US 2864193 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 16, 1958 H, s, DREW 2,864,193
HOLDERS FOR MAGAZINES Filed March 23, 1956 IN V EN TOR.
Harm/J 1 01 654 ,1 In al HTTORNEYS HGLDERS FOR MAGAZINES Harold S. Drew, Sanford, Mich.
Application March 23, 1956, Serial No. 573,531
2 Claims. (Cl. 42-1) This invention relates to magazine holders for automatic pistols and more particularly to the means for loading the magazine with shells.
One of the prime objects of the invention is to design a magazine holder of simple, practical and economical construction, by means of which the spring pressed follower of the magazine can be progressively retracted so that the shells may be loaded in the magazine in an orderly manner, either partially filled, or loaded to its fully loaded capacity.
A further object is to design a holder in which the magazine is progressively moved, as a unit, to depress the follower spring, thus eliminating the necessity of using the thumb or finger for this purpose, all of which can be accomplished by use of just one arm and hand.
In magazines for automatic pistols, the shells are forced forwardly by means of a spring-pressed follower, and a laterally projecting knob is provided on the follower so that it may be engaged by the operators thumb or finger to retract the follower and permit loading the shells into the magazine. Due to the stiffness of this spring, and where the gun is being used for target practice and is reloaded a number of times, the reloading operation renders the thumb or digit quite stiff and sore.
It is therefore, one of the objects of this invention to provide a magazine holder provided with means engageable with the follower knob or button which will permit'retraction of the spring, and progressive stepby-step loading of the magazine, eliminating the necessity of engaging the follower knob with the thumb or finger and the possibility of the thumb slipping on the knob to release the spring and injure the operators hand.
With the above and other objects in view, the present invention consists in the combination and arrangement of parts, hereinafter more fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawing, and more particularly pointed out in the appended claims, it being understood that changes may be made in the form, size, proportion and minor details of construction, without departing from the spirit, or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention.
In the drawing:
Fig. l is a side elevational view of my magazine holder, showing a magazine in place therein, the broken lines illustrating the step-by-step loading of the shells.
Fig. 2 is a top plan view.
Fig. 3 is a front end elevational view.
Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of one of the shims.
Referring now more particularly to the drawing in which I have shown the preferred embodiment of my invention, the letter H indicates generally the holder in which the magazine is placed. This is curved and shaped to fit the hand of the operator and is preferably L-shaped in cross section, the section 8 being relatively thin and smooth, the lower edge having a laterally projecting leg 9 provided with a plurality of longitudinally spaced steps or teeth 10 on the upper face thereof, and for a purpose to be presently and hereinafter more fully described.
A vertically inclined bar 11 is secured to the lower edge of the forward end of the holder, and a spacer 12 is provided at the upper end as shown, with screws 13 and 14 serving to secure said bar in spaced relation to the fiat, smooth face 9 of the holder, the space between the bar and the face of the holder forming a passage or guide to slidably accommodate a conventional shell magazine M therein, all as clearly shown in Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawing.
The holder H can be formed of stampings or cast in two pieces if desired, as shown in the accompanying drawing.
The magazine M is usually formed of stampings, it has an angularly disposed fiat rear end wall 15, and an elongated slot 16 is provided in the sidewall thereof.
A follower 17 is slidably mounted in the magazine M, the front wall of the follower being inclined as at 18, and a laterally projecting button or knob 19 is mounted on said follower and projects laterally through the slot 16 of the magazine. A spring 20 is interposed between the follower and the rear wall of the magazine and a shell opening or entrance 21 is provided in the front end of the magazine and through which the shells S are fed as the magazine is being loaded.
I wish to direct particular attention to the fact that the teeth or steps 10 are so spaced that the plunger 17 cannot be retracted to a greater depth than the length of the shell S to be loaded, thus eliminating the possibility of the shell or shells falling lengthwise in the magazine, and which would cause a jam and prevent loading of additional shells, this step spacing insuring the sheils taking and maintaining their proper position in the magazine.
It will be observed that the bar 11 is disposed at a slight forward angle so that the magazine M is forced outwardly, this knob 19 rides upwardly against the edge of the bar, so that the upper edge of the magazine slides on the round spacer 12, the distance between said spacer and the leg 9 permitting vertical movement of the unit.
To accommodate larger magazines, I provide one or more shims 22 which are threaded on the screws 13 and 14 thus increasing the width of the magazine guide or opening, and it will be noted that the spacer 12 is camshaped as at 23 to accommodate the angle of tilt of the magazine as it is moved from step to step.
In practice, the operator places the magazine M in the holder H, with the front end projecting as shown, and the knob 19 in engagement with the edge of the bar 11; the operator then places his thumb against the rear wall of the magazine forcing it forwardly to position as indicated in broken lines in Fig. 1. He then inserts shells S into the magazine until no more can be inserted, after which he again forces the magazine forwardly another step or increment, and the loading operation is again repeated, the magazine being progressively stepped forwardly until the magazine is fully loaded, or loaded with as many or as few shells as desired. The operator does not place his thumb or finger on the knob 19 to retract the follower 17, he merely presses against the flat rear end of the magazine to move it forwardly.
To remove the magazine it is merely necessary to depress the front projecting end to disengage the rear end from the engaged step 10, and the magazine is then ready for insertion in a pistol.
The entire operation is quick and easy, it is not necessary to manually depress the spring and hold the follower down, as the loading is automatically accomplished without strain,.,sore .digits, or accidental release of the plunger. a
From the foregoing description it will be obvious" that I have perfected a simple, practical and relatively inexpensive magazine holder which fits the operators hand, and by means ofwhich the springrpressed follower of the magazine can be held in stcpby step retractedposition; without injury toa digit or possibility of 'the follower being accidentally released as where a digit 7 might accidentally slip oi the knob and pinch or otherwise injure the operators hand.
What I claim is:
1. In a holder for accommodating an elongate magazine having a slot in one face thereof in which a projecting follower button connected to a spring biasedde'pressible follower rides from a loading end toward an opposite end, the magazine having a corner at its end opposite its loading end; said holder comprising a back plate; a longitudinally disposed side wall on said plate having a plurality of longitudinally spaced apart steps onthe inner side thereof for selectively receiving the said corner of said magazine; a spacer on the base projecting in the same direction as the wall at a spaced distance from said wall and near the one end of said wall to provide a space between said spacer and wall through which the loading end of the magazine resting on said back plate and having its follower slide button on the face thereof remote from said plate may be moved; a bar spanning said spacerand wall crosswise to said wall to depress .said follower button as the magazine is moved progressively forwardly from step to step and shells are progressively loaded in said magazine; the spacer being cam shaped to cause the increased tilt of the magazine relative to the wall as the latter is pushed toward the said end of the wall from step to step with the magazine being held in position in a particular step by its engagement with said step and said spacer, and engagement of its follower button with said bar.
2. In combination with an elongate tubular magazine having a loading end and la base end provided with a corner; the magazine having a depressible follower riding therein spring pressed towards the loading end and also a slot leading from near its loading end toward its base end to pass a follower button extending from said follower above said face of the magazine; a magazine loading holder having a back plate on which said magazine rests with itsfollower button exposed on the face of the magazine opposite the back plate and remote therefrom; a longitudinally disposed side wall on said back plate with which said magazine extends in generally parallel relation; said Wall having longitudinally spaced apart notches in said side wall from substantially one end thereof to the other end and opposite said magazine, and in one of which the said corner of said magazine is received; a spacer on said back plate at one end of said holder oppositeand at a spaced distance from said Wall crosswise from said wall to define a space between:
said spacer and wall through which the loading end of the magazine may extend in canted relation to said wall; and a top bar bridging said spacer and wall and spaced the magazine relative to the 1 holder.
References Cited inthe file of this patent.
UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,514,277 Donnallan July 4, 1950 Brush Oct. 20, 1953'