|Publication number||US2868104 A|
|Publication date||Jan 13, 1959|
|Filing date||Nov 27, 1956|
|Priority date||Nov 27, 1956|
|Publication number||US 2868104 A, US 2868104A, US-A-2868104, US2868104 A, US2868104A|
|Inventors||Honholt Knud A, Walker James T|
|Original Assignee||Honholt Knud A, Walker James T|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (48), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1 1 K. A. HONHOLT ETAL 2,868,104
COMBINATION RIDGE CAPPING AND VENTILATOR FOR USE ON STRUCTURES WITH PITCHED ROOFS Filed Nov. 27, 1956 Knud A. Han/ro/f James 7. Walker INVENTORS BY v? COMBINATION RIDGE CAPPING. AND VENTI- LATOR FOR USE ON STRUCTURES. WITH PITCHED ROOFS .Knud A. Honholt and James T. Walker, Grand Forks,
This invention relates to a combination ridge capping and ventilator for use on structures with pitched roofs.
Attics and pitched roof structures are commonly ventilated either by gable vents or, in the case of hipped roofs, by outlook vents at the ridge ends. These means of ventilation are not completely satisfactory, as they provide for circulation of air only in the immediate area of the vents and do not provide a uniform circulation of outside air throughout the entire attic area. In one and one half story houses with habitable rooms immediately under the roof area, circulation of attic air is more ditficult to achieve with gable end and outlook vents.
Uni ed States Pa n ,0
The use of attic fans will increase the flow of air, but such attic fans are costly to install and maintain.
The primary object of the present invention resides in the provision of means to overcome the foregoing disadvantages in attic ventilation by providing a continuous vent along the entire length of the ridge of a building. Utilizing the present invention, there is positioned along the continuous eave vent'a novel ventilator ridge capping which will enable a uniform flow of air to be present throughout the entire attic area. Further, in one andone 7 half story structures with habitable rooms in the attic which is suitably screened to prevent the entrance of insects, and which is provided with novel means for preventing rain and sleet from being blown into the screened opening. I
These, together with the various ancillary objects and features of the invention which will become apparent as the following description proceeds, are attained by this combination ridge capping and ventilator, a preferred embodiment of which has been illustrated in the accompanying drawings, by way of example only, wherein:
Figure l is a perspective view of a portion of a building having the invention installed thereon;
Figure 2 is an enlarged sectional detailed view as taken along the plane of line'22 of Figure 1;
Figure 3 is a transverse sectional view of the invention as taken along the plane of line 3-3 of Figure 2 and illustrating in an enlarged scale the invention in association with the roof structure;
Figure 4 is a perspective view of one of the brackets utilized in the present invention; and
Figure 5 is an enlarged sectional detail view particularly illustrating an S-shaped fold of one of thebase members.
With continuing reference to the accompanying draws.
ings wherein like reference numerals designate similar parts throughout the various views, reference numeral ltlgenerally designates ridge board 10 and rafters are indicated as at 12 and 14. As usual there is secured on the rafters 12 and 14 suitable roof sheathing 16 and roof-.
ing material 18 of any suitable or desired character. This sheathing and roofing is left open, as at 20, or cut away from overlying the ridge board 10 to provide an op'env ing at the ridge of suitable width. The ridge board 10 and the rafters 12 and 14 are erected in a conventional manner and the ventilator ridge capping comprising the present invention'which is indicated generally by reference numeral 22 is secured to the building by being nailed through the roofing material 18 to the roof sheathing 16 by nails or other suitable fasteners as are indicated at 24.
The ventilator ridge capping 22 includes a pair of base members 26 and 28. The base members 26 and 28 have at their lower ends folds 30 and 32 through which the nails, asindicated at 24, extend to afiix the base members 26 and 28 to the building structure. Adjacent the opening 20 each of the base members 26 and 28 have substantially S-shaped folds as indicated at 34 and 36 which terminate in upwardly extending wind-break and weatherdeflecting flanges 38 and 40.
Received in the lower pockets formed by the S-shaped folds 34 and 36 are the lowerflanges 46 and 38 of brackets 50 and 52 arranged in sets along the length of the elongated ridge capping 54. The brackets include upwardly extending portions 56 and 58, as well as upper flanges 60 and 62 received within the pockets formed by the folds 64 and 66 at the ends of the inverted V-shaped ridge capping 54. The ridge capping 54 provides a cover overlying the opening 20 and further overlies the V- shaped screen 68 received in the upper pockets formed by the S-shaped folds 34 and 36. The screen 68 overlies the opening 20 to prevent foreign matter from being blown or flying into the ventilation opening 20, thus keeping out insects. The flanges 38 and 40 will prevent snow, sleet, ice or rain, or other undesirable weather phenomena from being driven into the opening 20, since the flanges 38 and 40 extend upwardly above the lower edges of the ridge capping 54.
The brackets 50 and 52, as well as the screen 68, may be secured in the S-shaped folds 34 and 36 by spot welding or .by rivets 70 and 72 as is shown. Likewise, the brackets 50 and 52 may be welded or riveted as at 76 and 78 to the ridge capping 54.
The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the principles of the invention. Further, since numerous modifications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction and operation shown and described, and accordingly all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the invention as claimed.
What is claimed as new is as follows:
1. A combination ridge capping and ventilator comprising a pair of spaced base members positioned on opposite sides of and extending throughout the length of a roof ridge opening and having S-shaped folds along their proximate longitudinal edges terminating in upwardly extending wind-break flanges, brackets having lower flanges engaged in said folds and secured to said base members, said brackets having upper flanges, and minverted V-shaped ridge capping, said ridge capping having downwardly diverging lower portions secured on said upper flanges, said wind-break flanges extending above said lower portions of said ridge capping.
2. A combination ridge capping and ventilator comprising a pair of spaced base members positioned on opposite sides of and extending throughout the length of a Patented Jan. 13, 1959 I p e g s, aid. l
roof ridge opening and having S-shaped folds along their proximate longitudinal edges terminating in upwardly extending wind-break flanges, brackets having lower fl n es n a ed, n said. fiel a d sewed n. said base embers, said bra etsba ins u 'iir a s a an in? a ed -s a edt idg 2 pins sai fid qepPihav ng;
tween said base members, said ridgecapping having e s d at. IQ edge t e o a dv pp fl n esbr a fla ges extend n abo e Said lower PQ Q I Qf s i r d capp and; I -f shaped screen engaged in sai'djfoldsand extendingbg-f 10 being received in said reverse folds, said ridge capping overlying said S-shaped folds and said screen.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US697180 *||Apr 15, 1901||Apr 8, 1902||Charles D Smith||Ventilator for chimneys.|
|US835966 *||Mar 3, 1905||Nov 13, 1906||Frank Lyster||Trap-door, skylight, and roof-ventilator.|
|US2704500 *||Apr 2, 1952||Mar 22, 1955||Bonforte|
|US2799214 *||Mar 15, 1955||Jul 16, 1957||Roose Clarence C||Roof ridge louver ventilator|
|GB727817A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3073235 *||Feb 26, 1959||Jan 15, 1963||Smith||Roof ventilators|
|US3079853 *||Aug 2, 1960||Mar 5, 1963||Smith Lester L||Roof ridge ventilator|
|US3080808 *||May 23, 1960||Mar 12, 1963||Potter John A||Roof ventilator|
|US3949657 *||Apr 22, 1974||Apr 13, 1976||Sells Gary L||Ventilated cap for the ridge of a roof|
|US4995308 *||May 24, 1989||Feb 26, 1991||Alumax Inc.||Roof ventilating apparatus|
|US5022314 *||May 24, 1989||Jun 11, 1991||Alumax Inc.||Roof ventilating apparatus|
|US5094041 *||Feb 13, 1990||Mar 10, 1992||Liberty Diversified Industries||Ridge cap types roof ventilator|
|US5122095 *||Mar 4, 1991||Jun 16, 1992||Air Vent, Inc.||Adjustable filtered roof ridge ventilator|
|US5331783 *||Jan 14, 1993||Jul 26, 1994||Liberty Diversified Industries, Inc.||Ridge cap type roof ventilator|
|US5772502 *||Jul 23, 1997||Jun 30, 1998||Lomanco, Inc.||Adjustable pitch roof vent with accordion-shaped end plug|
|US6203424 *||May 18, 1998||Mar 20, 2001||Gerard J. Gallant||Venting apparatus|
|US6227963||Oct 5, 1999||May 8, 2001||J. Charles Headrick||Ridge ventilation system|
|US6233887||Mar 5, 1999||May 22, 2001||Lomanco, Inc.||Rollable shingle-over roof ridge vent and methods of making|
|US6260315||Sep 20, 2000||Jul 17, 2001||Lomanco, Inc.||Methods of making a rollable shingle-over roof ridge vent|
|US6277024||Sep 22, 2000||Aug 21, 2001||Benjamin Obdyke Incorporated||Sectional roof ridge vent|
|US6298613||Feb 10, 2000||Oct 9, 2001||Benjamin Obdyke, Inc.||Roof ridge vent having a reinforced nail line|
|US6308472||Jan 10, 2000||Oct 30, 2001||Benjamin Obdyke, Inc.||Adjustable roof ridge vent|
|US6371847||Apr 2, 2001||Apr 16, 2002||J. Charles Headrick||Ridge ventilation system|
|US6450882||Aug 30, 2000||Sep 17, 2002||Liberty Diversified Industries, Inc.||Precipitation resistant ridge vent|
|US6599184||Aug 21, 2002||Jul 29, 2003||Diversi-Plast Products, Inc.||Ridge cap vent|
|US6623354||Jul 31, 2002||Sep 23, 2003||Liberty Diversified Industries||Precipitation resistant ridge vent|
|US6991535||Oct 21, 2004||Jan 31, 2006||Air Vent, Inc.||Externally baffled ridge vent and methods of manufacture and use|
|US7182688||Dec 1, 2004||Feb 27, 2007||Benjamin Obdyke Incorporated||Rollable roof ridge vent having baffles|
|US7219473||Mar 21, 2005||May 22, 2007||Canplas Industries Ltd.||Ridge vent apparatus|
|US7562498 *||Sep 30, 2005||Jul 21, 2009||Galeazzo John P||Roof vents|
|US7766735||Sep 29, 2005||Aug 3, 2010||Air Vent, Inc.||Externally baffled ridge vent|
|US8069621||Aug 16, 2006||Dec 6, 2011||Canplas Industries Ltd.||Ridge vent apparatus|
|US8205401||Mar 12, 2010||Jun 26, 2012||Ward John F||Roof vent and system|
|US9695594||Jun 14, 2016||Jul 4, 2017||Liberty Diversified International, Inc.||Ridge vent|
|US20040128929 *||Jan 6, 2003||Jul 8, 2004||Moen Marvin A.||Roof ridge cover system|
|US20040237428 *||Apr 20, 2004||Dec 2, 2004||Headrick J. Charles||Manually separable ridge vent|
|US20050054284 *||Oct 21, 2004||Mar 10, 2005||Dustin Ciepliski||Externally baffled ridge vent and methods of manufacture and use|
|US20050136831 *||Dec 1, 2004||Jun 23, 2005||Benjamin Obdyke Incorporated||Rollable roof ridge vent having baffles|
|US20060116069 *||Nov 30, 2005||Jun 1, 2006||Gary Urbanski||Baffle-vent for S-tile ridge|
|US20060196130 *||Mar 21, 2005||Sep 7, 2006||Canplas Industries Ltd.||Ridge vent apparatus|
|US20070000192 *||Aug 16, 2006||Jan 4, 2007||Canplas Industries Ltd.||Ridge vent apparatus|
|US20070072540 *||Sep 29, 2005||Mar 29, 2007||Dustin Ciepliski||Externally baffled ridge vent|
|US20070094953 *||Sep 30, 2005||May 3, 2007||Galeazzo John P||Roof vents|
|US20070117505 *||Nov 1, 2006||May 24, 2007||Wey Scott V||Sealable ridge vent for tile roof|
|US20080034685 *||Apr 9, 2007||Feb 14, 2008||Ogletree Ronald K||Roof Ventilation Device|
|US20080125028 *||Jan 10, 2008||May 29, 2008||Liberty Diversified Industries||Precipitation resistant ridge vent|
|US20080182507 *||Mar 6, 2008||Jul 31, 2008||Liberty Diversified Industries||Precipitation resistant ridge vent|
|US20090233541 *||Mar 12, 2008||Sep 17, 2009||Air Vent, Inc.||Molding process for ridge vents and other index molded products|
|US20100257798 *||Mar 12, 2010||Oct 14, 2010||Ward John F||Roof vent and system|
|US20130344796 *||Jun 21, 2012||Dec 26, 2013||Daniel Rossetta||Roof vent|
|USRE37388 *||Mar 10, 1994||Sep 25, 2001||Liberty Diversified Industries, Inc.||Ridge cap type roof ventilator|
|USRE44832||Oct 27, 2003||Apr 8, 2014||Building Materials Investment Corporation||Ridge ventilation system|
|WO1984002970A1 *||Jan 19, 1984||Aug 2, 1984||Dobel Ab||Ventilator for ventilated roofs|
|International Classification||F24F7/02, E04D13/00, E04D13/17|
|Cooperative Classification||F24F7/02, E04D13/174|
|European Classification||E04D13/17C, F24F7/02|