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Publication numberUS2880427 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 7, 1959
Filing dateAug 28, 1956
Priority dateAug 28, 1956
Publication numberUS 2880427 A, US 2880427A, US-A-2880427, US2880427 A, US2880427A
InventorsAtwood Arthur E
Original AssigneeAtwood Arthur E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Collapsible stretcher
US 2880427 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

'April 7, 1959 A. E. ATWOOD COLLAPSIBLE STRETCHER 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Aug. 28, 1956 HVVENTUR.

April 7, 1959 A. E. ATWOOD 0,

COLLAPSIBLE STRETCHER Filed Aug. 28, 1956 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 0 M A W m 8 7 W4 A w m s ,5. W m f F W N 4 H m 6 7. Z w F m m w m w Q0 5 a u a 9 m w vvy flow u 2 United States Patent G COLLAPSIBLE STRETCHER Arthur E. Atwood, Raymond, Alberta, Canada Application August 28, 1956, Serial No. 606,613

3 Claims. (Cl. -82) This invention relates to an improved stretcher which is adjustable as to width and as to length, and for compact storage and transportation.

The primary object of the invention is to provide a practical and eflicient stretcher of this kind which is simple in construction, is composed of a small number of simple and easily assembled parts, and whose side members are rotatable to wind and unwind thereon side portions of a flexible patient supporting web extending between the side rails for elevating and lowering a patient thereon.

v A further object of the invention is to provide a stretcher of the character indicated above which comprises a frame whose end members and side rails are composed of telescoped sections, and wherein ratchet means act between the ends of end members and side rails for holding a web in slack or in stretched condition.

Another object of the invention is to provide a stretcher of the character indicated, which can be made in wellfinished, rugged, and serviceable forms at relatively low cost, is easily used, and is highly satisfactory for the purpose intended.

These together with other objects and advantages which will become apparent reside in the details of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like parts throughout the several views, and in which:

Figure 1 is a top plan view of a stretcher of the invention in extended condition;

Figure 2 is a side elevational view of Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a contracted top plan view showing the stretcher telescoped to compact condition;

Figure 4 is a perspective view of another form of body supporting web;

Figure 5 is a fragmentary perspective view of a further form of body supporting web;

Figure 6 is an enlarged vertical transverse sectional view taken substantially on line 66 of Figure 2;

Figure 7 is an enlarged vertical transverse sectional view taken substantially on line 77 of Figure 2;

Figure 8 is a fragmentary enlarged horizontal sectional view taken substantially on line 8-8 of Figure 2, portions being broken away and in section;

Figure 9 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view of a telescoping side rail and showing web clamping means thereon.

Referring to the drawings in detail, the illustrated stretcher, indicated generally at 10, comprises a substantially rigid frame 12 comprised of end bars 14 and 16 and side rails 18 and 20. The end bars 14 and 16 incorporate telescoping tubular sections 22 and 24 enabling adjusting the width of the frame 12. A locking screw 26, see Figure 6, extends through the section 24 and is threadable into any one of a plurality of longitudinally spaced holes 28 provided in section 22. The side rails 18 and 20 comprise telescoping tubular sections 30 and 32 which may be retained in extended or contracted relaice tionship by any suitable means such as that associated with the telescoping sections 22 and 24 of the end bars. As clearly shown in Figure 3, the stretcher frame 12 can be collapsed as to width and length for transportation and storage. The ends of the end bars 14 and 16 are secured {on} the ends of the side rails 18 and 20 by means of sleeves on the ends of the end bars, as hereinafter described.

Fixed to and depending from the frame 12 at the intersections of the side rails and the end bars are sockets 34, see Figures 2 and 6, which have laterally extending pins 36 therein, and removable legs 38 have upper ends engaged in the sockets 34 which incorporate bayonet slots 40 receiving the pins 36 for retaining the legs 38 in the sockets.

Considering Figure 5, a body supporting web is indicated generally at 42 and comprises a rectangular plate or sheet 44, of any suitable flexible material, having extending transversely thereacross suitably secured straps 46. The side edges 48 and 50 of the web are clamped around the side rails of the frame 12 with the web in a loose or slack condition and depending from the side rails, so that a patient can be placed on the web without undesirable handling, after which the side rails are rotated to Wind the web thereon and thereby elevate the patient substantially to the level of the frame 12. Thus, it is apparent that the web 42 can be elevated for raising a patient for the purpose of inserting a bed pan beneath the patient, for example.

In Figure 4 is shown another form of web 52 which comprises a rigid panel 54 of plywood or of any other suitable rigid material, having extending from opposite side edges thereof flexible portions 56 and 58 which are adapted to be clamped on the side rails 18 and 20, the rigid web 52 being especially desirable for use with patients suffering from spine injuries, for example.

The sections 30 and 32 of the side rails 18 and 20, as shown in Figure 9, have slidably engaged grooves 60 and ribs 62 which prevent relative rotation of these sections, while enabling extension and contraction thereof.

Hinged at 66 on the outer side of the outer section 32 opposite the rib 62, is one end of an arcuate resilient clamping strap 68 whose outer end is secured at 79 to a longitudinal sleeve 78 of polygonal cross section which is arranged to be seated in a polygonal groove 64 in the outer side of the section 32, aligned with the rib 62, so as to clamp a side edge of a web in the groove 64 after having been wound part way around the section 32.

The outer ends of the sections 30 and 32 are suitably formed. As shown in Figure 8, a section 30 has a lateral annular flange 82 on its outer end, and on the section 30 journalled and bearing against the flange 82, is a sleeve 84 which is fixed on the adjacent end of end bar 14. A collar 86 is circumposed on the section 30 and bears against the inward side of the sleeve 84 for retaining the sleeve in place. A tubular handle 88 is slidably telescoped in the outer end of the section 30 and has opposed longitudinal slots 90 therein which have engaged therein screws 92 which are threaded through the collar 86 and the sidewall of the section 30 and hold the collar 86 in place and prevent rotation of the handle in the section 30.

Because of this arrangement, rotation of the handle 88 causes rotation of the side rail 20 within the sleeve 84 of the end bar whereby the web is stretched or tightened between the side rails.

The outside of the section 30, within the sleeve 84, is indented with ratchet teeth 94 therearound which are engaged by a spring-pressed ratchet dog assembly, indicated generally at 96. The ratchet dog assembly 96 comprises a support block 98 suitably secured in the ends of the sections forming the end bars, said block incorporating a longitudinally extending bore 100 reciprocably receiving therein a dog 102 which includes a bevelled ratchet end 101 which engages the ratchet teeth 94. A compression spring 104 is confined in the bore 100 behind the ratchet dog 102 by a cross pin 106. The support block 98 further includes a vertical slot 108 intersecting the bore 100, and the dog 102 has a handle 110 in the slot 108 terminating at the outer surface of the end bar in a head 111. The handle 110 is manually operable to withdraw the dog 102 from the ratchet teeth 94 when it is desired to slacken the web by reverse rota tion of the side rails 18 and 20.

The patient supporting web shown in Figure 1, and generally designated 13, comprises a plurality of transverse straps 15, spaced along and clamped on the side rails 18 and 20.

Indicated generally at 112, in Figure 8, is a blade which is telescopically stored through the outer end of one of the handles 88, and is removable therefrom and usable for tucking bed clothes, such as a blanket, under a patient disposed on the stretcher web.

The foregoing is considered illustrative only of the principles of the invention. Since numerous modifications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction and operation shown and described, and accordingly all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, as fall within the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A stretcher comprising a frame composed of end bars and side rails, the end bars and the side rails being composed of telescoped inner and laterally outward sections having outer ends, the end bars being positioned between the side rails and the sections of the end bars having fixed thereon journal sleeves journalled on related sections of the side rails at the ends of the latter, ratchet teeth around the side rail sections within said sleeves, spring-pressed ratchet dog assemblies within the end bar sections at the laterally inward sides of said sleeves and having dogs extending into the sleeves and engaged with the ratchet teeth on related side rail sections, means on each assembly and traversing the related end bar sections and exposed for retracting a ratchet dog out of engagement with the ratchet teeth, means slidably and nonrotatably connecting the sections of the side rails, side rail rotating means on the outer ends of side rails, and a patient supporting web positioned between the side rails and having flexible side edge portions secured to and 4 wound around the side rails, said rotating means comprising an extensible handle slidably and non-rotatably telescoped in an outer end of a side rail section.

2. In a stretcher frame of the type having end bars and side rails extending between and journaled on the end bars a flexible web extending between said side rails and having side edge portions, and clamping means comprising longitudinal grooves in the side rails, arcuate clamping straps hinged at one end on the side rails and having free ends, said side edge portions being wound around the side rails and engaged in the grooves, securing elements on the free ends of said straps, and said arcuate straps being engaged around said web edge portions with said securing elements depressing parts of said edge portions in the grooves.

3. A stretcher frame comprising side rails, tubular end bars extending between the side rails, said end bars having'sleeves on theirends in which related ends of the side rails are journaled, said side rails having ratchet teeth circumposed thereon within said sleeves, spring pressed ratchet dog means mounted within the end rails at the laterally inward sides of the sleeves and having dogs traversing the sleeves and engaged with the ratchet teeth on related side rails, said ratchet means having exposed handles traversing the side walls of the end bars for retracting the dogs out of engagement with the ratchet teeth, and means for rotating the side rails, said side rails having open tubular ends, and said rotating means comprises handles non-rotatably telescoped in the tubular ends of the side rails, said rotating handles being telescopable into the ends of the side rails when not in use.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 324,228 Charles Aug. 11, 1885 438,006 Leckron Oct. 7, 1890 472,978 Bertenshaw Apr. 19, 1892 671,297 Russell Apr. 2, 1901 715,370 Hagedorn Dec. 9, 1902 769,141 Albert Sept. 6, 1904 879,988 Thompson Feb. 25, 1908 900,799 Tornkvist Oct. 13, 1908 982,289 Miller Jan. 24, 1911 1,002,108 Ziernendorf Aug. 29, 1911 1,035,765 Ballard Aug. 13, 1912 1,080,577 Pascale Dec. 9, 1913 1,185,054 Buckley May 30, 1916 1,305,388 Luria June 3, 1919 2,544,977 Blank Mar. 13, 1951

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3399926 *Dec 27, 1966Sep 3, 1968Bruce A. HehnFurniture construction
US3608737 *Nov 10, 1969Sep 28, 1971Stollenwerk HansFrame assembly for supporting a stretcher
US3775784 *Dec 30, 1971Dec 4, 1973Fry CStretcher
US4667355 *Jun 9, 1986May 26, 1987Takeshi NishijimaStretcher
US7487559 *Sep 20, 2005Feb 10, 2009Denosky James MPatient transfer device
US7752687Jul 13, 2010Denosky James MPatient transfer device
US8327481 *Dec 11, 2012Relief Pod International LlcDevice for providing elements for survival
US9259368Mar 14, 2014Feb 16, 2016Paper-Pak IndustriesPatient transporter with sponsons
US9347238 *Jul 16, 2014May 24, 2016Eripio, LlcShelter lift attachment for a portable human transport system
US20090038075 *Oct 14, 2008Feb 12, 2009Joseph Molinarodevice for providing elements for survival
US20150020857 *Jul 16, 2014Jan 22, 2015Eripio, LlcShelter lift attachment for a portable human transport system
USRE30151 *May 16, 1978Nov 20, 1979Harris-Hub Co., Inc.Adjustable bed-frame
WO2013086540A3 *Dec 10, 2012Jun 18, 2015Paper-Pak IndustriesPatient transporter with expandable/deployable support structure
U.S. Classification5/627, 5/184, 5/197, 5/216, 5/187
International ClassificationA61G1/048, A61G1/013, A61G1/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61G1/048, A61G1/013
European ClassificationA61G1/048, A61G1/013