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Publication numberUS2861518 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 25, 1958
Filing dateFeb 14, 1956
Priority dateFeb 17, 1955
Publication numberUS 2861518 A, US 2861518A, US-A-2861518, US2861518 A, US2861518A
InventorsWilhelm Pleuger Friedrich
Original AssigneeWilhelm Pleuger Friedrich
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Diaphragm pump
US 2861518 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

DIAPHRAGM PUMP Filed Feb. 14, 1956 lNVEN TO R' W 2 BY ATTO R N EY5 United States Patent 2,861,518 DIAPHRAGM PUMP Friedrich Wilhelm Pleuger, Hamburg, Germany Application February 14, 1956, Serial No. 565,465 Claims priority, application Germany February 17, 1955 8 Claims. (Cl. 103-44) This invention relates to submersible pumps for deep. well pumping, and more particularly, to a diaphragm pump for submersion in an oil well in order to pump from great depths.

In petroleum drilling it is often necessary to pump 01f brine lying underneath the petroleum deposit before commencing the pumping of the oil itself. In such operations it is not uncommon to encounter pressures at the bottom of the oil deposit of the order of several hundred atmospheres. When it is attempted to operate a pump under such high pressures, leakage problems are encountered with respect to the pump packing.

The invention provides for minimizing such leakage problems by equalization of the pressure inside and out side of the pump. Briefly, the invention involves the provision of a plurality of pistons operating through sealed hydraulic pressure chambers on flexible diaphragms which are exposed to an act upon oil in pumping chambers. In the preferred form of the invention the pistons are provided in paired opposing relation and operate within a liquid-filled pressure compensation chamber.

The primary object of the invention is the provision of a diaphragm pump capable of sustained operation even when submerged to the bottom of the oil deposit in an oil well.

A further object of the invention is the provision in a diaphragm pump of a hydraulic pressure transfer chamber (adapted to exert the force generated by a reciprocating piston on a flexible diaphragm) and an associated liquid-filled pressure compensation chamber whereby the pressure of oil from the surrounding strata is balanced by the pressure of the incompressible liquid within the pumping unit.

Still further, the invention has as an object the provision of a pump which can be used during prolonged operation at various temperatures, the object here in question being to provide automatic compensation for expansions and contractions of the volume of the pressure liquid resulting from fluctuations in temperature.

Yet another object of the invention is the provision, in a diaphragm pump having a plurality of pistons acting to distort flexible diaphragms, of means for automatically compensating for liquid which leaks out of the pressure transfer chambers between the pistons and cylinder wall How the foregoing and other objects and advantages of the invention are attained will appear more clearly from the following description, taken together with the accompanying drawing showing a vertical section of a diaphragm pump according to the invention.

An electric motor, preferably of the squirrel cage type, is mounted within the tubular housing 1, the rotor thereof being schematically shown at 2. The motor shaft 3, conveniently arranged concentrically of the pump housing 1, is journalled at its free end in the ball bearing 4. An eccentric or cam 6 (together with a surrounding needle bearing is mounted on the motor shaft 3 and drives a yoke or other similar member interconnecting the pistons 7-7 for conjoint reciprocation.

While the drawing illustrates an embodiment having two radially aligned and opposed pistons, it is contemplated that any convenient number of pistons may be used, the preferred forming involving an even number of pistons arranged in opposed pairs and generally radially disposed around the eccentric.

Piston rings 8 are provided on the pistons 7 and 7' to minimize leakage of pressure liquid between the pistons and cylinder walls. The cylinders are preferably formed as bores in a common cylinder housing 9. The portions of the cylinders ahead of the pistons provide working spaces 10 and 10 which may be sealed by means of removable plugs 11.

The working spaces 10 and 10 of the pistons are in communication, via the passageways 12 and 12' with pressure chambers 13 and 13', respectively.

Flexible diaphragms 14 and 14 separate the pressure chambers 13 and 13 from the pumping chambers 15 and 15, respectively. The pressure chambers 13 and 13', the passageways 12 and 12, and the cylinders in which the pistons 7 and 7 act are all filled with gas-free pressure liquid.

The pumping chambers 15 and 15' are adapted to draw from the well through inlet passages 23 and 23' provided with one-way inlet valves 16 and 16, and to deliver to the well riser 18 via one-way outlet valve means 17 and 17'.

The piston and cylinder devices with their associatedparts (the pressure chambers 13 and 13, pumping chambers 15 and 15', diaphragms 14 and 14, passageways 12 and 12', working spaces 10 and 10', etc.) are arranged symmetrically with reference to a plane containing the vertical axis of the housing.

The space surrounding the motor, eccentric, yolk, pistons and bearings forms a liquid-filled pressure compensation chamber 19 within the housing 1.

In order to compensate for liquid which leaks past the pistons from the working spaces 10 and 10 into the compensation chamber 19, ducts 20 and 20' are provided through the bottom wall of the cylinder housing 9. Spring loaded non-return valves 21 and 21' are arranged in the ducts 20 and 20 respectively, so as to prevent escape of liquid from the spaces 10 and 10 and to permit flow of liquid from the compensation chamber into the spaces when the leakage past the pistons has reduced the volume of liquid in the system to the point where sufficient suction is built up during the suction stroke of the piston to overcome the seating force of the valve springs. Thus, there is provided a communication between the pressure compensation chamber 19 and the pressure chambers 13 and 13 through non-return valve means.

In order to insure an additional pressure compensation of the compensation chamber 19 with the outside pressure, and also for the compensation of possible volume displacements resulting from the piston movements,

the external flexible diaphragm 22 may be disposed in the housing wall 1. The external diaphragm or compensation diaphragm 22 may be arranged at any convenient place in the housing, the drawing showing it in the side wall near the top of the motor. However, it is also possible to arrange the diaphragm 22 below the motor in the bottom cap (not shown) of the housing 1.

According to one aspect of the invention, the external diaphragm 22 may even be eliminated, that is, when the pistons are arranged so as to avoid displacement of any appreciable volume of the liquid in the compensation chamber during a cycle of the pistons. In other words, when one piston extends into the compensation chamber, the other piston will be advanced into its cylinder and vice versa. Thus, the actual volume of the compensation chamber remain-s substantially constant. With such an arrangement the external diaphragm 22 may not be necessary.

Patented Nov. 25, 1958 v The embodiment of the invention shown in the drawings operates in the following manner:

After the electric motor has been connected with the power supply line, the rotor 2 rotates in the compensation chamber 19 and imparts to the double piston arrangement 7-7 a reciprocating movement by means of the eccentric 6 and the yoke interconnecting the pistons. Since the two pistons are of the same shape and size, their displacements-are equal and the backward and forward movement causes no change of volume in the pump housing.

The pressure liquid within the passageways and pressure chambers flows, in response to motion of the pistons, alternately through the passageways 12 and 12 and into the pressure chambers 13 and 13', thus alternately distending and relaxing the diaphragms 14 and 14'. The periodic changing of the volume of the pressure chambers 13 and 13 correspondingly increases and decreases the volume of the working chambers 15 and 15. The change in volume of the working chambers effects an alternate intake of oil through passage 23 or 23' and check valve 16 or 16' and an outflow of oil through outlet valve 17 or 17' and into the well riser 18.

Pressure liquid which leaks between the pistons and cylinder walls during operation is automatically compensated for on each piston stroke in the suction direction by intake of pressure liquid from the compensation chamber through the passages 20 or Ztl and spring loaded nonreturn valves 21 or 21. If the volume of the liquid in the pressure chambers and connected spaces increases due to a rise in temperature, the diaphragms 14 and 14' will bulge slightly and assume a new equilibrium position. The pressure inside and outside the pump is thereby maintained in balance and no excessive strain is placed on any packings involved. w

Thus, even if the volume of the liquid in the pressure chamber increases, the pump operation continues unimpaired because of the distention of the diaphragms 14 and 14' to a new neutral position. If the temperature subsequently drops to normal operating temperature, the diaphragms 14 and 14 will again assume their original neutral position.

While various arrangements of the parts of the invention are possible, it is preferred to arrange the diaphragms generally vertically Within the housing and to arrange the pistons generally radially in horizontal position below the diaphragms. Such an arrangement of the pistons facilitates a rotating cam or eccentric drive of the kind shown and also insures that the lengths of the passageways from the cylinders to the respective pressure chambers will all be substantially equal and therefore have substantially equal pressure drops. The radial type arrangement in efiect provides for driving of the pistons in phase opposition and for symmetrical arrangement of the parts.

As will be seen from the drawing, the structure of the pump according to the invention is arranged in several major sections which are mounted one on top of another axially. Thus, the bottom section or portion houses the electric motor, the next section contains the piston and cylinder devices, the next the pumping chambers and pressure chambers, the next the pressure outlet valves and finally the connection with the pump riser or delivery pipe. This structural arrangement makes for ready assembly and also for ease of replacement and repair of various parts of the invention, without a complete disassembly.

I claim:

1. For the withdrawal of liquids upwardly through the riser of a deep well, a pump submerged in the liquid, said pump comprising, a plurality of piston and cylinder devices each in communication with a pressure chamber, pressure transfer liquid filling the cylinders and pressure chambers, a pumping chamber adjacent-each pressure chamber, a flexible diaphragm separating each pressure chamber from the adjacent pumping chamber, each pumping chamber being adapted to draw from the well through first passage means and deliver to the well riser through second passage means, one-way inlet valve means in said first passage means and one-way outlet valve means in said second passage means, means for driving the pistons, a liquidfilled compensation chamber, the open ends of said cylinders being in communication with the compensation chamber, and a flexible compensation diaphragm in the wall of the compensation chamber, said compensation diaphragm being exposed to the pressure in the well outside the pump on one side and to the pressure of the liquid in the compensation chamber on the other side.

2. A deep well pump according to claim 1 in which the liquid filled compensation chamber is in communication with each of said pressure chambers via conduit means, and in which non-return valve means are provided in said conduit means to prevent flow into the compensation chamber. i

3. A pump according to claim 1 in which the means for driving the pistons is located Within the compensation chamber, and in which each of the piston and cylinder devices is paired with an opposing device, whereby the volume of the compensation chamber remains substantially constant.

-4. A pump according to claim 1 in which the cylinders are arranged in a common cylinder housing.

5. A pump according to claim 1 in which the pressure chambers and pumping chambers are arranged above the piston and cylinder devices and the means for driving saiddevices.

6. Aconstruction according to claim 2 in which the non-return valve means are spring-loaded.

7. For the withdrawal of liquids upwardly through the riser of a deep well, a pump submerged in the liquid, said pump comprising, a pump housing, a plurality of pumping chambers within said housing, each pumping chamber'being adapted to draw from the well through first passage means and deliver to the well riser through second passage means, one-Way inlet valve means in said first passage means and one-way outlet valve means in said second passage means, a pressure chamber opposed to each pumpingchamber, a flexible diaphragm separating each pressure chamber from its pumping chamber, said diaphragms being generally vertically disposed within said housing, a generally horizontally disposed piston and cylinder device for each pressure chamber, a passageway connecting each cylinder with its pressure chamber, pressure transfer liquid filling the cylinders, passageways and pressure chambers, a liquid-filled compensation chamber,. means within the compensation chamber for driving the pistons in phase opposition, the open ends of the cylinders being in communication with the compensation chamber, and a flexible compensation diaphragm in the wall of the compensation chamber, said compensation diaphragm being exposed to the pressure in the well outside the pump on one side and to the pressure of the liquid in the compensation chamber on the other side.

8. For the withdrawal of liquids upwardly through the riser of a deep well, a pump submerged in the liquid, said pump comprising a housing having a generally vertical axis, a pair of piston and cylinder devices each in communication with a pressure chamber, a pumping chamber opposed to each pressure chamber, a flexible diaphragm separating each pressure chamber from its pumping chamber, said piston and cylinder devices and pumping and pressure chambers being arranged symmetrically with reference to a plane containing said axis of the housing, pressure transfer liquid filling the cylinders and pressure chambers, the pumping chambers being adapted to draw from the well and deliver to the well riser, a liquid-filled compensation chamber, means within the compensation chamber for driving the pistons in phase opposition, the open ends of the cylinders being in communication with the compensation chamber, and a flexible compensation References Cited in the file of this patent diaphragm in the wall of the compensation chamber, said compensation diaphragm being exposed to the pressure in UNITED STATES PATENTS the Well outside the pump on one side and to the pressure 1,301,485 Mueller Apr. 22, 1919 of the liquid in the compensation chamber on the other 5 1,851,666 Evans Mar. 29, 1932 side. 2,343,962 Dodson Mar. 14, 1944

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1301485 *Dec 17, 1918Apr 22, 1919Hilmar MuellerPump.
US1851666 *Sep 24, 1930Mar 29, 1932Evans Carol LHydraulic operated pump
US2343962 *Jan 17, 1942Mar 14, 1944Edward DodsonMeasuring pump
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2993446 *May 27, 1958Jul 25, 1961PleugerDiaphragm piston pump
US5292235 *Jan 15, 1992Mar 8, 1994Karl EickmannMembranes and neighboring members in pumps, compressors and devices
US6017198 *Feb 26, 1997Jan 25, 2000Traylor; Leland BSubmersible well pumping system
US6595280Sep 3, 2001Jul 22, 2003Leland Bruce TraylorSubmersible well pumping system with an improved hydraulically actuated switching mechanism
US6889765Dec 3, 2002May 10, 2005Smith Lift, Inc.Submersible well pumping system with improved flow switching mechanism
US8021129May 31, 2006Sep 20, 2011Smith Lift, Inc.Hydraulically actuated submersible pump
CN101454570BMay 31, 2007Aug 14, 2013史密斯国际公司Hydraulically actuated submersible pump
DE3903049A1 *Feb 2, 1989Aug 23, 1990Uraca PumpenMembranpumpe
WO2007140436A2 *May 31, 2007Dec 6, 2007Mangum JaredHydraulically actuated submersible pump
Classifications
U.S. Classification417/339, 417/383, 417/388
International ClassificationF04B43/06, F04B43/067
Cooperative ClassificationF04B43/067
European ClassificationF04B43/067