i sheets of leather of uniform thickness, soft and pliable, the outsides colored to suit the taste and smoothly finished. The bottom or inner Sheet is laid smoothly-on a table and se-I cured in place. alls cement, (a compound of rubber, pentasulphide of antimony, and shellac dissolved in naphtha.) The elastic rubber strips drawn It is then coated with May' out to give them the proper tension are then laid across the sheet of rubber cement-coated leather and the ends so secured as to keep them in tension. rlhe inner side of the upper or outer sheet of leather is then coated with the cement and laid the. coated side down on the inner sheet of leather, and the rubberstrips already prepared, and in any convenient way pressed down, so as to expel all the air from between the two sheets of leather, and unite the cement on them into one homo- 'geneous sheet, which is also as closely united with the two sheets of leather on each side of it. The fabric is kept secure in this position until the cement is dried. This film of cement .is pliable and elastic when dried. When the cement is dry, the securing devices are removed, and the Strips of elastic rubber retract to about one-half the length they had while in tension, and draw or gather the fabric into irregular eorrugations covering its whole surface. It is then ready for use, and is entirely reliable for use in shoes and garments.
Elastic fabric for gering has heretofore been made of fibrous woven or knit goods.
I claim as new and my invention- An elastic fabric for gering, consisting of two sheets of pliable leather cemented together and inclosing between them parallel strips of rubber secured between said sheets while stretched to their utmost tension, so that when relaxed they will crimp the leather sheets in one direction, substantially as described.
rlI-IOS. J. MAYALL.
GHS. HoUcHToN, F. L. IIoUG-HTON.