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Publication numberUS2861834 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 25, 1958
Filing dateAug 6, 1951
Priority dateFeb 16, 1948
Publication numberUS 2861834 A, US 2861834A, US-A-2861834, US2861834 A, US2861834A
InventorsEdwin L Allen
Original AssigneeLisle W Meuzimer
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Control mechanism for door latches
US 2861834 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 25, 1958 E. ALLEN CONTROL MECHANISM FOR DOOR LATCHES Original Filed Feb. 16, 1948 2 Sheets-Sheet l IIIIIIII INVENTOR. EDWIN L. ALLEN ATTORNEYS.

Nov. 25, 1958 E. ALLEN CONTROL MECHANISM FOR DQOR LATCHES Original Filed Feb. 16, 1948 INVENTOR. EDWIN L. A LLEN ATTORNEYS.

United States Patent O 2,861,834 coNTRoL MECHANISM non noon LATCHES Edwin L. Allen, Cleveland Heights, Ohio, assignor, by mesne assignments, to Lisle W. Meuzimer, trustee, Rockford, Ill.

Original application February 16, 1948, Serial No. 8,565, new Patent No. 2,573,679, dated November 6, 1951. Divided and this application August 6, 1951, Serial No. 240,523

21 Claims. c1. 292-3363) This invention relates to door latching and locking mechanisms and more particularly to certain improvements in apparatus for manually effecting release of a door latch from its latched or door closed position.

In the latching and locking of the doors of automotive vehicles or the like, it has been proposed to use latch mechanisms of various types. A very successful device for this purpose is illustrated and described in the Rudolph I. Schonitzer United States Patent No. 2,094,413, and another embodiment of the same general type of door control mechanism is illustrated and described in my copending United States patent application Serial No. 746,521, filed May 7, 1947 (Patent No. 2,658,783). In the door control mechanisms illustrated in said patent and application the latching apparatus includes coacting elements associated with the door and door frame structures whereby the door may be latched and held in closed position or released from closed position to permit opening thereof, and a detent whereby one of the co-acting elements, which may be termed the latch member, is releasably retained in its operative or door latched position when the door is closed.

After the detent of this type of mechanism is moved by suitable manually operable means to release the latch member and permit opening of the door, the latch member is moved concurrently with the initial door opening movement into an operated or door unlatched position which is different from its above-mentioned operative or door latched position and remains in this operated position until the door is again closed. Means are also provided for locking the mechanism to prevent unauthorized opening of the door, which means effect locking of the door by blocking the detent, together with the parts of the latch mechanism proper which are directly associated with the detent for actuation thereof, against movement from latch restraining to latch released position.

In door control installations of the type referred to, manually operable means is provided, such as a push button or handle assembly, for effecting movement of the detent from its latch restraining to its latch released position. In the apparatus of the said Schonitzer patent and of my said copending U. S. patent application such manually operable means is also blocked against movement from its neutral or non-operating position into oper ating or latch releasing position when the locking means is positioned to block the detent against movement into latch released position. In some instances this arrangement is considered undesirable because, if the mechanism is locked and an effort is made to open the door by operating the handle or push button, excessive force may be applied thereon with resulting damage to the latch mechanism, etc, The same ditfculty may be encountered in installations of other types of door latches where locking blocks the handle against movement.

Accordingly, it is among the objects of the present invention to provide safety means for permitting the manually operable handle, push button, or the like of a door latching and locking installation to be moved by the open ice ator in its normal path from its neutral or non-operating position to its operating or latch releasing position regardless of whether the latch mechanism, and particularly the part thereof which is directly engaged by the manually operable unit, is free to move or is locked against movement.

Other objects of my invention include: the provision of a manually operable control unit for door latches or the like whereby only a predetermined permissible maximum load may be imposed upon the latch mechanism upon operation of the manual unit, thus preventing damage to the latch unit; the provision of manually operable control means for a door latch mechanism which is effective when the latch mechanism is unlocked to cause release thereof but which, when the latch mechanism is locked, may be moved without releasing the latch mechanism; the provision of a safety handle assembly for door latches or the like which includes a yieldable safety member and is adapted to move between two extreme positions, in one of which the handle is blocked against further movement by engagement with a rigid member arranged to block the handle against further movement before the yieldable member has built up its maximum load on the latch mechanism; the provision of a safety handleassembly all moving parts of which are held under spring tension at all times, thus preventing objectionable rattles, etc.; and the provision of a compact, rugged, effective, and economical manually operable unit for controlling the operation of door latches or the like whereby the possibility of damage to the latch unit is effectively prevented.

The above and other objects of my invention will appear from the following description of several embodiments thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings in which:

Figure 1 is a fragmentary side elevation of a portion of the outside of the door of an automotive vehicle or. the like, partly in cross section, showing one embodiment of my improved safety handle assembly.

Figure 2 is a horizontal cross-sectional view taken substantially on line 2-2 of Figure 1 and illustrating the safety handle assembly together with the essential parts of the latch mechanism with which it is associated, the latch mechanism being shown in door latched position and the handle assembly being shown in neutral or nonoperative position.

Figure 3 is a detached vertical crosssectional view of the safety handle assembly shown in Figures 1 and 2,

taken substantially on line 33 of Figures l and 2.

Figure 4 is a vertical cross-sectional view generally similar to Figure 3 but taken on line 4-4 of Figures 1 and 2.

Figure 5 is a view generally similar to Figure 2 but showing the latch mechanism in unlocked, door unlatched position and the handle mechanism in operating or latchreleasing position.

Figure 6 is a view generally similar to Figures 2 and 5 but illustrating the latch .mechanism in locked, door latched position and the handle of the manual control unit in its fully extended operating or latch releasing position although the contact member of the control unit has remained substantially in its neutral or non-operating position by virtue of the safety means incorporated in the assembly.

Referring to Figures 1 to 6, inclusive, the door with which my apparatus is associated includes an outer panel 1 and an inner panel 2 connected at the free edge of the door by a wall 3. The usual window glass is indicated at G and its glass run channel is seen at G; It will, of course, be understood that my latch control or actuating apparatus may be employed with various types of doors and with other closure members and with. various kinds of latch mechanisms. The illustrated latchme chalnism' is of the type described and claimed in my said copending United States patent application Serial No. 746,521 (Patent No. 2,658,783) and includes a latch member L adapted to coact with a keeper pin (not shown) on the adjacent door'frame. This latch mechanism also includes a frame structure generally indicated at F mounted on the inner side of the edge wall 3 and an actuating member in the form of an arm 4 suitably supported by the frame F. This actuating member or arm 4 is adapted to eifect release of the latch member L from its door latched position when moved inwardly from the position shown in Figure 2 into that shown in Figure 5 as will be later described.

Also included in the latch mechanism, but not illustrated herein as the details thereof form no part of the present invention, is a locking means for locking the latch mechanism to prevent release of the latch member L from its door latched position. For purposes of the present description it will be sufficient to point out that when the locking means is unlocked the actuating member or arm 4 may be moved between its non-operating or neutral position shown in Figure 2 and its operating or latch releasing position shown in Figure 5 while, When the locking mechanism is locked, the actuating member or arm 4 is maintained substantially in its neutral or non-operating position as seen in Figure 2. A locking rod B, shown in Figures 2 and 5, is connected to the locking member R which is pivotally supported at R. Rod B extends upwardly therefrom through the garnish molding for operation from inside the door. When the operator desires to lock the door from the inside, he pushes rod B downwardly, which movement causes the locking member R to block movement of actuating member or arm 4 in latch releasing direction. Conversely, lifting of rod B releases the actuating member or arm 4 to permit movement thereof in latch releasing direction.

I As illustrated in Figures 1 to 6 inclusive my improved safety handle assembly comprises a handle member 5 of any suitable form having at its inner end a bracket like portion of the nature of a pivot arm generally indicated at 6 and having horizontally inwardly extending spaced side walls 7 and 8. The supporting housing or frame structure for my handle assembly is the inwardly directed bracket generally indicated at H (Figs. 3 and 4) and includes a bezel supporting portion 9 disposed on the outer side of the door panel 1, a plate 10 secured to the bezel supporting portion 9, and inwardly extending spaced arms 11 and 12 connected at their inner ends by a vertical wall 13.

When assembled on a door the arms 11 and 12 extend through a suitable aperture in the door panel 1. Retaining screws 14, which extend through the edge wall 3 of the door and have threaded engagement with the housing H, are adapted to secure the housing H in position with the plate 10 clamped against the outer surface of the panel 1 and the arms 11 and 12 projecting inwardly into the interior of the door. The bezel supporting portion 9 is slotted at 15 to permit the inner end of the handle 5 to extend therethrough, sufficient clearance being provided so that the handle 5 may move freely from its neutral or non-operating position as seen in Figure 2 to its extended or operating position seen in Figures 5 and 6. The pin 16 extends across between the arms 11 and 12 of housing H and is secured thereto as by riveting its outer ends as clearly seen in Figure 4. This pin 16 passes through suitable holes in the side walls 7 and 8 of bracket-like portion 6, thus permitting movement thereof from the positionshown in Figure 2 into those shown in Figures 5 and 6. It will be noted that the side walls 7 and 8 of bracketlike portion 6 are disposed in sliding engagement with they inner surfaces of the arms 11 and 12 of housing H, thus guiding the handle in the desired path of movement and providing a substantial and rattle-proof support therefor.

The inner ends 17 of the side wall portions 7 and 8 of bracket-like portion 6 form abutments which, as is best seen in Figure 6, are adapted to engage the end wall 13 and limit the outward pivotal movement of the handle 5 and bracket-like portion 6 about the pivotal support 16. Movement of the handle 5 and bracket-like portion 6 in the opposite (inward) direction is limited by projecting arms 18 on the side walls 7 and 8 which arms, as is clearly seen in Figure 2, engage lugs 19 extending inwardly from the arms 11 and '12 of housing H.

Also pivotally supported on the pin 16 is a guide arm 2% of the nature of a thrust member the outer end of which is bifurcated as seen at 20' (Figures 1 and 3) to accommodate a latch-actuating element that is slideably mounted at one end in vertical wall 13 of housing H and pivotally mounted at its other end on a moveable pin disposed near the front of bracket-like portion 6 of handle 5 between the lateral limits of the inwardly directed portion of housing H, such latch-actuating element taking the form of the plunger or contact member 21. This plunger 21 is pivotally secured to the bifurcated end portions 20' of guide arm 20 by the pin 22 which extends outwardly into arcuate slots 23 and 24 in the top and bottom side walls 7 and 8 respectively of the bracket-like portion 6. It will be noted that the ends of pin 22 are not secured to the bracket-like portion 6 but may have movement relative thereto in the slots 23 and 24 about the common pivotal support 16 of the guide arm 26 and bracket-like portion 6. In order to center the plunger 21 between the upper and lower side walls 7 and 8 of bracket-like portion 6 spacer bars 25 and 26 are disposed between the bifurcated end portions 20' of guide arm 20 and the inner surfaces of side walls 7 and 8.

Pivotally mounted on a pin 27 which is carried by and extends between the arms 11 and 12 of housing H is a second guide arm 28, likewise of the nature of a thrust member, which is also bifurcated at its outer ends as seen at 28' (Figure 3) in the same manner as guide arm 20 and is pivotally secured to the plunger 21 by a pin 29. It will be apparent that the parallel guide arms 20 and 28, which are pivotally supported on the housing H and also pivotally connected to the plunger 21, will provide a support for plunger 21 guiding it for movement in a path parallel to the common center line of the pivot pins 16 and 27. As illustrated, the arms 21) and 28 are made up of identical stampings thus facilitating manufacture and assembly.

It will be noted from Figure 3 that the pivot pin 29 also passes through the spacer bars or links 25 and 26 but does not extend into and is not secured to the side walls 7 and 8 of handle end bracket-like portion 6.

In order to interconnect the handle 5 and bracket-like portion 6 thereof with the guide arm 20 so that movement of handle 5 will normally cause corresponding movement of guide arm 20 and plunger 21, I provide a safety spring 50 which has double coil portions 30 and 30" disposed around the pin 16 on opposite sides of the guide arm 20 (see Figure 4). The outer end portions 31 of spring 30 engage the arms 18 of the side walls 7 and 8 while the inner ends of the coil portions of spring 36, which are connected together in the form of a loop 32, engage the outer edge of the guide arm 20. As the spring 30 is preloaded when installed, the ends 3-1 are held stationary relative to the bracket-like portion 6 by the arms 18 while the end 32 urges the arm 2% in counterclockwise direction (Figure 2) relative to the bracket-like portion 6 and thus normally maintains the outer ends of the pin 22 in releasable engagement with the inner ends of the slots 23 and 24 as seen in Figures 2 and 3.

In order to return the handle 5 to its neutral position (Figure 2) after it has been moved outwardly away from the door panel 1 into the latch releasing position of Figure 5, I provide a return spring 33 which may be generally similar in form to spring 31) but of considerably less strength or stiffness. This spring has end portions 33' abutting the lugs 19 of the housing H and its other end portion 33 engaging the second guide arm 28 and tending to urge same in clockwise direction relative to the housing H (Figure 2).

Figures 1 to 4 inclusive illustrate the parts of my apparatus in their door closed and latched positions, the outside door handle 5 being in neutral or non-operating position. If it is desired to release the latch mechanism to permit opening of the door, assuming that the latch mechanism is not locked and that the actuating member or arm 4 of the latch mechanism is free to move inwardly in latch releasing direction, the operator will grip the handle 5 and pull outwardly thereon. This action will cause the handle 5 and its bracket-like portion 6 to move about the pivotal support 16 in counterclockwise direction as seen in Figure 2. The arms 18 of bracketlike portion 6 will also move in counterclockwise direction around pivot 16 and will cause the safety spring 30 to rotate about the pin 16, the end portion 32 engaging the guide arm 20 and causing corresponding rotation of arm 20 about pin 16. This concurrent movement of the handle 5 and bracket-like portion 6 with the guide arm 20 causes the plunger or contact member 21 to be moved inwardly relative to the housing H and to bear against the end of actuating member or arm 4 causing same to be moved inwardly to release the latch mechanism. As previously noted, this movement of the plunger 21 is in a path parallel to the common center line of pins 16 and 27 due to the action of the second guide arm or link 28.

In order that the handle mechanism will operate as described above to release the latch it is necessary that the spring 30 be of such strength or stiffness, or be preloaded to such a degree, that the resistance imposed against the plunger 21 by the actuating member or arm 4 'in its normal latch releasing movement is insufilcient to cause material flexing or compression of spring 30. In order to secure the desired firm and positive unlatching action of the handle, the spring 30 is preferably preloaded When installed to such a degree that it will not be appreciably flexed by the force imposed thereon through plunger 21 during release of the unlocked latch mechanism.

Figure 5 illustrates the positions the parts assume when the handle has reached its operating or latch releasing position and it will be noted that, during movement of the second guide arm 28 from the position of Figure 2 into that of Figure 5, the return spring 33 has been compressed and energized. When the operator releases the handle 5 the energy stored in spring 33, acting through the guide arm 23, plunger 21, guide arm 20, safety spring 30, and bracket-like portion 6, will return the handle 5 to its neutral position as seen in Figure 2. Thus when the latch mechanism is unlocked the handle unit operates as an integral assembly which is movable into latch releasing position against the relatively light resistance of the return spring 33 and is returned to neutral position by the spring 33 when released by the operator. Return spring 33 is also preferably installed in somewhat preloaded condition and thus all moving parts .of the latch control mechanism are at all times under spring tension and. objectionable vibrations and rattles are effectively prevented.

If the latch mechanism is locked to prevent unauthorized opening of the door the actuating member or arm 4 will be blocked against movement between its non-operating or neutral position (Figure 2) and its operatingor latch releasing position (Figure 5). If an attempt is now made to open the door by pulling outwardly on the handle 5 the result will be that the handle 5 may be moved outwardly into the position shown in Figure 6 but the plunger 21 and the guide arms 20 and 28 will not move substantiallyfrom their positions as seen in Figure-2 (see Figure 6). Thus the handle 5 may be idled through the same path that it takes in its operate ing movement. During the idling movement of the handle the safety spring 30 is wound up or loaded, the end portion 32 thereof remaining substantially stationary while the ends 31 are rotated, by engagement of the arms 18, about the pivot pin 16. Under the circumstances just described the safety spring 30 also acts as a return spring to move the handle back into the position in Figure 2 when it is released from the position seen in Figure 6.

It will be noted that in Figure 6 the handle has been moved outwardly to the limit of its permitted movement, the abutment 17 on the bracket-like portion 6 having reached and engaged the vertical wall 13 of the housing H. The spring 30 is so designed and installed that, when the latch mechanism is locked, the maximum load which can be imposed on the latch mechanism through the spring 30 and the plunger 21, which occurs when handle 5 reaches its fully extended position seen in Figure 6, is insufficient to cause any damage to or overloading of the latch mechanism through the actuating member or arm 4. After the handle 5 reaches its fully extended position as seen in Figure 6 any additional outward pull thereon will be absorbed by the housing H, which is in effect a part of the door structure, and will not be transmitted to the latch mechanism. Thus my improved safety handle construction provides means for effectively protecting the latch mechanism against damage due to attempts to move the handle, or other manually operable member, when the latch mechanism is locked. It will be understood that the safety spring 30 will be designed to provide the desired action and to insure operation of the latch when unlocked but will not be so strong as to impose an undesirably great resistance to movement of the handle 5 when the latch mechanism is locked.

It will be noted that in the illustrated embodiment of my invention the movement of the manually operable handle or the like in latch releasing direction is limited by a fixed stop on the frame or housing which is located to be effective to limit releasing movement of the handle before the safety spring reaches its maximum yielding position (the position in which it acts as a solid member rather than as a resilient spring member). As noted above, this makes it impossible to overload the latch mechanism.

Although I have described in considerable detail my improved safety handle control mechanism for door latches or the like, it will be understood that variations and modifications may be made in the arrangement and proportions of the parts which make up my improved apparatus. Accordingly I do not wish to be limited to the specific form herein shown and described but claim as my invention all embodiments thereof coming within the scope of the appended claims.

This application is a division of my prior application, Serial No. 8,565, filed February 16, 1948, for Control Mechanism for Door Latches (Patent No. 2,573,679).

I claim:

1. Control mechanism for door latches including a supporting frame structure, a manually operable handle pivotally supported on said frame structure for movement between a neutral or non-operating position and an operating or latch releasing position and having an inner end bracket portion, a guide link pivotally supported at one end on said frame structure, a contact member pivotally connected to said guide link, means for limiting the movement of said guide link and contact member in one direction relative to said inner end bracket, safety spring means carried by and movable with said end bracket and arranged to exert a force tending to move said guide link and contact member in said one direction relative to said end bracket whereby said contact member will move with said handle and end bracket until opposed by a force great enough to cause said safety spring means to yield, coacting stop portions on said frame structure and end bracket for limiting movement of said handle in latch 7 i-eleasing direction, and'return spring means effective on said contact-member, guide link, safety spring means and endbracket to return-said handle to said neutral position upon release after being moved toward said latch releasing position.

2. Control mechanism for door latches including a supporting frame structure, a manually operable handle pivotally supported on said frame structure for movement between a neutral or non-operating position and an operating or latch releasing position and having an inner end bracket portion, a guide link pivotally supported at one end on said frame structure, a contact member pivotally connected to said guide link, means for limiting the movement of said guide link and contact member in one direction relative to said inner end bracket, safety spring means carried by and movable with said end bracket and arranged to exert a force tending to move said guide link and contact member in said one direction relative to said end bracket whereby said contact member will move with said handle and end bracket until opposed by a force great enough to cause said safety spring means to yield, coacting stop portions on said frame and end bracket for limiting movement of said handle in latch releasing direction, a second guide link pivotally supported at one end on said frame structure and pivotally connected at the other end to said contact member whereby said contact member is supported for guided movement relative to said frame structure, and return spring means effective between said frame structure and said second guide link to return said contact member, first named guide link, safety spring means, end bracket, and handle to their neutral or non-operating positions upon release of said handle after being moved toward said latch releasing position.

3. Control mechanism for door latches including a supporting frame structure, a manually engageable operating member supported on said frame structure for movement between a neutral or non-operating position and an operating or latch releasing position and having an inner end operating portion, a guide link pivotally supported at one end on said frame structure, a contact member pivotally connected to said guide link, means for limiting the movement of said guide link and contact member in one direction relative to said inner end operating portion, safety spring means carried by and movable with said inner end operating portion and arranged to exert a force tending to move said guide link and contact member in said one direction relative .to said inner end operating portion whereby said contact member will move with said operating member and inner end operating portion until opposed by a force great enough to cause said safety spring means to yield, coacting stop portions on said frame structure and inner end operating portion for limiting movement of said operating member in latch releasing direction, and return spring means effective on said contact member, guide link, safety spring means and inner end operating portion to return said operating member to said neutral position upon release after being moved toward said latch releasing position.

4. Latch mechanism comprising an actuating member adapted to have movement between a non-operating or neutral position and an operating or latch releasing position; means for locking said actuating member against said movement from neutral to latch releasing position; a manually engageable operating member; a movable contact member adapted to engage said actuating member and move it from its neutral to its latch releasing position; and operating connections between said manually engageable operating member and said movable contact member including a return spring effective on said contact member and a preloaded safety spring operating on aguide link extending from said manually engageable operating member to said contact member said safety spring being ofsuch-strength that, upon movement of said manually engageable operating member in latch releasing direction when said actuating member is locked against movement from neutral to latch releasing position by said locking means, said safety spring will yield and limit the force transmited to said actuating member by said contact member to a predetermined safe value.

5. Latch mechanism comprising an actuating member adapted to have movement between a non-operating or neutral position and an operating or latch releasing position; means for locking said actuating member against said movement from neutral to latch releasing position; a manually engageable operating member; a movable contact member adapted to engage said actuating member and move it from said neutral to said latch releasing position; operating connections between said manually engageable operating member and said contact member, said operating connections including a return spring effective on said contact member and a preloaded safety spring operating on a guide link extending from said manually engageable operating member to said contact member; and stop means for limiting the movement of said manually engageable operating member in latch releasing direction, said stop means being disposed to limit movement of said manually engageable operating member in latch releasing direction before said safety spring reaches its maximum yielding position.

6. Control mechanism for a door latch comprising a supporting frame; a manually engageable operating member supported on the frame for movement between a nonoperating neutral position and a latch releasing position; a plunger connected to the manually engageable operating member, said plunger extending through an opening in the frame into proximity to the latch; means for guiding the plunger for movement in the opening in the frame into and out of contact with the latch, said means including a guide arm linking the plunger to the frame and a return spring acting on the guide arm; and, effective on the plunger and the manually engageable operating member, safety spring means of greater stiffness than the return spring, said safety spring means tending when compressed to bias the plunger toward the latch and to bias the manually engageable operating member toward its non-operating neutral position.

7. Control mechanism as in claim 6 in which the safety spring means includes a double-coil spring.

8. Control mechanism as in claim 7 in which the return spring is a double-coil spring.

9. Control mechanism for a door latch comprising a supporting frame; a manually operable handle pivotally supported on the frame for movement between a nonoperating neutral position and a latch releasing position; a guide arm supported at one end .from the frame for pivotal movement relative to the frame; a plunger pivotally connected to the guide arm, said plunger extending beyond the frame into proximity to the latch; resilient means'eifective on the plunger and tending when compressed to bias the plunger away from the latch, said resilient means acting on the frame; a resilient member effective on the plunger and tending when compressed to bias the plunger toward the latch, said resilient member acting on the handle and acting on the plunger through the guide arm; and a stop on the frame limiting what might otherwise be excessive movement of the handle out of non-operating neutral position.

10. Control mechanism as in claim 9 in which the resilient member acting on the handle is characterized by a low degree of resiliency.

11. Control mechanism as in claim 9 in which theresilient means acting on the frame are characterized by a high degree of resiliency.

12. Control mechanism for'a door latch comprising a supporting frame; a' manually operable handle pivotally supported on the frame for movement between a nonoperating neutral position and a latch releasing position; two guide arms, each supported at one end from the frame for pivotal movement relative to the frame; a plunger pivotally connected to both of said guide arms, said plunger extending into proximity to the latch; two resilient members of different degrees of resilience, one acting on one guide arm and on the frame and the other acting on the other guide arm and on the handle; and a stop on the frame limiting what might otherwise be excessive movement of the handle out of non-operating position.

13. Control mechanism for door latches including a supporting frame structure, a manually operable handle, a pivot pin carried by said frame structure, said handle being pivotally supported on said pin for movement between a neutral or non-operating position and an operating or latch releasing position and having an inner end bracket portion, a lever member pivotally mounted at one end on said pivot pin, said lever extending from said pin in the opposite direction from said handle, contact means at the other end of said lever adapted to engage the latch mechanism, means on said inner end bracket for limiting the movement of said lever member in one direction relative to said inner end bracket, safety spring means supported on said pin and having one end engaging said end bracket portion and the other end engaging said lever member in said one direction relative to said end bracket whereby said lever member will move with said handle and end bracket until opposed by a force great enough to cause said safety spring means to yield, co-acting stop portions on said frame structure and end bracket for limiting movement of said handle in latch releasing direction, and return spring means effective between said frame structure and said end bracket and adapted to return said handle to said neutral position upon release after being moved toward said latch releasing position.

14. In a latch control system for an automobile door having an outer panel, an inner panel and a latch between the two panels, a supporting bracket on the inside face of one of said panels, a door handle pivoted on said bracket for swinging movement relative thereto, a latch actuating element mounted on said bracket out of contact with said panel, a return spring for said latch actuating element, and a spring operatively connected to said handle to be placed under actuating stress by the actuation thereof about the pivotal axis of the handle on said bracket and through which said latch actuating element is actuated when the resistance to the actuation of the latch actuating element is normal, said latch actuating element and spring being inaccessible through the handle.

15. In a latch control system for an automobile door having an outer panel, an inner panel and a latch between the two panels, a supporting bracket on the inside face of one of said panels, a door handle provided with an inwardly projecting pivot arm mounted on said bracket, a movably mounted latch actuating element, said latch actuating element being out of contact with said panel, and actuating connections therefor to said handle comprising a helically coiled spring within said handle, a pivotally mounted thrust member disposed in a location between said spring and said latch actuating element in which it is inaccessible through the handle, and a return spring for said latch actuating element of such tension as to return the handle and the thrust member to retracted position.

16. In a latch control system for an automobile door having an outer panel, an inner panel and a lockable latch between the two panels, a mounting bracket of which part is on the outside and part is on the inside of one of said panels; a door handle having a portion 110 pivotally mounted on the inside part of the bracket, said handle having a grasping portion extending outwardly from the adjacent portion of the door; a latch actuating element associated with said handle; spring-biased thrust means associated with said handle in coacting operative relation to said latch actuating element; and other means carried by said thrust means normally engaging said handle and preventing movement of said thrust means in one direction relative to said handle, said other means being inaccessible through that portion of said handle which extends outwardly from the adjacent portion of the door, being disengaged when the latch actuating member is subjected to such resistance as would result from a locked latch when the handle is actuated, and being automatically re-engaged by the return of the parts to normal position.

17. A latch control system according to claim 16 including a return spring for the latch-actuating element.

18. A latch control system according to claim 17 in which the latch actuating element takes the form of a plunger.

19. In a latch control system for an automobile door having an outer panel, an inner panel and a latch between the two panels, a supporting bracket of which part is on the outside and part is on the inside of one of said panels; a door handle provided with an inwardly projecting pivot arm pivotally mounted on said bracket inwardly of said one panel, said handle having an exterior grasping portion; a movable latch actuating member associated with said handle; and an operating connection which is operatively associated with said latch actuating member for actuating the same, which is swingable with said handle, and which is inaccessible through the grasping portion of said handle, said operating connection being provided with handle-engaging means tensioned to normally engage the handle for actuation with the handle but tensioned for release therefrom when the resistance on the latch actuating member is increased as by the locking of the latch with which the handle is associated.

20. In a latch control system for an automobile door having an outer panel, an inner panel and a latch between the two panels, a supporting bracket of which part is on the outside and part is on the inside of one of said panels; a door handle provided with an inwardly projecting pivot arm mounted on said bracket inwardly of said one panel, said handle having an exterior grasping portion; a latch actuating element located in a position in which it is out of contact with said panel; a return spring therefor; thrust means pivotally associated with said handle the pivot axis of which coincides with that of the pivot arm, said thrust means being inaccessible through the grasping portion of said handle; and a coil spring in engagement with said thrust means.

21. In a latch control system for an automobile door having an outer panel, an inner panel and a lockable latch between the two panels, an inwardly directed sup porting bracket of which part is on the outside and part is on the inside of the outer panel; a door handle pivotally mounted on the inside part of the bracket, said handle having a grasping portion extending outwardly from the adjacent portion of the door; a latch-actuating plunger associated with said handle near the inner end thereof; spring-biased thrust means associated with said handle in coacting operative'relation to said latch-actuating plunger; and other means carried by said thrust means normally engaging said handle and preventing movement of said thrust means in one direction relative to said handle, said other means being inaccessible through that portion of said handle which extends outwardly from the adjacent portion of the door, being disengaged when the latch releasing member is subjected to such resistance as would result from a locked latch when the handleis actuated, and being automatically re engaged by the return of the parts'to normal position.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED "STATES PATENTS 12 North et a1. Feb. 18, 1941 Gustavson Mar. 11, 1 941 Shoup June 2, 1942 Joachim Aug. 14,1945 Dall Jan. 15, 1952 Jakeway Apr. 8, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 2,861,834 November 25, 1958 Edwin L. Allen It is hereby certified that error appeare in the above numbered patent requiring correction and that the said Letters Patent should read as cor rected below. I

I In the grant, lines 2 and 12, and in the heading to the printed specification, line 4, name of assignee, for "Lisle W, Meuzimer", each occurrence read Lisle W. Menzimer T Y Signed and sealed this 12th day of May 1959.

(SEAL Attesz:

KARL AX-IINE ROBERT c. WATSON Attesting Officer Conmissioner of Patents

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4580822 *Dec 28, 1983Apr 8, 1986Aisin Seiki Kabushiki KaishaDoor handle for a vehicle
Classifications
U.S. Classification292/336.3
International ClassificationE05B65/26, E05B65/32
Cooperative ClassificationE05B85/243
European ClassificationE05B85/243