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Publication numberUS2871085 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 27, 1959
Filing dateMay 17, 1954
Priority dateMay 17, 1954
Publication numberUS 2871085 A, US 2871085A, US-A-2871085, US2871085 A, US2871085A
InventorsDiack Arthur G
Original AssigneeDiack Arthur G
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Drawer slide
US 2871085 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 27, 1959 A. G. DlAcK 2,871,085

- DRAWER SLIDE Filed May 17, 1954 Frs. 1.

lture of the invention.

United States Patent 2,871,085 DRAwEn SLIDE Arthur G. Diack, Inglewood, Calif. Application May 17, 195.4, Serial No. 430.082 1n oinmstei.- enf- 3.39)

may be installed with a minimum vof labor end 4Without any routing ormill work onthe drawer or drawer frame.

An important object ofthe ,invention is to provide ,a drawer Slidehaville Stationery snide and movable Slide members of Q-.Shened Cross Seetfion netted toa r infette to-facerelation, thereby minimizing the Yo neet of' the .Slide So that e. drawer .of maximum ASize een treinstellenin a einen, drawer opening.. .The longitudinal mieeof the .guide and ySlide members ere vvertically spaced to permit the nesting relationmentioned, the slide member beine7 at a higher elevation than the snide member to permit seating of drawer-Carrying slides thereon, Awhich is anotherobieetof the invention -Sinee the guide and slide members are yof AQ-sharzed cross section, .each provides an upper, downwardly facing,- ehnnnel-zshnped track extending longitudinally thereof to provide n nl upper, downwardly facing track Surface, and provides a lower, upwardly facing, channel-,shaped track kextending 4longitudinally thereof to piovide a lower, up

wardly facing track Surface- :Disposed inthe channel-- shaped 4tracks on vthe slide member and mounted on the front end of the guide member is a `front roller, a reary roller being mounted on the rear end offtheslide mem- -ber and .being disposed in ihe vchannel-shaped Itrackson the guide member. rear rollerskey the slide .member to the gudemember .against lateral movement of vthe slide member relative to With this construction-,'thefront and.

the guide member and hold thesemembers assembled in the nested relation mentioned, which is an importantfea- Further, utilizing the front .and rear rollers to `holdthe guide and slide membersfin `as-A sembled relation inthis manner providesa simpledrawel' slidewhieh may-be manufactured economicallyhis be ing an important feature of the invention also.

Another object is to providethe slide and guide,mem bers with plane webs connecting the respectiveQupperand lower channel-shaped tracks thereof,l the -provision of snch plane connecting webs,.without any lateral oifsets, or

the like, providing for more economical manufacture'of theripperI and lower channelfshaped. trackson the guide ICC 2 member to attain the keying relation hereinbefore discussed. Another object is to provide a drawer slide wherein such spacing means include hubs on Vthe respective rollers, v

Another object is to provide front and rear glides on the drawer which lrest on and are slilable relative to the slide member to provide for relative-movement between the drawer and slide member, as well as relative movement between the slide member and the guide member. With this construction, full extension of the drawer is attained to facilitate vaccess to the contents thereof, which is'an important feature of the invention.

An important object ofthe invention `is to provide glides and rollers of relatively large, nonmetallic materials, such as nylon, thereby eliminating metal-to-metal contact between the components of the drawer slide and virtually eliminating any noise during opening and closing movement of the drawer. Although nylon has been mentioned specical'ly as a suitable nonmetallic material for `the *glides androilers, various other nonmetallic materials may be utilized also.

Anotheriobject is to offset vertically the front and rear rollerswhichengage the slide and Vgnide members, respectively, sp ythat t.the `guide and slide members may be similarly oiset to permit lnesting the guide and ,Slide membells together in face-to-face relation with the slide meml ber at va higher elevation than the guide member, as

hereinbefore'fdieeneeed- Anotherobject is to provide'a drawer slide wherein the lweb olfftheguide member is provided, near the front end tl1ereof, with an integral stop meansengageable .by the rear roller tolimit forwardmovement of the slide' memiberfAnoth/er object is to provide a stop means on the slide member at'th'e front end thereof which is engageable by the ,front glide 4on'the drawer towliniit forward' movement of theV drawer relative to the slide member and which is k engageablle withthe.front roller` to limit rearward Inovementlof the slidemember relativeto the guide member, -this stopmeans thus performing'adual function.A

Another object. is to provide glides on the drawerrhaving convexsurfaces which engage the slide member. Anotherobject-is to provide the front glide on the drawer with a depending flange which is spaced from the side .of thed'rawer so as to receive therebetween the upper edge of -th e` slidemember, thereby keying the drawer `against lmateral movement relative .to the slide member. "Another object is to provide a drawer slide wherein voneof the glides on the drawer, preferably the front glide, is .vertically adjustable relative to the side of the drawer l'to provide for .accurate alignment of .the .entire installation.

Another object of the invention is to provide a .drawer glide having a vertical slot therein to permitvertical adf justment of the glide relative to the side ofa drawer on `vvhicljrit is installed.

The Yforegoing objects, advantages and features of the ypresentl invention, together with various ,other objects, advantages land features thereof vwhich will become apparent, may be attained with the exemplary embodiment of the invention which is illustrated in the accompartying drawing and which is describe-d in detail here- "inaftel".

Referring to the drawing:

Fig 1 is a fragmentary `isometric view illustrating the drawer slide of lthe invention installed in 'a drawer cabi net 'to supporta drawer whichy is movable into land out of `the cabinet, various elements ofthe structure being broken away as requiredto reveal elements-which would otherwise be hidden; and

veFigs. 2 and '3 are ,fragmentaryectionalviews respectively taken along the arrowed. lines Fig. 1 of the drawing.

In the drawing, the numeral identifies a drawer cabinet or frame which provides an opening 11 for a drawer 12. The latter is lmounted on two drawer slides of the invention which are disposed between the sides of the drawer and the frame, only one of these drawer slides, identified by the numeral 13, being illustrated as a matter of convenience.

The drawer slide 13 of the invention includes a guide member 16 of C-shaped cross section which is secured to the cabinet 10 at its front and rear ends, as by screws 17 and 18, respectively. Alternatively, or additionally, the member 16 may be mounted by screws intermediate its ends as well. The C-shaped cross section of the guide member 16 results in the provision of an upper, downwardly facing, channel-shaped track 19 and a lower, upwardly facing, channel-shaped track 20, these tracks extending longitudinally of the guide member and respectively providing upper, downwardly-facing, and lower, upwardly-facing track surfaces 21 and 22. The channelshaped tracks 19 and 20 are connected by a web 23 through which the screws 17 and 18 extend, the web 23 being plane throughout to simplify the structure of the guide member 16.

, Nested with the guide member 16 in face-to-face relation therewith is a slide member 25 of C-shaped cross section, the slide member being offset upwardly relative to the guide member 16 to permit a face-to-face nesting relation between the guide member and the slide member with the slide member at a higher elevation than the guide member. The C-shaped cross section of the slide member 25 provides it with an upper, downwardly facing, channel-shaped track 26 and a lower, upwardly facing channel-shaped track 27, these tracks extending longitudinally of the slide member 25 and respectively 2-2 and 3-3 of providing upper, downwardlyfacing and lower, upwardlyfacing track surfaces 28 and 29. The channel-shaped upper and lower tracks 26 and 27 are connected by a web 30, this web also being plane throughout to simplify manufacture of the slide member 25.

Mounted on the front end of the guide member 16 and extending into the channel-shaped tracks 26 and 27 of the slide member 25 is a front roller 32 of a hard, nonmetallic material, the front roller 32 being offset upwardly relative to the longitudinal axis of the guide member so as to place its center on the longitudinal axis of the upwardly offset slide member 25. Similarly, mounted on the rear end of the slide member 25 is a rear roller 33 of a hard, nonmetallic material, the rear roller being offset downwardly relative to the longitudinal axis of the slide member 25 to place the center of the rear roller on the longitudinal axis of the guide member 16 so that the rear roller may be disposed in the guidemember 16 and may extend into the channelshaped tracks 19 and 20 thereof. The front and rear rollers 32 and 33 are rotatable on axle elements 34 and 35, respectively, these axle elements respectively being provided with pins 36 and 37 which extend through the webs 23 and 30, respectively, of the guide and slide members 16 and 25 and which are shown as riveted to secure the axle elements 34 and 35 to the, webs 23 and 30, respectively, although they maybe secured thereto in other ways. The front roller 32 is provided with a hub 38 which spaces it from the web 23 of the guide member 16 into alignment with the channel-shaped upper and lower tracks 26 and 27 on the slide member 25. Similarly, the rear roller 23 is provided with a hub 39 which spaces the rear roller from the web 30 of the slide member 25 into `alignment with the upper and lower channel-shaped tracks 19 and 20 on the guide member. The useof spacing means, such as the hubs 38 and 39, for the rollers 32 and 33 permits the use of plane webs 23 and 30 without any lateral offsets, thereby simplifying the manufacturing of the guide and slide -members 16 and 25, which is an important feature.

As will be apparent, with the foregoing construction, the front and rear rollers 32 and 33 key the slide member 25 to the guide member 16 against lateral movement and serve to hold the guide member and the slide member in assembled relation, which is an important feature of the invention. Also, the rollers 32 and 33 space the guide member 16 and the slide member 25 apart so that no contact therebetween exists. This prevents metal-to-metal contact between the guide and slide members 16 and 25 during movement `of the slide member relative to the guide member, assuming that the guide and slide members are metallic, which is preferably the case. Such elimination of metal-to-metal contact renders the drawer slide 13 virtually noiseless, which is an important feature. Also, the use of the rollers 32 and 33 tends to minimize friction, which is another feature.

Withdrawal of the slide member 25 from the guide member 16 in response to forward movement of the slide member is prevented by a stop means 42 on the guide member 16 near the front end thereof, the stop means 42 preferably being integral with the web 23 of the guide member 16 and preferably comprising an inwardly struck portion of such web. The stop means 42 is engageable by the rear roller 33 to limit forward movement 'of the slide member 25.

Mounted on one side of the drawer 12 itself are two glides 43 and 44 provided with convex surfaces 45 and 46 resting on and slidably engaging the upper edge of the slide member 25, forward movement of the drawer relative to the slide member 25 being limited by engagement of the front glide 43 with a stop means 47 mounted on the front end of the slide member 25., The stop means 47 is also engageable with the front roller 32 during rearward movement of the slide member 25 to limit such rearward movement of the slide member, the stop means 47 thus performing a dual function.

As will be apparent, the slide member 25 is a oating member which is not rigidly connected to either the cabinet 10 or the drawer 12. Consequently, full extension of the drawer 12 may be attained, such full extension resulting when the rear roller 33 has been moved forwardly into engagement with the stop means 42 and when the front glide 43 has been moved forwardly into engagement with the stop means 47. Thus, the drawer 12 may be completely withdrawn from the drawer opening 11 to expose the entire interior of the drawer to view so thatv the contents thereof are rendered completely accessible, which is an important feature of the invention.

The front glide 43 is provided with a depending flange 48 which is spaced outwardly from the side of the drawer 12 to receive therebetween the upper edge of the slide member 25, thereby keying the front end of the drawer to the slide member against relative lateral movement. Preferably, the rear glide 44 is provided with no such flange to permit some side sway of the rear end of the drawer to prevent binding, particularly if the drawer width is not completely uniform from front to rear.

An important feature of the invention resides in making at least one of the glides 43 and 44,'preferably the frontv glide 43, vertically adjustable during installation to insure proper alignment of all of the components of the installation. The front glide 43 is shown as vertically adjustable by virtue of being provided with a vertical slot 49 therein for a screw 50 engaging the side of the drawer 12, the glide 43 also having therein a hole 51 for a screw 52 engaging the side of the drawer. During installation, the front glide 43 is positioned by means of the screw 50 only, this screw being tightened sufficiently to clamp the front glide 43 in place temporarily. Thus by loosening and tightening the screw 50 as required, the vertical position for the glide block 43 necessary to smooth operation may be accurately selected, the screw 50 thereafter being tightened permanently and the screw 52 being installed in the hole 51 and ytightened to fix the front glide 43 in its adjusted position. The result of this process is extremely smooth operation, which is an `"important feature.

Considering the. over-all .operation of the drawer slide 13 of the invention, it will be apparent that lfull extension of the drawer 12 is y'attained rmerely fby .moving the Adrawer 12 forwardly until the `rear roller r33 engages the `stop means .42 and .the front glide 4.3 .engages the stop means 47, the drawer, under such conditions, .being conipletely withdrawn from the drawer opening v11. It will be vnoted that the :roller 33. selectively vengages the track surfaces 21 and'22 of the guide member 16 as the .drawer 12 is opened. In .other words,..when ithe Adrawer 12 is closed, `the weight `of .the drawercauses the .rear-.roller to engage the lower track surface `22 ofthe guide mem,- ber 16. However, as the drawer 12 moves forwardly on the slide member 25 and the latter moves forwardly relative to the guide member; 1.6 the weight ef. VAthe open drawer tendsto rock the slide member 42,5 in the counterclockwise direction, as viewed in Fig. 1, so that the rear teller 3,13.engages the, upper track surface 21 0f the vguide member 1,6, rather than thelower trac-,k surface 22 thereyf. The from .roller .32, always. .engages the upper .trak Surface 2,8, .of vthe slidememberzi ,exrept when@ suin- .Qient upward ,farce is. .applied .tothe drawer 12 iin i-onening or .Closing it, thefrent relier .32. engaging the lewer .track surface 29 of the slide member under such conditions.

Thus, it will be apparent that the present invention provides a drawer slide 13 which occupies a minimum of space as a result of the face-to-face nesting relation between the guide member 16 and the slide member 25, which is a simple construction for economical manufacture, which eliminates metal-to-metal contact and is therefore virtually noiseless, which minimizes friction through the use of nonmetallic rollers and glides in engagement with metallic track surfaces, which utilizes rollers and glides to key the various components together against lateral relative displacement, which provides for smooth operation by virtue of glide adjustability, which permits full drawer extension to provide maximum accessibility to the interior of the drawer, and which permits complete removal of the drawer readily.

Although I have disclosed an exemplary embodiment of my invention herein for purposes of illustration, it will be understood that various changes, modifications and substitutions may be incorporated in the embodiment disclosed without departing from the spirit of the invention as defined by the claims which follow.

I claim as my invention:

l. In a drawer slide, the combination of: guide and slide members of C-shaped cross section nested together in face-to-face relation, each of said members having an upper, downwardly facing, channel-shaped track extending longitudinally thereof to provide an upper, downwardly facing track surface, and each of said members having a lower, upwardly facing, channel-shaped track extending longitudinally thereof to provide a lower, upwardly facing track surface, said slide member being offset vertically upwardly relative to said guide member so as to nest said guide and slide members together in overlapping relation and so as to dispose said upper, channelshaped track of said slide member above said upper, channel-shaped track of said guide member, said members having plane, parallel, laterally spaced webs respectively connecting said upper and lower channel-shaped tracks thereof; front and rear rollers respectively mounted on the front end of said web of said guide member and the rear end of said web of said slide member, said front roller extending into said upper and lower channel-shaped tracks on said slide member and being engageable with said upper and lower track surfaces on said slide member, and said rear roller extending into said upper and lower channel-shaped tracks on said guide member and being engageable with said upper and lower track surfaces on ysaid guide member, whereby said front and rear rollers key said slide lrriemher to said guide member against-lateral movement of said slide member relative to said guide member; means spacing said front roller from .said web of said guide member into alignment with said upper and lower channel-shaped tracks on `said slide member; and means spacing said rear roller from said web of said slide member into alignment with said upper and `lower channel-shaped `'tracks on said guide member.

2. In a drawer slide, -the combination of: guide and slide members of C-shapedvcross sectionnested together in face-to-face relation, each of said members having an upper, downwardly facing, channel-shaped -track extending longitudinally thereof to provide an upper, downwardly facing .track surface, and-each of said members having ar lower, upwardly facing, channel-shaped track extending longitudinally thereof to provide a lower, yupwardly facing track surface, said slide member being offset'vertically upwardly relative Vto said guide vme'niber so as to nest said guide vand slide 4members together in `overlapping relation and so as to dispose said upper, channelshaped track of said slide member above said upper, channel-shaped track of said guide member, said memfbers :having plane, parallel, laterally spaced webs respectively .connecting `said upper and llower channel-shaped tracks thereof; front and' rear rollers Vrespectively mounted von Ythe front end ofsaid web of said lguide member and -the rear end of said web of said slide member, said front roller extending into said upper and lower channelshaped tracks on said slide member and being engageable with said upper and lower track surfaces on said slide member, and said rear roller extending into said upper and lower channel-shaped tracks on said guide member and being engageable with said upper and lower track surfaces on said guide member, whereby said front and rear rollers key said slide member to said guide member against lateral movement of said slide member relative to said guide member, said front roller being offset vertically relative to the longitudinal axis of said web of said guide member in an upward direction and said rear roller being offset vertically relative to the longitudinal axis of said web of said slide member in the downward direction, whereby to provide for said nesting, vertically offset relation between said members; means spacing said front roller from said web of said guide member into alignment with said upper and lower channel-shaped tracks on said slide member; and means spacing said rear roller from said web of said slide member into alignment with said upper and lower channelshaped tracks on said guide member.

3. A drawer slide as defined in claim 1 wherein each of said spacing means includes a hub on the corresponding roller.

4. A drawer slide as defined in claim 1 wherein said guide member is provided, near the front end thereof, with a stop means engageable by said rear roller to limit forward movement of said slide member.

5. A drawer slide as defined in claim 1 wherein said slide member is provided, at the front end thereof, with a stop means engageable with said front roller to Ilimit rearward movement of said slide member.

6. In a drawer slide, the combination of: guide and slide members of C-shaped cross section nested together in face-to-face and overlapping relation with said slide member offset vertically upwardly relative to said guide mem-ber so that the top of said slide member is above the top of said guide member, each of said members having an upper, downwardly facing, channel-shaped track extending longitudinally` thereof to provide an upper, downwardly facing track surface, and each of said members having a lower, upwardly facing, channel-shaped track extending longitudinally thereof to provide a lower, upwardly facing track surface, each of said members having a plane web connecting said upper and lower channelshaped tracks thereof; front and rear rollers respectively mounted on the front end of said web of said guide mem- 7 ber and the rear end of said web of said slide member, said front yroller extending into said upper and lower channel-shaped tracks on said slide member and being engageablewith saidfupper and lower track surfaces on said slide member, and said rear roller extending into said upper and lower channel-shaped tracks on said guide member and being engageable with said upper and lower track surfaces on said guide members, whereby said front and rear rollers key said slide member to said guide member against lateral movement of said slide member relative to said guide member; means spacing said front roller from said web of said guide member into alignment with said upper and lower channel-shaped tracks on said slide member; and means spacing said rear roller from said web of said slide member into alignment with said upper and lower channel-shaped tracks on said guide member.

7. In combination: a drawer slide as defined in claim 6 and a drawer having on a side thereof front and rear slide elements slidably seated on said slide member, said slide elements having convex surfaces slidably engaging said slide member.

8. In combination: a drawer slide as defined in claim 6 and a drawer having on a side thereof front and rear glides seated on said slide member, said front glide having thereon a depending flange spaced from said side of CII said drawer to receive therebetween the upper edge of said slide member.

9. In combination: a drawer slide as defined in claim 6 and a drawer having on a side thereof front and rear glides seated on said slide member, one of said glides being vertically( adjustable relative to said side of said drawer, saidone glide having a vertical slot and a hole therein, saidv one glide being secured to said drawer by Referencesv Cited in the [ile of this patent' UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,045,523 1 Cossey Nov. 26, 1912 1,143,297 Moore et al June 15, 1915 1,951,390 Barker Mar. 20, 1934 2,318,363 Boddy May 4, 1943 2,328,835 Motter Sept. 7, 1943 2,692,802 Kurtzon et al Oct. 26, 1954

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1045523 *Apr 3, 1911Nov 26, 1912Reliance Ball Bearing Door Hanger CoDrawer-slide.
US1143297 *May 1, 1913Jun 15, 1915Columbia School Supply CoCabinet-drawer construction.
US1951390 *Mar 16, 1933Mar 20, 1934 Service drawer for ranges
US2318363 *May 7, 1941May 4, 1943Gen ElectricStorage drawer assembly
US2328835 *Feb 2, 1942Sep 7, 1943Morton Mfg CompanyDrawer construction
US2692802 *Jul 1, 1950Oct 26, 1954Garden City Plating & Mfg CoDrawer slide
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2981584 *Dec 31, 1957Apr 25, 1961Friend IrvinDrawer and track construction
US3126230 *Oct 3, 1960Mar 24, 1964 Extendible slides
US3368840 *Oct 14, 1966Feb 13, 1968PeugeotSeat unit
US3574437 *Feb 14, 1969Apr 13, 1971Instrument Systems CorpDrawer slide construction
US3866899 *May 31, 1973Feb 18, 1975Matburn Holdings LtdOperation tables and chairs
US4004841 *Jun 12, 1975Jan 25, 1977Leslie Metal Arts Company, Inc.Full extension drawer guide
US6886200Jan 25, 2002May 3, 2005Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Hydraulic actuator apparatus for a surgical table
US20120153795 *Dec 12, 2011Jun 21, 2012Fami S.R.L.Differentiated pull-out chest of drawers
WO2008036193A2 *Sep 13, 2007Mar 27, 2008Arrow Tru Line IncAn overhead door track system
Classifications
U.S. Classification312/334.12, 312/334.45
International ClassificationA47B88/14, A47B88/04
Cooperative ClassificationA47B2210/0059, A47B88/14, A47B2210/0043, A47B2210/0045
European ClassificationA47B88/14