Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2867430 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 6, 1959
Filing dateDec 31, 1952
Priority dateDec 31, 1952
Publication numberUS 2867430 A, US 2867430A, US-A-2867430, US2867430 A, US2867430A
InventorsHullar Herbert E
Original AssigneeMurray Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Laundry dryers
US 2867430 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

H. E. HULLAR LAUNDRY DRYERS Jan. 6, 1959 '7 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Dec. 31, 1952 .aaa

286 @47N VEN TUR HERBERT EHU LLAH TTURNEY Jan. 6, 1959 H. E. HULLAR 2,867,430

LAUNDRY DRYERS Filed Deo. 3l, 1952 '7 Sheets-Sheet 2 soa E gg. 3f*

22 26 [NVENTUR HERBERT E. HULLAR www TTURNEY v Jan. 6, 1959 H. E. HULLAR 2,867,430

LAUNDRY DRYE-Rs Filed Dec. 3l, 1952 7 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTUR HERBERT E. HULLAR TTUPNEY Jan. 6, 1959 H. E. HULLAR 2,867,430

LAUNDRY DRYERS Filed Dec. 31, 1952 7 Sheets-Sheet 5 IN VENTUR HERBERT E. HULLAR BY www TT URNEY Jan. 6, 1959 H. E. HULLAR 2,867,430

LAUNDRY DRYER-S Filed D90. 31, 1952 7 Sheets-Sheet 6 I I l 1 L l 25J /64-8 H NVEEJITURR E RT 254 l RBB ULL ,Sb I BY {CU-VR 25o ATTE/RNE?" Jan. 6, 1959 H.V E. HULLAR 2,867,430

LAUNDRY DRYERS Filed Deo. 3l, 1952 '7 Sheets-Sheet 7 INVENTUR HERBERT BHULLAR ffkww ATT URNEY United g States arent 1 'Claim (Ci. 263-33) This invention relates to laundry. dryers,v and morev particularly to the application of radiant energy and heated air to a dryer in an eiiicient manner, and controls therefor. f

In dryers, Whether gas or-electrically heated, a considerable lamount of heat is required to evaporate the moisture contained in damp laundry; v The rate of heat input must be relatively high, in orderAv to avo-id a protracted drying period. Such heating has in general created a problem, since for .efliciency, the :heat must be caused to be' concentrated upon the laundry within the drum. At the same time, the heating unit constitutes a hot spot in a clos'ely-conned cabinet, so that in many dryers, Vthe surrounding cabinet is covered internally with heavy layers of heat insulation to prevent wastage of heat and in an attempt to keep the cabinet at a suiciently low temperature to be safe. Dryers are located in areas where the cabinet is exposed to body contact. Where a rectangular cabinet withv a iat top is provided, itl is highly vdesirable to retainy the top deck sufficiently cool so that it can be used as a work surface.

Accordingly, the present invention is directed toa' dryer having an air and radiant heating unit devised to eiciently convert the heat supplied to the' drier e'fticiently into hot'air and radiant heat for drying purposes. The invention further has to do with thev provision of a heating unit iny which air within the cabinet is utilized asv wardly 'directed radiation' in the heating of air entering l the dryer. v

The above and other novel -features ofthe invention will appear more fully hereinafter from the following detailed description when taken in conjunction "with the accompanying drawings. It is-expressly understood that the `drawings are employed forpurposes 'of-illustration only, and lare not designed as a denition of thel limitsl of the invention, reference being had for [this purpose .to/60 the appended claims.

11n the drawings, wherein likeI reference characters indicate like parts: f

Figure l is a front elevationwith parts broken away, showing the drum drive and front bearings;

Figure2 is la side elevational view taken from within the cabinet side wall, with parts broken away;

Figurek 3 is a sectional view taken on the line 3--3 of I Figure 2, showing the gasfllred air heater;

Figure 4y is asectional lview taken on the Figure 2, and showing the air passageglabyi the heater; .f

...maar of mth through' 2 t Figure 5 is a sectional view taken on the broken section line 5 5 of Figure 4; v

Figure 6 is 'a fragmentary sectional view taken sub@y stantially on the line` 6-6 of Figure l,y showing the lint trap;

Figure 7 is a sectional View taken substantially on the A line 7 7 of Figure 6';

Figure 8 is a sectional view taken substantially onthe',

line 8-8 of Figure 6;

Figure 9 is a control circuitdiagram; l

Figure 10 ,is atop plan view ofan electric heater" modified form'of the invention utilizingk a. similarjrair passage labyrinth; and

Fig-ure` ll is asectionalview taken on the line i' of Figure 10.

Referring to Figures l and 2, there isshown a framev I and cabinet structure, thefr'ame comprising four upright corner angle irons such as are shown at 20,22, and 24, joined together at ythe base -by horizontally :fore and aft extending angle members as at 26z and front ,and'rear cross members as at 28 and 29. 1The front corner angle irons yare connected by a forwardly disposedchannel l member 30, the ends of which are curved tothe rearas at 3 2 Vfor joining'to' the front faces of the corner angle,v

members 22 and 24. The rear corner angle members are joined together by a horizontallyextending channel member 34. The rear .channelmember 34 is located at a suitable height to .support ,the bearing, while the forward channel member 36 is located somewhat below the level of the cabinet door. The corner angle irons extend upwardly to a height slightly above thel channel member 34, vand are conneeted by side channels: 33 'and 35.

A substantially lirriperforate drum 38 having a back wall 40 is supported at the rear upon the channel memf ber 34 throughrfangle members such as 42. The drum is provided with -a front, annular member 44 having a..

cylindrical forwardly y,extending flangef46 coaxial with the drum. The drum is: supported at lthe forward end by means ofginclined. braces 48 and', 50, such braces extending from the `channel yrnember'f to the cylindrical llange 46. Within the drum 40 is a perforate laundry-r containing cylinder 52, the cylinder having an imper forate, rear will 54 to whichy is secured a trunnion 56',

tion within the flange 46 lofthe drum 3.` Within the cylinderSZ are a lplurality of fore and aft extending* tumbling ribs or bal-Hes such as y'indicated at 66. The

forward end of they kcylinder S2, and particularly the rim 62, is supported upona pair of rollers 68 and 70, `the roller 70 -beingv rotatably mounted in a fixed Abracket 72 extendingtfrom the corner member 24, while vthe Vroller 68 isv rotatably mounted in a pivoted' bracket arm 74, such'bracket-arm being pivotally mountedj as at '76 upon the angle corner member 22. The drum 38 is provided with small rectangular apertures .such as 7S, through.. which' each of the rollersv 68 and 70 project to engage p the rim 62. Y

in order to suppor'tland drive the cylinder-52 by rolling action of the rim 62,*orx the rollers 68 and 70, the

roller 68 is a drive roller andis drivenrfrom arnotor 30' through friction gearing'comprising'a smallerroller 82 mounted on the forward endl of:y the motor shaft'81` and. a large cylindrioally faced wheel 84 drivably fixed tothe roller shaft 86, which shaftis keyed to the c'ylindersup" EQ@ t PatentedJanfG, `19,59l


seaman f porting roller 68 journalled in the bracket arm 74. The motoriisrfmounted-in'a U-bracket 88 having motor sup port end arms and 92, -which may be of the type shown `in Scheele Patent Nol 2,598,836. VSuch bracket is providedfwith ears'94aand 96 extending to and pivotally mounted upon the bent ends of a Umember 98- y vIt willethus be vseenthat'the height of the lroller`68 mayv be-raised or lowered by adjusting the position of the link 102, so thatthelrollers 68 anrd 70.will support the cylinder with its cylindricall` flange 65 in coaxial relation tothe cylindrical flange 46 ofthe surrounding drum. The rear bearing 36, tlrrugift-*heI resilient mountv A6,0, provides. slight universalmovmeiit in supportingthe rearof the cylinder,

so that/the weight of the'forward end of the cylinder rests upontherollers 68-and 70, and particularly with suicient-weight on the roller 68 to assure a satisfactory v drive, roller 68-being located lower than roller 70, so'as 'to carry a greater proportion of the weight. Rotation is the direction of arrow A or counterclockwise, as viewed in Figure 1.

e The drum 38 is provided on the upper side thereof to one side of center with an enlarged rectangular air inlet aperture V over which there is positioned a heater unit generally indicated as at 112 (see Figures 3 and 4, for example), Which heater unit may be provided with a curved saddle-like plate 114 adapted 'to be secured to the drum along it's upper edge vby screw fastening means 116, such saddle plate being of arcuate form and being adapted to cover the enlarged rectangular aperture 110. Air is admitted to the drum'through the aperture 110 after being suitably heated by agas burner which will be hereinafter described in more detail. The ldrum structure, however, Iis adapted to receive an electrical heater, as an alternative, which heater will be also hereinafter described in more detail in connection with'Figures 10 yand lfl.4 Ist should be understood that the two forms of heaters are l so constructed as to be interchangeable insofar as thel drum is concerned,

i Air withdrawn from 'the drum38 through a lower duct 118V located slightlyto lthe rear and y'diagonally opposite z the inlet. Such duct is rigidly secured to the drum by a j flange 120 and extends downwardly toa point substantially in alignment'withftheshaft of the motor 80. The' duct has a front llat face`122 having a circular aperture 124 in substantial alignment with the shaft 81 of the motor 80. Between the duct 118 and the rear of the motor, there is positioned a centrifugal blower 126 hav.- ing the usual impeller 128 therein. The blower has an involute housing wall 130 discharging into an outlet duct 132-directed downwardly at approximately a 45 angle toward the lower central region beneath the drum of the dryer.

iSuch discharge duct connects v`with a lint trap 134 generally illustrated in Figures 6-8. The trap comprises a rectangularhousing having top and bottom members 136 and 138, side walls 140 and 142, and a rear end wall 144. The discharge duct 132 connects with an angularly disposed lint trap inlet connection 146 extending angularly from one corner of the housing formed by the top and s side walls 136 and 140. Such inlet connectionl is located adjacentitherear wall 144. Withinthe casing, there isprovided a drawer-likescreen. assembly.` The screen is formed to providey acentral inclined planar portion 148, a narrow inclined planar side portion 150, and a wide inclined planar side portion 152.V The screen is braced at the rearby a strut 154 connectingthe ysides 150 and 152. The, forward edge of the screen is secured t0 .4 front panel 156, having a forward extending ,ledge 158 provided with a drawer pull formedby the'forward edge of the ledge 158 being bent upwardly and rearwardly as shown in Figure 8. The front panel 156 is provided with a rectangular exhaust aperture 162, such aperture being located within and below-the line of attachment of the screen 148 with the front. panel. The upper planar portion of the screen is constructed somewhat more narn row to the rear thereof, so as to provide a tapered distributing zone 164 to'facilitate distribution along thei length of the screen ofair entering through the rearinclined connection 146. It will be seen that thescreen intercepts air entering through the -inlet connection 146 prior toits leaving the lint box through'the front aperture 162. vIf it be desired. to `eolnnectlthejv lint box to an exhaust port or duct such as isindicated at 166, the side wall 142 may be provided with a slide plate 168 which may be removedv for that purpose. In such case, theoutlet duct 166 wi1l1`ead"fronrfthspace'belirid the inclined plananscreen portion 152.-'l ,-,Itffwill'be "sen'lthat'the'fpbr; s tions ofthe screen`^152 and"148"arig'ularly' connect alorglgv a fold which extends rearwardly immediately: be-I neath the top wall '136' to prevent bypassing', so that in leaving the lint box' through outlet duct 166, must first traverse the area of the screen portions 148 or v150 and thereafter the areaof the screen portion 152. The

lint box is supportedatvv its forward end upon the ltransverse frame member 28 through tabs 151 and a'clip member I 153, andthe inlet connection 146 is coupled to the`- discharge duct 132 by a resilient annular cuff 1172.

The front wall 129 ofthe blower 126 is supported from i face 133 vof the blower and the-front wall 122 of thev duct 118 tok couple the aperturev 124 with-the blower.4

Thus, it will be seen that the blower inletand outlet connections, through lthe ring 174 and .cuff 172, areinsulated against the transmission lof vibration from the motor and blower to the drum and lint box. Y Y

In order to supply hot air to.` the drum 38, there :is mounted'upon the saddle plate 114 a gas burner 176 anda housing 178 therefor having suitable ducts for" e'ciently heating air for admission to the drum 38. vTheV housing comprises end members or walls 180 and 182 mountedwby flanges 184 and Y186. u'pon the saddle plate `114. 'lhev end membersvare joined by anouter wall or J shell or lcover 188 having anzinclined topV surface portion 190 and a vertically extending. ,port ion.19 2f. lWithin the housing are bales 194 and' l196-,":thel baffle 194v extending parallel and in spaced relation withtheinclined; top or lateral portion 190;to ;a point 198 spaced from the vertical wall portion 192. Suchgbaflle has a curved forward portion 200 extending somewhat radially to the saddle member 114. The rbaille 194 extends from either end wall 180 and 182, andis suitable secured to the end walls and sad- 'dle member by anges 202, 204 and 206. The baffle 196 is provided with a central portion 208 extending in spaced parallel relation to the baille 194. The lower end por,

tion lcontinues in a'downwardly extending position` 210 extending in spaced parallel relation to the outer wall portion 192. The upper end extends downwardly'or sonre-4 whatradially. as at 212 toward the saddle member 114.

The baille 196 extends from end wall 180 to end wall 182, i

and is suitably secured tosuch end `walls vby anges 214, 216 and 218. The saddlevmember, 114 is provided with an elongated rectangular aperture 220, a portion of which aperture connects with the space between the end portions 212 and 200 of the bales 194 and 19,6, aswell as the space beneath Vthe baflle196. The burner 176 is lo.-

cated between the lower'portio'n of thesaddle member 114 and the outer wall 192 of lthe shell 188 and beneath the inner baille 196.

It will be seen that by reason of the burner, air''ntering at 222 will rncve upwardly joining the burned gases, and enter the drum through the lower portion of the aperture 220. Air will also pass through the passage-- shell outer wall 190. Such air thereafter passes into the end space 230 adjacent the end 198 of the baille 194, thereafter llows through the space 232 between the baffles 194 and 196 to enter the drum through the opening 220. It will thus be seen that cool air entering at 226 and passing through the space 228 tends to absorb the heat of the gas burner and forms an ever-changing insulating layer of cool air, having a highly beneficial effect in retaining the outside dryer cabinet comparatively cool. In addition, the double pass for air entering the drum formed by the space 228 and the space 232, provides a highly efficient air heater, so that economy in the consumption of gas results. The channel 224 likewise is cooled by entering air, which air joins that entering at 226.

The gas burner projects into the space between the outer housing portion 192 and the saddle plate 114, and extends substantially the entire length of the housing 178, the burner proper comprising a series of jets 234 arranged in double rows 236 and 238. The jets are formed by a U-stamping 235, and two spaced stampings 237 and 239, the latter also forming a lengthwise manifold 241 connected by a conduit 243 leading to the usual air valve 245. The burner is supported by a rear plate 247 extending into a slit in the rear wall 182, and by a bracket 249 at the forward end secured to the front wall as at 251. A baille plate 240 is mounted upon the burner and extends the length thereof, such baille being adapted to prevent air flow from disturbing the gas llame. The saddle plate 114 is provided with a turned-up flange 115 along its lower margin, which cooperates with the burner parts 237 and 239, and particularly the web 117, so as to prevent cold air from entering between the burner and drum. The end wall 182 has an inspection aperture 242 located above the end of the burner, the inspection opening being formed by a struck-out portion of metal 244, such portion being bent outwardly from the wall 182 and adapted to carry a thermostatic switch 246.

It will be seen that the saddle plate 114, being exposed to the radiant heat of the llame of the burner 176, will become heated and provide in itself a source of radiant heat, the inner surface of such plate being exposed to the perforate cylinder within the drum 38 by reason of the relatively large aperture 110 in the drum, which aperture is effectively covered by the arcuate saddle member 114.

The burner also includes, mounted on a bracket 251 and arm 47', the usual pilot burner 248, a hot wire starter 250, and a draft shield 252, all of which project through a window 181 in the end wall 180. The Window 181 is aligned with an inspection opening 133 in the front wall 282 of the cabinet. A thermostatic bulb 254 is located adjacent the pilot burner 248. Gas is supplied to the main burner through a pipe 256 extending to a solenoid valve component 258 and a gas supply pipe 260, the latter having a stop cock 262 and pressure regulator 264. The solenoid valve 258 also includes a solenoid valve for the pilot, there being provided a separate pipe 266 leading from the valve 258 to the pilot 248.

The drum is provided with a sterilizer lamp 268 and a lamp 270 for illumination connected in series therewith, such lamps being housed in a casing 272 mounted on the upper side of the drum, the drum being provided with an aperture (not shown) substantially coextensive with and covered by the housing 272. A temperature- 6 sensitive thermostatic switch 274 is located in the top of the drum and a temperature-sensitive bulb 276 is located in the air duct 118 leading from the drum to the blower.

Surrounding the frame and drum is a cabinet structure having side walls 27S and 280, a front wall composed of a door frame member 282, and a kick plate 284, the latter having a re-entrant lower portion 286 forming a `drawer frame for the cover panel 156 of the drawerlike screen assembly of the lint box. The door frame member 282 has a rectangular inwardly offset frame proper 288, having a circular aperture 290 adapted to join with the flange 46 through an annular resilient gasket 292. A door 294 is hinged to the door frame proper as at 296, such door having a window 298 and handle 300. The door, when closed actuates a double throw switch 302, closing one circuit and opening another as the door is closed or opened. The cabinet is further composed of a back plate 304 and a top deck 306 having a rearwardly upswept inclined control panel 308, behind which is mounted a master switch 310 manually actuated by a starting and temperature setting knob 312 and a start push button 314.

Control of the drier is effected through a circuit diagrammatically shown in Figure 9, utilizing a temperature control thermostatic switch device such as shown in Patent No. 2,564,868, issued August 21, 1951. The manual start and temperature selector knob 312 is adapted to initially close the pairs of switch contacts 316 and 318, and thereafter effect an adjustment upon the thermostatic bellows 320, which bellows are actuated by the bulb 276. By varying the pressure upon such bellows, the temperature at which the gas burner will be shut off can be varied to accommodate different types of laundry loads, as will hereinafter appear. The start push button 314, when depressed, is adapted to close and hold closed three circuits by bridging contacts 322 and 324, bridging contacts 326 and 323, and by bridging contacts 33t) and 332.' Thus, if the pairs of contacts 316 and 318 are closed and the push start switch is depressed to bridge the contacts operated thereby, a circuit is established from line wire 334 through lead 336 to lead 338, and through door switch 302 and contact 341 to the motor through the lead 342 and the return lead 344 connected to the line wire 346. Thus, when the door is closed, the motor will start. At the same time, the line 346 is connected through bridged contacts 322 and 324 to the thermostatic switch line 348 having arranged in series therein the thermostatic switch 246 and thermostatic switch 274, such line leading to the gas valve component` 258 and more particularly to the pilot light contacts 350 and 352 contained therein. The pilot igniter component 277, sometimes referred to as a Warp switch, contains a circuit that is energized through contacts 350 and 352 when closed, and also by a circuit established by bridging contacts 326 and 328, a centrifugal switch 354 in the motor 80, such centrifugal switch being in the circuit 356 leading to the pilot igniter. The centrifugal motor switch is necessarily electrically insulated from the usual induction motor starting switch, since the circuit is broken when the motor is stopped. Such switch may be operated by the same centrifugally responsive means utilized for opening the induction motor starting switch when sufficient rotation speed has been attained.

It will be seen that the primary coil 358 of the pilot igniter transformer 359 will be energized by current flowing from the closed contacts 350 and 352 and current supplied through the line 356 through the centrifugal switch 354, such current passing through the contacts 360 andV 362, su'ch contacts being normally closed initially, but being opened after a brief fixed period of time by reason of the contact 360 being mounted on a bimetallic heat-sensitive leaf heated by the resistance 364. The heat of such resistance acts to open the contacts after a predetermined period. When the primary 35S 7 of the pilot igniter coil transformer is energized, the secondary 366 connected to the hot wire 250 renders such wire incandescent and effective to ignite the pilot.

It will also appear that the pilot valve operating solenoid 368 is connected at this time across the primary 358 of the pilot igniter transformer, so that the pilot valve supplying gas to the pilot burner 248 is opened. When the pilot burner ignites, the bulb 254 becomes heated and acts in response to temperature rise to open contacts 350 and 352 and close contacts 351 and 353, thus closing a circuit through the main gas valve solenoid 370. When the contacts 350 and 352 open, the primary 358 of the ignition transformer is deenergized, while the pilot valve solenoid continues to be energized from line 348 and through contacts 360 and 362, leading to the centrifugal 1 switch 354 through lead 356, the pilot valve remaining open until the time period for the opening of contacts 360 and 362 has elapsed, such contacts breaking the circuit to the pilot valve.

The push start switch 314, when actuated, is locked with the contacts bridged until actuated by the bellows 320 in response to temperature rise in the outlet duct 118. y

by bridging contacts 330 and 332 through the bridging bar 333, which maintains a circuit through the motor 80 as may be traced by following lead 336, bar 333, lead 338, door switch 302, lead 342, and lead 344. The motor will thereby continue to run until such time as the thermostatic bellows 320 cools suiciently to open the contacts 330 and 332.

The door switch is provided with a door open contact 372 which is connected to the line 334 through a lead 374. When the door switch is opened, the germacidal lamp and the illuminating lamp are energized through the lead 344. This circuit is completed irrespective of whether line contacts 316 and 318 are closed or open.

The resistance 364 is adapted to open the contacts 360 and 362, after a period of four minutes or so, while if the pilot ignites immediately, as would be normal operation, the contacts 350 and 352 are opened, and the contacts 351 and 353 closed within a minute, the time taken for the bulb 254 to be heated by the pilot. contacts 360 and 362 remain closed, and both pilot and main burner remain lighted during normal operation. Such burners are setto provide the necessary steady heat t0 effect drying so long as the normal flow of air through the drum takes place.

Should the lint trap become clogged, choking olf the flow, the temperature will rise above that set for thermostats 246 orV 274, or both, causing circuit 348 to be opened at one or the other thermostat. This shuts o the main gas valve, until the circuit 348 is restored. A high resistance signal lamp 382, bridging either one or preferably both thermostats 246 and 274, will serve to indicate such a condition, and may be provided with a trans- Thus, r

lucent sign illuminated by the lamp reading Clean lint In a short time, thermostat 254 cools sufficiently to open A contacts 351 and 353 to open the circuit to solenoid valve f 370, cutting ohc the main burner. Y When the motor is running and the door is in closed position, it will be seen that the germicidal lamp and illuminating lamp are connected across the motor 80, so that such lamps are energizedat all times that the motor is running. When the door is opened, causing the motor to stop,.the centrifugal switch 354 opens, cutting off both pilot and main burner gas supplies. -It will of course be appreciated that the motor does not slow down instantly, so that if the door is opened for a brief instant not long enough to slow the motor to lopen the centrifugal switch contacts 354, the burners will continue. Cutting ot the burners when the cylinder is stopped .aifords safety against overheating, since with a stopped motor, circulation is cut olf, as well as tumbling.

In Figures 10 and 1l, there is shown an electrical heating unit which may be applied to the drum, the same form-- ing a unit which can be substituted for the gas burner air heater with no structural change to the drum. There is shown :a shell 400 having an outer wall 402 with integral top and bottom walls 404 and 406 and end walls 408 and 410. The shell is of suflicient size to cover the aperture 110 in the drum 38. The shell is adapted to close the aperture 110 and the top wall is provided with a flange Y 412 adapted to seat upon the drum adjacent the aperture and be secured to the drum by screws 116. The shell 400 and the saddle member 114 are both adapted to be secured to the drum along the lower edge by an' S-sectioned clip member 414 which is equally adapted.

to engage the ange 413 along the bottom wall edge or the lower edge of the saddle plate 114. n

Within the shell 400 is a bale plate 416 substantially uniformly spaced from the outer shell wall 402, such baille extending from end wall to end wall and being curved at the lower end as at 418 and terminating as at 420 a short distance from the lower or bottom Wall 406. The upper end of the baie 416 is bent as at 422 and the end 424 thereof is joined to the top wall 404. A portion 426 of the shell outer or top Wall 402 is cut away to provide an inlet, the same being bent into parallel relation with the portion 422 of the bale 416. The balfle 416 is provided with a plurality of narrow slits 428 which permit some of the air entering the shell to flow radially inward with respect to the drum, while the remainder travels the length of the space between the bafe and shell, passing through the space between the bottom wall 406 and lower edge 420. Air entering through the slits 428 traverses the electrical infrared heating grid 430 supported within the shell beneath the bale 416. Such grid comprises a plurality of heater coils 432 so disposed as t0 transmit radiant energy to the perforate cylinder within the drum as well as to the baille 416, whereby the heating unit acts both to heat lair passing behind the baffle as well as to provide radiant heat directed toward the cylinder in a fashion similar to the gas burner heated saddle plate of the gas burner modification. The resistance heating unit is supported at one end on an end terminal plate 434 mounted on the end wall 410, such plate having electrical terminals 436 extending therethrough. The grid also carries lugs 438 at the other end, which are projected through the end wall 408 for support.

Reference has heretofore been made to Patent No. 2,565,868, as showing a temperature control thermostatic switch device similar to that diagrammatically included in Figure 9. When an electrical heating unit is employed, they circuit shown in said patent may be employed.

It will be seen that in the modifications utilizing either gas or electricity, there is provided an air insulating blanket between the source of heat and the outside A cabinet. The air blanket in each case consists of a layer of constantly changing cool air entering the shell around Vthe source of heat, which air after entrance, is gradually heated by the gas burner or electrical unit, as the case w may be. The cold air, however, in entering through the blanket passageway, renders the heating unit in either case highly efficient and prevents escape `of heat by radiation or otherwise to the surrounding cabinet walls, so that such cabinet remains cool and may be safely used for work space. By such an arrangement, expensive layers of insulating material upon the inner surface of the cabinet walls may be dispensed with, because the heat is absorbed by the entering cool air and drawn into the drum to effect the evaporation of moisture therein contained in the laundry being dried.

While several modifications of the invention have been illustrated and described, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited thereto. As various changes in the construction and arrangement may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention, as will be ap parent to those skilled in the art, reference will be had to the appended claims for a definition of the limits of the invention.

What is claimed is:

A laundry dryer comprising a substantially imperforate drum arranged with its axis substantially horizontal, a laundry tumbling cylinder rotatably mounted therein having a perforate peripheral wall, a substantially rectangular cabinet surrounding said drum, said drum having a large aperture in an upper side wall thereof facing an upper corner of said cabinet formed by a side wall and the top thereof, means for withdrawing air from said drum at a point remote from said aperture, an arcuate plate adapted to be attached to said drum in covering relation to said drum aperture, axially spaced end Walls mounted on said plate and a cover connecting said end walls and spaced radially outward of said plate and having a ver tical portion and a lateral extending portion, said cover and curved plate forming a circumferentially open ended box, a burner in the space between said plate and cover adjacent the lower end, inner and outer spaced bafes arranged within said box and extending between said ends and in substantially parallel relation to the lateral portion of said cover, said outer baille being nearest said cover,

f the outer bale underlying substantially the lateral portion of said cover, and the inner bafe underlying said first named baffle and having a portion extending downwardly along and in spaced relation to the vertical portion of said cover lto a point below the upper portion of said burner and between said burner and cover, said baies at their upper end having portions extending substantially radially toward said drum and to said plate, said radial portions being circumferentially spaced, said plate having an aperture bounded at opposite ends substantially by said end walls, and along its upper edge by the radial portion of said outer plate, and having its lower edge below the radial portion of said inner baflie, whereby to provide an air inlet path to said drum from the upper open end of said cover downwardly between said cover and outer baflie, and upwardly between said bafe to said aperture, a second passage extending upwardly between said cover and inner batlie and joining the path between said bafes leading to said plate aperture, and a third path following underneath said inner baffle to the lower portion of said plate aperture.

References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,193,889 Sliger Mar. 19, 1940 2,398,880 Broglie Apr. 23, 1946 2,460,422 Koppel Feb. 1, 1949 2,506,517 Moore May 2, 1950 2,548,313 Kauffman Apr. 10, 1951 2,564,867 Weber et al. Aug. 21, 1951 2,590,808 Wagner Mar. 25, 1952 2,599,623 Forrester June 10, 1952 2,664,646 Bourner Jan. 5, 1954 2,690,905 Smith Oct. 5, 1954

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2193889 *Jun 4, 1938Mar 19, 1940Oscar SligerCounter-sham partition clip
US2398880 *Jun 23, 1944Apr 23, 1946Westinghouse Electric CorpDrying apparatus
US2460422 *Jul 28, 1945Feb 1, 1949Smith Corp A OClothes drier
US2506517 *Nov 5, 1945May 2, 1950Hamilton Mfg CoLaundry drier
US2548313 *Mar 6, 1946Apr 10, 1951Lovell Mfg CoDrier
US2564867 *Aug 5, 1946Aug 21, 1951Robertshaw Fulton Controls CoCondition responsive control for clothes driers and the like
US2590808 *Aug 2, 1950Mar 25, 1952Gen ElectricControl system for laundry driers and the like
US2599623 *Aug 30, 1950Jun 10, 1952Forrester Herman GClosed circuit fire and burglar alarm
US2664646 *Oct 5, 1950Jan 5, 1954Temco IncDrying apparatus
US2690905 *Jul 2, 1951Oct 5, 1954Lovell Mfg CoDrier
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3045993 *Dec 30, 1959Jul 24, 1962Honeywell Regulator CoDryer control system
US3096971 *Jun 1, 1959Jul 9, 1963Honeywell Regulator CoDryer apparatus
US3096972 *Dec 5, 1960Jul 9, 1963Gen Steel Wares LtdGas driers
US3115180 *Sep 21, 1959Dec 24, 1963Gen Controls CoRemote reset safety control for gaseous fuel burners
US3116916 *Jan 23, 1961Jan 7, 1964Maytag CoGas-fired combination washer-drier
US3132853 *Apr 27, 1959May 12, 1964White Rodgers CompanyControl system for clothes dryers
US3139273 *Mar 22, 1961Jun 30, 1964Mcgraw Edison Company IncDryer
US3370838 *Jun 20, 1966Feb 27, 1968Gen Motors CorpSupply control system for domestic gas drying apparatus
US3583688 *Sep 9, 1960Jun 8, 1971Whirlpool CoDryer control
US3969070 *Feb 12, 1975Jul 13, 1976Mcgraw-Edison CompanyClothes dryer with heat reclaimer
US7913419 *Dec 30, 2005Mar 29, 2011Whirlpool CorporationNon-tumble clothes dryer
US7946054 *Jan 26, 2006May 24, 2011Bsh Bosch Und Siemens Hausgeraete GmbhFront assembly for a tumble dryer
US8051578 *Jun 11, 2007Nov 8, 2011Bsh Bosch Und Siemens Hausgeraete GmbhReduced noise dryer fan and impeller and producing method thereof
US8069582 *Dec 24, 2008Dec 6, 2011Daewoo Electronics CorporationDryer
US8104192 *Mar 24, 2006Jan 31, 2012Lg Electronics Inc.Laundry dryer
US8250885Apr 29, 2009Aug 28, 2012Lg Electronics Inc.Laundry machine
US8297082Apr 29, 2009Oct 30, 2012Lg Electronics Inc.Laundry machine
US8307567 *Apr 29, 2009Nov 13, 2012Lg Electronics Inc.Laundry machine
US8387419Apr 29, 2009Mar 5, 2013Lg Electronics Inc.Laundry machine
US8407914 *Jun 1, 2010Apr 2, 2013The Procter & Gamble CompanyPassive heat management system
US8499473 *Aug 12, 2011Aug 6, 2013Electrolux Home Products Corporation, N.V.Laundry dryer with rear wall cavity
US8677785Apr 29, 2009Mar 25, 2014Lg Electronics Inc.Laundry machine
US20070151120 *Dec 30, 2005Jul 5, 2007Tomasi Donald MNon-tumble clothes dryer
US20080163510 *Jan 26, 2006Jul 10, 2008Bsh Bosch Und Siemens Hausgerate GmbhFront Assembly for a Tumble Dryer
US20090071030 *Mar 24, 2006Mar 19, 2009Lg Electronics, Inc.Laundry dryer
US20090165323 *Dec 24, 2008Jul 2, 2009Daewoo Electronics CorporationDryer
US20090241363 *Jun 11, 2007Oct 1, 2009Bsh Bosch Und Siemens Hausgeraete GmbhDryer With Reduced Noise Generation, Fan and Impeller Suitable Therefor, and Method for Producing The impeller
US20100077801 *Apr 29, 2009Apr 1, 2010Lg Electronics Inc.Laundry machine
US20100083521 *Apr 29, 2009Apr 8, 2010Lg Electronics Inc.Laundry machine
US20100083709 *Apr 8, 2010Lg Electronics Inc.Laundry machine
US20100083710 *Apr 29, 2009Apr 8, 2010Lg Electronics Inc.Laundry machine
US20100162586 *Mar 11, 2010Jul 1, 2010Lg Electronics Inc.Laundry drier
US20100299952 *Dec 2, 2010Stephan Hubert HollingerPassive heat management system
US20120047759 *Aug 12, 2011Mar 1, 2012Electrolux Home Products Corporation N.V.Laundry Dryer with Rear Wall Cavity
EP0344549A1 *May 19, 1989Dec 6, 1989INDUSTRIE ZANUSSI S.p.A.Heating apparatus for combined clothes washing and drying machine
U.S. Classification432/107, 34/527, 34/82, 432/72, 432/44, 432/94, 432/32, 432/57
International ClassificationD06F58/26, D06F58/20
Cooperative ClassificationD06F58/26
European ClassificationD06F58/26