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Publication numberUS2860639 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 18, 1958
Filing dateApr 29, 1957
Priority dateApr 29, 1957
Publication numberUS 2860639 A, US 2860639A, US-A-2860639, US2860639 A, US2860639A
InventorsHoover Frank M
Original AssigneeHoover Products Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pacifier and shield therefor
US 2860639 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 18, 1958 F. M. HOOVER 2,860,639

PACIFIER AND SHIELD THEREFOR Filed April 29, 1957 INVENTOR. FRANK M. HOOVER lilnited States Patent Ufiicc 2,860,639 Patented Nov. 18, 1958 2,860,639 PACIFKER AND SHEELD THEREFOR Frank M. Hoover, Youngstown, Ohio, assignor to Hoover grnoducts, lne, Youngstown, Ohio, a corporation of to Application April 29, 1957, Serial No. 655,870 2 tllaims. (Cl. 128--359) This invention relates to a pacifier and more particularly to a pacifier of novel formation.

The principal object of the invention is the provision of a pacifier wherein the several parts are arranged to prevent accidental disassembly.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a pacifier having a shield disposed over the flexible rubber portion of the pacifier and attached to an adjacent portion thereof so as to protect the pacifier during the time of sale and incidental handling.

A still further object of the invention is the provision of a pacifier and shield therefor which may be inexpensively formed of a few parts and provides an attractive, safe and sanitary package.

The pacifier disclosed herein comprises an assembly of inexpensive parts so arranged that assembly is rapid and the assembled device can not be readily disassembled.

The pacifier includes a flanged conical shield which protects the rubber portion of the pacifier which is eventually placed in a babys mouth. The shield is arranged to coact with a disc forming part of the pacifier holding the rubber portion of the pacifier in assembly so that the rubber portion is protected at all times.

With the foregoing and other objects in view which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter described and claimed, it being the intention to cover all changes and modifications of the example of the invention herein chosen for purposes of the disclosure, which do not constitute departures from the spirit and scope of the invention.

The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, wherein:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of the pacifier with the shield attached.

Figure 2 is an exploded view of the several portions of the pacifier and shield.

Figure 3 is a perspective view of the pacifier.

Figure 4 is a vertical section on an enlarged scale taken on line 44 of Figure 3.

By referring to the drawing and Figures 1 and 2 in particular, it will be seen that the pacifier comprises an ornamental head which may alternately take the form The stem 12 is provided with a grooved head portion 15', the groove being indicated by the numeral 16. The

opposite or upper end thereof is formed with two spaced annular flanges 17, one of which is adapted to be posi tioned within the head 10 and the other immediately adjacent the outside thereof so that the stem 12 is rotatably mounted in the head, as best shown in Figure 4 of the drawing.

Still referring to Figures 1 and 2 of the drawing it Will be seen that a rubber, non-perforated nipple 18 is formed with a thickened collar 19 about its uppermost open end. The collar 19 is adapted to be positioned over the head 15 of the stem 12 so as to register thereon above the groove 16. In such position, an apertured disc 20, which may or may not have been previously assembled onto the nipple 18, is moved over the nipple 18 to a point adjacent the collar 19 so that it is in registry with the groove 16. This arrangement is best shown in Figure 4 of the drawings.

It will occur to those skilled in the art that the forceful positioning of the apertured disc 20 over the head 15 of the stem 12 causes a distortion of the material in the nipple 18 which recovers its normal shape and holds the disc 20 in position. At the same time, the collar 19 of the nipple is prevented from pulling out through the apertured disc by the presence of the head 15 of the stem 12 so that the assembly is suitably maintained.

A shield comprising a conical section 21 having a curved annular flange 22 (which flange is slit at circumferentially spaced points therearound as at 23) is then moved over the nipple 18 and into position in engage ment with the periphery of the apertured disc 20.

A plurality of circumferentially spaced bosses 24 on the inside of the curved annular flange 22 engage against the disc 20 and are so formed that when such engagement is made, the flange 22 is sprung slightly outwardly and each of the sections thereof between the slits 23 yields so that a spring-like securing action is obtained whereby the shield 21 is securely aflixed to the disc in protective covering relation to the nipple 18.

The shield 21 protects the nipple 18 during packing and handling as encountered at the time of sale and is eventualy removed before the pacifier is used by a baby. It may obviously be retained and replaced from time to-time in order that the pacifier may be kept in sanitary condition.

It will thus be seen that the pacifier and shield therefor disclosed herein meet the several objects of the invention.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim is:

1. A pacifier comprising a body member having a stem rotatably mounted therein and extending outwardly therefrom, said stem having a head portion and a non-perforated nipple engaged over said head portion, an apertured disc engaged over said nipple and head portion for self-retention thereon, said head portion, nipple and apertured disc arranged to distort an annular section of said nipple when said disc is positioned over said nipple and head portion.

2. A pacifier and a shield therefor, the pacifier comprising a body member having a stem rotatably mounted therein and extending outwardly therefrom, said stem having an enlarged head portion and an annular groove thereabout intermediate said head portion and said body member, a nipple engaged on said stem portion and an apertured disc engaged over said nipple and stem portion and engaged in said groove, said shield comprising a conical member having an annular curving flange slit at circumferentially spaced locations thereabout and positioned in registry over the peripheral edge of said apertured disc in removable engagement thereon.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,699,785 Allen Jan. 18, 1955 FOREIGN PATENTS 14,933 Great Britain 1892 7,964 Great Britain 1897 552,888 France May 8, 1923 1,134,389 France Apr. 10, 19,57

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2699785 *Feb 26, 1953Jan 18, 1955Richard G Krueger IncPacifier
FR552888A * Title not available
FR1134389A * Title not available
GB189214933A * Title not available
GB189707964A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3186411 *Apr 24, 1963Jun 1, 1965Skidmore William DLuminous pacifier
US3442267 *Jan 5, 1967May 6, 1969Krygier Stanley JamesThumb sucking preventer
US4188747 *Jul 3, 1978Feb 19, 1980Kramer Remi TInfant pacifier combination
US4193407 *Jan 9, 1978Mar 18, 1980Per A. LjungbergPacifier
US4277910 *Nov 13, 1979Jul 14, 1981Kramer Remi TInfant pacifier combination
US4493324 *Jun 17, 1983Jan 15, 1985Dan LaMerePacifier cover
US4946054 *Nov 20, 1989Aug 7, 1990Gerber Products CompanyCover for pacifiers
US5156617 *Feb 21, 1991Oct 20, 1992Reid Toi LPacifier cover
US5211656 *Dec 20, 1991May 18, 1993Maddocks Richard JPacifier
US5342398 *Aug 9, 1993Aug 30, 1994Sun Ping ChangPacifier with internal knurled teething member
US5666693 *Sep 15, 1995Sep 16, 1997Cap ToysToy handle for oral device
US5938153 *Nov 10, 1997Aug 17, 1999Coleman; Thomas J.Clone pops
US5964784 *Sep 1, 1998Oct 12, 1999Wang; Shun-PoPacifier with a dust-free-cap
US6053894 *Dec 4, 1997Apr 25, 2000Shadd, Jr.; Daniel L.Hypodermic syringe
US6485505Feb 16, 2001Nov 26, 2002Bonnie L. VasquezPacifier cover
US6517567Nov 30, 2000Feb 11, 2003Albert R. Bass, Jr.Apparatus and method for pacifier withdrawal
US6634919 *Mar 12, 2001Oct 21, 2003James GordonPacifier toy
US7311721Apr 12, 2004Dec 25, 2007Rosuck Stefan EPacifier having pivotally mounted covers
US20050065551 *Apr 12, 2004Mar 24, 2005Rosuck Stefan E.Pacifier having pivotally mounted covers
US20050222621 *Mar 25, 2005Oct 6, 2005Duwelius Donald LTeething mitten for an infant
US20060142800 *Dec 27, 2004Jun 29, 2006Sassy, Inc.Infant teething and feeding apparatus
US20080248170 *Apr 9, 2007Oct 9, 2008Sung So LeeRe-usable toy candy stick with a holding ring and a cross guard plate
U.S. Classification606/234, D24/195
International ClassificationA61J17/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61J2017/008, A61J17/00
European ClassificationA61J17/00