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Publication numberUS2870129 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 20, 1959
Filing dateNov 30, 1953
Priority dateNov 30, 1953
Publication numberUS 2870129 A, US 2870129A, US-A-2870129, US2870129 A, US2870129A
InventorsFrederic C Merriam
Original AssigneeUnited Shoe Machinery Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Water vapor permeable resins
US 2870129 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 20, 1959 F. c. MERRIAM WATER VAPOR PERMEABLE RESINS Filed Nov. so. 1953 f n v e h t 0 r Frederic C /%errl'am y United States PatentO WATER VAPOR PERMEABLE RESINS Frederic C. Merriam, Somerville, Mass., assignor to United Shoe Machinery Corporation, Flemington, N. .L, a corporation of New Jersey Application November 30, 1953, Serial No. 394,988 14 Claims. (Cl. 260-861) This invention relates to a novel resinous material and particularly to a water vapor permeable, water-resistant, resinous sheet material and its use as a surgical dressing.

In the copending application Serial No. 344,416, filed March 24, 1953, now abandoned, entitled Plastic Film for Surgical Dressings, in the names of Merriam and Weiderhorn, there is disclosed water vapor permeable resinous material useful in sheet form for providing a water vapor permeable protective dressing for skin areas. As disclosed in that application, certain copolymers of acrylic (including methacrylic) acid esters with acrylic or methacrylic acids or acrylamide possess an unusual combination of water vapor permeability with water resistance, flexibility and toughness together with the ability to form a self bond to skin moistened with certain organic liquids. Such resinous films when applied to skin provide a transparent or translucent resinous protective layer which is Water vapor permeable so that skin beneath it is not harmed and at the same time the layer is resistant to water so that the dressing itself and the skin areas surrounding it may be washed without injury or contamination.

It is a feature of the present invention to provide other water vapor permeable resinous materials useful for forming water vapor permeable protective dressings for skin areas and possessing improved toughness and flexibility characteristics.

It has now been discovered that a resinous copolymer of certain esters of alkoxy monohydroxy alcohols with acrylic or methacrylic acid, and acrylic acid, methacrylic acid or acrylamide possess when in thin layers and without the need of plasticizers or other additives a combination of Water vapor permeability, water resistance, and improved fiexibility and toughness together with ability to form a self bond to skin moistened with certain organic liquids which render the material useful as a protective dressing for skin areas. To obtain the desired properties it is important that the constituents be combined within a special range of relative proportions.

This invention will be further described in connection with the accompanying drawings forming part of the disclosure of the present application.

In the drawings,

Fig. 1 is a representation of the application to a surgical abdominal incision of a resinous sheet surgical dressing according to the present invention to protect the incision and the areas surrounding it; and

Fig. 2 is a partial section of an incision protected by a dressing according to the present invention showing the close engagement maintained between the surgical dressing and the skin areas surrounding the incision.

The resinous material of the present invention, like that in the co-pending application referred to above, possesses a substantial degree of Water vapor permeability. As explained more fully in that application, the term water vapor permeability is used to refer to a physico-chemical transmission by which water molecules are passed from hydrophilic radical to hydrophilic radical in a body of material even though the material itself may be non-porous and impervious to mechanical transmission of water. Water vapor permeability of resinous materials depends on a number of important factors among which are the presence in the material of radicals having an affinity for water which serve to pass along water molecules through a body of the material. In the present resin the acid component is believed to function in this manner; and it has been found that the water vapor permeability of a copolymer, including the acid component, is very substantially greater than the water vapor permeability of a homopolymer of the ester. v

The Water vapor permeable resinous copolymers of the present invention are useful in situations where strength, flexibility, and water-vapor permeability are needed as for example in shoe parts such as shoe upper material, and in coatings for textiles for use in foul weather gear. They are also useful in adhesives for special purposes where their unusual combination of properties will eliminate difficulties inherent in the usual adhesives.

Other factors than the water vapor permeability of a material, however, are of at least equal importance in rendering a material useful for relations, i. e., in surgical dressings, in which it is in close engagement with living skin. The material must be capable of application by standardized technique under the variety-of conditions encountered, and must cling to and flex and stretch with the skin and in general act as much as possible like skin itself. Also, it is important that these factors be obtainable without the aid of plasticizers because of possible harmful effects of plasticizers on the skin.

It has been found that copolymers containing from to 30 mol percent of acrylic acid, methacrylic acid or acrylamide and from 30 mol percent to about 70 mol percent of an ester of acrylic or methacrylic acid with a saturated alkoxy monohydroxy alcohol in which the alkoxy group has from 1 to 8 carbon atoms and the remaining alcohol portion has from 2 to 4 carbon atoms are resinous materials possessing water vapor permeability together with flexibility, toughness and stretchability without requiring a plasticizer. The carbon chain of the alkoxy or alcohol components of the ester may be straight or branched.

The relative proportions of acid and ester to give the most satisfactory resin depends on the ester employed- Esters of alkoxy monohydroxy alcohols containing a total of 4 to 6 carbon atoms have a superior plasticizing effect and hence can be used in smaller proportions than simple alkyl esters.

It has also been found that coploymers useful for the protection of wounds should not contain more than a-total of 60 mol percent of methacrylic acid or methacrylic ester constituents. Excess of methacrylic components over this value leads to brittle polymers which are not suitable without addition of plasticizing agent.

Preformed sheet materials, preferably fnom 0.003 to 0.010 inch in thickness, of these resins possess satisfactory ability to transmit moisture vapor given off from the skin and possess a stretchiness and a flexibility such that a thin sheet of the resin adapts itself he changes in shape of the skin and the skin. Additionally, these materials possess'suchwater insolubility that the covered area can be washed along with the surrounding uncovered area Without harm to the covering.

The mol percent of ester for any given ester and acid or Iamide copolymer is important and for preio-rmed sheet materials should be in the range of 35 to 65 mol percent of ester. Relatively small departures from this range give a material unfitted fior this special use. In-

crease of the percentage of ester does not adversely affect also is capable of stretching with the stretchiness or flexibility of the sheet but the water vapor permeability is reduced .to a value which may give rise to discomfort upon extended contact with the skin. It has also been observed that excess of ester causes the sheet material to separate or peel off from the skin within a relatively short time, that is, a day or two. Higher percentages of the acid give a material possessing satisfactory water vapor permeability but introduces a whole new series of difficulties. Thus a material may be entirely satisfactory in stretchiness and flexibility on a warm, moist day, due possibly to take-up of moisture from the air and the plasticizing action of the moisture on (the film, but may become brittle on dry days so that the material may crack during application or when in place. That is, the stretchiness, brittleness and other characteristics of the higher acid content material are so much affected by humidity conditions that difficulty is encountered in developing methods of application uniformly adapted for all weather conditions.

Within the given range of relative proportions, a preformed copolynrer resin sheet material possesses the special property that it can be activated to a condition capable of bonding firmly to skin by a simple treatment of the skin with a solvent for the resin such as ethyl alcohol or an alcohol solution. Other solvents capable of dissolving or activating the resinous materials include the lower primary alcohols such as methanol or ketones such as acetone and methyl ethyl ketone. The resin materials are insoluble in others and in hydrocarbons. The ability to be activated to skin adhesive condition is an extremely valuable characteristic since it enables a rapid and secure fixing of the dressing material over a wound. Likewise, this property permits partial removal of a portion of the dressing and resecuring the portion to skin by swabbing the skin with solvent and pressing the dressing back in place.

The resinous materials of the present invention may be prepared by various means including copolymerization of mixtures of the acid or amide and the ester, the partial saponificaltion of a polymer of the ester, the partial enterification of polymerized acid, or the polymerization of a mixture comprising a partially polymerized acid and an ester or various combinations of these procedures.

As illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2, a resin sheet protective dressing having a length and width for covering slcin areas 12 surrounding a wound 14 may be secured to the skin areas 12 in protective relation to the wound by activating the surfaces of the resin sheet 10 with a solvent such as alcohol and pressing the sheet against the skin surface 12. As shown in Fig. 1, the preferred method of application is to moisten the skin area 12 surrounding the wound 14 with a solvent, as indicated by sti-ppling, and manually to place and press the sheet 10 against the solvent moistened skin 12 and hold the sheet in place for a brief period after it has been applied. The resin sheet dressing 10 adheres promptly and firmly and conforms smoothly to the surface of the skin [to provide a transparent, flexible, protective cover.

Alternatively, a protective film may be formed in situ to cover the wound and the area around the wound by applying a solution of the resin in a volatile solvent. In either case, there provided after removal of the solvent a tough, water vapor permeable, fiex'ible, stretchable dressing 10 on the wound which will protect it from contamination and which will, because of its transparency, permit observation of the progress of healing of the wound.

As shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the preformed resin sheet dressing 10 adapts itself to the shape of the skin surface 12 to be covered and adheres closely to the skin. "The flexibility and svtretchabi-lity of the material are such that even relatively sharp ridges, such as the puckered area 16 where skin is brought together as by stitching 18, cause only a very limited bridging 26 in the sheet dressing.

Various antiseptic, bactericidal, or treatment agents may be used in combination with the surgical dressing of the present invention. These agents may be combined with the film or sheet 10 when it is cast or may be joined as a coating to the surface of the dressing material where the dressing material a preformed sheet. An adv-antageous procedure is the application of a very thin deposit of silver to the surface of a resin sheet dressing which :is to be in contact with the wound.

The following examples are given to .aid in understanding the invention and it is to be understood that the invention is not restricted to the specific materials, proportions or procedures set forth in the examples other than as defined in the appended claims.

Example I Parts by weight Butoxyethyl methacrylate (33 mol percent of mix- The materials were introduced into a glass reaction vessel and nitrogen gas was introduced beneath the surface to maintain 'a nitrogen atmosphere over the reacting materials. Heat was supplied to the reaction vessel by placing it on a steam bath. After reaction had begun, the temperature was kept at a value suffioient to cause a gentle reflux action 'by heating or cooling the reaction vessel as necessary. After 15 minutes of reaction, considerable thickening occurred in the reaction mixture and the mixture was diluted with an equal volume of methanol. Reaction was then continued for an additional 45 minutes.

The reaction mixture was combined with 20 volumes of petroleum ether and precipitated from the ether. The precipitated polymer was then dissolved in methanol and reprecipitated in a 20 volume suspension of equal parts of water and petroleum ether. The precipitated polymer was removed, was air dried and was subjected to a short vacuum drying. The partially dried polymer was dissolved in methanol (7% solution) and cast as a film on a silicone treated level glass plate. On titration of a portion in dimethyl formamide using standard alkali, the polymer was found to contain approximately 58 mol percent of ester. The film was flexible and extensible and could be applied to the skin using alcohol as the activating agent.

The water vapor permeability of the film D=29 l0- grams/hrs. cm. mm. of Hg water vapor pressure, as determined by the method disclosed in Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, vol. 28, pages 1255-1263, 1936, in an article by Taylor, Herrmann and Kemp.

Example II Parts by weight Acrylic acid 23 Ethoxyethyl acrylate 58 mol percent J 14 Butyl acrylate 43 Methanol Benzoyl peroxide 0.15

:A' film of the polymer 6 to 7 mils in thickness 'was found satisfactory for a surgical dressing.

Example 111 Parts by weight Ethoxyethyl acrylate 20.2 n-Octyl acrylate 43 mol percent "l 5.8 Acrylic acid 16.4 Methanol 42 Benzoyl peroxide 0.1

Example IV Parts by weight 2-ethoxyethyl acrylate (50 mol percent) 20 Acrylic acid Methanol 30 Benzoyl peroxide 0.1 Butyraldehyde 0.1

Using the technique outlined in the first example, this mixture was reacted under dry nitrogen for 45 minutes at a temperature maintained to provide a gentle reflux action. The polymerization mixture was diluted with methanol (100 parts) and the diluted solution was precipitated in 10 vol. of petroleum ether. The precipitate was redissolved in methanol and reprecipitated in 10 vol. of a petroleum ether-water (equal parts) dispersion. The product was air dried and vacuum dried and the dried material was dissolved in methanol and cast as a film on silicone treated level glass plates. On titration with standard alkali the polymer was found to contain 52 mol percent of ester. rubbery and somewhat sticky andv although it adhered to the skin fairly well it was rather sensitive to water showing a tendency to swell at the edges and to separate from the skin.

Five (5) grams of this polymer were dissolved with 21 grams of a copolymer of butyl acrylate and acrylic acid containing 53 mol percent of ester. The two polymers were compatible both in solution and in a film cast from the solution, and the film was considerably more plastic than a film of. the butyl acrylate-acrylic acid copolymer alone. The 2-ethoxy ethyl acrylate acrylic acid copolymer exercised a desirable plasticizing action on the butyl acrylate-acrylic acid copolymer, while on the other hand the sheet material showed a very substantial improvement in its resistance to water.

Example V Parts by weight Ethoxyethyl acrylate Ac'rylamide 7.5 Methanol l8 Benzoyl peroxide 0.1

Using the technique outlined in the first example, this mixture was polymerized under nitrogen for one-half hour at a temperature providing gentle reflux action. The reaction mixture was then precipitated with vol. of petroleum ether,.redi'ssolved and added to a dispersion of equal parts of water and petroleum ether. At this stage an emulsion of the polymer was formed, however; some of the polymer could be precipitated and was air dried, dissolved in methanol and cast as a film. The film showed-good adhesion to skin but was sensitive to water and humidity, being somewhat soft and sticky on a humid day but leathery on a dry day. The water vapor permeability value D=230 '10 This value approaches The film cast from this material was I the value D=260 10- for water soluble polyvinyl alcohol (78% hydrolyzed vinyl acetate). I

Example VI Parts by weight Butoxyethyl acrylate (44% molester) 13 Acrylic acid 7.0 Methanol 20 Benzoyl peroxide .08

Using the technique outlined in the first example, this mixture was polymerized under nitrogen for one hour at a temperature providing gentle reflux action. The polymer was recovered, purified and cast as a film by the procedure given in the first example. By titration a figure of 41 mol percent ester of the polymer was obtained. The polymer was soft and readily adhesive to the skin and could be used as a skin covering. The water vapor permeability D=46X10- I Example VII Parts by weight Z-ethylhexoxyethyl acrylate (39% mol ester) 12 Acrylic acid v6 Methanol 16 Benzoyl peroxide 0.06'

Example VIII Parts by weight I Ethyl acrylate 9.6 3-ethoxypropylacrylate} 60 mol percent "l 3.8 Acrylic acid 5.8 Methanol 18 Benzoyl peroxide .08

Having described the invention, what is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. A film forming water-insoluble, water vapor perrne-.

able, resinous copolymer of atleast one member of the group consisting of acrylic acid, methacrylic' acid, and acrylamide and an ester of an acid selected from the group consisting of acrylic acid and methacrylic acid with a saturated alkoxy monohydroxy alcohol in which the alkoxy group has from 1 to 8 carbon atoms and the remaining alcohol portion has from 2 to 4 carbon atoms, the ester component constituting from 30 to 70 mol percent of the copolymer, said copolymer not containing more than 60 mol percent of methacrylic components.

2. A water vapor permeable, water-insoluble, thin, tough, flexible resin protective dressing having a length and width for covering skin areas and being solvent activatable to skin adhesive'condition, said dressing comprising a resinous copolymer of at least one member of the group consisting of acrylic acid, metha'crylicacid, and

given in the first example. By'

7 acrylamide and an ester of an "acid selected from the group consisting of acrylic acid and methacrylic acid with a saturated alkoxy monohydroxy alcohol in which the alkoxy group has from 1 to 8 carbon atoms and the remaining'alcohol portion has from 2 to 4 carbon atoms, the ester component constituting from 30 to 70 mol percentofthe copolymer, said copolymer not containing more than 60 mol percent of methacrylic components.

3.'A water-insoluble, Water vapor perrnee le, thin, tough, flexible resin protective dressing having a length and Width for covering skin areas and being solvent activatable to skin adhesive condition, said dressing comprising a resinous copolymer of acrylamide and an ester of methacrylic acid with a saturated alkoxy monohydroxy alcohol in which the alkoxy group has from 1 to 8 carbon atoms and the remaining alcohol portion has from 2 to 4 carbon atoms, the ester component constituting from 30 to 70 mol percent of the copolymer, said copolymer not containing more than 60 mol percent of methacrylic components.

4. A Water vapor permeable, water-insoluble, thin, tough, flexible resin protective dressing having a length and width for covering skin areas and being solvent activatable to skin adhesive condition, said dressing comprising a resinous copolymer of acrylic acid and an ester of acrylic acid with a saturated alkoxy monohydroxy alcohol in which the alkoxy group has from 1 to 8 carbon atoms and the remaining alcohol partion has from 2 to 4 carbon atoms, the ester component constituting from 30 to 70 mol percent of the copolymer, said copolymer not containing more than 60 mol percent of methacrylic components.

5. A Water vapor permeable, Water-insoluble, thin, tough, flexible resin protective dressing having a length and width for covering skin areas and being solvent activatable to skin adhesive condition, said dressing comprising a resinous copolymer of acrylic acid and an ester of methacrylic acid with a saturated alkoxy monohydroxy alcohol in which the alkoxy group has from 1 to 8 carbon atoms and the remaining alcohol portion has from 2 to 4 carbon atoms, the ester component constituting from 30 to 70 mol percent of the copolymer, said copolymer, not containing more than 60 mol percent of methacrylic components.

6. A water-insoluble, water vapor permeable, thin, tough, flexible resin protective dressing having a length and width for covering skin areas and being solvent activatable to skin adhesive condition, said dressing comprising a resinous copolymer of acrylamide and an ester of acrylic acid with a saturated alkoxy monohydroxy aicohol in which the alkoxy group has from 1 to 8 carbon atoms and the remaining alcohol portion has from 2 to 4 carbon atoms, the ester component constituting from 30 to 70 mol percent of the copolymer, said copolymer not containing more than 60 mol percent of methacrylic components.

7. A thin, tough, flexible water-insoluble, water vapor permeable, resin protective dressing having a length and Width for covering skin areas and being solvent activatable to skin adhesive condition, said dressing comprising a resinous copolymer of methacrylic acid and an ester of acrylic acid with a saturated alkoxy monohydroxy alcohol in which the alkoxy group has from 1 to 8 carbon atoms and the remaining alcohol portion has from 2 to 4 carbon atoms, the ester component constituting from 30 to 70 mol percent of the copolymer, said copolymer not containing more than 60 mol percent of methacrylic com ponents.

8. A thin, tough, flexible, Water-insoluble, water vapor permeable, resinous sheet material, the film forming component of said resinous sheet material comprising a copolymer of at least one member of the group consisting of acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, and acrylamide and an ester of an acid selected from the group consisting of acrylic acid and methacrylic acid with a saturated alkoxy monohydroxy alcohol in which the alkoxy group has from 1 to 8 carbon atoms and the remaining alcohol portion has from 2 to 4 carbon atoms, the ester component constituting from 35 to 65 mol percent of the copolymer, said copolymer not containing more than 60 mol percent of methacrylic components.

9. A Water vapor permeable, Water-insoluble, thin, tough, flexible resin sheet protective dressing having a length and width for covering skin areas and being solvent activatable to skin adhesive condition, the film forming component of said resinous sheet dressing comprising a copolymer of at least one member of the group consisting of acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, and acrylamide and an ester of an acid selected from the group consisting of acrylic acid and methacrylic acid with a saturated alkoxy monohydroxy alcohol in which the alkoxy group has from 1 to 8 carbon atoms and the remaining alcohol portion has from 2 to 4 carbon atoms, the ester component constituting from 35 to 65 mol percent of the copolymer, said copolymer not containing more than 60 mol percent of methacrylic components.

107 A water vapor permeable, water-insoluble, thin, tough, flexible resin sheet protective dressing having a length and Width for covering skin areas and being solvent activatable to skin adhesive condition, the film forming component of said resinous sheet dressing comprising a copolymer of acrylic acid and an ester of ethoxy propyl alcohol with acrylic acid, the ester component constituting from 35 to 65 mol percent of the copolymer, said copolymer not containing more than 60 mol percent of methacrylic components.

11. A. water vapor permeable, water-insoluble, thin, tough, flexible resin sheet protective dressing having a length and width for covering skin areas and being solvent activatable to skin adhesive condition, the film forming component of said resinous sheet dressing comprising a copolymer of acrylic acid and an ester of butoxy ethyl alcohol with methacrylic acid, the ester component constituting from 35 to 65 mol percent of the copolymer, said copolymer not containing more than 60 mol percent of methacrylic components.

12. A water vapor permeable, water-insoluble, thin, tough, flexible resin sheet protective dressing having a length and Width for covering skin areas and being solvent activatable to skin adhesive condition, the film forming component of said resinous sheet dressing comprising a copolymer of acrylic acid, and an ester of methacrylic acid with a saturated alkoxy monohydroxy alcohol in which the alkoxy group has from 1 to 8 carbon atoms and the remaining alcohol portion has from 2 to 4 carbon atoms, the ester component constituting from 35 to 65 mol percent of the copolymer, said copolymer not containing more than 60 mol percent of methacrylic components.

13. A water vapor permeable, water-insoluble, thin, tough, flexible resin sheet protective dressing having a length and width for covering skin areas and being solvent activatable to skin adhesive condition, the film forming component of said resinous sheet dressing comprising a copolymer of methacrylic acid and an ester of acrylic acid with a saturated alkoxy monohydroxy alcohol in which the alkoxy group has from 1 to 8 carbon atoms and the remaining alcohol portion has from 2 to 4 carbon atoms, the ester component constituting from 35 to 65 mol percent of the copolymer, said copolymer not containing more than 60 mol percent of methacrylic components.

14. A water vapor permeable, water-insoluble, thin, tough, flexible resin sheet protective dressing having a length and width for covering skin areas and being solvent activatable to skin adhesive condition, the film forming component of said resinous sheet dressing comprising a copolymer of acrylamide, and an ester of acrylic acid with a saturated alkoxy monohydroxy alcohol in which the alkoxy group has from 1 to 8 carbon atoms and the remaining alcohol portion has from 2 to 4 carbon atoms.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,120,085 Riley Dec. 8, 1914 2,123,599 Fikentscher et a1 July 12, 1938 2,129,722 Woodhouse Sept. 13, 1938 10 Strauch July 4, 1939 Hyman July 16, 1946 Hyman et a1 Apr. 20, 1948 Neher et a1 Mar. 22, 1949 Hendricks Aug. 19, 1952 FOREIGN PATENTS Great Britain Ian. 31, 1947 Great Britain Aug. 27, 1952

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1120085 *May 4, 1914Dec 8, 1914Louis John RileyDressing for wounds and the like.
US2123599 *Jan 17, 1931Jul 12, 1938Ig Farbenindustrie AgProduction of polymerization products
US2129722 *Jul 14, 1934Sep 13, 1938Du PontEsters of methacrylic acid
US2164360 *Mar 6, 1935Jul 4, 1939Minnesota Mining & MfgWound dressing
US2404292 *Mar 3, 1943Jul 16, 1946Polaroid CorpMethacrylic ester and copolymers thereof
US2440092 *Oct 17, 1945Apr 20, 1948Polaroid CorpPolymers and copolymers of alkoxy acrylic esters
US2464826 *Dec 30, 1943Mar 22, 1949Rohm & HaasAcrylic resin laminations
US2607711 *Oct 27, 1949Aug 19, 1952Minnesota Mining & MfgAdhesive tapes and liners having low-adhesion coatings
GB585184A * Title not available
GB678217A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3116250 *Nov 2, 1959Dec 31, 1963Shell Oil CoNitro-aromatic telomers and oils containing them
US3130161 *Nov 2, 1959Apr 21, 1964Shell Oil CoLubricating oil and anti-wear additives therefor
US3894980 *Apr 30, 1973Jul 15, 1975Rohm & HaasThickener
US4077926 *Apr 24, 1974Mar 7, 1978Rohm And Haas CompanyPressure sensitive adhesive containing polymerized alkoxyalkyl ester of unsaturated carboxylic acid
US4608249 *Nov 2, 1982Aug 26, 1986Nitto Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.Carrier and drug containing patching layer
US4732755 *Apr 28, 1983Mar 22, 1988University Of Health Sciences/The Chicago Medical SchoolSodium polyacrylate solutions
US4902764 *Feb 19, 1988Feb 20, 1990American Cyanamid CompanyPolymeric sulfide mineral depressants
US5153040 *Jul 19, 1989Oct 6, 1992Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Co.Wound dressing
USRE31887 *Jun 6, 1980May 14, 1985T. J. Smith & Nephew LimitedMoisture-vapor-permeable pressure-sensitive adhesive materials
EP0006714A1 *Jun 13, 1979Jan 9, 1980Johnson & JohnsonBalanced environment wound dressing
Classifications
U.S. Classification526/307.5, 526/318.41, 602/52, 526/936
International ClassificationC08F220/28
Cooperative ClassificationY10S526/936, C08F220/28
European ClassificationC08F220/28