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Publication numberUS2881822 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 14, 1959
Filing dateNov 1, 1955
Priority dateNov 3, 1954
Publication numberUS 2881822 A, US 2881822A, US-A-2881822, US2881822 A, US2881822A
InventorsMaurice Henry
Original AssigneeMaurice Henry
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Improvement of the tensile strength of metal products
US 2881822 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A ril 14, 1959 M. HENRY 2,


,2 1% m x v m United States Patent '0 IMPROVEMENT OF THE TENSILE STRENGTH OF METAL PRODUCTS Maurice Henry, .Saarbmcken, .Saar Territory Application November 1,. 1955, Serial No. 544,377

Claims priority, application France November '3, 1954 3 Claims. (Cl. 153- 78) This invention relates to the improvement of the tensile strength of metal products.

The invention relates more particularly to a method for increasing the tensile strength of hot rolled steel rods of the type used in reinforced concrete.

Heretofore, concrete reinforcements have been cold worked by cold twisting following a hot rolling operation. During cold twisting, the shape of the rod is deformed into a helical shape, and this is the reason why we can today discover in most steel rods for concrete a twisted external shape. While the deformation is of no particular disadvantage for rods with a square cross-section, particularly where they are later on hidden within the concrete mass, similar twisting for increasing the tensile strength in other shapes is characterized by great disadvantages. For instance, if it is desired to increase the tensile strength in a C-beam, or in an I-beam, cold twisting would certainly increase the strength, but the deformation would render the resulting product practically useless.

The instant invention has among its principal objects to increase the tensile strength within a hot rolled elongated steel product without, however, imparting to the final product a deformation as compared to the shape when it emerges from the rolls of the rolling mills.

Broadly speaking, this is accomplished by subjecting the elongated steel product to a first twisting while it is still hot; and after the product has cooled it is subjected to a second twisting, applied in a direction opposite to the first twisting. The second or reverse twisting is a cold working during which the product will be returned substantially to the shape it had prior to the first twisting. Thus, the second twisting imparts to the product the increase in tensile strength by cold working returning it, however, to the original shape instead of twisting it into a deformed shape.

More particularly, the instant method provides for working the steel products by means of two succeeding operations:

(1) Twisting metal products, such as rolled steel sheets, strip, wide strip, fiats, channels, T-iron or other rolled steel beams, rails, sleepers, angles, ship building sections, axles, solid wheels, pit props, pipes, etc. in the hot state, namely immediately after rolling above 600 C., by torsional twisting in such a manner that torsional changes perpendicular to the direction of future tensile or compressive stresses or deflections under load, are obtained, namely generally around the longitudinal axis, and (2) eliminating at a lower temperature, namely in the cold state or at a temperature at which the metal possesses the highest tensile strength, by reverse twisting, the torsional deformation previously produced, the extent of which must be of such nature that its elimination at the lower temperature causes in the highest possible part of the cross-sectional area of the metal, torsional stresses superior to the stresses corresponding to the drawing limit.

In practice, the rolled products are passed, after leaving the rolling mill rolls, to a twisting machine and after 2,881,822 Patented Apr. 14, 1959 2 partial or entire cooling, they are again passed through the same machine.

The instant invention has its widest field of application in connection with profiled steel beams or bars which would become deformed in shape by normal twisting about the longitudinal axis. Conversely, the invention will generally not be applied, as unnecessary, to beams with circular circumference, such as cylindrical .rods, tubes, wheels or the like. While the instant invent-ion demonstrates its advantages most strikingly with irregular beams such as C-beams, or I-bearns, it will be explained in detail in the following in connection with a bea'm of square cross-section and in connection with a steel sheet strip.

In the appended drawing,

Fig. l is a fragmentary elevational view of a hot rolled I steel rod with a square profile;

Fig. 2 is a plan view thereof, revealing the square profile;

Fig. 3 is an elevational view similar to Fig. l, but showing the rod partially twisted at elevated temperature;

Fig. 4 is an elevational view similar to Fig. 3, but showing the rod after the hot twisting has been completed;

Fig. 5 is an elevational view similar to Figs. 3 and 4, but showing the rod during the succeeding cold twisting in reverse direction, after the cold twisting has partially been completed;

Fig. 6 is an elevational view similar to Fig. 1, showing the rod after the cold reverse twisting has been completed; the rod in Fig. 6 resembles in appearance that of Fig. 1, but it has received a cold working and thereby has received an increased tensile strength; and

Fig. 7 is a fragmentary sectional view of a press in which a strip of steel sheet is being twisted.

In the drawing, the rod 11 of Fig. 1 has emerged from the profiling rolls of a rolling mill, and has retained its heat at above 600 C. The rod 11 is then subjected to a first twisting at that elevated temperature of above 600 C., by applying torque to the opposite ends relative to each other in the opposite directions A, as shown in Fig. 3. This hot twisting imparts torque to the rod 11 about the longitudinal axis XX of the rod 11.

The shape of the rod 11 upon completion of the hot twisting is shown in Fig. 4.

Subsequently, the rod 11 is subjected to a second twisting in the reverse direction, namely by applying torque in direction of the arrows B (Fig. 5) tending to undo the previous hot twisting. This second or reverse twisting takes place at a lower temperature than the preceding hot twisting, and may take place at a temperature for normal cold working. As previously stated, the reverse twisting may take place at a temperature at which the metal possesses the highest tensile strength. The reverse twisting (in the directions B) is continued until the rod 11 has resumed the original shape (Fig. 6).

The extent of hot twisting will, in effect, depend on the extent of the subsequent cold twisting needed for a desired increase in tensile strength to be imparted to the product by the cold working by the time the cold twisting operation ceases. The hot twisting must be such that the desired amount of succeeding cold twisting will return the rod 11 to its original shape.

Fig. 7 shows a strip of steel sheet 12 which is moved horizontally through a press 13 for twisting in a direction of vertical arrows 14.

As pointed out before, the hot and cold twisting may be carried out successively in the same twisting machine, such as for instance the press 13.

The extent of the torsional deformation must be determined by tests.

Increasing the allowable stresses requires that the depth and momentum of inertia for a given cross-sectional area and channels 'are increased, which is facilitated I i ing temperature range and below the flow temperature thereof, applying to the product at said elevated temperature a torque, torsionally twisting the product about its longitudinal axis, thereafter cooling said product to a cold working temperature for the product below said limit, subsequently applying to said product a torque reversed relative to said preceding torque application by torsionally twisting said product about its axis oppositely relative to the preceding twisting lfOI' the same angular extent as the preceding first twisting, restoring the shape of said product substantially to the shape prior to the commencement of the first 'twising, the extent of deformation of said product by said first twisting being controlled by the extent of reverse twisting .4 2 needed for imparting the predetermined tensile strength increase to the product by the subsequent second twisting;

2. In a method according to claim 1 the step of performing the first twisting at a temperature of above 600 C.

3. Method according to claim 1, characterized therein that the first twisting takes place after the rolling and by utilization of the rolling heat.

I References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,998,108 Waisner Apr. 16, 1935 2,260,779 Hofiman Oct. 28, 1941 2,405,274 Stites Aug. 6, 1946 2,457,132 Delaney Dec. 28, 1948 FOREIGN PATENTS 489,885 Canada Ian. 20, 1953

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1998108 *Feb 18, 1931Apr 16, 1935Borg WarnerTorque transmitting member and method for producing the same
US2260779 *Oct 27, 1938Oct 28, 1941Ernst HoffmannMethod of making ferroconcrete reinforcing elements
US2405274 *Jul 24, 1943Aug 6, 1946American Isteg Steel CorpReinforcement bar and method of making same
US2457132 *May 31, 1941Dec 28, 1948Republic Drill & Tool CompanyMethod of manufacturing twist drills
CA489885A *Jan 20, 1953Tentor Steel Company LtdProcess of producing a reinforcing steel bar for concrete structures
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3102060 *Dec 14, 1959Aug 27, 1963Schoch Ag ErnstMethod for the mechanical twisting of cold-formed profile steels
US3122108 *Sep 27, 1961Feb 25, 1964Oscar F ArthurPallets for handling material
US3122176 *Oct 19, 1959Feb 25, 1964Philips CorpMethod of manufacturing bodies consisting of helically wound wire
US5676013 *Jul 26, 1995Oct 14, 1997Kahlau; Bernhard K.Spiral component for a baluster and method and machine for making same
US8099843 *Jul 26, 2010Jan 24, 2012Zhang NianrongDevice for molding bistable magnetic alloy wire
US8099991 *Aug 31, 2007Jan 24, 2012Zhang NianrongDevice and method for molding bistable magnetic alloy wire
US20080052887 *Aug 31, 2007Mar 6, 2008Zhang NianrongDevice and method for molding bistable magnetic alloy wire
US20100287753 *Jul 26, 2010Nov 18, 2010Zhang NianrongDevice for molding bistable magnetic alloy wire
WO1984001586A1 *Oct 14, 1983Apr 26, 1984Moos Stahl AgProcess and installation for the treatment of cylindrical products, particularly armouring bars by hardening and drawing temper
U.S. Classification72/364, 72/371
International ClassificationB21D11/00, B21D11/15, C21D8/08, C21D8/06
Cooperative ClassificationC21D8/08, B21D11/15
European ClassificationB21D11/15, C21D8/08