US 28694 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
GEORGE SMITH, OF MACON, GEORGIA.
Specification of Letters Patent No. 28,694, dated June 12, 1860.
T o all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, GEORGE SMITH, of Macon, in the county of Bibb and State of Georgia, have invented a new and Improved Hose-Pipe; and I do hereby declare that the following is a` full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which- Figure 1, represents an exterior' view of the pipe, with three nozzles or sections, showing the manner of putting the same together. Fig. 2, a longitudinal diametrical section of Fig. l. Y
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in both figures.
The object of this invention is to enable the pipeman at a tire to change the size of the stream of water at his pleasure so that in low buildings, that are on fire, where it is desirable to play uponv them with a large stream of water, the pipe may be instantly adapted to this object; and in case of high buildings, a smaller stream must be thrown, as it can be forced higher with the same power than a larger' one, the pipe may in this instance be made to serve the desired end without consuming comparatively any time, as the change may be effected in a few seconds, either to a large, medium, or small stream.
To effect these ends my invention consists in making the pipe of two, three, or as many more sections as may be desirable, and in attaching the sections together', one slipping into the other, in such a manner that they will be secured water-tight, and so that they may be taken apart or put together and secured with great ease and freedom, while the water is flowing through the hose, as will be. hereinafter described. The invention combines in one pipe, three nozzles of a different size, either one of which may be employed as necessity might require, t-hus the pipeman can always have with him, on his pipe, a full and complete set of nozzles, which he can regulate at pleasure.
To enable those skilled in the art to fully understand my invention, I will proceed to describe its construction and operation.
In the drawings, A, represents the main pipe, or nozzle, that is secured to the end of a section of hose. This portion of the pipe may be made as long or short as is found desirable. It is made tapering from its end that connects with the hose, and at a suitable distance from the opposite end there is formed on it an annular head or shoulder a, which gives ay finish to this portion of pipe and serves for the next portion to abut against, when it is necessary to use a second portion. The next larger nozzle B, receives the smaller end of the portion A, as shown in Fig. 2, by an ordinary slip joint, or male and female coupling, and this pipe-nozzle B, is secured to, A, by a bayonet fastening C, (Fig. 1) c, being the pin projecting from the'pipe A, and d, the longitudinal and transverse slot in the largest end of B. This nozzle B, is shaped very much like the pipe A, having its head a, and male portion e, onto which latter, the last and smallest nozzle D, in the present instance is assed and secured by a bayonet fastening E), as before. These sections of pipe or nozzles, when put together form a perfect pipe for throwing a small and long stream of water, which will be very little larger or heavier than the old style of single pipe; and consequently, it is not out of proportion with the taper and size of the pipe. The expense of manufacture will be less, both in time, and a saving of metal, over the present method, where several pipes of different sizes and lengths are used, each used singly and have to be attached to the hose separately.
There will be no projections from the outside or inside of the pipe, either with or without the nozzles combined, which would be very objectionable for various reasons.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent is- The hosepipe herein described, when made in such a way that several nozzles or short sections of pipe are made so as to be coupled together, and secured by means substantially as set forth for the purposes described.
GEO. SMITH. lVitnesses E. J. JOHNSTON, JoHN H. ELLIS.