|Publication number||US2868055 A|
|Publication date||Jan 13, 1959|
|Filing date||Jun 3, 1955|
|Priority date||Jun 3, 1955|
|Publication number||US 2868055 A, US 2868055A, US-A-2868055, US2868055 A, US2868055A|
|Original Assignee||Simos Anthony|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (8), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 13, 1959 A. slMos AUDIO FREQUENCY CONTROLLED FOUNTAIN Filed June s, '1955 mn ZMDSE N9 h 8o.@ comm 0mm mw m N H TJNZZUTJMZZOATGZZ n IIIIIIIIJ INVENTOR ANTHONY SIMOS TTORNEY tern.
nited States 2,868,055 AUDI() FREQUENCY CONTRLLED FOUNTAIN Anthony Simos, West Haven, Conn. Application June 3, 1955, Serial No. 512,973
Claims. (Cl. S4-464) ,water spray display wherein the spray amplitude or height varies with vchanges in amplitude of audio frev quency vibrations.
Another object is toprovide a 4water display ofthe above nature wherein a plurality of different frequency band-pass channels energized from a single sound source provide varying patterns of display amplitude in a plurality of grouped spray fountains.
Another object is to provide an electro-mechanical sys-` tem for controlling water pressure in response to varying voltage amplitudes derived from sound vibrations.
YStill another object is to provide a fountain spray control system of the character described that will be practical, efiicient and long-wearing in operation.
The foregoing and other objects, advantages and features ofthe invention will become evident from the following description, taken together with the accompanying drawings. in the drawings:
Fig. 1 is an electrical schematic diagram of a threechannel system embodying the invention; and
Fig. 2 is a grap-h showing the frequency ranges of the three channels shown in Fig. 1.
`In brief, the invention contemplates the use of a preamplifier for raising the voltage level of the input audio signal derived from the voice or music t-o a level of about one volt R. M. S., an intermediate amplifier, a power amplifier, a D.C. rectifier in the output circuit of the power amplifier to provide a D.-'C. output current having an average amplitude of the audio voltage, and a control amplifier connected to energize an electricallydriven pump in accord-ance with the varying D.C. outper current. The output of the three amplifiers may be connected to three or more channels each of which comprises an intermediate amplifier and an output pump motor control circuit, and each channel may have its own audio frequency band-pass network allowing passage respectively of low, middle and high audio frequencies, for example. In such an installation, the spraying heights of the channel fountains would vary independently in accordance with changes of the audio frequency signal input. All three sprays might also operate at once, for example, if there are simultaneous low, middle and high frequency sounds, as from an orchestra.
Referring now in detail to the drawings, the numeral in Fig. 1 indicates the pre-amplifier portion of the circuit, the same comprising a pentode 12 having the usual grid resistor 14 across which the audio input, whether speech, live music or recorded or transcribed sound, is applied at input terminals 16. Numeral 18 arent designates the cathode bias resistor and the numeral 20 indicates the output load resistor energized from a source of plate voltage B. 'The screen grid of pentode 12 is connected to plate voltage B through the usual screen voltage dropping resistor 22, and is by-passed `by a condenser 24 connected to ground. The output of preamplifier 10 is connected through coupling condenser 26 across an input control potentiometer 28, the movable contact of which is connected to the grid of an intermediate triode amplifier 30 associated with spray channel 1. The cathode of the intermediate amplifier triode 30 is `connected to ground through a cathode resistor 32, and the plate of said triode is connected through a plate resistor 34 to the source of plate supply voltage B. The amplified output-from intermediate amplier triode 30 is connected through an R-C filter network, generally designated by the numeral 36, to the control grid of a power output triode 38. The cathode of said output triode is connected through a cathode resistor lo to ground, and the plate of said out-put triode is connected through the primary winding of an output transformer 42 to the source 4of plate voltage supply B. The filter network 36 comprises a coupling condenser 44, a resistor R and a condenser C connected in shunt from the grid of output triode 38 to ground. As indicated in Fig. 2the filter network in Fig. l may be designed to pass frequencies l between 25 and 250 cycles per second, this band representing the low frequencies of the audio frequency range. The secondary or output winding of the output transformer 4'2 is connected to the input of a full wave bridge type rectifier de, the rectifier output of which is con-` upon the D.-C. output current changes in the 'control winding of the magnetic amplifier will loperate to correspondingly vary the speed of pump motor 5ft. 'Pump motor 5ft is mechanically connected to a pump 62, and will therefore operate to similarly change the volume of iiow or height of spray from its associated fountain or spray system. This `system is indicated generally by the nu! meral 64 in Fig. l.
The output of the `pre-amplifier 1G is also connected to a potentiometer 66 associated with channel 2 and a potentiometer 68 associated with channel '3. The. remainder of the fountain spray control circuits, being similar to circuit shown and described hereinabove in connection with channel 1, is not fur-ther illustrated. The band-pass filters associated with channels 2 and 3, of course, are designed to pass a different range of frequencies from th-ose of the band-pass filter of channel, and are preferably designed to pass the middle and high laudio frequency ranges, respectively, as indicated by the curves for channelsZ and 3 as shown in Fig. 2.
lln the operation of the fountain control system, it will be noted that spray amplitude adjustment for each of the three fountain channels can be individually made by adjustment of the respective potentiometers it?, .fs-fi and 68. A minimum flow a-t no audio input can be had by provision of a pre-magnetizing winding in the magnetic amplifier 48.
Although the invention has 'been described in connection with the use of a magnetic amplifier for controlling the pump moto-rs, it will be understood that other means could also be used. For example, in the control of high capacity fountains having a flow of one hundred gallons per minute or more, an eddy current clutch coupling energized by the` D.-C. output of the amplifier could be used between the pump motor and the pum-p. Itis therefore to be understood that the particular embodiment of rth'e invention herein described i's give'mby way'of ein ample' only. Various other practical embodiments will undoubtedly present themselves to those skille'd in the ar'tand yet be within the scope of the invention as defined in the following claims.
What l claim as new and desire -to secure by Letters- Patentis:
1. A device for controlling a plurality of water spray fountains in accordance with individual frequency bands of an audio frequency energy source, comprising an audio amplifier having an output circuiti, a plurality of power ampliers connected to' be controlled by the out-put circuit of said audio amplifier, said power amplifiers each having different band pass characteristics and a power output circuit, a full wave rectifier connected in each of said power output circuits, a plurality of electrically driven water pumps, and a magnetic amplifier i'nte'r'con necting the output of each of said full wave rectifie'rs' with one each of said electrically driven pumps to separately control said plurality of sprays in accordance with variations of the audio frequency.
2. A device for controlling a plurality yof water spray fountains in accordance with respective frequency bands of an audio frequency source, comprising an audio amplifier having an output circuit, a plurality of amplifier circuits connected to -be controlled by the output circuit of said audio amplifier, each of said amplifiers having power output circuits, a full wave rectifier connected in each of said power output circuits, an electrically driven water pump `for each of said power amplifiers, means interconnecting the output of each of said full wave rectifiers and its respective electric' water pump to energize said pumps' in accordance' with variations' of audio frequency, each of said power -amplifier circuits comprising an audio frequency band-pass circuit, each of said band-pass circuits being adapted to pass respective frequency ranges of different band-pass characteristics, and aplurality of wateifountains, one connected to each of Said vpumpsl 3. An electromechanical system lfor controlling the spray height of a plurality of water fountains in accordance with electrical audio input signals, comprising a preamplifier, a plurality yof audio power amplifiers connected to be energized by the output of said preamplifier, said power amplifiers each having different band pass characteristics and each having an output circuit, rectifier means in each of sa-idoutput--circu-its, amagnetic amplifier controlled by each of said out-put circuits, electro-mechanical control means connected to the output circuit of each said magnetic amplifiers, and a plurality of water fountain systems, each of said electro-mechanical means being operative to vary water pressure in one each said fountain systems.
4. An electromechanical system to controlling the spray heights of a plurality of water fountain systems in accordance with frequency and amplitude variations of lan audio input signal', comprising a pre-amplifier, a plurality of audio power amplifiers connected to be energized lby the output of said pre-amplifier, said power amplifiers each having an out-put circuit, rectifier means in each of .said output circuits, a magnetic amplifier for each of said outputv circuits and connected to be actuated by the output of its respective rectifier means, electro-mechanical control means connected to the' 'output circuit of each of said magnetic .amplifiers aplurality of water vfountain systems, one for each magnetic amplitier, said electro-mechanical means for eac-h magnetic amplifier being operative to vary water pressure one each of said fountain systems, each of said power amplifier circuits comprising an audio-frequency band-,pass circuit, each of. said band-pass circuits being adapted to pass respective frequency ranges of different band-pass characteristics.
5. iin combination, electric circuit means to produce a fluctuating current responsive to fiuctuating sounds of varying audio frequencies, means electrically connected to the first means, to separate said current into' a plurality of component circuits at each different audio frequency range, means connected to each component circuit to amplify its current, an electric variable speed motor connected tc each component circuit and amplifying means therefor, and being automatically responsive in speed to the amplitude `of the amplified current of said` component circuit, `and fountain spray pump means controlled by and responsive to the speed of each' motor, having means to cause a spray, the height of which is responsive to the speed of `operation of the motor.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,977,997 Patterson Oct. 23, 1934 FOREIGN PATENTS i 250,027 Great Britain Apr. 8, 1'9'26*
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1977997 *||Apr 25, 1931||Oct 23, 1934||Rca Corp||Control system|
|GB250027A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3165966 *||Feb 24, 1961||Jan 19, 1965||Pribyl John P||Fountain displays|
|US3181015 *||Apr 13, 1962||Apr 27, 1965||Mobilcolor Inc||Control system responsive to audio signals|
|US3292861 *||Nov 17, 1964||Dec 20, 1966||Kawamura Koichi||Control device of dynamic operation and colored illumination of water fountains in synchronism with music|
|US3294322 *||Nov 17, 1964||Dec 27, 1966||Kawamura Koichi||Device for automatically controlling water jets of artificial fountains in synchronism with musical sounds|
|US4376404 *||Oct 23, 1980||Mar 15, 1983||Agricultural Aviation Engineering Co.||Apparatus for translating sound into a visual display|
|US4817312 *||Feb 18, 1987||Apr 4, 1989||Wet Enterprises, Inc.||User activated fountain display|
|US4852801 *||Mar 11, 1988||Aug 1, 1989||Wet Enterprises, Inc.||Airpowered water displays|
|US6276612||May 5, 2000||Aug 21, 2001||Scott Hall||Synchronized fountain and method|
|U.S. Classification||239/16, 318/480, 84/464.00R, 704/276, 239/17|
|International Classification||H02P25/32, G09F19/00|
|Cooperative Classification||H02P25/32, G09F19/00|
|European Classification||G09F19/00, H02P25/32|