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Publication numberUS2863449 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 9, 1958
Filing dateJun 28, 1956
Priority dateJun 28, 1956
Publication numberUS 2863449 A, US 2863449A, US-A-2863449, US2863449 A, US2863449A
InventorsSpencer Leon O
Original AssigneeSpencer Leon O
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Surgical splint
US 2863449 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

L. O. SPENCER SURGICAL SPLINT Dec. 9, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed June 28, 1956 INVENTOR SPA/ca? Dec. 9, 1958 o. SPENCER 2,853,449

- SURGICAL SPLINT Filed June 28. 1956 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. [50M 0. Jam cs6 Patented Dec. 9, 1958 2,863,449 SURGICAL SPLlNT Leon 0. Spencer, Milford, Conn. Application June 28, 1956, Serial No. 594,512

12 Claims. (Cl. 12887) This invention relates to surgical splints, and more particularly to splints intended for application to the upper extremities of the body.

An object of the invention is to provide a novel and improved, surgical splint device which is adapted for use as a combined hand and forearm splint, or which may be easily and quickly converted to constitute either a traction finger splint or a forearm splint.

Another object of the invention is to provide an im proved surgical splint as above characterized, which when converted for use as a finger splint may be readily adjusted or oriented for either right-hand or left-hand use.

Yet another object of the invention is to provide an improved finger splint in accordance with the above, wherein any one or all of the fingers of the hand may be readily immobilized or held inactive, or various combinations of fingers as required, and wherein traction may be applied optionally to such fingers as are considered to require the same.

A still further object of the invention is to provide an improved surgical splint of the above type, which is quickly and completely adjustable to conform it to various sizes and shapes of hands and/or forearms.

A feature of the invention resides in the provision of an improved surgical splint having all of the above features and which is also extremely easy to properly adjust and orient, is strong and sturdy, reliable in use, and of extremely light weight.

Another feature of the invention resides in the provision of an improved, adjustable and convertible surgical splint as above outlined, which is simple in construction and economical to fabricate.

Other features and advantages will hereinafter appear.

In the drawings accompanying this specification, simi lar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts wherever possible in the several views, in which:

Figure 1 is a top, plan View of an improved surgical splint made in accordance with the invention.

Fig. 2 is a side elevatioual view of the splint shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view taken on line 3-3 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional view taken on line 4-4 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 5 is a top, plan view of the splint converted for hand use only and adapted to the left hand.

Fig. 6 is a plan view of the splint shown in Fig. 5, but adapted for use with the right hand.

Referring to Figs. 1 and 2, the improved surgical splint shown therein comprises an elongate body or main portion indicated generally by the numeral 10, said main portion being in itself extendible or retractible and constituted of a pair of substantially flat, elongate members 11 and 12 adjustably connected with each other.

To provide for adjustable, extending and retracting movement, the members 11 and 12 are formed with substantially centrally-disposed, elongate, longitudinally-extending slots 13 and 14 through which bolts 15 and 16 pass, said bolts being preferably provided with lock washers 17 and being arranged when tightened to secure the members 11and.12 in various adjusted positions, by which the main portion 10 of the splint may be either lengthened or shortened.

The body members 11 and 12 may be consitutedof any suitable material, being preferably formed of sheet or strip aluminum alloy of relatively high tensile strength and stiffness. Preferably also, the members 11 and 12 are provided with elongate, longitudinally-extending embossed ribs or beads 18 adapted to nest with each other whereby an interlocking of the members is effected while at the same time the stiffness or rigidity is greatly increased. By such construction I am enabled to obtain in a surgical splint a very appreciable, desirable rigidity together with lightness of weight.

The improved splint shown in Figs. 1 and 2 further comprises adjustable, transverse portions indicated generaliy by the numerals 20 and 21, the portion 21 being adapted for engagement with the thicker part of the forearm adjacent the elbow and comprising a pair of members 22, 23 having curved extremities 24 and 25 respectively, and having elongate slots 26 and 27 through which bolts 28 may be passed to adjustably secure the members 22 and 23 together. The bolts 28 also pass through relativelyshort, longitudinally-extended slots 30 in the main member 11, thereby to fasten the transverse portion 21 of the splint to the main portion 10.

It will be understood that, by the provision of the slots 30 in the member 11, the transverse portion 21 may be disposed at a number of different angles with respect to the main portion 10, all such angles however being not greatly different from a right angle. Also, the members 22 and 23 may be adjustably positioned with respect to each other as well as with respect to the main portion 10 of the splint, thereby to fit the transverse portion 21 to the forearm in a comfortable and effective position.

The transverse portion 20 of the splint comprises members 32 and 33 having curved extremities 34 and 35 respectively for engagement with opposite side edges of the hand at the palm thereof. The members 32 and 33 have elongate slots 36 and 37 through which bolts 38 pass, said bolts also extending through relatively-short, longitudinally-extended slots 39 in the main member 12 by which the transverse portion 20 of the splint is secured to the main portion 10. It will be understood that adjustment of the members 32 and 33 maybe effected to enable the portion 20 to be fitted to the width of the palm of the particular hand on which the splint is being used, and that the transverse portion 20 may be also angularly disposed with respect to the main portion 10, as permitted by the slots 39.

Inorder to provide splints for any of the fingers, I employ flat, elongate members or strips 41, 42 and 43, said strips being arranged to extend along the fingers at the inner sides thereof, and having angularly extended extremities 44, 45 and 46 respectively. The strips 41-43 may be formed of metal, as for example aluminum alloy, and may be adjustably secured to the transverse portion 20 of the splint by bolts as shown. The strip 41 may be held by a bolt 47 passing through the slot 37 of the member 33. The strip 42 may be held by one of the bolts 38 passing through both of the slots 36 and 37 of the members 32 and 33. The strip 43 is held by means of a bolt 48 which passes through a thumb rest in the form of an angle bracket 49 secured to the mem ber 32 by a bolt 50 passing through the slot 36 of the member.

It'will be understood that the finger splints 41, 42 and 43 may be angularly disposed, as required by the specific tudinally by virtue of the slots therein. After the entire splint has initially been set up, the various bolts may be securely tightened to hold the different components in their adjusted positions, thereby enabling the splint to constitutev a rigid, unitary device.

While only three finger splints havebecn illustrated, itzwill bereadily understood that more or less may be utilized, depending on the requirements. The finger splints for the four fingers of the hand excepting the thumb will be carried by bolts passing through the slots of'the members 32 and/or 33. The thumb splint, of course, is carried by the angle bracket 49.

The angularly bent extremities of the finger splints are perforated or apertures to. admit a wire by which traction maybe effected, suchwire being passed through small holes drilled through the projecting portions of the fingernail, as indicated inFig. 2.

In accordance with the present invention, the combined forearm and hand splint shown in Figs. 1 and 2 may be converted into a splint only for the forearm, or only for the fingers. In the first mentioned case, the finger splints 41-43-together with the thumb rest or angle bracket 49 would not be employed, the transverse portion 20 of the splint being, however, still made to engage the palm as shown. With this form of the invention, the forearm splint is completely adjustable as to length and as to the angularity of the transverse portions 20 and 21.

Also, in accordance with this invention, the splint shown in Figs. 1 and 2 may be converted to a universal finger splint, by not employing the forearm portion. For this purpose, the body or main portion 10 and transverse portion 21 are omitted, and only the finger splints 4143 used in conjunction with the transverse splint portion 20.

Such an organization is illustrated in Fig. 5, for example, Where the transverse portion 20 mounts the central finger splint 42 and has also the thumb rest or angle bracket 49.

By this invention, the hand splint shown in Fig. may be easily and quickly reversed and converted for righthand use as illustrated in Fig. 6, it being shown for lefthand use in Fig. 5. To accomplish this, the finger splints 42 (or other finger splints, as many as are used) is or are reversed to the position shown in Fig. 6, and also the angle bracket 49 is reversed about its mounting bolt, as shown.

It will be readily understood from the above description that I have provided a very simple, sturdy and advantageous surgical splint device for use with either the right or left hand and/ or forearm. My improved surgical splint is fully adjustable as for length and width of the hand and arm engaging portions, and also for angularity. Finger splints as required are readily provided for, such splints being fully adjustable as for length and angularity, and being capable of applying traction where this is considered desirable. The improved splint of this invention is of extremely light weight while at the same time being strong, sturdy and durable. Moreover, it may be inexpensively fabricated, and will serve to replace more expensive splints having a more limited application.

Variations and modifications may be made within the scope of the claims and portions of the improvements may be used without others.

I claim: i

l. A surgical splint having an elongate main portion adapted to extend along the forearm, said main portion comprising a pair of elongate parts and releasable means for adjustably securing said parts in extended and retracted positions, said splint having a pair of transverse portions for engagement with the arm and hand respectively, each of said transverse portions comprising a pair of elongate, slotted relatively-movable parts; and a pair of means for adjustably securing the said parts of the transverse portions to each other in different adjusted relation and for adjustably securing said transverse portions to the ends of the said main portion, said means each comprising releasable fasteners passing through theslots of the said parts and through said main portion.

2. A surgical splint having an elongate main portion adapted to extend along the forearm, said main portion comprising a pair of elongate parts and releasable means for adjustably securing said parts in extended and retracted positions, said splint having a pair of transverse portions for engagement with the arm and hand respectively, each of said transverse portions comprising a pair of elongate, slotted relatively-movableparts; and a pair of means for adjustably securing the said parts of the transverse portions to each other in different adjusted relation and for adjustably securingsaid transverse portions to the ends of the said main portion, said means each comprising releasable fasteners passing through the slots of the said parts and through said main portion; an elongate finger splint strip; and means passing through a slot in one. of said parts, for adjustably securing said finger splint strip to one of said transverse portions.

3. A surgical splint having an elongate main portion adapted to .extend along the forearm, said main portion comprising a pair of elongate parts and releasable means for adjustably securing said parts in extended and retracted positions, said splint having a pair of transverse portions for engagement with the arm and hand respectively, each of said transverse portions comprising a pair of elongate, slotted relatively-movable parts; and a pair of means for'adjustably securing the said parts of the transverse portions to each other in different adjusted relation and for adjustably securing said transverse portions to the ends of the said main portion, said means each comprising releasable fasteners passing through the slots of the said. parts and through said main portion; an elongate finger splintstrip; and means passing through a slot in one of said parts, for'adjustably securing said finger splint strip to one of said transverse portions, said means for adjustably securing the finger splint strip comprising an angle bracket connecting said strip and transverse portion;

4. A surgical splint having an elongate main portion adapted to extend along theforearm, said main portion comprising a pair of elongate parts and releasable means for adjustably securing said parts in extended and retracted positions, said splint having a pair of transverse portions for engagement with the arm and hand respectively, each of said transverse portions comprising a pair of elongate, slotted relatively-movable parts; and a pair of means for adjustably securing the said'parts of the transverse portions to each other in different adjusted relation and for adjustably securing said transverse portions to the ends of the said main portion, said means each comprising releasable fasteners passing through the slots of the said parts and through said main portion; an elongate finger splint strip; and means passing through a slot in one of said parts, for adjustably securing said finger splint strip to one of said transverse portions, said means for adjustably securing the finger splint strip comprising an angle bracket connecting said strip and transverse portion, said finger splint strip having an angularlyextended extremity and opening therethrough by which a traction wire may be secured thereto.

5. A surgical splint having an elongate main portion adapted to extend along the forearm, said main portion comprising a pair of elongate parts and releasable means for adjustably securing said parts in extended and retracted positions, said splint having a pair of transverse portions for engagement with the arm and hand respectively, each of said transverse portions comprising a pair of elongate, slotted relatively-movable parts; and a pair of means for adjustably securing the said parts of the transverse portions to each other in different adjusted relation and for adjustably securing said transverse portions to the ends of the said main portion, said means each comprising releasable fasteners passing throughthe slots of the said parts'and through said main portion,

said means for securing the transverse portions to the main portion permitting limited angular adjustment of the transverse portions.

6. A surgical splint having an elongate main portion adapted to extend along the forearm, said main portion comprising a pair of elongate parts and releasable means for adjustably securing said parts in extended and retracted positions, said splint having a pair of transverse portions for engagement with the arm and hand respectively, each of said transverse portions comprising a pair of elongate, slotted relatively-movable parts; and a pair of means for adjustably securing the said parts of the transverse portions to each other in diiferent adjusted relation and for adjustably securing said transverse portions to the ends of the said main portion, said means each comprising releasable fasteners passing through the slots of the said parts and through said main portion, said transverse portions having angularly-extended ends adapted to be fitted to the arm and hand.

7. A surgical splint having an elongate main portion adapted to extend along the forearm, said main portion comprising a pair of elongate parts and releasable means for adjustably securing said parts in extended and retracted positions, said splint having a pair of transverse portions for engagement with the arm and hand respectively, each of said transverse portions comprising a pair of elongate, slotted relatively-movable parts; and a pair of means for adjustably securing the said parts of the transverse portions to each other in different adjusted relation and for adjustably securing said transverse portions to the ends of the said main portion, said means each comprising releasable fasteners passing through the slots of the said parts and through said main portion, one of said transverse portions having an angle bracket constituting a thumb rest, and means passing through a slot in one of said parts for adjustably positioning said angle bracket on the portion.

8. A surgical splint having an elongate main portion adapted to extend along the forearm, said main portion comprising a pair of elongate parts and releasable means for adjustably securing said parts in extended and retracted positions, said splint having a pair of transverse portions for engagement with the arm and hand respectively, each of said transverse portions comprising a pair of elongate, slotted relatively-movable parts; and a pair of means for adjustably securing the said parts of the transverse portions to each other in different adjusted relation and for adjustably securing said transverse portions to the ends of the said main portion, said means each comprising releasable fasteners passing through the slots of the said parts and through said main portion, said elongate parts comprising sheet metal strips, said strips having embossed ribs nesting with each other for strengthening them and preventing relative angular movement thereof.

9, A surgicalsplint having a transverse portion adapted to extend across the hand, said portion comprising two, elongate, relatively-movable slotted parts and means for adjustably securing said parts together in different relative positions; a finger splint strip; and means for adjustably securing said strip to said transverse portion, both said means passing through the slots of the said parts.

10. A surgical splint having a transverse portion adapted to extend across the hand, said portion comprising two, elongate, relatively-movable slotted parts and means for adjustably securing said parts together in different relative positions; a finger splint strip; and means for adjustably securing said strip to said transverse portion, both said means passing through the slots of the said parts, said means for adjustably securing the finger splint strip also including the means for adjustably securing to each other the relatively-movable parts of the transverse portion.

11. A surgical splint having a transverse portion adapted to extend across the hand, said portion comprising tWo, elongate, relatively-movable slotted parts and means for adjustably securing said parts together in different relative positions; a finger splint strip; and means for adjustably securing said strip to said transverse portion, both said means passing through the slots of the said parts; a thumb rest comprising an angle bracket, and means passing through a slot in one of said parts for adjustably mounting said angle bracket on the said portion.

12. A surgical splint having a transverse portion adapted to extend across the hand, said portion comprising tWo, elongate, relatively-movable slotted parts and means for adjustably securing said parts together in different relative positions; a finger splint strip; and means for adjustably securing said strip to said transverse portion, both said means passing through the slots of the said parts, said finger splint strip being swingable through an arc of degrees to reverse its position on the portion; a thumb rest comprising an angle bracket and means for adjustably positioning the angle bracket on said por tion, said means enabling the angle bracket to be swung through a 180 degree are, thereby to adapt the splint for both left and right hand use.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,389,741 Cotton Sept. 6, 1921 1,817,212 Siebrandt Aug. 4, 1931 2,172,484 Tessier Aug. 4, 1939 2,312,523 Corbett Mar. 2, 1943 2,460,652 Peterson Feb. 1, 1949 OTHER REFERENCES 1947 Catalog of Zimmer Mfg. (30., page 90. (Copy in Division 55.)

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1389741 *Sep 25, 1920Sep 6, 1921Lambert Cotton ArthurSurgical splint
US1817212 *May 18, 1928Aug 4, 1931Siebrandt John RSurgical splint
US2172484 *Aug 24, 1937Sep 12, 1939Tessier Joseph NSplint
US2312523 *Jul 13, 1942Mar 2, 1943Corbett Mitchell SAdjustable tension splint
US2460652 *Sep 11, 1946Feb 1, 1949Peterson Harold PInstrument for post-mortem fingerprinting
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4103682 *Sep 20, 1976Aug 1, 1978Franzl Gertrude KAnatomical digit and appendage-immobilizing device
US4366812 *May 26, 1981Jan 4, 1983Delos, Inc.Adjustable digital and metacarpal splint apparatus
US4384571 *Dec 24, 1981May 24, 1983Jung CorporationAdjustable digital/metacarpal splint
US5437620 *Feb 24, 1993Aug 1, 1995Bio Tex Ltd., Inc.Wrist splint
US5476439 *Jun 13, 1994Dec 19, 1995Robinson; Margaret E.For use by an individual afflicted with nerve damage
US5560375 *Nov 1, 1995Oct 1, 1996Kabanek; Joseph R.Patient's hand immobilizer
US5855209 *Jun 23, 1997Jan 5, 1999Hernandez; LisaPatient's hand immobilizer
US5876363 *Nov 17, 1997Mar 2, 1999Marx; Ralph H.Dynamic outrigger system with dorsal and volar configurations
US5881730 *Aug 4, 1993Mar 16, 1999Burger; J. LeeSurgical hand support apparatus
US6010473 *Jun 18, 1998Jan 4, 2000Robinson; Margaret E.Remedial hand wear article for preventing hyperextension with full distal knuckle flexure
US6179800 *Jun 8, 1995Jan 30, 2001Brunel UniversitySplint
US6808502 *Oct 23, 2002Oct 26, 2004Jimmy Phong Xuan NguyenCombination finger and wrist splint
US7892194Dec 12, 2005Feb 22, 2011Saebo, Inc.Dynamic hand splints
US8328744Feb 21, 2011Dec 11, 2012Saebo, Inc.Dynamic hand splints
US8425339Aug 30, 2011Apr 23, 2013Gerald A. BasdenSystems and devices of enhancing power grip on an athletic apparatus
DE19525671A1 *Jul 14, 1995Jan 16, 1997Bauerfeind GmbhOrthese zur Ruhigstellung des Handgelenks
EP0443388A1 *Feb 9, 1991Aug 28, 1991Grob, Michael, Dr. med.Fixation and mobilization splint
EP1827326A2 *Dec 12, 2005Sep 5, 2007Saebo, Inc.Dynamic hand splints
WO1998035637A1 *Jan 23, 1998Aug 20, 1998Bock Otto Scandinavia AbArrangement and method for compensating for spasticity
WO2012030898A1 *Aug 31, 2011Mar 8, 2012Basden Gerald ASystems and devices of enhancing power grip on an athletic apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification602/21
International ClassificationA61F5/058, A61F5/04
Cooperative ClassificationA61F5/05866
European ClassificationA61F5/058H4B