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Publication numberUS2884924 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 5, 1959
Filing dateJul 25, 1956
Priority dateJul 25, 1956
Publication numberUS 2884924 A, US 2884924A, US-A-2884924, US2884924 A, US2884924A
InventorsShaw John E B
Original AssigneeAmerican Sterllizer Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Drip meter
US 2884924 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 5, 1959 .1. E. B. SHAW DRIP METER Filed July 25, 1956 2 ,N VEIY TOR.

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This invention is a universal drip meter for dispens-' ing intravenous solutions which can be used with flasks having either vented or non-vented closures.

In the drawing, Fig. l is a section through a drip meter applied to a vented stopper; Fig. 2 is a similar view with a non-vented stopper, and Fig. 3 is an enlarged section through the drip meter.

* United States Patent In Fig. i there is shown a flask 1 having a stopper or closure 2 having an opening 3 carrying a vent tube 4, Y which in the dispensing position projects above the liquid ievel 5 in'the flask and also having an opening 6 for 'eceiving a draw oif tube 7. This is the so-called vented .osure in common use for dispensing intravenous solutions. In Fig. 2 the flask has a mouth 8 over which is telescoped a cup-shaped closure 9 having in its bottom wall an opening 10 for receiving a draw oif tube and also having on its bottom wall a pouring lip 11. The closure 9 does not have a separate opening for a vent tube and accordingly is a non-vented closure. The parts so far described are or may be of common construction.

In accordance with this invention, a drip meter is provided which can be universally used, either with the vented closure of Fig. 1 or the non-vented closure of Fig. 2. The drip meter consists of two molded plastic pieces, a cap 12 and a body 13 at the lower end of which is fixed a flexible plastic tube 14. At the center of the cap is the draw oif tube 7 which fits snugly in the draw oil opening 6 in the stopper 2. The lower end 15 of the draw off tube 7 projects below the cap into the upper end of the body 13 and provides the sole connection for feeding the fluid from the flask to the tube 14. As is customary in drip meters, the tube 7 terminates well above the bottom of the body 13 so the fluid drops through space into the lower end of the body. Adjacent the lower end of the draw oi! tube 7 is a cylindrical section 16 of large enough diameter to fit snugly in the opening 10 in the non-vented closure 9. In the cylindrical section 16 is a capillary passageway 17 which extends alongside of the draw of! tube 7 and leads into a conical passageway 18 extending out one side of the cap 12. When the drip meter is in place in the nonvented closure 9, the cylindrical section 16 is pressed into the opening 10 until the outer surface 18 of the cap bottoms on a shoulder 19. In this position the upper end of the capillary opening 17 is in contact with the fluid in the flask and the conical opening 18 is outside the flask so that air can flow through the opening 18 into the capillary 17 to take the place of the fluid dispensed through the draw otf tube 7. The conical opening 18 may be packed with sterile oiled cotton which will repel any fluid and prevent blocking of the flow of air through the capillary 17. The conical opening 18 is also useful when fluid is to be fed into the flask 1 from another flask, in which case the dispensing tubing 14 is provided with a conical fitting 20 which can be litted into the conical opening 18. Of course before Patented May 5, "1959 feeding into the flask, the oiled cotton would have to be removed.

When the drip meter is used with the vented closure, the draw off tube 7 is inserted in the opening 6 until a shoulder 21 bottoms on the outside of the closure. This establishes the fluid connection feeding fluid into the body 13 from which it flows to the dispensing tube 14. When used with the vented closure, the capillary 17 is entirely outside the stopper. When used with the non-vented closure, the cylindrical section 16 is inserted in the opening 10 until the shoulder 19 bottoms on the stopper. In this position the drawing oil tube is,in fluid feeding position and the upper end of the capillary 17 conducts air into the flask to take the place of the fluid fed from the draw otf tube.

What is claimed as new is:

1. A universal drip meter comprising a hollow body having dispensing tubing leading from its lower end, a cap sealed to the top of the body having a draw ofl tube extending through the cap with its upper end receivable in the draw ofi opening of a vented closure and its lower end terminating above the bottom of the body, a cylindrical projection at the center of the cap integral with the draw oif tube, said projection being of greater diameter and shorter than the draw all tube and of lesser diameter than the cap and being receivable in the draw otf opening of a non-vented closure, a shoulder at the lower end of the projection limiting the insertion of the projection into the draw off opening of the non-vented closure, said projection having a capillary venting passageway leading from the upper end of the projection to below said shoulder, and means providing a lateral passageway leading from the venting passageway to the outside of the cap below said shoulder.

2. A universal drip meter for dispensing intravenous liquids which can be used with flasks having either vented or non-vented closures comprising a hollow body having dispensing tubing leading from its lower end, a cap sealed to the top of the body having a draw off tube extending through the cap with its upper end projecting above the cap and receivable in the draw ofi' opening of a vented closure and having its lower end projecting below the cap and terminating above the bottom of the body, a cylindrical projection at the center of the cap and sealed to the draw off tube midway between its ends, said projection being of greater diameter and shorter than the draw oli tube and of lesser diameter than the cap and being receivable in the draw olf opening of a non-vented closure, a shoulder at the lower end of the projection limiting the insertion of the projection into the non-vented closure, and said projection having a capillary venting passageway leading from its upper end down through the projection to the atmosphere outside of the cap below said shoulder.

3. A universal drip meter comprising a hollow body having dispensing tubing leading from its lower end, a cap sealed to the top of the body having a draw off tube extending through the cap with its upper end receivable in the draw oflf opening of a vented closure and with its lower end terminating above the bottom of the body, a cylindrical projection at the center of the cap integral with the draw off tube, said projection being of greater diameter and shorter than the draw ofi tube, said projection being receivable in the draw off opening of a non-vented closure, a shoulder at the lower end of the projection limiting the insertion into the draw 06 opening of the non-vented closure, said projection having a capillary venting passageway leading from the upper end of the projection down through the projection, means providing an enlarged lateral passageway leading from the venting passageway to the outside of the cap below said shoulder, and a water repellent air pervious packing within said lateral passageway.

4. A universal drip meter comprising a hollow body having dispensing tubing leading from its lower end, a cap sealed to the top of the body having a draw all tube extending through the cap with its upper end receivable in the draw on opening of a vented closure and with its lower end terminating above the bottom of the body, a cylindrical projection at the center of the cap integral with the draw off tube, said projection being of greater diameter and shorter than the draw off tube, said projection being receivable in the draw 01f opening of a non-vented closure, a shoulder at the lower end of the projection limiting the insertion into the draw off opening venting passageway to the outside of the cap below said shoulder.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,168,270 Paisley et al. Aug. 1, 1939 2,473,153 Lager June 14, 1949 2,770,234 Nesset et a] Nov. 13, 1956

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2168270 *Nov 21, 1936Aug 1, 1939Nat Drug CoHypodermic-injection apparatus
US2473153 *Aug 22, 1947Jun 14, 1949Continental Pharmacal CompanyBlood filter
US2770234 *Apr 5, 1954Nov 13, 1956Baxter Laboratories IncParenteral administration of liquids
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3050061 *May 29, 1957Aug 21, 1962Baxter Laboratories IncParenteral solution equipment
US3064653 *Jun 4, 1959Nov 20, 1962Baxter Don IncCatheter for an administration set
US3092106 *Aug 4, 1958Jun 4, 1963Cutter LabAdministration equipment
US3316908 *Apr 14, 1964May 2, 1967Burron Medical Prod IncIntravenous injection apparatus
US3405723 *Jun 13, 1966Oct 15, 1968American Hospital Supply CorpParenteral liquid container with air tube
US3484849 *Jun 30, 1967Dec 16, 1969Gruenenthal ChemieAuxiliary transfer device
US3653839 *Jul 6, 1970Apr 4, 1972Henry Valve CoField test kit reagent transferring system and method for using same
US3783895 *May 4, 1971Jan 8, 1974Sherwood Medical Ind IncUniversal parenteral fluid administration connector
US3822700 *Mar 16, 1973Jul 9, 1974Pennington MIntravenous solution dispenser
US3846518 *Jun 19, 1972Nov 5, 1974American Hospital Supply CorpPort system for medical humidifier container
US3868965 *Jul 3, 1973Mar 4, 1975United States Surgical CorpDrop former for intravenous set
US3941126 *Aug 8, 1974Mar 2, 1976Dietrich Joseph WApparatus for long term intravenous administration of diluted incompatible multiple medications
US3993068 *Jul 8, 1975Nov 23, 1976Transcodan Sven Husted-AndersenPiercing cannula of infusion and transfusion instruments
US4334535 *Aug 12, 1980Jun 15, 1982Cutter Laboratories, Inc.Conduit device for rapid priming and flow of liquid
US4952210 *Dec 13, 1985Aug 28, 1990Becton, Dickinson And CompanyParenteral fluid administration set
US4998926 *Feb 28, 1990Mar 12, 1991Becton, Dickinson And CompanyParenteral fluid administration set
EP0226718A2 *Sep 11, 1986Jul 1, 1987Becton Dickinson and CompanyParenteral fluid administration set
EP0226718A3 *Sep 11, 1986Jun 8, 1988Becton, Dickinson And CompanyParenteral fluid administration set
Classifications
U.S. Classification604/251, 137/588, 137/594
International ClassificationA61M5/162, A61M5/14
Cooperative ClassificationA61M2005/1623, A61M5/162
European ClassificationA61M5/162