US 2880424 A
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R. KALENSKY April 7, 1959 TURBAN 2 Shets-Sheet 1 Filed July 15, 1954 R. KALENSKY April 7, 1959 TURBAN 2 Sheets-Shet 2 Filed July 13, 1954 v Q I United States Patet TURBA'N Ruby Kalensky, Lake Zurich, Ill.
Application July 13, 1954, Serial No. 443,094
3 Claims. (Cl. 2-198) My invention belongs to the class of devices known as headpieces, and relates more particularly to a form of turban having a crown or circlet which may be suitably ornamented, and also including panel members in the form of streamers or scarves, which may be tied into a suitable ornamental bow, to enclose the hair of the wearer, and is an improvement over the form of turban as disclosed and claimed in my co-pending application, Serial No. 170,502, filed June 27, 1950, now U.S. Patent No. 2,709,261, granted May 31, 1955.
The invention has among its objects the production of a new, novel, and attractive headpiece for womens use for street wear, at bathing beaches to confine the hair of the wearer, after coming from the hairdresser, and also for sleeping which will more or less confine the hair of the wearer.
A further object is the production of a headpiece or turban constructed with a band which is formed to stand upright forming a crown or circlet which may be suitably ornamented, and in which the band and panels may be fabricated from materials, such as taffeta, silk, corduroy, jersey, cotton, velveteen, and other fabrics, such as nylon, Orlon, and Dacron, also other fabrics including certain plastics, all of which may be had with various ornamental designs and in all colors to further provide an ornamental turban.
It is also another object of the invention to provide a band which will hold its shape upon the top of the wearers head and to which fancy ornaments may be applied in the form of decorations, such as beads, pearls, embroidery, rhinestones, sequins, furs of any kind, as suitable ornamentation, or it may be worn plain.
Still another object is the production of a headpiece or turban of the kind described in which the panels or scraves may be of different fabrics, and the fabric forming the band and the panels or scarves may be arranged and tied or fastened in numerous ways to produce different artistic effects on the head of the wearer, and which turban or headpiece will be comfortable when worn on the street or other places or when used as a night covering for the head.
Many other objects and advantages of the construction herein shown and described will be obvious to those skilled in the art from the disclosure herein given.
To this end my invention consists in the novel construction, arrangement, and combination of parts herein shown and described, and more particularly pointed out in the claims.
In the drawings, wherein like reference characters indicate like or corresponding parts:
Fig. 1 is a front view of a wearer with the scarves or panels hanging loose when first applying the headpiece in position on the wearers head;
Fig. 2 is a rear view of the wearer illustrating the hooking of the band for adjusting to the correct size with respect to the wearers head;
Fig. 3 illustrates another step in applying the turban by tying a butterfly type of bow at the nape of the wearers neck and adjusting the position of the body to produce an artistic effect pleasing to the wearer;
Fig. 4 illustrates another arrangement of the turban with the bow arranged in another artistic effect;
Fig. 5 illustrates a front view of the turban with the bow arranged as illustrated in Fig. 3, and illustrating the arrangement of the panels covering the ears of the wearer and the hair alongside the head of the wearer;
Fig. 6 illustrates the turban in its unfolded position as viewed by the wearer prior to applying it in position, and illustrates the adjustments for the band and the reinforcement therefor;
Fig. 7 illustrates the end of the band as viewed from the front of the turban and the folds therefor prior to forming the mitered corner and stitching the end of the band in place to the upper edge of the panel for reinforcing the band;
Fig. 8 is a sectional view taken along line 88 of Fig. 6 looking in the direction of the arrow of the cufflike portion of the band, illustrating the hooks in position and the mitered fold at the end of the band to reinforce the band;
Fig. 9 is a sectional view taken along line 90 of Fig. 6, illustrating the reinforced end portion of the band to' permit the band to stand substantially upright on the wearers head; and
Fig. 10 is an enlarged view, taken along line 10-10, looking in the direction of the arrows, illustrating the band formed as a cuff.
Referring to the drawings, there is illustrated a turban 10 having a band or circlet 11 formed of pliable fabric together with scarves or panels 12 providing divided panel means also fabricated either from the same material as the band or from other suitable fabric material, so that when the turban or headpiece is placed on the head of the wearer it will confine the hair and also be retained in place to form the ornamental headpiece as illustrated in Figs. 3, 4, and 5, after being placed in position as will be described later with reference to Figs. 1 through 5.
While the band which forms the crown or circlet and panels may be made of any suitable material, it is preferable to use fabric which may be of plain colors or of fabric suitably ornamented in any manner, and of fabrics which are readily obtainable to provide an attractive and ornamental headpiece. It is also within the scope of the invention that the material forming the headpiece may be made of suitable plastic material or rubberized material which will shed rain or water to provide an attractive headpiece to be worn at the beach, or as an attractive headpiece to shed rain or to prevent damage to the wearers coiffure.
Referring to Figs. 1, 2, and 5 through 10, the preferred method of fabricating the headpiece will be described. The material forming the band 11 is preferably formed from two pieces of fabric six inches wide and fifteen inches long, which are formed into a single piece thirty inches long, with a seam 13 at the center of the band, and which provides a front reinforcement for the band in order that it stands erect when place don the head of the wearer. In forming the band, it is preferred to turn in the longitudinal edges and this may be done by running a seam, if necessary, to provide a neat edge. The panels 12 are preferably formed of material eleven inches wide and sixteen inches long and are, likewise, suitably formed with a French seam 14 about the peripheral edges to form a neat appearing panel or scarf portion. The completed panels are then assembled to the open edges of the band and stitched in position to form a longitudinally extending seam 15 between the contiguous upper edges of the panels and the free longitudinal edges of the band 11. When stitched in this manner, referring to Fig. 6, the inner edges 16 of each of the panels 12 are free to be divided across .the. front of the wearers face as shown in Fig. l. Theseams 14 are so stitched that the foldedover portions of the seams 14 are facing the wearer as the headpiece is applied and as illustrated in Fig. 6. When assembled in this manner, the band is substantially twenty and one-fourth inches long across the width of the two panels which were originally fabricated from pieces eleven inches wide. The overall length of the panels 12 from the seam 15 when stitched in place is substantially. fourteen and one-half inches long when completed, as illustrated in Fig. 6. It is to be understood, however, that if it is desired to have longer bow ends or for different head sizes ofwearers, the band and panels may be fabricated withinany predetermined size to provide an ornamental headdress within the .scopeof the -dis losure of the specification and claims.
...In order. to form thereinforced structures18 and 19 for the opposite ends of the band which support the band 11 at the rear of the wearers head in an upright position, it is necessary tofirst fold'over the band as firstformed, as illustrated in Fig. 7, with the folded-over portions 20 and 21 first being formed of equal length at the time they were stitched to the panels 12 after their longitudinal edges had been turned in with suitable seams 22 and 23. The band 11 is then folded upon itself along a fold line 24 to form a cuff-like band 25, as illustrated in Fig. 10, with the folded-over portion forming the ornamental face 26 of the band 11 to which suitable ornaments 27, as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 3, may be applied. These may be single ornaments as shown in multiple positions or single embroidered devices either embroidered thereon or appliqued, and may be in the form of sead pearls, sequins, or other suitable adornment.
In order to form the reinforced structures 18 and 19, the cuff-like band 29 at the extended outer ends forms a mitered corner 28 along the fold line 29 of Fig. 7. The outer end of the extended portions of the band are turned in along a fold line 30 and as the cuff portion is formed by folding over the lengths 20 and 21 along the fold line 24, the outer portions 31 beyond the fold line 3'0 are doubled over so that when the reinforced structures and 19 are stitched to the outer edges of the panels 12 as at 32 providing securing means, the reinforcing members are joined from the lower corner of the miter to the bottom edge of the reinforced structures 18 and 19 so that the turned-in portions 31 are also stitched in place and form a neat-appearing reinforcement for the outer ends of the band 11. The front reinforcement provided by the means 13 and/or the reinforced structures 18 and 19 and turned in portions 31 when stitched in place provide the turban band with means to cause it to stand up upon the wearers head when secured thereabout.
In order to attach the free ends of the band together at the rear of the head, as illustrated in Fig. 2, a hook 33 is stitched, as illustrated in Fig. 6, to the mitered portion of the reinforced structure 19. Adjustability for the wearers head size is provided by suitably spaced eyes 34, as shown in Figs. 6, 8, and 10, at the opposite end of the band as shown; and with the eyes positioned Within the fold of the cuff-like band 25 as illustrated in Figs. 8 and 10. With this simple adjusting means, it is possible for the wearer to adapt the band to her head size by inserting the hook 33 in the proper eye 34. Other forms of divisible securing means such as snaps, Dot fasteners, buttons and button holes may be used without departing from the scope of the invention.
Referring to Figs. 1 through 6, there will be described the manner in which the headdress or turban is applied to the head of the wearer. Referring to Figs. 1 and 6, the wearer grasps the reinforced portions 18 and 19 with her hands 35 and brings the turban 10 upwardly in front of the wearers face, as shown in Fig. 6, with the edges 16 of the panels 12 parted across the face of the wearer so 1 that the mid-portion of the turban at the reinforcing seam 13 is preferably positioned to the rear of the front hairline as shown in Figs. 1 and 5. The wearer with her hands 35 fastens the hook 33 in the proper eye 34 for her head size so that the turban 10 takes the position, as illustrated in Fig. 2, with the panels 12 separated as shown and resting on the wearers shoulders. The wearer then takes the free ends 36 of the panels as they extend on the shoulders of the wearer and brings them across and through the opening 37, Fig. 3, as formed by the side rear edges 38 of the panels 12, Fig. 2. The bow is adjusted tightly in order for the panels 12 to enclose the hair of the wearer at the rear of her head and, with the front edges 16 of the panel 12, Fig, 5 enclosing the hair at the side of the wearers head and also the ears as shown in Fig. 5. The shape of the bow may be suitably adjusted by the wearer, for example, to take the position as shown in Fig. 3 with the bow at an angle with the ends 39 and 40 taking the shape as shown andwith a half knot 41 at the nape of the wearers neck. Referring to Fig. 3, it is seen that the edges 38 are overlapped in amount varying according to the adjustment provided by the eyes 34. The mitered edges 28 of the band complete the ornamental appearance of the band at the back of the wearers head. The front seam 13 serves to reinforce the front of the band 11 to have the crown formed by the band to make an upright position. Likewise, the overlapped reinforcing structures 18 and 19 serve to support the band in an upright position at the rear of the'wearers head so that there is formed a crown or circlet with the hair of the wearer showing through the opening provided by the band 11. Also, the panels 12 alongside the head may be arranged in a pleasing manner withthe folds taking shape somewhat as illustrated in Figs. '3 and 4, depending upon the amount of the hair enclosed within thepanels.
Fig. 4 illustrates another manner in which the bow ends 39' and 40 may be adjusted at the nape of the neck and across the shoulders of the wearer to further enhance the wearers appearance, if she desires this arrangement. It is also within the scope of the invention that the bow may be shaped as a butterfly bow with the ends 39 and 40 extending substantially parallel to the wearers shoulders across the nape of the neck. Any other suitable arrangement that the wearer may arrive at with this form of turban may be used without departing from the scope of the invention.
It is also within the scope of the invention that the entire band may be suitably adorned to provide ornaments to enhance the wearers appearance or the turban may be left plain and the band and panels formed of the same fabric or different fabrics or decorated fabrics as the wearer desires.
Although the hooks and eyes have been placed as illustrated in Fig. 6, it is also within the scope of the invention that the arrangement of hooks and eyes may be reversed from that shown in Fig. 6. With the hooks and eyes arranged in this modified form, the cross-over of the band, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4, will be opposite to that shown and the bow will be formed in the reverse manner to have the edges of the panels overlapping at the rear in the proper manner.
Although it is preferred to form the band 11 in a cuff-like arrangement as illustrated and described, it is also within the scope of the invention that the cuff may be formed somewhat similar to a French cuff in which the folded-over portions 211 and 21 are formed with the portion 21 having a separate seam in which the portion 21 is formed in substantially two halves, the cuff being folded along this shortened seam as in a French culf with the upper edge of the top fold of the cuff, as illustrated in Fig. 10, being formed above this other fold line as in a French cuff. The free ends of the band are then formed in the same manner as described with reference to Figs. 6 and 7. When formed substantially as a French cuff, this longitudinally extending seam which is formed substantially along the position of the section line 8-8 and above the seam 15 provides additional peripheral reinforcement to the band to make it stay in an erect position forming a crown or circlet at the top of the wearers head. It is obvious that by correctly stitching the band, the band is held in an upright position without the need of sewing in additional stays, such as wire stays or plastic stays inserted within special pockets, or without applying bukram or other suitable stiffening material.
It is also within the scope of the invention that, if desired, tubular material may be inserted within the inner or outer folds of the cufi portion to provide an ornamental annular circlet.
The scarves or panels which may be attached to the band may be of any suitable material but ordinarily are made of fancy silk, rayon, nylon, or any other material, even plain cotton, as may the band 11. They may also be formed of plastic material or material which will be waterproof or water resistant and, if desired, a separate top piece may be attached as disclosed and claimed in applicants aforesaid co-pending application to cover the top of the wearers head in the event of being caught in the rain. Regardless of how the device is worn, it forms a protection for the hair and maintains the hair in its original coitfure arrangement. I have also found that the turban or headpiece is very satisfactory and comfortable when used on a resting or sleeping person as the coiffure is not disarranged. When made of plastic or waterproof material, it makes a satisfactory and ornamental bathing cap.
It is impossible to either describe or illustrate the many arrangements and efiects possible with the use of the turban or headdress as different persons will have different ideas, and this headdress lends itself to many variations both in arrangement and in adornment. The panels and band need not be of the same color or ornamentation but may be varied, enabling the person to select colors and designs fitting their facial contour, complexion, color of hair, etc. It is also within the scope of the invention that the panels may be detachably attached to the band and reinforcing structure 18 and 19 if desired to substitute panels for others. The panels may be either the same, contrasting or complemental colors. It may also be mentioned that the headpiece is most 6 satisfactory for protecting the hair during beauty treatments and after the hair has been set.
Having thus described my invention, it is obvious that various immaterial modifications may be made in the same without departing from the spirit of my invention; hence, I do not wish to be understood as limiting myself to the exact form, construction, arrangement and combination of parts herein shown and described, or uses mentioned.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A turban of the kind described comprising an elongated band of a length adapted to extend about a wearers head, elongated panel members, each afiixed by one of their end edges to the bottom edge of the band in side by side relationship and extending downwardly therefrom, the adjacent side edges of the panel members being independent of one another for positioning the panels alongside of the wearers head, fastening means for joining the ends of the band to form a circlet of predetermined peripheral length corresponding to a wearers head size, the said panels adapted to be positioned at the sides of the head, and the bottom ends of the panels adapted to be formed into an ornamental bow at the nape of the wearers neck and being adjustable in accordance with the wearers taste, the said band being provided with means to cause it to stand up upon the wearers head when secured thereabout.
2. A turban as defined in claim 1, wherein said lastmentioned means includes stitching extending transversely to the band.
3. A turban as defined in claim 1, wherein said band is formed as a cuff-shaped band.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,020,083 Donald Mar. 12, 1912 1,031,307 Wolfe July 2, 1912 1,909,686 Kindall May 16, 1933 2,230,805 Levy Feb. 4, 1941 2,372,911 Rosenthal Apr. 3, 1945 2,519,512 Stone Aug. 22, 1950 2,574,208 Crowthers Nov. 6, 1951 2,620,474 Millsap Dec. 9, 1952 2,709,261
Kalensky May 31, 19