Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2881251 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 7, 1959
Filing dateDec 31, 1953
Priority dateDec 31, 1953
Publication numberUS 2881251 A, US 2881251A, US-A-2881251, US2881251 A, US2881251A
InventorsJoseph Strip
Original AssigneeJoseph Strip
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for time multiplexing speech and short bursts of information
US 2881251 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Apnl 7, 1959 Y J. STRIP 2,881,251

APPARATUS FOR TIME MULTIPLEXING SPEECH AND SHORT BURSTS OF INFORMATION Filed Dec. 31. 1953 TRANSFER TRANsFER voIcE CONTROL Q I 4 5 coNTRoL voIcE SIGNAL BAND I BAND SIGNAL DEVICE SUPPRESSION SUPPRESSION DEVICE FILTER I7 I 23 I 5| FILTER I 2| I 4.3 25 27 I v I 47 i 3 DATA AND I 11 TRANSFER. DATA CONTROL RECEIVER souRcE VOICE 1 7| Z VOICE SIGNAL I I I SIGNAL DEWCE I TRANSFER TRANSFER I DEWCE e5 coNTRoI. coNTRoL 65 69 BAND 69 75 I SUPPRESSION SUPPRESSION 77 v 75\ DATA i I FILTER FILTER; i DATA SIGNAL. sIeNAL DEVICE I I DEvIcE 83 8| 8| 83 79 I! g, I-{9 v TRANSFER TFANSFER I TRANSFER TRANsFER ONTROL A coNTRoL coNTRoL i CONTROL SOURCE BAND Ms A BAND PAss SOURCE FILTER FILTER F/G'. TIME- 991 LIMIT 5 2}: I I

DATA voIcE +T.C. 3

FREQUENCY- 300 I m m I I I Io oo I so oo 3'1' A v W AEM,

LTC voIcE I DATA JOQ P I I T kIP FIG. 4

A T TOHIVE Y.

United States Patent APPARATUS FOR TllVIE MULTIPLEXING SPEECH AND SHORT BURSTS OF INFORMATION Joseph Strip, Red Bank, N .J assignor to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the y Application December 31, 1953, Serial No. 401,737

3 Claims. (Cl. 179--2) (Granted under Title 35, U. S. Code (1952), sec. 266) The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government for governmental purposes without the payment to me of any royalty thereon.

This invention relates to a multiplex system and, more particularly, to a new and useful communication and data transmission system in which a single channel is used for multiplexing voice signals and short bursts of data signals having a bandwidth similar to that of the voice. The object of the invention is to permit a single channel to serve the dual purpose of voice and data transmission.

It is quie common in modern data transmission systems to transmit data signals of a substantial bandwidth but limited to a fairly small percentage of the available time. When such a signal is transmitted through a separate channel the communication efliciency is very low. It is also fairly common to have a voice channel associated with a data transmission channel, such voice channel operating near its peak efficiency. It has been found practical to transmit both signals over a single channel, having the bandwidth necessary for voice signals, by interrupting the voice signal for a short interval each time the data transmission system is in operation. In order to provide the necessary transfer between use of the channel for voice and data transmission, it has been found quite practical to use a narrow bandwidth signal separate from the voice and data signals and to operate a suitable transfer relay system by this separate frequency. This transfer frequency may be outside the voice band, or limited to a very narrow bandwith within the normal voice signal band, suitably isolated by filters. Because of the short interruptions needed for the data signal and the narrow bandwidth of the transfer frequency there is no abnormal distortion or objectionable effect on the voice signal.

The invention may be understood more fully from the accompanying drawings in which: Figure 1 represents a simple form of the invention permitting data transmission in one direction, Figure 2 represents a modification in which data transmission from both ends of the circuit is permissible, Figure 3 represents a typical time distribution of the various signal components, and Figure 4 represents a typical frequency distribution of the various signal components.

At one station 11 in Figure 1, voice signal device 13 is connected through a transfer control band suppression filter 15 to the normal connection terminal of a transfer relay device, shown as the stationary contact 17 of a magnetic relay 19. The movable contact 21 of the transfer relay is connected to the line circuit 23. A data and transfer control source 25 has its output circuit connected to another stationary contact 27 of the transfer relay 19, and also is connected to the operating coil 29 of the transfer relay in such a way that during data transmission the movable contact 21 will be connected to the stationary contact 27 instead of stationary contact 17 as shown in the drawing. At the other station 41 the line circuit 23 is connected to the movable contact 43 of the transfer relay 45, and also to the data receiver 47 which is connected to the operating coil 49 of the transfer relay 45, in order that the transfer control source at station 11 can be made to operate the transfer relay 45. The stationary contact 51 of the transfer relay 45 is connected through another transfer control band suppression filter 53 to the voice signal device 55, similar to the device 13 at station 11.

Normally there is a conventional voice signal transmission between the voice signal devices 13 and 55 through the line circuit 23. However, the transfer control band suppression filters 15 and 53 prevent any frequency components from these sources from reaching the transfer relay control winding 49. When the data transmitter is in use the control winding 29 of transfer relay 19 causes the output of the data and transfer control source 25 to be applied to the line. The output of the transfer control source serves to energize the control winding 49 of the transfer relay 45 and therefore disconnects the filter 53 and voice signal device 55 from the line circuit 23. This reduces confusion in the voice signals due to the data signals applied to the line circuit for a limited time. It will be noted that the normal voice channel is a 2-way circuit through the filters and line circuit, while the data and transfer control source at station 11 furnishes data signals to the stationary contact 27 and line circuit 23 and control energy to the transfer relay winding 29. At station 41 the data receiver 47 is controlled from the line circuit 23 and transmits control energy to the transfer relay winding 49.

In Figure 2 a first station 61 has a voice signal device 63 connected to the stationary contact 65 of a transfer relay 67. The movable contact 69 of this transfer relay is connected through a transfer control band suppression filter 71 to the line circuit 73. The data signal device 75 is connected to another stationary contact 77 of the transfer relay 67. A transfer control source 79 is connected to the data signal device 75 so that it is operated during the time data is to be transmitted. The output of this transfer control source is connected through a transfer control bandpass filter 81 to the line circuit 73. The operating winding 83 of the transfer relay 67 is also connected to the bandpass filter so that it is operated by the output of the transfer control source 79, or a similar signal received over the line circuit 73 through the filter. Another station 91 at the other end of line 73 has the same elements and the same arrangement as station 61.

The operation of the circuit shown in Figure 2 is analogous to that shown in Figure 1. However, by means of the circuitry as shown in Figure 2, it is possible to operate from either end of the line circuit, using identical equipment and even operating simultaneously from both ends of the circuit. Of course, it will be understood that the word simultaneously is to be construed in terms of the overall purpose of the invention; if data were transmitted from both ends of the circuit during exactly the same burst times the line circuits and the data transmitters and receivers would have to be specially designed to avoid interference between the signals. It will also be noted in Figure 2 that the band suppression filters 71 exclude frequencies of the transfer control source between the line circuit 73 and both the voice and data signal devices as shown. Since this transfer control source frequency must be used for the purpose of transfer, its presence in the data channels could have no other significance in the normal operation of data transmission. In Figure 2 signal transmission is in both directions in all circuits, except that the data transmitters 75 serve to operate the transfer control source 79, this sup plies energy only to the bandpass filter 81, and transfer relays 67 are energized from filter 81.

Figure 3 illustrates a typical relation in the time intervals used for data and voice signals, in which bursts of data of 0.1 second duration are transmitted at intervals of approximately 1.6 seconds and the voice signals transmitted during the remaining 1.5 seconds of each interval.

Figure 4 represents a typical relation in the frequencies transmitted over the line circuit in which those frequencies from 300 cycles to 2800 cycles are transmitted through the voice channel and data signal channel, and frequencies of approximately 3200 cycles are used to provide the transfer control energy required to operate the transfer relays.

What is claimed is:

1. A communication system for multiplexing speech and short bursts of data, comprising voice sending and receiving stations having a predetermined available bandwidth, each station including a transfer relay, a voice communication channel normally connected between said stations, data sending and receiving stations associated with said voice sending and receiving stations, respectively, for transmitting short bursts of data of substantially the bandwidth of said channel and being normally disconnected from said channel, transfer control means, including said relays, located at said sending and receiving stations and responsive to a narrow bandwidth signal frequency for intermittently and sequentially disconnecting said voice sending and receiving stations from said channel and connecting said data sending and receiving stations thereto for periods of only a small fraction of a second duration at intervals of over a second, so that voice communication may be transmitted over said channel simultaneously with, but without abnormal distortion trom, said short data pulses, said voice sending and receiving stations including suppression filters for excluding said channel any energy within said narrow bandwidth signal frequency.

2. A communication system as recited in claim 1 wherein said periods are of the order of 0.1 second and said intervals, of the order of 1.6 seconds.

3. A communication system as recited in claim 1 together with voice and short data pulse sending stations located at said receiving stations, and voice and short data pulse receiving stations located at said sending stations, which are connected to said channel so as to provide two-way voice and short data pulse communication over said channel.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 518,367 Jacques Apr. 17, 1894 1,754,240 Nyquist Apr. 15, 1930 1,852,727 Van der Horst Apr. 5, 1932 2,277,192 Wilson Mar. 24, 1942

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US518367 *Nov 22, 1893Apr 17, 1894The AmertgaMultiplex telephony
US1754240 *Sep 8, 1926Apr 15, 1930American Telephone & TelegraphComposite telephone and telegraph system
US1852727 *Dec 4, 1930Apr 5, 1932Horst Willem Pieter Cornelis VMethod for transmitting alpha plurality of communications
US2277192 *May 28, 1940Mar 24, 1942Hazeltine CorpMultiplex signal-translating system
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3076056 *Nov 17, 1958Jan 29, 1963Automatic Elect LabTelegraph signal arrangement for a telephone system
US3092690 *Jul 10, 1961Jun 4, 1963Automatic Elect LabHigh speed data transmission system
US3270145 *Nov 21, 1960Aug 30, 1966Inv S Finance CorpElectronic tape reader
US3352966 *Apr 27, 1964Nov 14, 1967Tokyo Shibaura Electric CoTelevision telephone system utilizing one telephone line
US3426151 *Nov 15, 1965Feb 4, 1969Lockheed Aircraft CorpApparatus for reception of remotely transmitted data utilizing a frequency modulated carrier signal within the audio speech range
US3471638 *May 26, 1966Oct 7, 1969Xerox CorpElimination of control signal degradation in landline facsimile transmission systems
US3475557 *Oct 22, 1965Oct 28, 1969Bell Telephone Labor IncAutomatic telephone voice-data transfer circuit
US3529088 *May 2, 1967Sep 15, 1970Hauer WernerMultiplex voice and data transmission system
US3591711 *May 26, 1966Jul 6, 1971Xerox CorpLandline facsimile system
US3684833 *Nov 10, 1969Aug 15, 1972Bell Telephone Labor IncKey telephone system having wideband capability
US3909727 *Apr 19, 1974Sep 30, 1975Rca CorpData signaling noise suppression system
US4418416 *Apr 6, 1981Nov 29, 1983Bell Telephone Laboratories, IncorporatedFrequency modulation transmitter for voice or data
DE1253764B *Jan 29, 1964Nov 9, 1967Int Standard Electric CorpSignalverfahren fuer ein inter-kontinentales Fernsprechsystem mit TASI-UEbertragungskanaelen
DE1287148B *May 20, 1965Jan 16, 1969Siemens AgVerfahren zur Schutzsignaluebertragung ueber Hochspannungsleitungen, auf denen uebereinen oder mehrere Nachrichtenkanaele Sprachsignale uebertragen werden
DE2215125A1 *Mar 28, 1972Oct 26, 1972 Title not available
Classifications
U.S. Classification370/214, 370/498
International ClassificationH04J3/00
Cooperative ClassificationH04J3/00
European ClassificationH04J3/00