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Publication numberUS2865537 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 23, 1958
Filing dateAug 22, 1955
Priority dateAug 22, 1955
Publication numberUS 2865537 A, US 2865537A, US-A-2865537, US2865537 A, US2865537A
InventorsJackson Clark E
Original AssigneeTurco Products Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 2865537 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 23, 1958 c. E. JACKSON DISPENSER 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Aug. 22, 1955 FIG. 5.

FIG. 4.

l/ll/l/I lOb FIG. 6;

FIG. 7.


DISPENSER Fiied Aug. 22, 19 55 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 FIG. I. FIG. 3. I

I I I 5 u lOu 6 INVENTOR' CLARK E. JACKSON ATTORNEYS DISPENSER Clark E. Jackson, Alhambra, Calif., assignor to Turco Products, Inc., a corporation of California Application August 22, 1355, Serial No. 529,709 3 Claims. (Cl. 222-214) My invention has to do with dispensers, and relates more particularly to a dispenser peculiarly adapted to dispense powdered materials, such as powdered soaps and detergents, for dishwashing machines and the like, although my device is capable of efliciently dispensing viscous materials.

The dispensing of powdered soaps and detergents has always presented a diflicult problem because the materials 4, 2,865,537 Patented Dec. 23, 1958 ice . 2 at 100 to its discharge end. Thedischarge end of the tube is secured to the bottom wall 16 of the frame around a discharge opening 17 therein, as by clamping strip 18 and screws 19.

A cover cap 20is provided for the hopper, said cover cap having a depending perimetric flange 21 and a handle 22.

At each of its sides the frame 5 carries a cross member 25 secured to the frame by brackets '26, and each cross member carries a pair of bearings 28 to journal the shafts 30 of star wheels or rotors 31.

tend to become caked and lumpy, particularly where the clogged and inoperative to efliciently dispense the material.

It is therefore an object of my invention to provide a dispenser for such materials which effectively prevents caking and lumping in the dispensing tube, even in the presence of moisture.

It is a further object to provide a dispenser which incorporates a flexible dispensing tube together with novel means for, in effect, milking the material through the tube.

A still further object is to provide a dispenser of this character wherein the dispensing tube is eifectively closed at some point between its ends during all stages of operation so that there will be no leakage of the material when the device is not in operation or passage of moisture containing vapors through the tube.

Further objects and advantages will appear hereinafter.

While I shall point out in the appended claims the features which I believe to be .new, I shall now, for the purpose of explaining my invention, describe in detail a presently preferred embodiment thereof, for which purpose I shall refer to the accompanying drawings, wherein,

Fig. l is a side elevation of a dispenser embodying my invention;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged section taken on line 22 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a top plan view of the device with the cover member removed;

Fig. 4 is an enlarged section taken on line 44 of Fig. 2;

Fig. 5 is a longitudinal section of the dispensing tube;

Fig. 6 is a fragmentary sectional view showing a modified form of dispensing tube; and

Fig. 7 is a section taken on line 77 of Fig. 6, the tube being shown in flattened position.

Referring now to the drawings, I show at 5 a frame, in the top portion of which I mount a material hopper 6.

Within the bottom or outlet end of the hopper I secure the flared top portion 10a of a dispensing tube 10 by means of a clamping strip 11 and attaching means such as rivets 12.

As best shown in Fig. 5, the dispensing tube 10, which is made of elastic rubber or like material, has an upper portion 10a of squared cross-section tapering to a cylindrical medial or neck portion 10b and thence flaring driven in relatively opposite directions by a motor M,

sprocket wheels 33, 34, 35 and a chain belt 36, the belt passing around an idler sprocket 37. It will be understood of course that any suitable driving means may be utilized which will rotate the wheels 31 at the desired speeds in relatively opposite directions.

Each of the wheels has two spaced star-shaped sides 31a and carries a plurality of equidistant, circumferentially spaced spindles 40, journaled at its ends in the opposite sides 31a, each spindle rotatably carrying a sleeve 41. That is, there is one of the spindles and its carried sleeve at the outer end of each of the radial projections 31b of each wheel or rotor. The axes of the wheels in relation to their radii are so spaced that the projections of the opposed wheels somewhat intermeshthat is, in the course of their relative rotation, the sleeves 41 of one wheel intermittently project between the two contiguous sleeves 41 of the other wheel to a point beyond a line intersecting the axes of rotation of the two contiguous sleeves, as best shown in Fig. 2.

Thus, since the dispensing tube extends between the peripheries of the wheels, as the wheels are rotated each of the sleeves 41 engages and stretches the tube as well as flexes it laterally between contiguous sleeves of the other wheel, each of the sleeves continuing to travel longitudinally 0f the tube during this flexing and stretching operation so that a highly effective milking action is produced which progressively causes the material in the tube to move from its inlet end towards its discharge end, from which latter end the material falls by gravity through the opening 17.

As will be apparent, the engagement of the tube by the sleeves 41 adjacent the hopper also continuously flexes the inlet end portion of the tube adjacent the hopper to facilitate the powdered material continuing to move by gravity into the tube and to prevent localized caking or arching of the material.

To insure that the wall of the tube portion 10b is fully collapsed to prevent leakage when rotation of the wheels is stopped, I may provide the tube portion 1011 with a sponge rubber lining 50, as shown in Figs. 6 and 7, the tube portion 10b being shown in flattened condition in Fig. 7.

My dispenser may be operated continuously to constantly dispense material, or by controlling the electrical circuit to the motor by means of a conventional timing switch, not shown, the dispenser may be made to operate intermittently or at timed intervals, so that only carefully measured quantities of material may be dispensed during each intermittent operation of the motor.

I claim:

1. In a material dispenser, a body, a pair of radially spaced rotors rotatably carried by said body to rotate about parallel axes and each rotatably carrying at its periphery a plurality of circumferentially spaced rollers mounted to rotate about axes parallel with the axes of rotation of said rotors; the radius of each of the respective rotors being greater than half the distance between the axes of rotation of said rotors whereby the rollers carried by one of said rotors extend between 3 rollers of the other of said rotors during rotation of said rotors, means for simultaneously rotating said rotors in opposite directions, and a flexible material-carrying tube having a top inlet end and a bottom outlet end, extending' longitudinally between said rotors in position to be simultaneously engaged at longitudinally spaced points .by

at least two of the rollers carried by one of said rotors and at an intermediate point by a roller carried by the other of said rotors, whereby, in response to said rotation of said rotors, to be collapsed and stretched by said 10 rollers in a manner gradually to work the contents of saidtube toward the outlet end thereof, and means supporting the inlet end of said tube. V p

' 2. The dispenser of claim 1 wherein said tube has a relatively soft sp ng -ru er lini g po The dispenser of claim 1 wherein each of said rotors is comprised of a pair of spaced parallel star wheels each presenting a plurality of circumferentially spaced, radially disposed arms, and wherein the said rollers carried by each of said rotors are rotatably carried by the outer end portions of said arms.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 771,137 Frerking Sept. 27, 1904 1,483,703 Wever Feb'. 12, 1924 1,993,442 'Greven Mar. '5, 1935 2,094,524 Busch Sept. 28, 1937 15 2,681,751 Stone June 22, 1954

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US771137 *Apr 7, 1904Sep 27, 1904Henry D FrerkingFeed-roller for grain-drills.
US1483703 *Oct 24, 1918Feb 12, 1924Fritz WeverApparatus for making feather-lined fabrics
US1993442 *May 31, 1933Mar 5, 1935Greven Florence MProcess for packaging dry granular material
US2094524 *Dec 28, 1936Sep 28, 1937Busch George HEvacuating machine
US2681751 *Aug 7, 1950Jun 22, 1954Deister Concentrator CompanyConstrictor valve
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3217069 *Mar 2, 1962Nov 9, 1965Brixite LtdMethod of moulding cement articles
US3308898 *Sep 22, 1965Mar 14, 1967Harper Inc AllenVibrated flow control valve and weigher
US3556352 *Mar 25, 1968Jan 19, 1971Corpus Christi Bank And TrustDispensing hopper with flexible-walled discharge compartment
US4412632 *May 28, 1981Nov 1, 1983Berger Richard FSelf-cleaning valve
US6253968Jan 19, 1999Jul 3, 2001Diversey Lever Inc.Method and device for dosing powdered materials
US6811386 *May 25, 2001Nov 2, 2004Constance LimitedPeristaltic pump with preformed tube
US7090098May 6, 2004Aug 15, 2006Johnsondiversey, Inc.Metering and dispensing closure
US7815072Apr 14, 2006Oct 19, 2010Diversey, Inc.Metering and dispensing closure
US7950550Feb 1, 2007May 31, 2011Diversey, Inc.Metering and dispensing closure
US8261951Sep 28, 2010Sep 11, 2012Diversey, Inc.Metering and dispensing closure
US8276790May 24, 2011Oct 2, 2012Diversey, Inc.Metering and dispensing closure
US8833614Feb 1, 2007Sep 16, 2014Diversey, Inc.Metering and dispensing closure
US9561887 *Sep 1, 2011Feb 7, 2017Takazono Technology IncorporatedHopper and medicine supply apparatus including the same
US20030190245 *May 25, 2001Oct 9, 2003Hedington John GrahamPeristaltic pumps
US20050247742 *May 6, 2004Nov 10, 2005Johnsondiversey, Inc.Metering and dispensing closure
US20060198064 *Feb 23, 2006Sep 7, 2006Chiang Chia CBuffer interface for fruit ripening display
US20060201340 *Mar 2, 2006Sep 14, 2006Chiang Chia CBuffer interface for fruit ripening display
US20070187433 *Feb 1, 2007Aug 16, 2007Webster Tyson LMetering and dispensing closure
US20080054014 *Apr 14, 2006Mar 6, 2008Webster Tyson LMetering and dispensing closure
US20080289513 *Mar 11, 2008Nov 27, 2008Chiang Chia CFruit Ripening Display
US20090226584 *Mar 10, 2008Sep 10, 2009Chiang Chia CFruit Ripening Display
US20110073622 *Sep 28, 2010Mar 31, 2011Diversey, Inc.Metering and dispensing closure
US20110220684 *May 24, 2011Sep 15, 2011Diversey, Inc.Metering and dispensing closure
US20130161355 *Sep 1, 2011Jun 27, 2013Takazono Technology IncorporatedHopper and Medicine Supply Apparatus Including the Same
EP0932030A1 *Jan 12, 1999Jul 28, 1999Unilever N.V.A method and device for dosing powdered materials
U.S. Classification222/214
International ClassificationA47L15/44
Cooperative ClassificationA47L15/44
European ClassificationA47L15/44