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Publication numberUS2874548 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 24, 1959
Filing dateSep 28, 1953
Publication numberUS 2874548 A, US 2874548A, US-A-2874548, US2874548 A, US2874548A
InventorsWilliam H. Dnishel
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Protection against corrosion
US 2874548 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Fb 24, 1959 W. H. DRUsHEL ETAL 2,874,548

PROTECTION AGAlNsT coRRosIoN Filed sept. 28, 1953 {,33

United States Patent O 2,874,548 M PROTECTION AGAINST, CORROSION William H. Drushel, Liberty, and Richard H. McCall and Charles J. Perilloux, Houston, Tex., assignors to The Texas Company, New York, N. Y., a corporation of Delaware Application September 28, 1953, Serial No. 382,826

2 Claims. (Cl. 61-54) The present invention relates to a novel methodV for protecting metal members from corrosion.

When steel or other metal members such as elongated piles or oil well flow tubes are used in moist areas, as in the fresh or salt waters of lakes, rivers,y marshes, and oceans, severe corrosion of the metal members is encountered.- Corrosion is particularly severe when the metal member extends from below the surface of a body of water to a position above the surface so that a portion of the member is wet only intermittently by contact with the water, for example the portion above the low tide mark in tidal waters or the portion that is periodically wet by the splashing of waves.

In accordance with the present invention corrosion of a metal member under such conditions is substantially eliminated by enclosing all or a part of the member within a long sleeve of a corrosion-resistant material which is spaced annular-ly therefrom, and then filling the annular space between the member and the sleeve with a fixed body of corrosion resistant liquid-impermeable sealing material to engage the metal member and exclude corrosive fluids from contact therewith. Excellent results can be obtained by rst converting to a liquid condition a body of solid exible thermoplastic organic sealing material, such as grease or asphalt, and then pouring the liquid sealing material into the annular space to solidify there and engage the metal member.

The invention will be described more in detail below, with reference to the drawings wherein:

Figure l is a vertical sectional view, parts being in side elevation, showing a corrosion-protected metal member in accordance with the invention;

Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line 2-2 in Figure 1, illustrating one procedure for installing a protective sleeve; and

Figure 3 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view taken through a corrosion protected metal member, illustrating a modified procedure for installing a protective sleeve.

Referring to Figure l, the elongated metal member to be protected is a tubular steel pile'11 which is ernbedded in the earth or mud 13 at the bottom of a body of sea water 15 and extends vertically upwardly through the sea water past the low and high tide marks to a position above the top of the splash zone 17.

Enclosing the pile 11 in annularly spaced relation thereto is an imperforate cylindrical sleeve 19 of a mate rial having high resistance to corrosion. Suitable materials are metalloids such as dielectric plastics or resinsfor example, polyethylene, polyacrylic esters, poly zt-methylacyrlic esters, phenol formaldehyde resins, poly,

vinyl resins such as polymerized vinyl acetate, polymerized vinyl chloride, or copolymers of vinyl acetate with vinyl chloride, polystyrene resins, polytetraiiuoroethylene,4

and polyfluoro-chloro ethylene. Other usable sleeve `materials are such corrosion resistant metals as nickel alloys, and 18-8 stainless steel.

Sleeve v1.9 extends at its lower end 21 into the earth '2,874,548 Patented Feb. 24, 1959 2 Y t 13 at the bottom of the sea, and at its upper end 23 projects above the top of the splash zone so as to assure full protection of the member 11. In the space 25 between Vthe member 11 and sleeve 19 is a body of sealing material 27 which engages the member 11 and excludes the latter from contact with corrosive sea water. Among materials suitableto fill the space 25 are heavy dielectric greases and asphalts which are sufliciently solid to remain fixed securely in place within the sleeve.

The corrosion protected structuredescribed'above is readily obtained by first positioning the sleeve 19 around the member 11 with `its lower end above the water level,- introducin'g a body of packing material 29 into the annulus 25 at the lower end 21 of the sleeve to exclude water therefrom, and then feeding the sleeve down through the water until its lower end 21 is embedded in the earth 13.

Any suitable exible packing material 29 can be used Hee to seal the annulus25. One suitable material is wadded burlap, but other exible materials such as an inllated annular rubber ring also can be used. The packing 29 can be retained in position during the sleeve lowering step by providing the sleeve 19 with an outwardly flared annular section 31 at its lower end which traps the packing material and prevents it from rising within the sleeve. Sleeve 19 can be a unitary member which is slipped over the top of the pile 11 or other metal member. However, sometimes the presence of obstructions makes it impossible to slip such a unitary sleeve over the top, and in such cases the sleeve 19 is made up of two semicylindrical halves 33 and 35 which are positioned around the pile 11 and then secured together. We prefer to secure the halves 33 and 35 together by integrating the adjoining edges at 37 and 39, as by brushing them with a suitable solvent such as acetone which is then allowed to evaporate, or by welding them together with a low temperature gas llame. The latter procedure is illustrated in Figure 3 wherein the two semi-cylindrical sleeve halves 41 and 43 are provided with mating lips 45 at their abutting edges so that a ame 47 can fuse over the excess material and assure a unitary integrated construction.

After sleeve 19 has been installed, the sealing material 27 is introduced` into the annulus 25. We prefer to melt the sealing material and pour it in the liquid condition through the open sleeve top 23 into the annulus, where it cools and solidiiies in intimate engagement with the member 11. While the heat of the molten material ordinarily might be expected to damage the sleeve 19, such damage actually is prevented by the sea water which surrounds the sleeve and extracts heat therefrom so rapidly that its structural characteristics are not changed.

Sealing material also can be introduced by first dissolving it in a volatile solvent to form a pourable solution from which the solvent later is allowed to evaporate, or some types such as heavy greases may be extruded into the annulus and consolidated there under pressure. While we have illustrated the invention by showing a sleeve 19 which extends down to the bottom of the sea,

it is evident that effective protection in the zone of most serious corrosion attack can be accomplished with a similar sleeve which extends from a position slightly below the low tide mark to a position above the high tide mark, and preferably above the top of the splash zone 17 also. It is also apparent that the principles of the invention are applicable to the protection of equipment which is in continuous service under water.

Obviously many modifications and variations of the invention, as hereinbefore set forth, may be made without departing from the spirit and scope thereof, and therefore only such limitations should be imposed as are indicated in the appended claims.

- wng 3 We claim: i Y Y A 1. A method for protecting an elongated member of metal embedded in the earth at the bottom of a body of water and extending vertically upwardly to a position above the top ofthe splash zone `of said body of water, said method comprising enclosing at least a part of said member above the surface of said body of water within an annular sleeve in annular spaced relationship to said member, said sleeve being comprised of a solid synthetic plastic material and having an outwardly ared annular section at the lower end thereof, said outwardly ilared annular section and said member forming an outwardly flared annulus therebetween, introducing into said ared annulus a body of exible packing material in water tight contact with both said member and said flared section for excluding water from said flared annulus, and simultaneously maintaining said lower end above the surface of said body of water; lowering said sleeve containing said packing material in said ared annulus `into said body of water until said sleeve extends lfrom said earth to a point above the top of said splash zone; heating'and melting a body of solid organic sealing material to a hot liquid condition and pouring said body of hot liquid sealing material into the annular space remaining between said member and said sleeve whereby said body of hot liquid sealing material is indirectly cooled by said body of water in contact with said sleeve to solidify and engage said 4 member and Asaid sleeve for excluding corrosive iluids from said member.

2. A method in accordance with claim l wherein the step of enclosing at least a part of said member above the surface of said body of water within an annular sleeve in annular spaced relationship to said member is accomplished by placing a pair of semi-cylindrical sleeve members around at least a part of said member above the surface of said body of water in annular spaced relationship to said member and securing said semi-cylindrical sleeve members together in water tight contact by welding together the adjoining edges thereof.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS OTHER REFERENCES Civil Engineering, volume 12, Number 10; pages 566-r 569, October 1942.

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3137140 *Mar 23, 1960Jun 16, 1964Ludwig MullerPile structure
US3139731 *Jan 5, 1959Jul 7, 1964Liddell Orval EBand-type barrier encasement for protecting timbers against marine borer attack
US3181300 *Oct 31, 1960May 4, 1965Walter A PlummerPiling jacket and method of protecting pilings
US3188816 *Sep 17, 1962Jun 15, 1965Koch & Sons Inc HPile forming method
US3192955 *Apr 14, 1961Jul 6, 1965Phillips Petroleum CoReinforced corrosion resistant conduit
US3417569 *Jan 25, 1968Dec 24, 1968William N. LaughlinProtective coating and method
US3497990 *Nov 15, 1967Mar 3, 1970Goodyear Tire & RubberCellular antifouling covering for submerged marine objects
US3505758 *Nov 15, 1967Apr 14, 1970Goodyear Tire & RubberAntifouling covering for submerged marine objects
US3736759 *Feb 10, 1972Jun 5, 1973Schlegel Mfg CoPile covering
US4019301 *Oct 24, 1975Apr 26, 1977Fox Douglas LCorrosion-resistant encasement for structural members
US4439071 *Jan 15, 1982Mar 27, 1984Sonoco Products CompanyPiling encasement system
US4659255 *Dec 6, 1985Apr 21, 1987Nippon Steel CorporationMarine structure of precoated corrosion resistant steel pipe piles
US4743142 *Jun 10, 1986May 10, 1988Nippon Steel CorporationPolyethmene resin layer
US4876896 *Jun 16, 1986Oct 31, 1989I.W. Industries, Inc.Method of testing protective encapsulation of structural members
US4983072 *Jul 26, 1989Jan 8, 1991Bell Jr Henry AMarine
US5516236 *Jun 20, 1994May 14, 1996Winn & Coales (Denso), Ltd.Timber pile protection system
US8070390Apr 24, 2009Dec 6, 2011W. J. Castle, P.E. & Associates, P.C.Method and apparatus for repairing piles
U.S. Classification405/216, 138/149
Cooperative ClassificationE02D5/60