|Publication number||US2869831 A|
|Publication date||Jan 20, 1959|
|Filing date||Jun 15, 1955|
|Priority date||Jun 15, 1955|
|Publication number||US 2869831 A, US 2869831A, US-A-2869831, US2869831 A, US2869831A|
|Inventors||Brockelsby Dale L|
|Original Assignee||Borg Warner|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (6), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 20, 1-959 D.I"\L.. BRQCKELSBY WATER TREATING APPARATUS Filed June 15, 1955 INVENTOR ATTORNEY WATER TREATING APPARATUS Dale L. Brockelsby, Huntington Park, Califl, assignor, by
mesne assignments, to Borg-Warner Corporation, Chicago, 111., a corporation of Illinois Application June 15, 1955, Serial No. 515,637
3 Claims. (Cl. 257 -2) 'heat exchanger such asv an economizer or watercooling tower commonly used in refrigerant condensers.
In many localities it is necessary to treat the water circulated inthe condenser or heat exchanger to precipitate the salts and solids contained therein. This is necessary to prevent these solids from being deposited on the heat exchange coil thereby cutting down heat transfer and'causing corrosion thus necessitating frequent shut-downs for cleaning and repair or replacement. Since a portion of the circulated water is evaporatedand a portion must be bled off to a drain for reasons to be hereinafter fully explained means are provided to add makeup water to the sump of the heat exchanger to replace thelost water. It is therefore necessary to continually feed the water treating solution to the sump of the heat exchanger so long as it is in operation with untreated make-up water being continually added. However, when the heat exchanger is not in use, it is necessary that such feeding be discontinued.
Further, it is well known that the solids found in water vary greatly depending upon the source of the water and the composition of the soil supplying the water. Treating devices heretofore used were complicated and expensive and were not capable of being regulated or adjusted to vary the amount of solution being fed in order to meet changing conditions. Over-treating should be avoided to protect the metal parts of the heat exchanger and under-treating is only partially eflective.
Applicant has devised a relatively simple, inexpensive and efficient device for automatically feeding a water treating solution to the sump of a heat exchanger and for automatically terminating such feed' when the operation of the heat exchanger ceases. The device, further, is capable of finite regulation to properly treat waters containing varying amounts of salts and solids.
It is an object of this invention to provide a relatively simple, trouble free device for automatically feeding a water treating'solution to the sump of a heat exchanger.
It is another object to provide a device for feeding a water treating solution to the sump of a heat exchanger and for automatically terminating such feed when the heat exchanger is inoperative.
It is afurther object to provide a feeding device for a heat exchanger controlled by a normally closed valve and having means for catching a portion of the circulated water for biasing the valve to an open position and means for draining the caught water so that the valve will close when no water is circulating.
It is yet another object to provide a device for feeding a water treating solution to the sump of a heat exchanger having means for regulating the feeding rate to meet varying local conditions.
United States PatentO The general nature of the invention having been set forth a preferred embodiment will now be described with reference to the drawing, to disclose fully the features already mentioned as well as features of advantage which of the counterweight.
can be better appreciated after a detailed description.
- The drawing is an elevationof a heat exchanger having the instantinvention appendaged thereto, with parts thereof broken away to better show details.
A heat exchanger indicated generally at 1 is formed of a generally rectangular casing having a sump 10 formed in the bottom thereofto which make-up water :is fed from any convenient source through a line 12.
A valve 14, operated by a conventional float 16, controls the flow of water throughv line 12 to maintain a substantially constant water level in sump 10. A drain line 18 .is provided, controlled by avalve 20 for draining the sump whenever the. same becomes necessary.
A motor 22 drives water pump 24 which 'draws water from the sump via line 26 and delivers it via line 28 to a water header 30. A plurality of shower pipes 32 are connected to heater 30 and run the full length of the .heat exchanger. Each pipe 32 has a plurality of spray nozzles 34 attached thereto through which the circulated water is sprayed over a coilbank positioned therebeneath for eventual return to the sump.
An inlet header 36 receives refrigerant gas from' a refrigerant compressor (not shown). The gas circulates through a plurality of sinuous tubes 40 wherein it is condensed to a liquid by the circulating water. An outlet header 38 collects the liquid for delivery to a refrigerant evaporator (not shown).
As was pointed out above, means-must be provided for bleeding off a portion of the circulating water. In cases where the rate of evaporation is high, a high level of precipitated solids will accumulate in the sump water. If this is not disposed of by adequate bleed off, the action of the chemical will be nullified.
For bleeding oflf a portion of the circulated water, a pan 42 is connected by straps 44 to the lowermost tube 40. A slideable cover 50 serves to regulate the amount of water caught in pan 42. A suitable line 46 connects pan 42 with drain line 18 by way of a T fitting 48.
The feeding apparatus for the water treating solution comprises a container 52 mounted on any suitable base 54. A water treating chemical is placed in solid or crystalline form in container 52. A liquid inlet line 56' is connected to the discharge line 28 of pump 24 for the passage of water to the container. The water treating chemical will go into solution with the water in the container and this solution is then fed to the sump of the heat exchanger. Line 56 is provided with a normally opened valve 58 so that the flow of water to container 52 may be discontinued if necessary for any reason.
The water level in container 52 is maintained substantially constant by a valve 60 controlled by a float 62. An overflow line 64 leads to line 46 and thence to drain line 18 to insure that water will not overflow container 52 should valve 60 for any reason be held in an open position.
A line 66' having a hand controlled valve 68 therein for regulating the flow of solution therethrough terminates in a conventional valve 70 of the float operated type. Valve 70 is opened and closed by a modified float or half ball 72 provided with an aperture 74. When half ball 72 isinits upper position (shown in dotted lines) valve 70 is closed. When half ball 72 is in its lower position, as shown, then valve 70 is open. Half ball 72 is positioned in the Water fall from spray heads 34. A counterweight 76 normally biases half ball 72 to itsupper valve closing position. Counterweight 76' is so adjusted that when the half ball 72 is full of water, the combined weight of ball and water will move the ball to its lower valve opening position against the bias Aperture 74 is so sized that it will drain the ball of collected water when the circulation of water from spray heads 34 ceases.
Air, entering opening 78 in the front wall 80 of the housing, circulates over the coil bank in counterflow relation to the passage ofthe water. Fans may be provided to aid this air circulation.
In operation, valve 20is closed and valve SSis opened. Valve 68 is set to give the desired feeding rate of the water treating solution. Cover 50 is adjusted on pan 42 to give the proper bleed off.
Motor 22 is turned on to drive pump 24. As the Water flows over the coil bank, half ball '72 will become full and overcome the bias of counterweight. 76 to open valve '70. Since half ball 72 is directly positioned in the water fall from spray heads 34, it will remain full of water despite the continual seepage of water therefrom via aperture 74. The solution will then commence to drip into sump 10. When the operation is terminated,
the water will drain from ball 72 via aperture '74 and counterweight 76 will then bias the ball to the valve closing position. Also, upon termination of operation water will cease flowing from the discharge line of the pump and via line 56 to container 52.
As many possible embodiments may be made of the features of the above-invention, without departing from the scope of the invention, it is to be understood that all matter hereinabove set forth or shown in the accompanying drawing is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
1. In a heat-exchanger having a sump containing a body of water, a. bank of tubes for the passage of a refrigerant therethrough, and means for circulating water from said sump over said'bank of tubes; water treating means comprising a reservoir for a water treating solution, a pipe line communicatingv said reservoir with said heat-exchanger sump and terminating in a control valve, means biasing said valve to a normally closed position and means responsive to a flow of water over said bank of tubes for biasing said valve to an open position comprisinga half-ball positioned in said water flow and adapted to be filled with the circulating water for overcoming the bias of said valve closing means.
2. The device of claim 1 wherein said half-ball has an aperture in a wall thereof for draining said water therefrom whereby said valve closing means is operative to close said valve when said water flow ceases.
3. The device of claim 2 with means for bleeding off a predetermined amount of said circulating water and float controlled means forsupplying make-up water to said sump.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 616,995 Wangelin Jan. 3, 1899 1,944,243 Kegl et a1. Jan. 23, 1934 2,277,320 Gygax Mar. 24, 1942 2,321,175 Binckley June 8, 1943 2,600,738 Dempsey June 17, 1952 2,672,033 Gold Mar. 16, 1954 FOREIGN PATENTS 295,652 Germany Dec. 12, 1916
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|U.S. Classification||62/171, 62/305, 261/151, 165/134.1, 62/310, 137/91, 210/198.1|