Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2865618 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 23, 1958
Filing dateJan 30, 1956
Priority dateJan 30, 1956
Publication numberUS 2865618 A, US 2865618A, US-A-2865618, US2865618 A, US2865618A
InventorsAbell Arthur S
Original AssigneeAbell Arthur S
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Water aerator
US 2865618 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 23, 1958 Filed Jan. 50, 1956 A. s. ABELI.V

WATER AERATOR 2 Sheets-Sheer. 1

..HIIIIIHHIIIIlllh.

INVENTOR. ARTHUR S. ABELL MMM( miler/reqs A. S. ABELL WATER AERATOR Dec. 23, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 30, 1956 ARTHUR .5'. BELL United States P 2l`f1`g WATER AERAToR Arthur s. Abell, Elkhorn, wis.

Application January 30, 1956, Serial No. 562,081

z claims. (cl. :s1- 93) This invention relates to water aerators which nd various uses as in minnow buckets, fish aquariums, and the like.

Various attempts heretofore to aerate water have generally employed expensive constructions which have not been suitable for shermens use. In most of these the water is pumped upwardly Aand falls through the air to pick up air.

The present invention provides a self-contained electrically driven unit which eiectively maintains aeration of any small body of water such as a minnow bucket, sh pond or aquarium and the like without requiring pumping of the water. The motor drive is adapted to run on six or twelve volts and can be driven by the usual electric train transformer from a 110 volt source or by an adapter plug fitting the cigarette lighter socket from an auto battery as when a minnow bucket is being carried a substantial distance in an automobile.

The invention has been embodied in units of different size and which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which:

Figure 1 is a vertical central transverse section of a bucket showing an elevation of the aerator of the present invention with parts in section;

Fig. 2 is an elevation of the aerator taken at right angles to that of Figure 1 and with the front screen removed;

Fig. 3 is a bottom plan View of the aerator of Figure l;

Fig. 4 is a vertical transverse section of a goldsh aquarium showing an elevation of another embodiment of the aerator with parts in section;

Fig. 5 is a transverse section on line 5 5 of Fig. 4; and

Fig. 6 is a detail elevation of the aerating head of Fig. 4 taken at right angles to the view of Fig. 4.

The larger unit illustrated in Figs. 1-3 comprises an inverted sheet metal channel member 1 adapted to support the unit on the bottom of a minnow bucket 2 or the like, and a bracket consisting of a metal strap 3 extending upwardly from the channel in an inverted U-shape and having its lower ends flanged and bolted or otherwise secured to the at top of member 1.

The upper end of strap member 3 extends substantially above the water level in bucket 2, as shown, and carries a small fractional horsepower A. C.D. C. electric motor 4 disposed with its shaft vertical, there being an opening between the motor and the upper closed end or cross member of member 3 to provide the latter as a convenient handle for lifting the aerator.

The shaft of motor 4 is coupled to a vertical impeller shaft 5 which extends downwardly in the water of bucket 2 and through the at top of channel member 1.

A rubber or neoprene vane-type rotary impeller 6 is secured to the lower end of shaft 5 within channel member 1. The impeller 6 may be of any one of a number of radial vane-type impellers made commercially in volume for small water pumps. There need be no wear 0n the impeller 6 since it rotates freely in the water 2,865,618 Patented Dec. 23,v i1958 ice within channel member 1 without necessarily touching either side or the at top of the member.

Air is drawn downwardly by the impeller'6 through a tube 7 secured at its upper end adjacent motor 4 vand secured at its lower end to the top of member v1 in registry with a hole 8 through the plate. The lower end of tube 7 should be sealed to the member 1 as bysoldering or welding it, and opening 8, shouldbe -dispos'ed above the path of the vanes of impeller 6 substantially as shown. The upper end of tube 7 extends upwardly above the water level in bucket 2 and is secured to the support for motor 4 where it will be free to receive air.

' Actuation of impeller 6 by motor 4 will eiect a centrifugal action on the water in member 1 and which will tend to draw air down tube 7 and to discharge it into the water. The air thereafter forms small bubbles which travel outwardly toward the opposite open Vends of the channel member 1. When the bubbles escape member 1 they rise as small bubbles 9 through the water in bucket 2, thereby aerating the water.

In order to prevent injury to minnows and small fish, as might occur if they were to enter channel member 1, the open ends of the member are covered by a screen 10 which also serves to vreduce the size of Yair-bubbles being emitted into the water at each end of the channel.

The smaller unit, illustrated in Figs. 4 6; comprises a circular inverted cup-shaped head 11 which may have a circumferential ange 12 serving as a foot for supporting the same on the bottom of the bucket or the aquarium.

The motor 4 is secured to a horizontal supporting plate 13 which is secured to the upper end of air tube 7. The lower end of air tube 7 is secured to the top of the inverted cup-shaped head 11 and opens therethrough at a location above the path of the vanes-of impeller 6 as the latter rotates within the head.

Impeller 6 is generally smaller in diameter than the cup so that its vanes do not touch the walls of head 11 and need not have any wear thereagainst.

The side walls of the cup head 11 may be of screen material, or if of sheet metal, they should have at least two screened openings 14 therein, preferably diametrically opposed to each other, as shown.

The impeller 6 is carried at the lower end of shaft 5 and is disposed concentric to head 11. Shaft 5 extends upwardly from head 11 and is coupled to the shaft of motor 4 as described with respect to the embodiment of Figs. 1-3.

The actuation of the embodiments of Figs. 4-6 is the same as that for Figs. 1-3, previously described. In the smaller unit of Figs. 4-6, the head 11 is secured to plate 13 carrying motor 4 only by the air tube 7, whereas in the larger unit of Figs. 1-3, the strap 3 secures the member 1 to the motor 4.

The bottom of channel member 1 and also of head 11 may be closed by a plate 15 to provide an aerating chamber adapted to be submerged in the water to be aerated so that effective aeration is obtained even though the channel member or head is not resting upon the bottom of bucket 2.

The motor 4 may be a one-twentieth horse power universal electrical motor operating on six or twelve volts. In this way there is very little danger of shock as from shorting, and the device may be operated from the current supply available in most automobiles today. A small transformer may be employed to supply current to motor 4 from the usual one-hundred-ten volt line.

Various embodiments of the invention may be employed within the scope of the following claims which particularly point out and distinctly set forth the subject matter presently regarded as the invention.

A L A water @crater comprising, '.1V ehamher. adapted. to4 be submerged in the waterL to be aerated and having screened side walls for movement of water and escape of airt-I arota-r-y; varie: tyre imneller mounted .reiterate freely in the water withintsaidehamber. a; substantiallyvertical drive sha-ft Carrying; said impellerand extending? upwardly throughfthe topof said chamber, anelectric motor having` its; shaft4 coupled tov said' drive, shafttoE effect rotation Qfsaid, impeller, air tube means' connected with said chamben and extending upwardly therefrom to support saidmotor above said chamberv and-T at aheight above the level#` oft the water`y in lwhich said chamber` isto besub.- merged andto` receive; ain from. above the levelof the water to-be aerated, the lower end-,cgfsaidv air tube open, ing downwardly intoIsaid chamber ata location above the path of the blades of the impeller during rotation of the lat-terr whereby air is `v drawn down. said air,V tube upon rotation/of the impellerfby' the motor ands ubmergen'ce of. the:- chamber in thewater. to bel aerated, saidl air tube means constituting the sole support: for the motor upon Said ohamben.

2. A Wateraerator cornprisilnaY a horizontally disposed sheet metal channel member, a. plate closing all. but: the ends of said channel member, screens. covering the end openi1-1esfof the channel member to constitute said channelI member andvplate as a chamber adapted to be submerged lin thewater to be aerated and having screened side wallsv for'- movement of water and escape of air,` a

rotary'vane type impellrmounted to rotate freely in the water. .within said Shenzhen. al. substantially vertical drive shaft carrying said impeller and extending upwardly through the top of said chamber, an electric motor having its shaft coupled to said drive shaft to effect rotation of said impeller, means connected with said chamber and extending upwardly therefrom to support said motor above said chamber and at a height above the level of the water in which said chamber is to be submerged, and an air tube extending upwardly from' said chamber to receive air from above the level. of the water to be aerated, the lower end of saidairV tube opening downwardly intogsa'idf chamber; atalocationabove, the path of the blades of the impeller during rotation of the latter, whereby air is drawn downa said tube-upon rotation of the impeller by the motor and submergence of the chamber in the water to be aerated.

'Referencestcitdin tile. of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS -t--f-:H-q--v-V--w- 2,194,0 37 Thuma V..... Mar. 19 194.0 2,352,767 Booth' etal. Iuly 4, 1944 2,364,686 Balisteri et al. Dec. 12, 1944 2,393,976 Daman et al.-- `Eeb.r5, 1946 2,533,936 Holmes et al-; Dee. 12, 1950 2,641,455 Poirot lune 9,J 1953, 2,801,083- Balavssa; July 30,v 195.7

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2189779 *Feb 12, 1936Feb 13, 1940Mining Process & Patent CoEmulsifying means and method
US2194037 *Mar 18, 1938Mar 19, 1940Seth L WayAerating device for liquids
US2352767 *Apr 2, 1941Jul 4, 1944Wallace & Tiernan Co IncDiffuser-circulator
US2364686 *Oct 21, 1943Dec 12, 1944Balisteri Joseph FAerating device for fish containers
US2393976 *May 31, 1941Feb 5, 1946Mining Process & Patent CoAgitating means and method
US2533936 *Nov 3, 1948Dec 12, 1950H O KeslerAquarium aerator
US2641455 *Jun 24, 1949Jun 9, 1953Poirot Eugene MDevice which aerates water
US2801083 *Jan 7, 1953Jul 30, 1957Leslie L BalassaMixing device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2951309 *Apr 6, 1959Sep 6, 1960Briscoe Robert GAerating and cooling apparatus for liquid containing receptacles
US3189334 *Oct 4, 1963Jun 15, 1965Bell Robert WayneAerating device
US3214149 *Jun 29, 1960Oct 26, 1965Beloit Iron WorksCavitation pump
US3333834 *Apr 6, 1964Aug 1, 1967Brewster William RBait tank aerator
US3425835 *Mar 30, 1964Feb 4, 1969Eastman Kodak CoMethod for dispersing non-aqueous solution in aqueous gelatin solutions using an aspirating agitator
US3521864 *Sep 20, 1967Jul 28, 1970Welles Products CorpMethod and apparatus for controlling oxygen transfer and power requirements in a water aeration system
US3576379 *Jan 27, 1969Apr 27, 1971Parise James APortable low-pressure direct current pump
US3614072 *Jan 2, 1969Oct 19, 1971James H BrodieHydraulic flow inducer
US3758236 *Oct 14, 1971Sep 11, 1973March Manuf CoCondensate pump
US3904393 *Jul 13, 1973Sep 9, 1975Raymond A MorseVenturi-type water aerator
US4351514 *Jul 18, 1980Sep 28, 1982Koch Fenton CApparatus for purifying molten metal
US4776127 *Aug 8, 1986Oct 11, 1988Jackson Calvin JAerator
US4829698 *Jul 5, 1988May 16, 1989Mcdonald Robert CAerated bait tank
US5077932 *Jun 27, 1990Jan 7, 1992Hetherington Robert PWater aeration apparatus
US5275762 *May 25, 1993Jan 4, 1994Burgess Harry LAerator
US5582777 *May 1, 1995Dec 10, 1996Keepalive, Inc.Live well aerator and method for aeration
US5662725 *May 12, 1995Sep 2, 1997Cooper; Paul V.System and device for removing impurities from molten metal
US5944496 *Dec 3, 1996Aug 31, 1999Cooper; Paul V.Molten metal pump with a flexible coupling and cement-free metal-transfer conduit connection
US5951243 *Jul 3, 1997Sep 14, 1999Cooper; Paul V.Rotor bearing system for molten metal pumps
US6027685 *Oct 15, 1997Feb 22, 2000Cooper; Paul V.Flow-directing device for molten metal pump
US6303074May 14, 1999Oct 16, 2001Paul V. CooperMixed flow rotor for molten metal pumping device
US6345964Mar 24, 1999Feb 12, 2002Paul V. CooperMolten metal pump with metal-transfer conduit molten metal pump
US6357725Apr 6, 2001Mar 19, 2002Shinnosuke NomuraGas/liquid mixing device
US6398525Jun 8, 2000Jun 4, 2002Paul V. CooperMonolithic rotor and rigid coupling
US6689310May 12, 2000Feb 10, 2004Paul V. CooperMolten metal degassing device and impellers therefor
US6723276Aug 28, 2000Apr 20, 2004Paul V. CooperScrap melter and impeller
US6805538 *Aug 13, 2001Oct 19, 2004Stanadyne CorporationFuel tank mounted, motorized high pressure gasoline pump
US7140600 *Jun 2, 2004Nov 28, 2006Floyd WryPortable aerator
US7162831 *Dec 2, 2004Jan 16, 2007Morton Timothy LFish bait system
US7163198 *May 6, 2003Jan 16, 2007Invent Umwelt - Und Verfahrenstechnik Gmbh & Co.Stirring and aerating device for activated sludges
US7402276Feb 4, 2004Jul 22, 2008Cooper Paul VPump with rotating inlet
US7470392Feb 4, 2004Dec 30, 2008Cooper Paul VMolten metal pump components
US7507367Jul 14, 2003Mar 24, 2009Cooper Paul VProtective coatings for molten metal devices
US7731891Jul 14, 2003Jun 8, 2010Cooper Paul VCouplings for molten metal devices
US7875448 *Dec 13, 2004Jan 25, 2011Single Use Brx, LlcBioreactor systems and disposable bioreactor
US7906068Feb 4, 2004Mar 15, 2011Cooper Paul VSupport post system for molten metal pump
US8075837Jun 26, 2008Dec 13, 2011Cooper Paul VPump with rotating inlet
US8110141Jun 26, 2008Feb 7, 2012Cooper Paul VPump with rotating inlet
US8172205 *Nov 4, 2004May 8, 2012Hydor SrlRotating aerator for aquariums and ponds
US8178037May 13, 2008May 15, 2012Cooper Paul VSystem for releasing gas into molten metal
US8337746Dec 25, 2012Cooper Paul VTransferring molten metal from one structure to another
US8361379Feb 27, 2009Jan 29, 2013Cooper Paul VGas transfer foot
US8366993Aug 9, 2010Feb 5, 2013Cooper Paul VSystem and method for degassing molten metal
US8409495Oct 3, 2011Apr 2, 2013Paul V. CooperRotor with inlet perimeters
US8440135May 13, 2008May 14, 2013Paul V. CooperSystem for releasing gas into molten metal
US8444911Aug 9, 2010May 21, 2013Paul V. CooperShaft and post tensioning device
US8449814Aug 9, 2010May 28, 2013Paul V. CooperSystems and methods for melting scrap metal
US8475708Mar 14, 2011Jul 2, 2013Paul V. CooperSupport post clamps for molten metal pumps
US8501084Mar 14, 2011Aug 6, 2013Paul V. CooperSupport posts for molten metal pumps
US8501460Jan 18, 2011Aug 6, 2013Mayfair Technology Limited Liability CompanyBioreactor systems and disposable bioreactor
US8524146Sep 9, 2010Sep 3, 2013Paul V. CooperRotary degassers and components therefor
US8529828Nov 4, 2008Sep 10, 2013Paul V. CooperMolten metal pump components
US8535603Aug 9, 2010Sep 17, 2013Paul V. CooperRotary degasser and rotor therefor
US8603805Mar 20, 2006Dec 10, 2013Hyclone Laboratories, Inc.Gas spargers and related container systems
US8613884May 12, 2011Dec 24, 2013Paul V. CooperLaunder transfer insert and system
US8714914Sep 8, 2010May 6, 2014Paul V. CooperMolten metal pump filter
US8753563Jan 31, 2013Jun 17, 2014Paul V. CooperSystem and method for degassing molten metal
US8851457 *Mar 9, 2011Oct 7, 2014Richard LADOUCEURLow-turbulent aerator and aeration method
US9005971Dec 2, 2013Apr 14, 2015Life Technologies CorporationGas spargers and related container systems
US9011761Mar 14, 2013Apr 21, 2015Paul V. CooperLadle with transfer conduit
US9017597Mar 12, 2013Apr 28, 2015Paul V. CooperTransferring molten metal using non-gravity assist launder
US9034244Jan 28, 2013May 19, 2015Paul V. CooperGas-transfer foot
US9080577Mar 8, 2013Jul 14, 2015Paul V. CooperShaft and post tensioning device
US9108244Sep 10, 2010Aug 18, 2015Paul V. CooperImmersion heater for molten metal
US9156087Mar 13, 2013Oct 13, 2015Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, LlcMolten metal transfer system and rotor
US9205490Mar 13, 2013Dec 8, 2015Molten Metal Equipment Innovations, LlcTransfer well system and method for making same
US20030206814 *Aug 13, 2001Nov 6, 2003Ilija DjordjevicFuel tank mounted, motorized high pressure gasoline pump
US20050158851 *Dec 13, 2004Jul 21, 2005Bioreactor Systems And Disposable BioreactorBioreactor systems and disposable bioreactor
US20050161838 *May 6, 2003Jul 28, 2005Marcus HofkenStirring and aerating device for activated sludges
US20060270036 *Mar 20, 2006Nov 30, 2006Hyclone Laboratories, Inc.Gas spargers and related container systems
US20070251865 *Nov 4, 2004Nov 1, 2007Hydor SrlRotating Aerator for Aquariums and Ponds
US20110111486 *May 12, 2011Mayfair Technology Limited Liability Company d/b/a/ PendoTECHBioreactor systems and disposable bioreactor
US20110156290 *Jun 30, 2011David Allen WensloffMedium Orbital Flow Oxygenator
US20120230145 *Sep 13, 2012Ladouceur RichardLow-turbulent aerator and aeration method
EP0847797A1 *Dec 11, 1996Jun 17, 1998Paul EsserMethod and apparatus for introducing a gas into waters
Classifications
U.S. Classification261/93, 43/57, 261/121.2, 417/423.9
International ClassificationA01K63/04
Cooperative ClassificationA01K63/042
European ClassificationA01K63/04A