|Publication number||US2876928 A|
|Publication date||Mar 10, 1959|
|Filing date||Nov 25, 1953|
|Priority date||Nov 25, 1953|
|Publication number||US 2876928 A, US 2876928A, US-A-2876928, US2876928 A, US2876928A|
|Inventors||Adams Charles J, Schlenker Jr Jacob|
|Original Assignee||Northwestern Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (11), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
' "'4 Sheds-Sheet l c. J. ADAMS ETA L" SELECTIVE MERCHANDISE VENDING MACHINE WITH REPLACEABLE MAGAZINE Filed Nov. 25, 19s;
mu 1% i March 10,1959
' [MdJfdawm 1160i dwfl Mafch 10, 1959 J. ADAM AL I 2,876,928
4 Shets-Shet 2 SELECTIVE MERCHANDISE VENDING MACHINE WITH REPLACEABLE MAGAZINE Filed Nov. 25, 1953 9 MMM m %flww & i2 Mi.. w, .r@\% w W0 March 10, 1959 c. J. ADAMS ETAL SELECTIVE MERCHANDISE VENDING MACHINE WITH REPLACEABLE MAGAZINE Filed Nov. 25, 1953 4 Sheets-Sheec s 6 1 18 J16 vx 7/ jmzera 1 March 1Q, 1959 HCLJ4ADAMS E v 2,876,928
SELECTIVE MERCHANDISE YENDING MACHINE WITH REPLACEABLEMAGAZINE Filed Nov. 25, 1953.
4 Sheets- Sheet 4 .174
- jflzveze srzk 6M4 J Zia/4m 4005 SQ/rpa/j @Mga nrsn VENDING MACHINE wrrn nnrrncnasrn MAGAZENE Application November 25, 1953, Serial No. 394,262 14 Claims. (Cl. 221-122) 1his invention relates to merchandise vending machmes and more particularly to improvements in vending machines of the type disclosed in the co-pending applicatron of Alva R. Jones entitled Selective Merchandise Vending Machine, Serial Number 242,480, filed August 18, 1951, now Patent No. 2,696,324, issued December 7, 1954, and assigned to our common assignee. Specifically, this invention is directed to improvements in vending machines affording a readily separable and interchangeably replaceable merchandise storage magazine.
In the machine disclosed in the above-mentioned copendingapplication, it will be recalled that arotatable plural-columned merchandise storage magazine was prov ded as an integral part of the machine, This magazine was mounted and semi-permanently afiixed within the machine; the merchandise being dispensed from the preselected storage columns. Although such a constructron and arrangement of parts was most efr'ectivefrom a mechanical standpoint, it was found'that from a practical viewpoint there existed certain features which were objectionable to the operators or owners of the machines. Specifically, there was objection to' the inconvenience resulting from the necessity for servicing or refilling the merchandise storage columns on location.
To appreciate this objection it should be realized that the servicing of the machines on location is ordinarily performed by relatively highly paid skilled personnel; It should further be noted that dispensing machines of the type comprising the subjectmatter of this invention dispense merchandise in return for coins of smallde'- nominations, such as pennies and nickels. Consequently, the margin of profit to the operators or owners is extremely small. For this reason the time consumed in servicing the machine must be kept to an absolute mini-- mum in order to make the machine economically practical. Hence, it was found that the necessity for refilling the machine on location by highly paid skilled operators reduced the margin of profit in some casesito; the vanishing point.
Obviously such a situation could not be remedied by removing and replacing the entire machine during each servicing operation. On the other hand the provision of a machine enabling the restocking of the merchandise on an efiicient assembly line basis was the only discernable solution. Such. a method of restocking, could only be eifected in a location or plant where unskilled labor could be utilized to. perform the restocking. operation.
It is therefore an important object ofv this invention.
to provide a selective merchandise vending machine permitting the above-mentioned method of restocking. An object relating thereto is to afford a vending machine having a readily removable merchandise magazine which;
may be replaced during each servicing operation- COD.
sequently, the magazines may be serviced and restocked.
by unskilled labor working under assembly line condia to; andsubstituted for, the depleted magazines. in, the machines on location.
Referring once more to the aforementioned co-pending patent application, it will be recalled that in order to effect ejectionof the article of merchandise to be dispensed from the storage column of' the magazine, it was necessary that the merchandise in the column be directly exposed to at least certain parts of the ejecting mechanism. The ejecting mechanism was positioned in, and an integral part of, the machine itself. Obviously then in order to provide a separable magazine which would retain therein the undispensed portion of' the merchandise, it became necessary'to redesign not only portions of the original magazine construction but also certain features of the dispensing mechanism.
It is therefore another important object of this invention to provide a dispensing mechanism of a design capable of effecting positive ejection from a separable merchandise storage magazine.
A further object is to afford a separable plural-col,- umned magazine having means for supporting and, retaining therein the merchandise contents even when the magazine is'removed from the machine.
Yet another object is to provide cooperating means in the machine and in the magazine for expediting; and
, simplifying theassembly in operational position of the tions at acentrallocation or plant and then transportedreplaced magazine with the machine.
Yet a further object is to afford areplaceable merchandise magazine of simplified construction in which heretofore essential parts may be entirely eliminated.
Still another object is to provide a replaceable merchandise magazine in which the primary ejecting elements: are directly: associated therewith insuring more positive dispensing action. An object relating thereto is to afford such a construction whereby the ejecting mechanism may be tested as a part of the magazine, thereby eliminating the necessity for pre-assembling the magazine with the machine in order to test the same.
Still a further object is to provide simple but effective means for removing the magazine from the machine; said" means also functioning as a carrying handle for the magazine.
Another object is to afford auxiliary means in the machine whereby even that portion of the merchandise not directly exposed to open view may be viewed byv the prospective purchaser.
Finally another object is to provide a selective merchandise vending machine with a replaceable magazine, the manufacture and assembly of which is considerably simplified by such construction resulting in substantial economies in the cost of the machine.
With the foregoing and other objects in view which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention consists of certain novel features of construction, arrangement and a combination of parts hereinafter fully. described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and particularly pointed out in the appended claims, it being understood that various changes in the form, proportion, size and minor details of the structure may be made without departing from the spirit or sacrificingany of the.- advantages of the invention.
For the purpose of facilitating an understanding of our invention, we have illustrated in the accompanying drawings a preferred embodiment thereof, from an inspection: of which, when considered in connection with the following description, our invention, its mode of construction, assembly and operation, and many of' itsadvantages. should be readily understood and appreciated.
' Referring to the drawings in which the same characters of reference are employed to indicate corresponding or similar parts throughout the several figures of the? drawings: I
Fig. l is a side elevational view of our selective meraway to reveal in section certain constructional details of the invention;
Fig. 2 is a view in perspective of the pedestal member ofthe invention together with a lower portion of the magazine member and with a portion of the magazine housing broken away to reveal certain details of the ,Fig. 3 is a sectional view in elevation of the mounting plate member of the machine and of the lower portion of the magazine immediately prior to its assembly in the machine; 7 I Fig. 4 is a fragmentary bottom plan view of the magazine taken on the plane of line,44 in Fig. 3 of .the .drawings and viewed in the directionjndicated;
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary top plan view of the mounting plate member as taken on the plane of line 5-5 in Fig. 3 of the drawings and viewed in the direction indicated;
Fig. 6 is a longitudinal sectional view illustrating in enlarged detail some of the featuresof construction of the mounting plate and ejecting mechanism revealed in Fig. l of the drawings;
Fig. 7 is a fragmentary sectional view illustrating certain details of construction and the manner in which some of the parts cooperate in the operation of the machine;
Fig. 8 is an enlarged fragmentary top plan view of the magazine illustrating certain constructional details;
. Fig. 9. is a sectional view taken on the plane of line 9y9 in Fig. l of. the drawings and viewed in the direction indicated; and g a Fig. 10 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on the plane of line 10- -10 in Fig. 8 of the drawings and illustrating certain details of construction of the-magazine.
Referring now to the several figures of the drawings, reference numeral 12 indicates generally the vending machine embodying the principles of our invention. The machine 12 comprises a number of separable housing members including a pedestal base designated generally by reference numeral 14 and comprising a three-sided closed-bottom case with substantially vertical walls 16, 18, and closed by a door assembly 22. The door assembly 22 is pivotally connected by means of a hinge 24 positioned at the top of a short bottom wall 26. To the front of the door 22 may be affixed an actuating knob 28, a coin slot 30, a merchandise chute delivery opening 32, and a locking mechanism 34. The door is further formed with a depressed central area 36 within which is positioned an inclined opening 38 which may be closed by a'transparent member or window 40. The function of this window will be disclosed as the description proceeds.
Directing attention now to Fig. 2 of the drawings, it will be noted that within the pedestal case 14 may be afiixed a mounting plate 42 positioned in a horizontal plane and spaced below the top edges of the casing wall as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawings. The mounting plate 42 may be removably mounted within the case 14 by any conventional method such as the plurality of L-shaped brackets 44 affixed to the inside of the pedestal walls and affording horizontal legs such as 46. The horizontal legs support the mounting plate 42' and may be removably affixed thereto as by bolts 48.
The plate 42 itself may be formed with a pair of protruding concentric ridges 50 and 52 and with a central aperture 54.
. Within the central aperture 54 may be positioned and affixed at bayonet-pointed magazine pivot post 56, the function of which will become apparent as the description unfolds. This post may be permanently afiixed within the aperture 54 by any suitable means but as disclosed in Figs. 1, 3, and 6 of the drawings, it is affixed by means of a rivet 58. p
Spaced equidistantly about the central pivot pin 56 .4 may be a plurality of pointed locating pins such as 60 which in the embodiment chosen for illustration, as in Fig. 3 of the drawings, are three in number. The function of these locating pins will also become apparent as the description proceeds.
Completing the description of the mounting plate 42, it will be noted in Figs. 5 and 9 of the drawings that the plate may be further formed with an off-set slightly depressed front portion 62 affording a recessed, guide plate for an ejector plate 64 which will be subsequently described. The olf-set recessed plate 62 may be formed with an elongated longitudinal slot 66 formed centrally therein at the bottom of an encircling depression 68, said depression terminating in a horizontal flange 70 likewise encircling the central slot 66. It will be noted that the leading edge 72 of the guide plate 62 extends somewhat beyond the leading edge of the mounting plate itself and it will further be noted that at the rear of the guide plate 62, a portion of the plate is cut out as at 74 to afford a central arcuate detent '76. Again the function of these constructional features will become apparent as the description proceeds.
Although in the embodiment chosen for illustration, the guide plate 62 has been described as integrally formed by offset stamping from the plate 42. it should be apparent that an equivalent structure could be afforded by cutting out a suitable portion and welding within said cutout a separate guide plate.
Slidably mounted within the slot 66 is an ejector operating pin 78. This pin v78 may be formed with an upwardly protruding pointed shaft 80 of reduced cross-section and a washer-like flange portion 82 adapted to rest on the marginalflange 70. Below the flange 82 the pin maybe formed with an enlar ed cross-sectional shaft portion 84 terminating in a head 86. Once more the function and operation of this eiector operating pin 78 must await the subsequent descri tion of other parts of the machine.
The ejector actuating mechanism utilized in this machine is similar to the ejector actuating mechanism which has been described in some detail in the aforementioned co-pending patent application. This mechanism designated generally by reference numeral 88 is adapted to be controlled by a coin mechanism (not shown) as actuated by the knob 28. The knob 28 is mounted on the outer end of a shaft 90 journaled through the door 22, the inner end of which is provided with a cross-pin 92 adapted to cooperate with a bifurcated yoke 94 rigidly mounted on the outer end of the cam shaft 96. Thus the two shafts 90,and 96 are readily operationally joined together by merely closing the door so that the bayonet points of the pin 92 are seated in the bifurcations of the yoke 94. The shaft 96 may be rotatably supported by a pair of depending arms 97 and 99 of a mounting bracket 101. To assist in aligning the yoke in proper position preparatory to engaging the pin 92, a flange member 98 may be provided on the yoke 94.
The rotative movement imparted to the shaft 96 by the actuating knob 28 is transmitted to the ejector slide plate 64 by means of a wobble-plate cam 100 suitably mounted on, and affixed to, the shaft 96. The wobble-plate cam 100 is positioned beneath an operating lever 102 pivotally mounted at one end, as at 103, below the mounting plate 42. The other end is free but bifurcated to afford a pair of arms separated by a slot 104 within which may he slidably positioned the shaft portion 84 of the ejector operating pin 78. Suitable washers such as 106 may be interposed about the shaft 84 above and below the operating lever 102 if desired.
The lever 102 is actuated by the cam 100 by means of captured motion of the marginal edge of the cam as it bears against one or the other of a pair of depending pins 108. and 110 spaced apart a distance to accommodate therebetween the marginal edge of the wobble-plate cam 100 as it is rotated therebetween. As was disclosed in the aforementioned co-pending Patent application, as the same back and forth within the slot 66. This motion iscommunicated to the ejector slide plate 64 when the pointed upwardly protruding shaft portion of the operating pin 78 is seated within a complementary opening 112.
formed in the ejector plate 64. This plate may be sub stantially rectangular in shape and is slidably mounted within a cutout portion 114 of a drum plate 116 which in turn is pivotally mounted as at 118 beneath a merchandise magazine indicated generally by reference numeral 129. Both the drum plate 116 and the magazine 12%? will be subsequently described in detail.
Returning now to the description of the ejector slide plate 64, it willbe noted in Fig. 4 of the drawings that the same may be provided with a transverse reinforcing plate 122 afiixed to the bottom of the ejector plate 64 and having the opening 112 formed therethrough. The rear portion of both the plate 64 and the reinforcing plate 122 may be formed with a rearwardly protruding convex segment 124 adapted to being seated in the central arcuate detent 76 of the mounting plate 42 when the same is reciprocated to its most rearward position. An upstanding pin such as 126 may be utilized to limit the movement of the ejector slide plate 64. The side edges of the plate 64 may be formed with a plurality of tongues such as 128 which are adapted to being slidably positioned below the depressed marginal edges 1313 Thus the tongues 128 cooperate with the marginal edges 132 of the ejector slide 64 positioned above the marginal edges'lStl of the cutout 116, to retain in sliding relationship the ejector slide plate within the cutout portion 114.
The ejector slide plate 64 is further formed with a transverse slot 134 positioned medially therein. This slot 134 may be formed with its leading edge 136 in a straight plane and with its trailing edge 138 arcuately curved as shown in Fig. 4 of the drawings. The portions of the ejector plate 64 adjacent the ends of the slot may be stamped and bent downwardly in inclined planes as at 140 and 142 thereby providing bevelled or inclined surfaces communicating between the top surface of the ejector plate 64 and the slot 134. The function of the slot and the inclined end surfaces will be revealed in subsequent description. Although a specific type of ejector mechanism has here been described, it should be obvious that other types of such mechanisms may be substituted therefor including the usual rotating type, without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
Directing attention now to an important member of the machine, the magazine 120 is of the same general construction as the magazine disclosed in the above-menti'oned co-pending patent application but modified in several respects for the purpose of making the same separable from the machine. Essentially, the magazine comprises a drum formed with a central cylinder 144 within which suitable bushings such as 146 and 148 are provided respectively at the bottom and top thereof for the purpose of receiving the bottom magazine pivot post 56 and a similar pointed top pivot post 150 carried by the cover member 152 of the machine. To the top of the cylinder 144- may be suitably afiixed a top closure memher 154. To the bottom of the cylinder 144 may be suitably aflixed a similar bottom closure member 156.
Both the top and bottom 156 are formed with a plurality of depending or upstanding flanges such as 158 and 160 respectively, to each pair or" which may be attached a merchandise storage column member such as 162. Screws or 164 may be used as a means for removably aflixing these columns to the flanges 158 and 160 to form the drum.-
of the cutout'portion 114.
portion 114 of the drum plate closure members 15'4 and.
bolts such as shaped magazine illustrated in the drawings. These columns, as in the previously described coo-pending patent application, are rectangular in cross-section as. defined by a back wall 166, side members such as 168, and into.- grally formed narrow front wall segments such as 170. The front wall segments 170 are separated by a space 172 affording frontal access to the merchandise chamber 163 within which the articles of merchandise M may be stored.
As in the aforementioned co-pending application, the side walls 168 of the merchandise columns may be formed with vertically aligned rows, of annular openings such as 174 designed to accommodate therein an angular edge 176 of a locking member 178 which in turn is affixed to a self-locking follow-up weight 189. The weight 136 is formed with a stamped and bent downwardly to afford a detent on depending finger 182. This depending finger 182- is adapted to cooperate with the ejector plate slot 134 for the purpose of locking the same against reciprocation when the merchandise M has been exhausted in the column selected for dispensing. The inclined end portions 146 and 142 permit the detent to ride up and out of the slots When the magazine is rotated. Thus, although the dispensing of the merchandise is prevented when an empty column has been selected, the selection of another column is not prevented by this construction.
To the bottom of the bottom closure member 156v may be atfixed as by riveting or welding a spider structure 184 similar to that disclosed in the aforementioned. co-pending patent application and serving the same func tion in the selection of the merchandise column from which the merchandise is. to be dispensed.
As was stated in the objects of this application, in orderto achieve the primary objective. of making the magazine separable from the vending machine, it is necessary'to provide some means for retaining the merchandise within the columns of the magazine when. the magazine is removed from the machine, that is to prevent the merchandise from falling out of the open bottom of the columns. tial that there be direct communication. between the ejecting mechanism and themerchandise at the bottom of the. column. To achieve this, a novel structure comprising the rotatable drum plate 116 has been devised.
The aforementioned drum plate 116 is circular in. shape and is of a diameter at least as great as the diameter of the magazine as measured from the outer front walls 176 of the magazine columns. Thus, the drum plate serves as a bottom closure for the merchandise. columns 162 of. the magazine. Since the drum plate 116 is afiixed to the bottom of the magazine and forms an integral part thereof, the bottom of the columns are closed thereby at all times but with one significant exception. This exception is the front cutout portion 114 within which is mounted the ejector slide plate 64. By virtue of the fact that the magazine is rotatable withrespect to the drum plate 116, this opening or cutout portion 114 may be rotated selectively to position the same beneath any one of the columns 162 as desired.
In selecting the column, the magazine 120 is rotated with respect to the drum plate by means of the selector cover 152. Hence, it should be obvious that in associating the magazine with the machine, means must be provided to locate and lock the drum plate in a non-rotatable position and with the ejector slide plate 64 associated with the ejector actuating mechanism 88. For this purpose the drum plate may be formed with a plurality of annular openings such as 186 positioned for seating therein the locating pins 60 provided in the mounting plate 42. When so seated, it will be apparent that the drum plate 116 is locked in immovable position sothat only the drum may be rotated about its pivot points 56 and 150.
It. will. be noted that when the drum plate is so locked central bottom portion.
On the other hand it is also essenin position, the ejector slide plate 64 is positioned at the front of the magazine within the space atforded by the depressed guide plate 62. To operationally connect the ejector plate with the actuating mechanism, all that need be done is to seat the ejector operating pin 78 Within the complementary opening 112 formed through the ejecting plate 64 and the reinforcing plate 122. Conversely to break the connection all that is required is the mere raising of the magazine.
For the purpose of more readily enabling the raising of the magazine, a handle 188 may be provided positioned at the top of the magazine. This handle 188 may be formed of a lengthof wire bent in suitable shape to enable the handle to be folded down for resting on the top closure member 154 when not in use. It may be affixed to the top closure member in movable relationship by means of diametrically opposed openings such as 190 and 192 formed in the top plate 154. Through these openings the ends of the bail or handle 188 may be inserted and bent first horizontally as at 194 in a plane at right angles to that of the upright portion 196 of the handle and then outwardly in a horizontal plane as shown at 198. The diameter of theopenings 190 and 192 being considerably greater than that of the wire of the handle 188, the handle is readily maneuvered so that the bend 194 clears the rim of the opening 190 and 192 permitting the same to be folded down upon the top closure member 154 of the magazine.
When it is desired to remove the magazine from the machine, the handle is swung upwardly to its operational position affording means by which the magazine may be lifted out of engagement with the lower pivot point 56, the positioning pins 60, and the ejector operating pin 78. Thereafter the handle may serve as means for carrying or transporting the magazine.
In Fig. 1 and 2 there is illustrated a magazine housing 200 enclosing the magazine 120. This housing may be transparent as disclosed in the above-mentioned copending application and is provided at the bottom thereof with an adaptor ring 202 designed to join the magazine housing 200 to the pedestal housing 14. Since this adaptor housing 202 is non-transparent, as is the pedestal housing 14, it is apparent, as will be noted in Fig. 1 of the drawings, that the lower portion of the columns of merchandise in the magazine are hidden from the view of the customer. Thus, in many cases, the purchaser is under the impression that those columns in which the merchandise has been depleted to a point where the top of the stack of merchandise is below the adaptor ring 202, are empty, and hence no attempt is made to select those columns for dispensing. To remedy the situation, the window structure previously described, including the transparent member 40, has been provided in the door 22. Thus, the lower portion of the magazine columns may be viewed through this window 40, the window pane itself being retained within a framework such as 204 as shown in Fig. l of the drawings.
With the exception of the separable magazine feature of the machine, the assembly and loading of the machine is so similar to the same operations as disclosed in the aforementioned co-pending application that a description of these operations need not be repeated here. So also the operation of the machine itself for dispensing purposes has been adequately described in the aforementioned co-pending application. In view thereof it would be repetitious to describe the operations in detail. Suffice it, then, merely to describe generally the operation in which, after the machine has been assembled in accordance with the method described hereinabove, the select ing cover 152 is grasped by the purchaser and rotated until the desired column is aligned over the ejector slide plate 64. The coin is then inserted and the actuating knob 28 rotated. This sets in motion the ejecting actuating mechanism 88 including the wobble-plate cam 100 which in turn actuates the lever 102 resulting in the reciprocation of the ejector slide plate 64.
As the ejector slide plate is moved back behind the mer chandise M in the column, the lowest article of merchandise drops down into the vacated area on the recessed plate 62 and in front of the leading edge of the ejector slide plate. Continued turning of the knob results in completion of the reciprocating movement of the ejector slide plate and the consequent forward movement of said plate. The lowermost article of merchandise is thereby pushed forward, as shown in Fig. 4 of the drawings, into the merchandise delivery chute and until it slides down and is delivered through the delivery opening 32 in the front door, 22.
From the foregoing description it should be apparent that we have provided a selective merchandise vending machine in which a separable merchandise magazine is att'orded. This separable feature enables the machine to be serviced by restocking in a most economical and.
efficient manner, namely on an assembly line basis in a central enclosure rather than manually and individually at each machine location. We have further so designed the machine that operational connection between the actuating mechanisms of the machine and the magazine may be made and broken'without any but the simplest of assemblying operations; the assembly operation consisting merely of aligning cooperating members of the magazine with corresponding members in the machine and then lowering the magazine into position. Conversely, disassembly of the magazine from the machine is accomplished by merely lifting the magazine out of the machine. We have further provided means for viewing the lower portion of the magazine which hitherto was hidden from view in the machine comprising the subject matter of the pre viously mentioned co pending application. Finally we have provided novel handle means for readily lifting the magazine from the machine, said means also serving as carrying or transporting means.
It is believed that our invention, its mode of construction and assembly, and many of its advantages should be readily understood from the foregoing without further description, and it should also be manifest that While a preferred embodiment of the invention has been shown and described for illustrative purposes, the structural details are nevertheless capable of wide variation within the purview of our invention as defined in the appended claims.
What we claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:
1. In a selective merchandise vending machine comprising a pedestal, a mounting plate positioned in said pedestal, and a removable merchandise storage magazine having a plurality of columns rotatably supported on said mounting plate; a drum plate rotatably secured to said magazine for normally closing the bottom openings of said columns, ejecting'means positioned on said drum plate, actuating means mounted on said pedestal, means for readily positioning said drum plate on said mounting plate in operational position and means for readily connecting said actuating means with said ejecting means upon the mere locating and lowering of the drum plate into operational position on said mounting plate, said mounting plate having means for locking said drum plate in non-rotatable relationship therewith, and said ejecting means enabling merchandise to be dispensed from any pre-selected column of said magazine upon rotation of said magazine to locate said column thereover.
2. The selective merchandise vending machine of claim 1 in which said ejecting means comprises an ejector slide plate mounted on said drum-plate, said ejector slide plate being reciprocable in a radius path of said drum plate.
3. The selective merchandise vending machine of claim 2 in which said third mentioned means comprises a central pivot pin positioned on said mounting plate and adapted to cooperate with a pivot-bearing member in said merchandise magazine, said fifth mentioned means comprises a plurality of locating pins mounted on said mounting plate and adapted to cooperate with complementary openings formed in said drum plate, and said fourth mentioned means comprises an ejector operating pin mounted on a movable arm of said actuating means, said ejector slide plate formed with an opening and said opening adapted to accommodate therein the free end of said ejector operating pin whereby said ejecting means is operatively connected to the actuating means.
4. The vending machine of claim 2 in which said drum plate is formed with a radially extending cut-out portion and said ejector plate is slidably mounted within said cut-out portion.
5. The vending machine of claim 4 in which said mounting plate is horizontally positioned in said pedestal, said third mentioned means comprising a central upwardly protruding pivot pin positioned on said mounting plate and said fifth mentioned means comprising a plurality of locating pins positioned medially in spaced relationship about said pivot pin, said pins cooperating with complementary openings formed in said drum plate to locate and operationally connect the magazine to the machine.
6. The vending machine of claim 5 in which a transparent magazine housing is mounted on said pedestal, said pedestal having a front door closure member, said door having a window mounted in an inclined plane so that the lower portion of the magazine positioned within the pedestal may be viewed therethrough.
7. The vending machine of claim 5 in which said fourth mentioned means comprises said mounting plate formed with an off-set radially extending ejector-plate recess and guide portion, said recess and guide portion formed with an elongated central slot and an ejectoroperating-pin slidably mounted within said slot.
8. The vending machine of claim 7 in which said ejector plate is formed with an opening therethrough adapted to receive the upwardly protruding shaft of said ejector-operating-pin to operationally connect said ejector plate to said actuating means.
9. The vending machine of claim 1 in which a lifting and carrying handle is afiixed to the top of said magazine, said handle movable about a horizontal axis in an arc of substantially ninety degrees from the plane of the top of said magazine.
10. The vending machine of claim 2 in which said fourth mentioned means comprises an upstanding ejectoroperating-pin slidably mounted in said mounting plate and said ejector plate formed with an opening within which said ejector-operating-pin may be removably seated, said ejector-operating-pin being operationally connected to the actuating means.
11. The vending machine of claim 2 in which said mounting plate is formed with a plurality of spaced concentric ridges, said third mentioned means comprising a central upwardly-protruding pointed pivot pin and said fifth means comprises a plurality of upwardly-protruding locating pins positioned medially and in spaced relationship about said central pivot pin, said ejector plate slidably mounted in said drum plate pivotally mounted below said magazine, said drum plate having a central pivot bushing and a plurality of complementary openings for seating said locating pins therein.
12. In a separable plural-columned magazine for selective merchandise vending machines of the character described; a central cylinder having top and bottom closure members affixed thereto, the marginal edges of said cl0- sure members flanged downwardly and upwardly respec tively, a plurality of rectangular-shaped open-front merchandise storage columns affixed to aligned top and bottom pairs of said closure member flanges surrounding said cylinder; pivot bushings provided centrally in said top and bottom closure members, a drum plate pivotally mounted below said bottom closure member, a radial portion of said drum plate cutout with depressed marginal edges formed on both sides of said cutout portion, an ejectorslide-plate mounted in reciprocable relationship in said cutout portion, said slide plate having a transverse slot with inclined end surfaces formed therein, said slide plate further formed with an ejector-operating-pin aperture therein, said top closure member formed with a pair of diametrically opposed openings therein, and a wire handle mounted with its bent ends inserted one in each of said openings and retained therein by means of said bent ends, said handle movable from an upright position to a horizontal position.
13. In a selective merchandise vending machine of the character described including a pedestal closed by a front door and having a separable rotatable magazine with a drum plate rotatably affixed to the bottom thereof positioned therein; a mounting plate mounted in a horizontal plane in the pedestal and spaced from the top thereof, said mounting plate formed with a pair of spaced concentric ridges, a pointed pivot pin centrally mounted in said mounting plate, three pointed locating pins mounted medially in spaced relationship one with the other in said mounting plate, said mounting plate formed with a front radial off-set depressed portion, said off-set depressed portion formed with a central radial elongated slot defined by a further depressed horizontal marginal flange and a pointed ejector-operating-pin slidably mounted in said slot, said locating pins adapted to cooperate with three openings in said drum plate for locking said drum plate in non-rotatable position, said ejector-operating-pin adapted to cooperate with ejecting means positioned on said drum plate, and said pivot pin affording a pivot point so that said magazine is readily rotatable.
14. In a selective merchandise vending machine of the character described; the sub-combination of a mounting plate having locating pins protruding upwardly therefrom, an ejector-operating-pin slidably mounted in said plate and reciprocable in a radial path, and a self-contained merchandise magazine removably and rotatably mounted on said mounting plate, said magazine comprising a drum with a plurality of vertical merchandise storage columns removably aflixed about the circumference of said drum, a drum plate rotatably afiixed to the bottom of said drum, said drum plate formed with complementary openings for seating therein said locating pins, and an ejector-slideplate mounted in said drum plate, said ejector-slide-plate reciprocable in a radial path by means of said ejectoroperating-pin References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,697,510 Morin Jan. 1, 1929 1,925,677 Richardson Sept. 5, 1933 1,975,540 Folger Oct. 2, 1934 2,635,938 Whitney et a1 Apr. 21, 1953 2,638,395 Smith May 12, 1953
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1697510 *||May 14, 1927||Jan 1, 1929||Doehler Die Casting Co||Vending machine|
|US1925677 *||May 4, 1931||Sep 5, 1933||Advance Machine Co||Vending machine|
|US1975540 *||Oct 3, 1930||Oct 2, 1934||H C Folger Company||Vending and dispensing apparatus|
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|US2638395 *||Nov 12, 1947||May 12, 1953||Smithco Inc||Refrigerated dispenser|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3260406 *||Sep 30, 1964||Jul 12, 1966||Ezzell Louie M||Vending machine|
|US3868044 *||Nov 29, 1972||Feb 25, 1975||Glory Kogyo Kk||Sheet-holding device in sheet-dispensing machine|
|US4109825 *||Dec 8, 1976||Aug 29, 1978||Weitzman Barry Sheldon||Rotatable compartmentalized vending apparatus|
|US5067630 *||Nov 29, 1988||Nov 26, 1991||G. T. Norton, Inc.||Vending machine|
|US6811053 *||Oct 30, 2002||Nov 2, 2004||Beaver Machine Corporation||Apparatus for dispensing flat articles|
|US7182219 *||Oct 10, 2003||Feb 27, 2007||Kil Jae Chang||Vending machine for dispensing items in small packages|
|US8651321 *||May 23, 2011||Feb 18, 2014||Sweet N Fun, Ltd.||Gumball machine with lights and sound|
|US20030173375 *||Oct 30, 2002||Sep 18, 2003||Schwarzli Josef W.||Apparatus for dispensing flat articles|
|US20050077311 *||Oct 10, 2003||Apr 14, 2005||Chang Kil Jae||Vending machine for dispensing items in small packages|
|US20050095158 *||Sep 7, 2004||May 5, 2005||The Coca-Cola Company||Coffee and tea dispenser with removable pod turret wheel|
|US20120298685 *||May 23, 2011||Nov 29, 2012||Hoi Wai Fu||Gumball machine with lights and sound|
|U.S. Classification||221/122, 221/197, 221/155, D20/4, 221/20, 221/98|
|International Classification||G07F11/46, G07F11/54|