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Publication numberUS2870580 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 27, 1959
Filing dateApr 18, 1955
Priority dateApr 18, 1955
Publication numberUS 2870580 A, US 2870580A, US-A-2870580, US2870580 A, US2870580A
InventorsCharles G Norton
Original AssigneePacific Valves Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Flat lapping machine
US 2870580 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 27, 1959 c, NQRTQN 2,870,580

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2,870,580 "Patented Jan. '2 7,,- 1-959 nited States Patent Office FLAT LAPPING MACHINE I Charles G. Norton,-Garden- Grove, Calif., assignor to Pacific Valves,- Inc., LongaBeach, Calif-,1: corporation of California. v

Application April 18, 1955, SerialNo; 502L020 7 Claims, (Cl. 51-131) Thisinven'tion relatesto'a flat lapping machine for the purpose of grinding and lapping various machine parts wherein thework holding means are'so positioned and held on the surface of the lap table that these means cause the lap surface to be maintained in a true configuration.

In the present inventionthe lap holding means are caused to be rotated counter to the rotation of: the lap table, and the work holding-means are 'yieldably pressed against the driving element-which is centrally positioned on thela'p table.

- An object of my invention 'isto drive the work rings by engagement of the rings'w'ith a driving hub= on the lap table, the work rings'bei'ng pressed against the driving hub by yieldable means.

Another objectof my inventionnis to providera means for frictionally driving the work rings by means of a central hub on the lap"table,'theri1i'gs 'being pressed against the central hubby means of a spring, or the like.

st'ill anotherobjectof-my inven'tio-nis toprovide a novel means of yieldably pressing the Work rings'ag'ai-nst aicentral driving hubon the lap table, consisting of a spring engaging the shaft which rises from the work ring to thus yieldably press the work ring against the central hub.

Other objects, advantages and features of invention may appear from the accompanying drawing, the subjoined detailed description and the appended claims.

In the drawing:

Figure 1 is a top plan view of my flat lapping machine.

Figure 2 is a fragmentary transverse sectional view of the same.

Referring more particularly to the drawing, the numeral 1 indicates a lap or lap table which is either circular or annular in form. This lap table is carried upon a frame 2, which frame includes a top plate 3 as shown. A driving shaft 4 projects through the plate 3 and the lap 1 is fixedly attached thereto so that the lap will rotate with this shaft. The shaft 4 is rotated 'by an electric motor 5 which drives through a suitable reduction gear 6 so that the shaft 4 will be driven at the proper speed. A central driving hub 7 is either an integral part of the lap table 1 or it may be a separate part fixedly attached to the lap table so that the hub rotates with the table and is also driven by the shaft 4. The hub 7 projects above the top surf-ace of the lap 1, substantially as shown.

The work which is to be ground or lapped, as indicated by the parts 8, are carried within the work rings 9. These work rings are annular in form and are preferably metallic and rest upon the top flat surface of the lap 1 to continuously abrade or wear that surface so as to maintain the top surface of the lap in a fiat condition or a proper contour to meet the requirements of the particular work. The work rings 9 are continuously rotated and driven as follows: This drive is a frictional one and consists of the following structure: The work rings 9 will engage the periphery of the hub 7 and are frictionally driven thereby.

table top 3 by means of bolts or screwsll'. A plate12 i's'fi'xedly'attached'to each of the'work rings 9-an'd"extends diametrically across the ring. A post or trunnion 13 rises from each of the plates' 12 and projects into a radial slot 14 formed in each'armof the spider 10. A roller 1 5 surrounds; each' of the trunnions 13 and this roller is positioned Withintheslot 14,as shown. A spring 16 bearsagainst-each of'the rollers 15 and urges the trunnion 13, the plate 12, and the work ring 9 inwardly against thehub 7 and thus holds the ring 9 against the hub"'7 so that the ri'ng9 is frictionall'y driven. The tension of the spring 16' may beadjusted by'means' of the sets-crew 17"which-is"mounted"in the'spider 10 and' bearsagainst one 'endof-saidspring; g

The machine parts "8 areheid within the work ring9 by a disc '1'8 wl'1ichrests-loosely within the ring 9. The disc 18 is formed of a nonmetallic substance and is'provided-"wi'th suitable holes in which each machinepart 8 rests.

A "suitable abrasive'in a fluid carrier is continuously poured upon the top of the lap table 1 and'this grit flows onto the surface of the lap 1 through a pipe 19 which extends'from a 'tank 20- posi'tioned above the table top 3. A control valve 21in the'pipe 19 can be adjusted. to determine the amountof "fluid "which flows onto the lap table '1}. Since the work' -rings '9 rotate'c'ounter to the lap table 1" the grindingFfluidwill be pushed inwardly towards the"h ub'-"7 and thereafter centrifugal force 'will throw the grinding fluid outwardly and oif'of the taol 1. Ifd'e'sire'd', the hub 7*nray be sli'ghtl'y"ecc'entric onthe lap table- 1, i thus imparting a slight radia'l "movement to the- Workrings 9 to provide additional grinding action.

Imoperationfthe lap table 1 is continuously rotated by the motor 5 through the reduction gearing 6. The work rings 9 are resting on the top of the lap 1 and engage the central hub 7. Each of the work rings 9 is yieldably pressed against the hub 7 by a spring 16, and the work ring is thus continuously rotated by this frictional contact with the rotating hub 7. The Work rings 9 are held against rotation with the lap table 1 by the stationary spider 10 which is fixed to the top 3. The trunnion 13 which rises vertically above the work ring 9 and is secured thereto fits in the roller 15 within the elongated slot 14, permit-ting radial movement of the Work ring 9 on the surface of the lap 1. The rings 9 thus rest on the top of the lap 1 and continuously abrade or grind the top surface of the lap to maintain that surface in its proper fiat or other shape, and these work rings also effectively hold the various machine parts in position so that they also may be ground or lapped. The lapping compound is fed onto the top of the lap 1 adjacent its outer edge and this compound is pushed inwardly due to the counter rotation of the rings 9 relative to the rotation of the lap 1.

Having described my invention, I claim:

1. A lapping machine for forming a true surface upon an article, said machine comprising a rotatable lap table having a surface capable of producing the desired true surface, means rotatably mounting and supporting'said lap table, means for holding the article on the lap table, a support on the lapping machine for said holding means, a post rising from the holding means and journaled in the support, said holding means being freely rotatable on the support and relative to the lap table, means for rotating said holding means comprising a hub on the lap table rotatable with said table, and spring means engaging said mounting post and pressing said holding means against the hub.

2; A lapping machine for forming atrue surface upon support and relative to the lap table, means for rotating said work ring comprising a hub on the lap table rotatable therewith, and spring means engaging the post and pressing said work ring against the hub.

3. A lapping machine for forming a true surface upon table, a central hub on the lap table rotatable therewith and projecting above the top surface of the lap table, a'spider fixedly mounted above the lap table, a work ring resting on the lap table and frictionally engaging said hub, a postlrising from said work ring and journaled 1 in said spider, a spring in the spider engaging the post 3 and yieldably pressing said ring against the hub.

an article, said machine comprising a rotatable lap table having a surface capable of producing the desired true surface, means rotatably mounting and supporting said lap table, a work ring to hold the articles on the lap table, a support on the lapping machine for the work ring, a post rising from the work ring and journaled in the support, said work ring being freely rotatable on the support and relative to the lap table, means for rotating said Work ring comprising a hub on the lap table rotatable there with, and spring means engaging the post to press the work ring against the hub.

4. A lapping machine for forming a true surface upon an article, said machine comprising a rotatable'lap table having a surface capable of producing the desired true surface, a spider, means rotatably mounting and supporting said lap table, means fixedly mounting the spider above the lap table, a Work ring to hold the article on the lap table, a post rising from the work ring and journaled in said spider, said post being freely rotatable in the spider, means for rotating the work ring comprising a hub on the lap table and rotatable therewith, and spring means engaging said post and pressing said work ring against the hub.

5. A lapping machine for forming a true surface upon an article, said machine comprising a rotatable lap table having a surface capable of producing the desired true surface, means rotatably mounting and supporting said lap r with and projecting above the top surface of the lap table,

6. A lapping machine for forming a true surface upon an article, said machine comprising a rotatable lap table having a surface capable of producing the desired true surface, a spider,- means' rotatably mounting and supporting said lap table, means fixedly mounting the spider above the lap table, a work ring for holding the articles on the lap table, a postrising from the ring and journaled in said spider, means to rotate the work ring comprising a hub on the lap table and rotatable therewith, and spring means engaging said post and pressing said work ring against the hub, and means directing a grinding fluid onto the top surface of the lap table and adjacent the outer periphery of the lap table. 7 A V 7. A lapping machine for forming a true surface upon an article, said machine comprising a rotatable lap table having a surface capable of producing the desired true surface, means rotatably mounting and supporting said lap table, a central hub on the lap table rotatable therea spider fixedly mounted above the lap table, a work ring resting onvthe lap table and frictionally engaging said hub, a post rising from said work ring and journaled in said spider, a spring in thespider engaging the post and yieldably pressing said ring against the hub, and means,

directing a grinding fluid onto the top surface of the lap table and adjacent the outer periphery of the table.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Day et al. Apr. 3, 1956 all ,s sh a.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US765105 *Feb 21, 1902Jul 12, 1904American Electric Telephone CompanyGrinding or polishing machine.
US2634558 *Apr 14, 1947Apr 14, 1953John M WolfskillPiezoelectric crystal lapping apparatus
US2740237 *Sep 10, 1954Apr 3, 1956Spitfire Tool CoLapping machine
USRE23937 *Nov 28, 1945Feb 8, 1955 Lapping machine
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3050910 *Dec 21, 1959Aug 28, 1962Harry J HarrisAutomatic lapping machine
US3093937 *Nov 30, 1962Jun 18, 1963Cavitron Ultrasonics IncUltrasonic lapping machines
US3101575 *Mar 6, 1961Aug 27, 1963Crane Packing CoAutomatic lap sensing and correcting device
US3110988 *Oct 6, 1960Nov 19, 1963Speedlap CorpLapping machine
US3111791 *Jul 27, 1962Nov 26, 1963Harry J HarrisAutomatic lapping machines
US3267618 *Aug 28, 1963Aug 23, 1966Giezentanner Charles LLapidary machine
US3457682 *Nov 25, 1966Jul 29, 1969Speedfam CorpLapping machine
US3638366 *Dec 3, 1969Feb 1, 1972Norton CoLapping method for metallic workpieces
US4043081 *Aug 19, 1976Aug 23, 1977Detray Donald EDry lap polisher
US5421768 *Jun 28, 1994Jun 6, 1995Mitsubishi Materials CorporationAbrasive cloth dresser
US8702473 *Mar 4, 2013Apr 22, 2014Gordon LyonsRock polishing systems and methods
DE1284868B *Oct 17, 1962Dec 5, 1968Speedfam CorpEinrichtung zur Drehrichtungsumkehr der gegen Mitumlaufen auf der Laeppscheibe ortsfest gehaltenen Abricht- und Werkstueckhalteringe
EP1103345A2 *Nov 22, 2000May 30, 2001Fujikoshi Machinery CorporationCloth cleaning device and polishing machine
Classifications
U.S. Classification451/286, 451/291
International ClassificationB24B37/04
Cooperative ClassificationB24B37/102
European ClassificationB24B37/10B