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Publication numberUS2871048 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 27, 1959
Filing dateFeb 15, 1956
Priority dateFeb 15, 1956
Publication numberUS 2871048 A, US 2871048A, US-A-2871048, US2871048 A, US2871048A
InventorsBalogh Roy O
Original AssigneeMccabe Powers Auto Body Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Door latch
US 2871048 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 27, 1959 R. o. AL OGH 2,871,048

DOOR LATCH Filed Feb. 15, 1956 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 4/ 25 5 20 i 3L I 25' L F'|G.| v

INVENTOR.

ROY O. BALOGH ATTY.

Jan. 27, 1959 R. o. BALOGH 2,

. 1300a LATCH Filed Feb. 15, 1956 I s Sheets-Sheet 2 4O INVENTOR.

ROY 0. BA LOGH ATTY.

FIG.7

R. O. BALOGH DOOR LATCH Jan. 27, 1959' 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed Feb. 15, 1956 F IG l2 F l G 9 INVENTOR. ROY O. BALOGH ATTY.

wardly to the position shown in Figure 4, whenever the bolt 19 is in downwardly shifted position for purposes presently more fully appearing.

When the door lock A is properly mounted in the door 1, the bolt 19 will engage the jamb 2, as shown in Figure 3, and will hold the door 1 securely in place. The spring 32 and pressure-transmitting element 27 will introduce a limited degree of resiliency which will compensate for wear and vibratory stresses, so that the door 1 will always remain right. In order to release the door lock A and open the door 1, the handle 34 is manually swung upwardly, causing the actuator-tube 38 to engage the pin 23 and shift the latter downwardly, thereby shifting the bolt 19 downwardly against the bias of the spring 32 until the upper end of the bolt 19 is fully retracted and the door 1 is free to swing open. As soon as the grip 35 of the handle 34 is released, the bolt 19 returns to initial position, so that the door 1 may again become locked as it is returned to closed position. Whenever the door 1 is not fully closed, the handle 34 will project outwardly from the cup 4, as shown in Figure 4, so that the driver or operator has an immediate visual signal of this condition and will not accidentally drive off with a compartment door unlatched and free to swing outwardly as the vehicle travels along the street or highway. Such accidents have occurred with conventional door latches and have resulted in injury to pedestrians, as well as the loss of tools and other valuable contents usually carried in the compartments.

The door latch A can very readily and quickly be assembled and disassembled as will be seen from Figure 8. The bolt 19, the pressure-transmitting element 27, and the spring 32 can be assembled within the U-shaped channel and manually held in compressed position so that the pin 23 can be inserted through the slot Sand, at the same time, the flanges 13, 13, 14, 14, slipped into the socket-forming flanges 11, 11, 12, 12', respectively. Thereupon, the cars 18 can be bent over, as shown in Figure 2, to hold the U-shaped channel 15 in such assembled position. The door latch A can, on the other hand, be disassembled with equal simplicity by bending the ears 18 back to upright position and reversing the above described sequence of assembly operations. Consequently, if the spring 32 should break, or any one of the other parts become worn, damaged, or inoperative so as to need replacement, this repair operation can be very easily performed if necessary or desirable. It is also equally convenient, in view of the unique, economical, and compact construction of the door latch A, to remove the rivets 6 and make a complete replacement.

If is also possible to provide a modified form of door latch B, which is substantially in all respects to the previously described door latch A, except that the attachment clips 10, 10', are eliminated and a U-shaped channel 44 is provided having straight-margined lateral flanges 45, 45', which are spot-welded to the back wall 7 of the cup 4'. The U-shaped channel 44 is furthermore provided with a rearwardly presented bight wall 46, which is provided with a relatively large centrally located aperture 47 to permit access to the rear end of the pin 23. In this particular movement, the bolt 19' and the elements associated therewith, as previously described, must be assembled in the U-shaped channel 44 and the pin 23 thereupon inserted from the front of the cup 4'. A suitable conventional peening tool or upsetting tool can be inserted through the aperture 47 so as to upset the rearwardly presented end of the pin 23 and stake it rigidly with a rotatable detent finger 49 adapted, when in locked position, to extend upwardly into endwise abutting engagement against the downwardly presented abutment flange 17', substantially as shown, for example, in Figure 2.

It should be understood that changes and modifications in the form, construction, arrangement, and combination of the several parts of the door latch may be made and substituted for those herein shown and described without departing from the nature and principle of my invention.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A door latch comprising a cup-like element adapted to fit into and extend through a door with its open end presented outwardly with respect to one face of the door, said cup-like element having a back wall approximately aligned with the other face of the door and being provided with an elongated aperture, a slide-forming element secured upon the back wall in overlying relation to the aperture and projecting inwardly from said other face of the door, a bolt shiftably mounted in the slide-forming element and having an actuating element projecting forwardly through said aperture, a pivot pin disposed in outwardly spaced relation to the bolt with its longitudinal axis perpendicular to the path of movement of the bolt and in a plane parallel thereto, a handle rockably mounted in the cup-like element for rotation about the pivot pin, said handle having a grip section provided with a hollow actuator extending around and bearing against the actuating element whereby to engage and shift said actuating element and bolt downwardly responsive to rocking movement of the handle, and cooperating means on the outer face of the back wall and the actuatorfor sealing the elongated aperture against the passage of moisture when the bolt is in closed position.

2. A door latch comprising a cup-like element adapted to fit into and extend through a door with its open end presented outwardly with respect to one face of the door, said cup-like element having a back wall provided with an elongated aperture, a slide-forming element secured upon the back wall in overlying relation to the aperture, a bolt shiftably mounted in the slide-forming element and having an actuating element projecting forwardly through said aperture, a pivot pin disposed in outwardly spaced relation to the bolt with its longitudinal axis perpendicular to the path of movement of the bolt and in a plane parallel thereto, a handle rockably mounted in the cup-like element for rotation about the pivot pin, said handle having a grip section provided with a hollow actuator extending around and bearing against the actuating element whereby to engage and shift said actuating element and bolt downwardly responsive to rocking movement of the handle, and cooperating means on the outer face of the back wall and the actuator for sealing the elongated aperture against the passage of moisture when the bolt is in closed position.

3. A door latch comprising a lock housing adapted to fit into a door, said housing having a back wall provided with an elongated slot, a slide-forming element secured upon the interior face of the back wall in overlying relation to the slot, a bolt shiftably mounted in the slideforming element and having a pin projecting through the slot, a handle rockably mounted in the housing, a hollow actuator operatively connected to the handle and extending around and bearing against the pin, whereby the bolt is retracted into the slide-forming element responsive to rocking movement of the handle, and co-operating means on the outer face of the back wall and the actuator for sealing the slot against the passage of moisture when the bolt is in closed position.

4. A door latch in accordance with claim 3 wherein the bolt is provided with an angular abutment within the slide-forming element and a pressure transmitting element is located within the slide-forming element and provided with an inclined surface slidably engaged with the angular abutment.

5. A door latch comprising a supporting structure which includes a back wall provided with a slot, a slideforming element rigidly mounted in rearward relation to the back wall and in overlying relation to the slot, a

bolt shiftably mounted in the slide-forming element and having a projecting element extending operatively through the slot, a pivot pin mounted on said supporting structure in forward relation to the slot a handle rockably mounted on the pivot pin an actuator operatively connected to the handle and engaged with the projecting element of the bolt as the handle is swung outwardly, whereby the bolt is retracted into the slide-forming element responsive to outward swinging movement of the handle, and spring means encircling said pivot pin, said spring means including tongue portions abutting said handle for normally biasing the handle outwardly so that whenever the bolt is not in latching position the handle will be in outwardly swung position.

6. A door latch comprising a cup-like element adapted to fit into and extend through a door with its open end presented outwardly with respect to one face of the door, said cup-like element having a back wall, a bolt operatively mounted on the rear side of the cup-like element for sliding movement into and out of fully latched position, a handle rockably mounted in the cup, said handle being so positioned with respect to the cup as to swing from a closed position substantially within the cup-like element to an open position wherein a substantial portion of said handle is disposed outside the confines of the cup-like element, means operatively connecting the bolt and the handle, and means for holding the handle in said open position whenever the bolt is not in fully latched position, whereby said handle aifords a visible signal indication showing that the bolt is not in fully latched position.

7. A door latch comprising a cup-like element adapted to fit into and extend through a door with its open end presented outwardly with respect to one face of the door, said cup-like element having a back wall, a bolt operatively mounted on the rear side of the cup-like element for sliding movement into and out of fully latched position, a handle rockably mounted in the cup, said handle being so positioned with respect to the cup as to swing from a closed position substantially within the cup-like element to an open position wherein a substantial portion of said handle is disposed outside the confines of the cup-like element, means operatively connecting the bolt and the handle, and spring means for holding the handle in said open position whenever the bolt is not in fully latched position, whereby said handle-affords a visible signal indication showing that the bolt is not in fully latched position.

8. A door latch comprising a housing adapted to fit into a door with its open end presented outwardly with respect to one face of the door, said housing having a back wall provided with a slot, attachment elements rigidly mounted on the rear face of said back wall having retention recesses formed therein, a slide-forming element removably mounted in the retention recesses and extending over the slot, a bolt shiftably mounted in the slide-forming element and having a pin-like element projecting operatively through the slot, a handle rockably mounted in the housing for rotation around an axis perpendicular to the line of movement of the bolt, actuator means operatively connecting the handle with the bolt, whereby the bolt is retracted into the slide-forming element responsive to rocking movement of the handle, and means totally enclosing the slot to form a water-tight seal when the bolt is in fully latched position.

9. A door latch comprising a lock housing adapted to fit into a door, said housing having a back wall provided with an elongated slot, a slide-forming element secured upon the interior face of the back wall in overlying relation to the slot, a bolt shiftably mounted in the slide-forming element and having a pin projecting through the slot, a handle rockably mounted in the housing, and a tubular sleeve rigidly secured upon the handle, said sleeve extending around and bearing against said pin' whereby to engage and shift the pin and bolt downwardly responsive to rocking movement of the handle, said sleeve furthermore being provided with means for engagement with the back wall whereby to enclose said slot when the handle is in inwardly rocked position.

10. A door latch comprising a lock housing adapted to fit into a. door, said housing having a back wall provided with an elongated slot, a slide-forming element secured upon the interior face of the back wall in overlying relation to the slot, a bolt shiftably mounted in the slide-forming element and having a pin projecting through the slot, a handle rockably mounted in the housing, a tubular sleeve rigidly secured upon the handle, said sleeve extending around and bearing against said pin whereby to engage and shift the pin and bolt downwardly responsive to rocking movement of the handle, an annular,

shoulder formed on the back wall and encircling the slot whereby to form a recess entirely around the slot, and an annular head on the end of the sleeve shaped and sized for seal-forming engagement in the recess.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,035,073 Angenbraun Aug. 6, 1912 2,055,688 Halinka Sept. 29, 1936 2,236,391 Zabel Mar. 25, 1941 2,637,585 Troche et a1. May 5, 1953 2,668,076 Troche et a1. Feb. 2, 1954 2,763,503 T asch et a1 Sept..l8, 1956

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1035073 *Feb 9, 1912Aug 6, 1912Yale & Towne Mfg CoSpring-lock.
US2055688 *Mar 22, 1935Sep 29, 1936Fred P BockAutomobile door lock
US2236391 *Apr 3, 1940Mar 25, 1941Frederick R ZabelLocking device
US2637585 *Jan 30, 1948May 5, 1953J H Holan CorpLocking-bolt operating structure
US2668076 *Oct 17, 1951Feb 2, 1954J H Holan CorpLocking-bolt operating structure
US2763503 *Jul 12, 1954Sep 18, 1956Mccabe Powers Auto Body CoDoor lock
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3668907 *Feb 19, 1971Jun 13, 1972Eastern CoKey-controlled door lock
US3707862 *Feb 19, 1971Jan 2, 1973Eastman CoKey-controlled door lock
US4707006 *Jan 31, 1986Nov 17, 1987Camrey Industries, Inc.Door latch assembly
US4838054 *Jul 10, 1987Jun 13, 1989The Eastern CompanyLatch and lock assemblies with lift and turn handles
US4838056 *Jul 10, 1987Jun 13, 1989The Eastern CompanyLatch and lock assemblies with expansible latch elements
US4841755 *Jul 10, 1987Jun 27, 1989The Eastern CompanyLatch and lock assemblies with spring-biased slide bolts
US4850208 *Jul 10, 1987Jul 25, 1989The Eastern CompanyLatch and lock assemblies with spring-biased pivot bolts
US4850209 *Jul 10, 1987Jul 25, 1989The Eastern CompanyLatch and lock housings, handles and mounting brackets
US4969916 *Mar 23, 1989Nov 13, 1990The Eastern CompanyLatch and lock assemblies with spring-biased pivot bolts
US5046340 *Jul 17, 1990Sep 10, 1991The Eastern CompanyLatch and lock assemblies with spring-biased pivot bolts
US7222891 *Oct 23, 2004May 29, 2007Southco, Inc.Flush mount sliding panel latch
US7325846 *May 7, 2003Feb 5, 2008Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.Low profile mechanical assist hood latch
US7614672Nov 16, 2007Nov 10, 2009Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.Low profile mechanical assist hood latch
US8393187Feb 8, 2012Mar 12, 2013Bauer Products, Inc.Remotely operated locking paddle handle latch assembly
US8621901Jul 20, 2011Jan 7, 2014Bauer Products, Inc.Lock system for vehicles and the like
Classifications
U.S. Classification292/173, 292/336.3
International ClassificationE05C1/14, E05C1/00
Cooperative ClassificationE05C1/145
European ClassificationE05C1/14B