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Publication numberUS2874830 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 24, 1959
Filing dateJan 30, 1956
Priority dateJan 30, 1956
Publication numberUS 2874830 A, US 2874830A, US-A-2874830, US2874830 A, US2874830A
InventorsBirmingham Jr William G
Original AssigneeBirmingham Jr William G
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Packaging and mixing or processing kit
US 2874830 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 24, 1959 W. G. BIRMINGHAM, JR


A free/v5 y n d States P t-sa PACKAGING AND MIXING 0R PROCESSING KIT William G. Birmingham, Jr., Westiield, N. J. Application January 30, 1956, Serial No. 562,284

1 Claim. Cl. 206-47) This invention relatesto a kit in the form of a flexible tubular member, having means spaced longitudinally thereof for dividing the same into a series of compartments, in which a series of'diiferent elements, or component's, are adapted to be stored in'the packaging of the kit and, then, converting the kit into a single compartment in the successive mixing of the elements or com- 2,8 74,830 Patented Feb. 24, 1959 t 2 4 the preparation of or production of end products in numerous arts, particularly where it is desirable to initially package the device "with the various elements or components separated one from the other,-so as to produce 'ice the resulting end product within the environment of the ponents, preparatory to producing a resulting end product or preparation.

More particularly, the invention deals with a kit of the" character described, which may be producedin mul-' tiple, namely as a series of joined kits adapted to be :ceparated one from the other in the individual usev of a Still more. particularly, the invention deals with a kit structure of the character described, wherein meansfis provided for'removal'of air from the compartments 'of the kit for preservation of the elements or components in the separate compartments,', as well as to simplifychar-i acteristics of the kit for'packaging and handling, preparatoryto theuse thereof in producing the desired end view of one type of kit structure which Iemploy Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic sectional view of a corner. portion of a compartment of a kit, illustrating the method of extracting air from the compartment, preparatory to scaling the same.,

Fig. 3 is a face view diagrammatically illustrating a,

multiple kit assemblage of three compartment kits.

Fig. 4 is a view, similar to Fig. 1, showing an elongated kit structure, with parts of the construction broken away. Fig. 5 is a sectional detail view illustrating one method of sealing atube intermediate compartments of a kit. Fig. 6 is a view, similar to Fig. 5, showing amodification; and r Fig. 7 is a view, generally similar to Figs. 5 and6, but

in forming the desiredcoupling and seal.

A kit device of the type and kind under consideration I is adapted for use in the initial storage of a plurality of elements or components, such for example, as two or more liquids, whereinone of the liquidsmay include particles in suspension, whereby ,these liquids may be first united-and mixed and then in treating or processing the same with what might be termed alsolid in the production of a desired predetermined end product for' any particular use.

Kits of thistype andkindwill have numerous uses in 00 showing the parts in open position, preparatory to closure kit and then transfer the end product to the end use.

It is also possible, in some instances, that the elements or components might all be in a-dry state and then after mixture, the end-product of the kit couldhaveia liquid of an type or kind added thereto in the final use of the end product.

In order to illustrate one adaptation and use of my invention, I will refer to the production of repair material which can be utilized tomend, fill or otherwise repair destruction or breakdowns in articles or products of various types and kinds, as well as to repair leaks in different types and kinds'of apparatus or installations.

In providing a 'kit to produce repair materials of the kind under consideration, I employ an elongated tubular body 10, as shown diagrammatically in perspective and section and in Fig. 1 of the drawings. This tubular body can be composed of any suitable flexible'material, preferably of a transparent or translucent character and to illustrate "one of the many types and kinds of materials which can be employed a tube of polyethylene could be used. In producing a kit from a tube of this type and kind, a tube of predetermined diameterwill be employed, depending entirely upon the size of the end product to be produced.

. In forming the kit, oneend 11 of the tube is heat sealed, after which a component 12 is placed in the tube at the end 11,]the component, in this particular case, comprising a grained or powdered solid, such, for example, as powdered metal, preferably in suspension with a liquid such as a resin.

The amount of the component 12 will be measured in proportion to the other components used in the kit, after which, the tube is folded and sealed, as seen at 13 in such manner, as to remove air from the resulting compartment 14.

Another. component 15 is then placed in the tube 10, the latter being in the form of a-liquid catalyst; the tube is then sealed, as indicated at 16, similar to the seal 13, but preferably at the opposed side of the tube, thus forming the resulting compartment 17. Then another component, in the form of a resin 18, is placed in the tube, the tube again sealed, as at 19, to form a compartment 20. Then acomponent 21, in the form of a series of layers'or plys of glass fabric, is arranged in the bag and the size of the fabric component 21 will govern the size of the resulting end product to be produced. The bag is then sealed beyond the component 21, as at 22, which results in forming the component 23. In certain types of kits, the seal, as at 22, could be the end seal of the tube 10. However, in Fig. 1, I have shown a more complete kit, wherein compartments 24, 25 and 26 are formed by seals 27, 28 and a final end heat seal 29. In the compartments 24, 25 and 26 are arranged components 30, 31 and 32, respectively, the component 32, in the present instance, being in the form of a resin, the component 31 being in the form of a curing agent; whereas, the component 30 is in the form of an accelerator.

The various seals of the bag 10, as, for example at 13, 16, 19, 22, 27 and 28 can be formed by simply folding the tube 10 transversely and, then, applying U-shaped metal or plastic clips to the folded portion and, in the structure asshown in Fig. 1 of ,the drawing, the ends of these clips can be folded, as indicated at 33.

In Figs. 5 to 7, inclusive, I have illustrated other methods of forming the seals in question. For example, in

Fig; 5 of the drawing, the U-shaped clip strip 34 .is ap- :plied to the fold of the bag, after a rubber rod 35, pref- 3 erably with a wire or'other reinforcing core 36, has been arranged in the fold. With this type of construction, upon opening the seal, the rods 35, 36 can be utilized in movement over the bag in the mixing or blending of the i n 'mmrb r a narrat n he a over the fabric, s u as the 'fabric'21inthe 'prod'uctl'on of tlrefinal end'prodtrc't. I InFig. 6 "of the 'drawin'g, 34C representsja U pe'd clip, generally similar to the clip 34, but arIa'iig'e'd r'n the fold of the bag is a cord or strand '37, preferably "of flexible, compressible material. A

In Fig. 7'of the drawing, 34" representsa sealing clip, the same being shown in its open position, preparatory to effecting the seal but here, instead of a singlejfold in the tube, the tube. isfirstfolded asat 38 seamen, folded back on itself, as at '39, preparatory 'to applying the sealing clip 34". I s V I H From the foregoing, 'it will be apparent that it isfi nportant to provide a positive seal at the varions sealing junctures which divide the tube "into the separate ge partments while, at the same time, providing a seal which can be easily removed in the mixing of the various com-v ponents, preparatory to producing the resulting end product. 7 I 7 As stated, it isparticularly desirable to provide means for removing air from the compartment 23, in which the solid component, such, for"exain'ple as the fabric 21, is arranged. Accordingly, I have diagrammatically illustrated in Fig. 2 of the'drawing, a corner portion er a compartment 23', 'g ener'ally 'sim'ilar to the compartment 23 and, for the purpose of removing air, a fine tubular needle '40, such, for example, as a hypodermic needle is positioned in the compartment 23' with the tube of the kit sealed around the needle, as diagrammatically illusstrated at 41. v I,

The vacuum pump, not shown, their drawsair from the compartment 23' and, in this operation, the needle 40 is withdrawn from the compartment 23 and a final heat seal is effected at the point 42, thus maintaining'the compartment 23 in a flat and substantially airless state.

This procedure not only simplifies the packaging of the resulting kit, but 'al'so facilitates mixing and Spreading of the various components onto the fabric 21 in the production of the end product.

In using the kit, as diagrammatically illustrated in Fig. 1 of the drawing, 'the kit is extended and laid upon a suitable fiat-support; after which, the clip 13 is first removed and the component 12 is then thoroughly mixed with the component 15, it being understood that the removal of the clip 13 then forms one compartment of the combined compartments 14 and 17. Then the clip 16 is removed and the combination of components 12 and are then thoroughly mixed with the component 18 in the resulting single compartment which will be formed by the addition of the compartment 20.

The next step in the procedure can be one of two methods. First, to apply the mixed components 12, 15 and 18 to the fabric component 21 or before this procedure component 32 can first be mixed with component 31 by removing clip 28 and the combination or 32 and 31 then mixed with 30 by removal of the clip 33, after which, the clip 19 can be removed and components 12,

15 and 18, in their resulting mixture, spread over the; entire area of the fabric 21, whereupon, the mixture "of components 32, 31 and 30 can be spread over the fabric 21, thus producing the desired end product which would be in the form of a repair patch, which is applied to the article to be repaired in the following manner.

The tube 10 is cut transversely substantially along the line of the position of the clips 19 and 22 and then along the side edges of the tube, after which, one of the side surfaces of the tube is stripped from the end product, but the other side surface is retained on the end product to facilitate applying the end product to the article to be repaired by hand without having the hand coming directly in contact with the product and pressure is applied to the end product to 'firntly secure the same to the article. The gVZil'iOllS components provide, on the end product, an adhesive material, which will readily adhere to the article. In this connection, it will be understood that the particular components used will be suitable to establish the adhesion with the article to be repaired and this would var'y'in many instances. The bulk of the component 12, such for example as, the powdered metal, is simply used to form a body fill to close the interstices of the braid of the fabric, such as the glass fiber and would result informing a homogeneous mass, which, 'in many'ins'tances, can constitute a fill in metallic or other articles,

In some instances, the question of temperature is a factor, that is to say, temperature of the atmosphere or of the article as and when the repair is to be made, thus, in some instances it would benecessary to apply heat. In such cases, it would be desir'aljle to cover the ,end product patch when arranged apan the article with a sheet er metal 'foil or the like and, hen apply ,jstfitfr other heating medium "to provide the desiredfternperature in effecting aset'ting of the adhesive properties or in haracteristics of the pa ch, I v in some instances, the section defined by'the cornpartr'ner'l't 23 in the final use or the end -product car; into different siz es an d/ or shapes. In otherwords, this n jr"nay be sufiicieritly large to produce several end {are uctsfor'patchirig,repair ortheilike, o r Itf v ll. lso be ppa nt hat. kits bf t ype a d i d under'considration can he made o'f'simple or even more elaborate characteristics. However, a simple form of a kit "itch Jas diagrammatically seen "in Fig. 3 of the rim However, in this figure, a multiple kit unit is di'scl'osed formed from one large r lianieter tube 43 which s heat sealed, as at 44 and 45, to form three able fkit units 46, '47 and 48, each unit being of thesziirle construction. Therefore, the brief description of one finit, for example, the unit 46, will suffige, for

all units The unit 46 has heat sealed ends 49 and which, 'together with two clips '51 and 52, and which can be similar to the clips previously descrihedidivide the unit 46 into three compartments 53, 551511355. -Oneof the nipaftrfients, for example, the compaftment 53, will contain the .js'olid component, such for example, as the glassjfabric 21; whereas, the compartment would con tain' 'a amps 'nt, similarftothe component the CompaTtinentQSS would contain acomp onent similar to the component 15. In other words, in this simpl form pf kit, when th cli 52 is removed; csm'ponen' s bf com,- partments 54 and 55 are then thoroughly mixed, after which, the T51 is removed and these-,eomponents are spread ever, and thoroughly mingled the compon'c'nt, such, for example, as the glass fabric .in the compartment 53:. In other words, with this simple construction, thebulk Ico'mponent, such, forexample, as the component 12, isdispen'sed with and, in fact, in,rnany Oftheuses, components, such as 12, are unnecessary.

In 4 of,the drawing, I have'indicated what might be t rmed; e1 gated type of kit structure, which be,gener'ally s lar to thesimple kit 46, or further modified by the addition 'of other compartments containing additional components, diagrammatically shown in 1, Thelpng'tube 5 ,6 of Fig. '4 can be of indefinite length and separated at intervals to form or remove a kit assemblage. In this figure, 5 7 and 58 represent clips which divide the usess, into three compartments 59, 6'0 and 61', which may be the same as compartments 53g, 54 and 55. Thus, at position 62 and 63, the tube 56 could either be heat sealed or have additional vplips applied thereto in eitherpartitioning the one kit from adjacent kits, or to addadditional compartments to the three compartrnent kit, which has been described,

In all instances, a tubular body is fashioned to form the compartments being divided by removable clip means, which enables the kit to be transferred into a single compartment in the final preparation of the end product to be produced.

The foregoing illustration of one adaptation and use of the invention is given simply to portray one of the possible uses of kits of the kind under consideration and preparation of an end product, such as the repair patch is used, particularly in that patches of this type and kind have been produced in accordance with other methods, which methods have been extremely objectionable from the standpoint of inaccuracy in measuring and mixing of the proportionate amounts of the various components and in applying the same to the fabric, as well as the final end product to the article to be patched or repaired. These other known methods have been objectionable from the standpoint of the toxic properties of some of the components which have been used. In this connection, it will be apparent that, with my improved method, the mixtures and treatment are all performed within the sealed tube, which eleminates this highly objectionable feature. Furthermore, it is quite apparent that a more complete and thorough spreading of the mixed liquid, as well as the bulk, when included, is made possible within the sealed tube environment. Kits of the type and kind under consideration can be utilized in constructing any desired number of compartments in a kit, each compartment containing a different component or element and these components or elements successively fixed or blended to produce finally in the one resulting large compartment of the tube a particular end product which can be in the form of simply a homogeneous mass or incorporated with a solid of any type or kind, depending entirely upon the end product to be produced.

In referring to a homogeneous mass or mixture, this might be utilized as an end product for the production of a final resulting product. Here reference is primarily made to various mixes that might be utilized in the preparation of various types and kinds of food products.

The foregoing is briefly outlined simply to give a fair idea of the many uses to which a kit of the type and kind under consideration can be put into practical commercial use while, at the same time, providing a kit which facilitates packaging, transportation, as well as handling thereof. 7

The tube of the kit may be said to comprise a container which is divided into the separate compartments by the use of the clips and/ or heat seals of the material of the container. In this connection, it is preferred that flexible plastic materials, which can be readily heat sealed, is de sir-able to simplify and economize on the cost of production of the resulting kit or kit units.

By way of description, it may be said that my improved method consists in providing a substantially air-free sealed flexible walled chamber, which is temporarily divided by suitable sealing means into a plurality of adjacent compartments, in which are stored the different components in the normal packaging of the kit. Then, upon the use of the kit, the temporary seals are opened, the components intermingled in step by step fashion, until such time as a resulting end product is produced, which comprises an intermingling or assemblage of the several components, which end product is then disposed in the single substantially air-free sealed chamber, and the seal of this chamber is broken in removal of the end product for any predetermined end use. In carrying out this method, the steps of intermingling or combining the end products can be expedited by agitation, reciprocation or other movement of the kit, so as to eflect a more perfect mixing, blending or association of the components in efliciently producing the resulting end product.

In some methods of carrying my invention into effect, it would be desirable to produce a container which would include the single chamber with temporary seals dividing the chamber into independent compartments and the product, thus formed, distributed to the ultimate user. The user would then inject or otherwise place in the compartments the various components, sealing each compartment in a manner to render the same substantially airfree; whereupon, the package thus assembled can be shipped or distributed to the consumer who will then proceed with the combining or intermingling of the various components in producing the end product which is desired.

Having fully described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

A kit for packaging a plurality of different components, said kit comprising a flexible walled single compartment container of uniform diameter, said container having, alternately spaced on opposed sides longitudinally thereof, oppositely directed transverse folds dividing the container into a plurality of longitudinally spaced substantially flat compartments, means comprising removable clips arranged on and directly engaging and sealing said folds of the container, said clips extending the width of the container, a central compartment of the kit being materially larger than other compartments disposed at ends of said central compartment, each compartment containing a difierent component, means whereby successive removal of the clips will open the folds for communication between adjacent compartments in mixing components of said compartments and upon removal of all of the clips to open all of the folds in converting the container into a single compartment in which all of the components are mixed, said central compartment containing glass fabric, the components of the other end compartments comprising a resin, a liquid catalyst, and a powdered solid in suspension with a resin.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,526,782 Fleischer Feb. 17, 1925 1,762,689 Kohn June 10, 1930 1,980,241 Wilson et al. Nov. 13, 1934 2,069,332 Salfisber'g Feb. 2, 1937 2,601,568 Sussenbach June 24, 1952 2,601,703 Sawyer July 1, 1952 2,708,067 Paton May 10, 1955 2,714,974 Sawyer Aug. 9, 1955 2,717,661 Mayfield Sept. 13, 1955 2,756,874 Erickson et a1. July 31, 1956 2,756,875 Yochim July 31, 1956 2,803,578 Holland Aug. 20, 1957 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,035,491 France Apr. 15, 1953 1,054,170 France Oct. 7, 1953

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3082867 *Apr 10, 1961Mar 26, 1963Traffic Control IncCompartmented package and divider therefor
US3215137 *Aug 3, 1960Nov 2, 1965Kendall & CoImmobilizing bandage and method of application
US3373741 *Mar 19, 1965Mar 19, 1968Army UsaPlastic splint
US3512501 *Nov 15, 1966May 19, 1970Bamert Hans JoachimContainer with a tape-shaped material
US4402402 *Oct 14, 1981Sep 6, 1983Pike Brian RBarrier seal multiple-compartment package
US4497403 *Jun 24, 1983Feb 5, 1985Celtite, Inc.Cartridge containing multiple areas of a multi-component mix and method of making the same
US4498467 *Jan 20, 1982Feb 12, 1985H. B. KirkpatrickOrthopedic cast, device and method for forming same and package therefor
US5370221 *Aug 27, 1993Dec 6, 1994Biomet, Inc.Flexible package for bone cement components
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US5839582 *Dec 30, 1997Nov 24, 1998Strong; William P.Self vacuum storage bag
US5951160 *Nov 20, 1997Sep 14, 1999Biomet, Inc.Method and apparatus for packaging, mixing and delivering bone cement
US6695801 *Dec 14, 2001Feb 24, 2004Russ TorontoForm-in-place foam orthopedic splint system
US7204817Feb 24, 2004Apr 17, 2007Nuplyonix, L.L.C.Form-in-place foam orthopedic splint system
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US20070217971 *Apr 14, 2005Sep 20, 2007Huhtamaki Ronsberg, Zweigniederlassung Der HuhtamaContainer for a Multi-Component Reaction
US20140233868 *Feb 20, 2014Aug 21, 2014James P. KnutzonMulti-compartment bag and method of making same
EP0682621A1 *Jan 28, 1994Nov 22, 1995Biomet, Inc.Method and apparatus for packaging, mixing and delivering bone cement
WO1987001183A1 *Jul 29, 1986Feb 26, 1987Ice-Pack Service AgFlexible mould for freezing small bodies of ice
U.S. Classification206/221
International ClassificationB65D81/32
Cooperative ClassificationB65D81/3266
European ClassificationB65D81/32H1