|Publication number||US2876692 A|
|Publication date||Mar 10, 1959|
|Filing date||May 15, 1957|
|Priority date||May 15, 1957|
|Publication number||US 2876692 A, US 2876692A, US-A-2876692, US2876692 A, US2876692A|
|Inventors||Gaisman Henry J|
|Original Assignee||Gaisman Henry J|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (11), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 1o, 1959 H. J.- GNSMAN 2,876,692
SPIRITS-AGING. CONTAINER Filed May 15, 1957 INVENTOR. Mew/PY z 6W5/MN BYM United 2,876,692 y SPIRITS-AGING CONTAINER Henry J. Gaisman, Hartsdale, N. Y.
Application May 15, 1957, Serial No. 659,318
8 Claims. (Cl. 99--277.1)
The present invention relates to a container for receiving whiskey or other spirits which is largely of conventional construction but is modified in order to permit the' whiskey or other spirits to age while it is in the container.
It is well known that various types of alcoholic beverages, after they have been distilled, must be subjected to an aging operation which removes harmful or unpleasant constituents and greatly improves the potability of the beverage. The most satisfactory and widely used aging process involves bringing the liquor into contact with wood for an extended period of time. This is normally accomplished by storing the liquor in large wooden kegs or barrels for the period of time required, after which the aged liquor is put into bottles and shipped. The liquor may stand in the bottles for a long period of time before it is consumed, but no aging whatsoever takes place during this latter period because of the material of which the bottle is made.
It has long been considered desirable to permit the liquor to age while it is in the bottle, as a substitute either for all or a part of the time that it is normally stored within wooden barrels. Various expedients have been proposed to this end, but none have been successful.
It is the prime object of the present invention to devise a bottle or like container formed primarily of conventional material such as glass and which may be manufactured at low cost in accordance with conventional techniques, but in which an appreciable degree of aging of the contained liquor will ocur.
There are apparently two factors involved in the aging operation performed by Wood on liquor. One is the actual contact between the wood and the liquor. The other derives from the porosity of the wood involved, by means of which, it would appear, certain of the by-products of the chemical reaction between the wood and the liquor can escape. In acordance with the present invention, structure has been devised which takes into account both of these necessary conditions and which, in its preferred form, ensures that an effective aging action will take place no matter in what position the bottle may be stored.
To that end the body of the bottle is substantially conventional (although its neck may, if desired, be made wider than is ordinarily the case), but the body is openended both at its bottom as well as its top. Means are provided for closing these open ends, the means for at least the bottom end including a wooden element one surface of which is exposed to the interior of the bottle so as to be engaged by the liquor contents thereof and the other surface of which is bared or exposed to the atmosphere. These wooden elements may be held in place by means'of'ring-like closures removably attachable to the b'ofttl'l body, these closures being so designed as to support Athe bottle with tlieouter surface of the wooden element lifted vabove the shelf or table on which the bottle rests. Means are provided to permit free access of the yatrnt'asphere to the exposed outer surface of the `wooden 'element In thisway the requisite contact between the wooden element and the liquor contents is ensured and at the same time the porosity of the wood is rendered effective to permit the aging operation to pro` ceed.
All of the parts of the container may be made at low cost by means of conventional apparatus and their assembly presents no problems whatsoever.
To the accomplishment of the above, and to such other objects as may hereinafter appear, the present invention relates to the construction of a spirits-aging container as defined in the appended claims and as described in this specification, taken together with the accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. l is a three-quarter perspective exploded view of a preferred embodiment;
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary vertical cross sectional view of the top of the container with the appropriate parts assembled;
Fig. 3 is a View corresponding to Fig. 2 but of the bottom of the container; and
Fig. 4 is a cross sectional view taken along the line 4 4 of Fig. 3.
The spirits-aging container of the present invention is here disclosed in the form of a bottle having a body 2 formed of glass, plastic or other conventional bottle material and of any desired shape (except that its upper end may, if desired, be somewhat wider than is normal in the case of a liquor bottle, for purposes hereinafter set forth). At the top the body 2 is provided with an open end 4, as is conventional, in order that thecontents may be emptied therefrom when and to the extent desired. Screw threads 6 are provided on the exterior of the neck of the bottle and a top closing means generally designated 8 is threadedly engageable therewith. The wide bottom end 10 of the body 2 is also open, and the body is provided with screw threads 12 at that lower end with which a bottom closing means generally designated 14 is threadedly engageable.
The bottom closing means 14 is dened, in the form here specifically disclosed, by a wooden element 16 in the form of a plate or disk, and by a ring-like cap 18. The wooden element 16 is formed of any one of the known types of wood which effectively permit aging of liquor, such as charred oak, and is of a size such as to cover and close the open bottom end 10 of the glass body 2. As may be seen from Fig. 3, it is positioned directly against the lower end of the body 2, although, if desired, a suitable sealing gasket or other form of sealing material may be interposed therebetween. The wooden element 16 is retained against the lower edge of the body 2 by means of the ring-like cap 18, which is provided with an upstanding internally threaded rim flange 20 adapted to be screwed over the external threads 12 on the bottom of the body 2. Extending radially inwardly from the flange 20 is a ring-like shelf 22 having a central opening 24, so positioned' with respect to the flange 20 that as the latter is screwed onto the lower end of the body 2 the shelf 22 will engage the wooden element 16 and press it rmly against the lower end of the body 2, at the same time exposing through its opening 24 a substantial portion of the area of the lower surface of the wooden element 16. The cap 18 is further provided with a depending flange 26 terminating at its lower edge in protrusions 30 separated by openings 32, the protrusions 30 thus serving as feet when the`container is supported in upright position on a shelf or the like, the openings 32 permitting the ready passage of air over the exposed outer surface of the wooden element 16.
The top closing means 8 is essentially similar to the bottom closing means 14 as here disclosed, and comprises a wooden element 16 corresponding toy the previously described element 16 but of a size corresponding to the size of the top opening 4 of the bottle. It is held in place by means of a ringflike cap 18 which, like the cap:18,.is provided'with an internally threaded rim flange 20' engageable with the external threads 6 at the neck of the body 2, and Yis further provided .with a radially inwardly extending ring-like shelf 22 which presses the wooden element 16 against the upper edge of the body 2 and whichis provided with acentral opening 24' to expose a substantial portion of the area of the outer surface of the element 16. In order to ensure that the aging process will take place even if the bottle should be retained in inverted condition for an appreciable period of time, the cap 18 is provided with upward protrusions 36' separated byspaces 32', so that the inverted bottle will be supported in such a way that air may circulate over the exposed .outer surface of the wooden element 16.
The cap 18 at the bottom of the bottle is in a form suitable for production by die casting or a similar process. The cap 18 at the top of the bottle is formed of sheet metal, and its protrusions or legs 30 are formed integrally therewith from material which defined the top of the cap before the opening 24 was formed. It will be understood that these two specilic constructions could be interchanged, that either one could be employed both at the top and the bottom of the bottle, and that the two specifically illustrated embodiments are but exemplary of alarge number of comparable constructions which would provide for securing the wooden element i6 or i6 in place, exposing its outer surface, and raising it above the member on which the-container is supported while at the same time providing for ventilation across its exposed outer surface.
With the container in upright condition the aging wood of the element 16 will be in contact with the contents of the bottle, the porosity of the wood is rendered effective by means of the provision of ventilation across its exposed outer surface, and consequently aging will take place even though the bulk `of the bottle is formed of glass. In this regard it may be noted that the degree of aging will not be inferior to, and may well exceed, the aging which occurs Vin thelarge vats or barrels now employed for that purpose, since the ratio of wood area contacted by the liquor to the total volume of the liquor in a bottle of the type here disclosed will probably exceed the comparable ratio in the case of the large wooden barrels conventionally employed.
The end closure Yat the .bottom ofthe body 2 may be the only one with the ,aging feature, but in that event aging will not .take place when they bottle is stored in invertedcondition, since there would then be no contact between the liquor contentsand the wooden element 16. When, as is here specifically disclosed, aging closures are provided at the top as well as at the bottom of the bottle two advantageous results ensue. In the rst placeaging will continue (although perhaps to a reduced degree, depending upon the relative sizes ofthe top and bottom openings 4 and .10 respectively) even if the bottle is supported in inverted, neck-down position, as may well occur during the normal handling of a case of bottles. In the second place, if the bottles are supported in an inclined position so that the liquor lwill make simultaneous contactwith bothof the wooden elements 16 .and 16', ,aging vwill proceed more rapidly and effectively .since the area of agingwood contacted by the liquorwillbe greater thanif the vbottleis vertical. Moreover, it is .believed that the provision .of -opposed .and simultaneously active wooden elements 16 and `145 will produce a quite slow but chemicallyeleetive circulation of the liquor within the bottle, thus permitting more uniform and effective aging of the liquor contents. Making the top openings 4 somewhat larger than is customary will, of course, Aintensify the aging ettect'when the liquor contents touch the wooden-element 16.
While but a single embodiment of the present invention hasbeen here disclosed, and while buttwo embodiments of the end closure structures have been shown, it will be apparent that many variations will be made therein, all within the scope of the invention as defined in the following claims.
l. A spirits-aging container comprising an open-ended body impervious to air, andA means engageable with said body for closing said open end, said means comprising a wooden element at least a portion of the-inner surface of which is exposed to the interiorofsaid body` and at least a portion of the outer surface of which is exposed at the exterior of said-means, .and supporting members operatively connected to said body and extending away from said body beyond the outer surface of said wooden element, said supporting members having spaces therebetween, wherebysaid container may rest on saidfsupporting members and air may circulate through said spaces and over the exposed outer surface of said wooden element.
f2. 4A' spirits-aging container comprising an open-.ended body impervious to air, a wooden element seated on .and closing the open end of said body, means for securing said element to said body, said means exposing at least a portion of the outer surface of said wooden element, and supporting members operatively connected to said body and extending awayfrom -said body substantially in the direction of the length of said body beyond said wooden element, said members having spaces therebetween, whereby said container may rest on said supporting members and air may circulatethrough said spacesand over the exposed outer surface of said wooden element.
3. A spirits-aging container comprising an openended body impervious to air, a wooden elementseated on vthe outside of and closing the open end of said fbody, said body having a threaded outer surface adjacent its kopen vend, a ring threadedly received on said body outer sur- .face and engaging said wooden element to hold the latter against the open end of said body, said .ring having an openingexposing at least a portion of the outer surface of said wooden element, said ring havingrcircumferentially spaced feet extending therefrom beyond said wooden element substantially in the direction of the length of said body, whereby said `container may rest on said feet and air may circulate ,between said feet and over the exposed outer surface of said Wooden element.
4. A spirits-aging container comprising an open-ended body impervious to air, a wooden elementrseated on the outside of and closing the open end of said body, said ,body having a threaded outer Asurface adjacent its open end, a ringthreadedly received on said body outer surface and engaging saidwooden elementto holdrthe latter against theopen end `of said body, ksaid ringhaving an opening exposing, at least a portion of the `outer surface ofsaid wooden element, said ring having a 'ange extending beyond lsaid wooden element substantially in the direction of the'length of said body, .said flange having openings beyond said wooden element,-whereby said container may rest onsaid ange'an'd air may circulate through said openings and over the exposed outer surfaceof said wooden element.
5. A spirits-aging container comprising a body'impervious to air and open at both ends, and means releasably cngageable with each end of Asaid body for closing that end, each of said means comprising a wooden element at least aportion of the inner surface of`.which exposed vto the interiorof saidcbody andatleast a portion of the `outer Asurface .of which is exposedratthe 4exterior 'of the means associated therewith,lan`d supp'ortingmembersoperatively connected lto said body and extending oppositely away from said body beyond theouter sur'- Afaces of the wooden elements respectivelyeassociated therewith,` said supporting :members having spaces therethrough' beyond the respective wooden element, whereby www v said container may rest on one or the other of said supporting members and air may circulate through said spaces and over the exposed outer surface of the lowermost of said wooden elements.
6. A spirits-aging container comprising a body impervious to air and open at both ends, a pair of wooden ele ments each seated on and closing one one of the ends of said body, means for securing said wooden elements to said body, said means exposing at least a portion of the outer surfaces of said wooden elements, and supporting members operatively connected to said body and extending oppositely away from said body beyond said wooden elements substantially in the direction of the length of Said body, said members having spaces therethrough and beyond the respective wooden elements, whereby said container may rest on one of said supporting members so that air may circulate through said spaces and over the exposed outer surface of the lowermost of said wooden elements.
7. A spirits-aging container comprising a body impervious to air and open at both ends, a pair of wooden elements each seated on and closing one of the ends of said body, said body having threaded outer surfaces adjacent its open ends, rings threadedly received respectively on said body outer surfaces and engaging said wooden elements respectively to hold them against the corresponding open ends of said body, said rings each having an opening exposing at least a portion of the outer surface of the wooden element engaged thereby, said rings having sets of circumferentially spaced feet oppositely extending therefrom beyond their respective wooden elements substantially in the direction of the length of said body, whereby said container may rest on one of said sets of feet and air may circulate between said feet aud over the exposed outer surface of the corresponding wooden element.
8. A spirits-aging container comprising a body impervious to air and open at both ends, a pair of wooden elements each seated on and closing one of the ends of said body, said body having threaded outer surfaces adjacent its open ends, rings threadedly received respectively on said body outer surfaces and engaging said wooden elements respectively to hold them against the corresponding ends of said body, said rings each having an opening exposing at least a portion of the outer surface of the wooden element engaged thereby, each of said rings having a ange extending beyond said wooden element substantially in the direction of the length of said body, the iianges of said rings extending in opposite directions relative to one another, said anges having openings beyond their respective wooden elements, whereby said container may rest on one of said anges and air may circulate through said openings and over the exposed outer surface of the corresponding Wooden element.
Ring Jan. 20, 1880 Ramsay Apr. 12, 1938
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US223759 *||Mar 31, 1879||Jan 20, 1880||Gael j|
|US2114009 *||Jan 25, 1935||Apr 12, 1938||Ramsay Samuel R||Liquor aging means|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3006461 *||Dec 21, 1959||Oct 31, 1961||Fromm & Sichel Inc||Packaged bottle with rotation preventing insert member|
|US3106885 *||Feb 14, 1962||Oct 15, 1963||Kelley Irvin M||Aging vats|
|US4280864 *||Mar 17, 1980||Jul 28, 1981||Tech Industries, Inc.||Apparatus and method for lining caps|
|US4600111 *||May 13, 1985||Jul 15, 1986||Brown Mary F||Toddler cup|
|US4923088 *||Mar 11, 1988||May 8, 1990||Nihon Medi-Physics Co., Ltd.||Radiation-shielding container|
|US6536622||Jan 5, 2000||Mar 25, 2003||Robert Planet||Bottles or packs provided with pouring spout with a cap on the removable seal or top|
|US7594468||Aug 3, 2006||Sep 29, 2009||Fountainhead, Llc||Wooden spiral for flavoring wine and method of manufacturing same|
|US7866254||Feb 18, 2008||Jan 11, 2011||Riverside Rockets, Ltd.||Beverage infusion spiral and methods of making and using the same|
|DE102012107622B3 *||Aug 20, 2012||Aug 1, 2013||Josef Müller||Verschluss zum Verschließen einer Behälteröffnung und Verfahren zur Herstellung eines Verschlusselements|
|WO1997049795A1 *||Jun 26, 1997||Dec 31, 1997||Patrick Roy Mooney||Container and method for ageing whiskey|
|WO2000041936A1 *||Jan 5, 2000||Jul 20, 2000||Planet Robert||Bottles or packs provided with pouring spout with a cap on the removable seal or top|
|U.S. Classification||99/277.1, 215/394, 215/349, 215/261|
|International Classification||C12H1/22, C12H1/00, B65D1/06|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D1/06, C12H1/22|
|European Classification||B65D1/06, C12H1/22|