US 2881537 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
RE a 503/ April 14, 1959 v. DREMAN 2, 7
MEANS USED IN DESIGNING PATTERNS Filed Oct. 22, 1956 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Fig. 1
INVENTOR. W02? .Dfirmw BY W/ April 14, 1959 v. DREMAN 2,881,537
' MEANS USED IN DESIGNING PATTERNS Filed Oct. 22, 1956 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. V/a T04 DREAM/y April '4, 1959 \i. DREM N 2,881,537
7 MEANS USED IN DESIGNING PATTERNS Filed Oct. 22, 1956 v I s Sheets-Sheet :5
LLLLLM W F INVENTOR. V/crm DREW/ M United States Patent MEANS USED IN DESIGNING PATTERNS Victor Dreman, Migdal Askalon, Israel, now by change of name, Haar Hoolim, assignor of one-half to Abie Dreman, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada Application October 22, 1956, Serial No. 617,400
1 Claim. (CI. 35-27) The present invention relates to a new means which serves in designing new patterns, e.g. for floor tiles, mosaic floors, textile patterns and the like. At the same time the new means can be used as a game, more particularly as a game of patience to be played by one person, or a game of skill to be played by two or more persons.
It is an object of the invention to provide a means which is a help in designing industrial patterns.
It is a further object of the invention to provide a means which is inexpensive in manufacture. Yet another object of the invention is to provide a means which allows the designer freedom in exercising his artistic talents and taste. Finally it is an object of the invention to provide a means which can serve as a game both for adults and young people.
According to the invention the new means comprises a number of slabs, boards, sheets, cards of any appropriate material, such as plastics, Celluloid, cardboard, wood, hardboard, glass, ceramic material, sheet metal, cast metal or any other material which can be given a prismatic, preferably slab or panel shaped form, said bodies bearing marks on one side thereof which marks are constituted by six fields-two across and three lengthwisewhich fields are separated from each other by division lines, and further by having one of two characteristics, the term characteristic wherever used in this description and the claim being an indication of colour, tint, hatching or the like. It will be seen that accordingly on one side of such a body the six fields may be all of the same characteristic or one of one and five of the other characteristic, two of one and four of the other characteristic, and so on. Moreover, the characterisation of the six fields in relation to each other may be chosen in accordance with the mathematical possibilities afiorded by the existence of six fields. Thus, within the scope of the possibilities afforded a very great number of permutations would result upon combining the bodies with each other.
In simpler executional forms the said bodies may be cardboard or Celluloid sheets on which the pattern appears on one side or on both sides thereof. The two sides may be identical or not. In the case of more substantial slabs of ceramics, plastics or wood the pattern may also appear on one or both sides.
In use the cards of slabs are placed in close juxtaposition with each other, so that the fields combine to form a well defined design, which then can be used for industrial purposes.
In use for a game the sheets or slabs are placed alongside each other, say in a staggered relation, so that the identical fields of two juxtaposed cards lie against each other, or, reversely that fields with different characteristics lie against each other.
The invention will now be described with reference to the annexed drawings showing the new invention by way of example in a schematical manner. For the sake of simplicity of all slab or panel shaped bodies only one side, bearing the markings has been shown in the drawlugs.
Fig. 1 shows a body with six unmarked fields.
Figs. 2-6 show five bodies each with six fields displaying two different characteristics, the characteristics being represented by crosswise and vertical hatchings respectively.
Fig. 7 shows four juxtaposed bodies and Fig. 8 six such bodies.
Fig. 9 shows the 36 bodies which form a set.
Fig. 10 shows two tableaux, each being composed of 36 bodies forming a set.
As will be seen from Fig. 9, 36 possibilities exist with six fields on each body and two characteristics; out of these 36 bodies forming one set, or using several sets, an indefinite number of designs can be combined, Figs. 7 and 8 being examples thereof.
In Fig. 7 four bodies are placed around an empty square, all four bodies having two fields of one characteristic and four of the other characteristic. The result is a square formed by the vertically hatched fields and a larger square enclosing the first one and formed by the crosswise hatched fields.
In Fig. 8 the vertically hatched fields form an X-like pattern on the background of the crosswise hatched fields.
Figs. 7 and 8 are thus simple forms of designs which might be industrially applied, say to floor tiles.
Fig. 9 shows all 36 bodies, while Fig. 10 shows two examples of games, where the bodies are so positioned, that the characteristics of the fields match at the line of contact of two bodies.
What I claim is:
Means for composing patterns out of a plurality of square elements having different characteristics, comprising, in combination, a set of 36 flat bodies having two main faces, bounded by a rectangular contour composed of two short outer edges containing two units of length, and of two long outer edges containing three units of length, so that the juxtaposition of three pairs of said bodies with their respective long edges in abutment, each pair being formed by placing the short edges of two of said bodies in abutment, constitutes a square with edges containing each six units of length, and each of said bodies bearing at least on one of said main faces a set of markings, the markings of each one of said bodies differing from any other one of said set, said markings being constituted by six mutually adjoining square elements having each at least one edge coinciding with one of said outer edges and having each at least two edges in common with adjoining square elements, the length of each of said common edges of said square elements being one of said units of length, and each of said square elements having one of two characteristics, the difierence in the markings being obtained by varying the relative position and characteristic of each square element between the individual bodies according to the laws of combination and permutation on the basis of two variables in six possible positions, so that various specific patterns can be composed of a plurality of said bodies by juxtaposing the individual bodies in an arrangement in which the characteristic of each square element of one body is identical with that of the adjacent square element of the juxtaposed body.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 191,167 Mueller May 22, 1877 741,142 Keller Oct. 13, 1903 1,453,728 Rhodes May 1, 1923 1,675,891 Graham July 3, 1928 1,973,564 Graham Sept. 11, 1934 1,998,526 Schubert Apr. 23, 1935 2,162,777 Hagopian June 30, 19.39