US 288539 A
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GEORGE F. ADAMS, OF NEWARK, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO JAMES -HARDM AN, JR, OF BELLEVILLE, NEWV JERSEY.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 288,539, dated November 13, 1883.
Application filed September .26, 1883.
To aZZ whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, GEORGE B. ADAMS, a citizen of the United States, residing in Newark, Essex county, New Jersey, have invented eertain new and useful Improvements in Purses, fully described and represented in the following specification and the accompanying drawings, forming a part of the same.
This invention consists in the combination, with a fiat purse or pouch having a convex bottom and a mouth formed of flexible mater al, of a U-shaped leaf-spring fitted to the sides and bottom of the purse, and operating to stretch the mouth longitudinally, and thereby hold it shut.
It also consists in various details of 0011- struction, as claimed herein.
I11 the drawings annexed, Figure 1 is a longitudinal vertical section of a purse constructed with my invent-ion. Fig. 2.,is a perspective view of a purse as it appears when held open. Fig. 3 is a horizontal transverse section of a purse, as on line 00 a: in Fig. 1. Fig. 4a is a transverse vertical section of the same, as 011 line y y in Fig. 1. Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 1, with an alternative construction; and Fig. 6 is a transverse vertical section of the open purse, as shown at line z z in Fig. 2.
Figs. 1, 3, and 4 show the purse as made of india-rubber, molded to form in halves and united by sewing at the joint a, (shownin Fig.
3,) the stitches appearing at b in Fig. 1..
In all the views the bag is represented as of U shape, witha U-shaped spring, D, inserted inside of it, and having the extreme ends of the same fitted to the extremities of the longitudinal slit which forms the mouth, so as to stretch. the same longitudinally outward and draw the flat sides of the mouth into contact.
A is the body of the purse, which consists of two sides of the shape described, and united at the edges so as toform a pouch, closed except upon the top or straight side, B. The
spring serving to keep the flat or straight sidesof the mouth B in contact, nothing more is needed to make the receptacle retain fiat objects like coins, except a ledge or rib along the inside of the mouth to check theoutward movement of such objects, except when the purse is opened. Such ledge is shown at O in (No model.)
Figs. 1 and 4. as formed of the substance of the sides by shaping the india-rubber in a suitable mold; and, as shown in Fig. 4, such ledges effectually prevent any thin object from slipping out of the closed mouth represented in that figure.
'Figs. 2, 5, and 6 represent a mode of con struction adapted to leather, cloth, and similar substances, the spring being shown extended over the top of the purse at the' ends of the slit forming the mouth, and bent downward over the outside, so as to embrace the fabric of the purse and be secured thereto by rivet c. The ledges O are shown formed in Fig. 6 by inserting strips of leather or pasteboard inside the mouth and folding the upper edges of the purse inward to cover such strips, to which they may be secured by sewing or cement, as preferred.
These different constructions show that my invention may be practiced in a variety of ways, and I do not therefore restrict myself to the precise constructions shown. The rubber purse may thus be made in one piece, if preferred, or of two parts united by cement, and 7 5 it would also preferably be lined with woven fabric to prevent the rubber fromtarnishing silver coins. The bags or purses formed of other material may be woven or knitted, and the spring may, if preferred, be placed upon 80 the outside and otherwise bent, and the upper ends turned inward to clasp the fabric and be riveted thereto.- In such case the spring could be fastened to the outer edge of the purse by stitching or otherwise, and may be shaped in any manner to stretch the mouth, as desired.
Having thus fully set forth the nature of my invention, it will be understood that it is a self closing purse, and that the same is opened by pressing the opposite edges together, as shown in Fig. 2, and thus bulging the sides apart.
I therefore claim my invention as follows:
1. A self-closing purse with straight flexible mouth, and having a U -shaped spring 5 adapted and operated to keep the mouth stretched longitudinally, as and for the purpose set forth.
2. A purse having a straight mouth and convex bottom, in combination with a U- 100 i shaped spring, the ends of which are connect- In testimony whereof I have hereunto set 10 ed with the ends of the mouthto keep them my hand in the presence of two subscribing normally separated, as and for the purpose witnesses. set forth.
3. The combination, with the purse having GEO. B. ADAMS. a flexible mouth, and constructed with a U- 1 shaped spring to keep the mouth normally Witnesses: closed, of the ledges 0, applied to the insides RICHARD KNEEsHAM, of the mouth, as and for the purpose set forth. J AMEs D. BEATTIE.