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Publication numberUS2885537 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 5, 1959
Filing dateMay 26, 1955
Priority dateMay 26, 1955
Publication numberUS 2885537 A, US 2885537A, US-A-2885537, US2885537 A, US2885537A
InventorsJr Elwood S Wood
Original AssigneeJr Elwood S Wood
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Illuminated surgical and dental instruments
US 2885537 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 1959 E. s. WOOD, JR 2,885,537

ILLUMINATED SURGICAL AND DENTAL INSTRUMENTS Filed May 26, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 7 8 INVENTOR.

.E/wooo 5. n qadzfie y 1 59 E. s. WOOD, JR, 2,885,537

' 1 ILLUMINATED SURGICAL AND DENTAL INSTRUMENTS Filed May 26, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 v I INVENTbR. 152 5/01 0110 5. W000 Jr Unite tates ILLUNHNATED SURGICAL A'ND INSTRUMENTS This invention relates'to a novel means for mounting various kinds of surgical and dental instruments, and for illuminating said instruments.

An object of the invention is, therefore, to provide novel surgical and dental instrument illuminating means.

Another object is the provision of a novel mounting means in the handle of a surgical or dental instrument whereby a self-contained flashlight in said handle may direct its rays on the operating surface of the instrument;

An additional object is the provision of a novel instrument base combined with a handle of special construction.

Other objects will appear hereinafter throughout the specification;

Referring to the drawings:

Figure 1 is a front elevation with parts in section of one form of the invention;

Figure 2 is a side elevation of the device shown in Figure 1, with the handle removed;

Figure 3 is a bottom plan view of the device shown in Figure 2;

Figure 4 is a front elevation of a second form of the invention;

Figure 5 is a bottom plan view of the device shownin Figure 4;

Figure 6 is a front elevation of a third form of the invention;

Figure 7 is a bottom plan view of the device shown in Figure 6;

Figure 8 is a side elevation of a fourth form of the invention;

Figure 9 is a bottom plan view of the device shown in Figure 8;

Figure 10 is a front elevation of a fifth form of the invention;

Figure 11*is a bottom view of the device shown in Figure 10;

Figure 12 is a front elevation, partly broken away, of the device shown in Figure 8, but showing a modified type of connecting means;

Figure 13 is a bottom plan view of the device shown in Figure 12';

Figure 14 is a front elevation of a flashlight for the structure of Figure 13;

Figure 15 is a perspective view of another form of the invention;

Figure 16 is a side elevation with the base in section of still another form of the invention;

Figure 17 is a bottom plan view of the structure of Figure 18;

Figure 18 is a perspective view of anotherform of the invention;

Figure 19 is a side elevation of the device shown in Figure 18;

Figure 20 is a bottom plan view of the device shown in Figures 18 and 19;

Figure 21 is a side elevation of another form of handle for the several devices; and,

Figure 22 is a front elevation of a mirror attachment.

2,885,537 Patented. May 5, 19.59

base 12, the latter being provided with a boss 14 having screw threads 16.

Both the base 12 and boss 14 have a central aperture orpassagew'ay 17 for the passage of. light rays from the flashlight now to be described. It will be appreciated,

however, that-other coupling means. may be substituted for those shown inthese figures.

The flashlight consists of the upper barrel 18S and lower barrel 20' which are threadedly joined. to each other by threads 22. The lower barrel is provided with a battery 24 and a contact 26. A spring 28 in the upper barrel tends to keep the battery in the lower barrel, and the bulb 30' pressed upwardly in the upper barrel. When the barrels are screwed together so that the lower one moves upwardly in the upper one, an electrical contact is made with. the bulb, and the barrels are locked in this position. The flashlight shown in Figure 1 contains a circular flange 47 that prevents upward movement of the bulb out of the. casing. This flange is also shown in' Figure 14-. The battery has been shown attached to a single instrument,ri.e.,.the depressor shown in" Figure l, inorder'to avoid repetition in the description and in various figures herein, but. it will be understood that it is constructed and adapted for attachment to other instruments hereinafterdescribed, omitting, how'- ever, those shown in Figures 12, 13 and 14.

The boss 14 is provided with a recess 32" which is semi-spherical; into which passageway 17 leads, whereby the recess 32 partia'lly'incloses bulb 30 as it is pressed upwardly by the spring 28'. The light rays are directed towards the working areas of the instrument. The same structure, i.e., the light bulb socket or recess, is shown in each of the instruments illustrated herein.

Referring to Figures- 4 and 5, the numeral 34 shows the tube-0f an ear and throatlight. Other uses, of course, may be made of this light. It hasan open end 36, a base 38, and a boss 40, the latter having threads for connecting it to; the flashlight shown in Figure 1. There is an aperture 43 that extends through the boss 40, base 38 and 'tube 34m form the opening in the end 36, whereby rays of light from the flashlight attached to threads 42 will extend'outl of; the said open end for a purpose'which' will be obvious to those skilled in the dental and medical professions.

The tube 34', when provided with the passageway 43, may be made of any suitable material such as metal or plastic; If it is made of a clear plastic, its outer surface should have an opaque coating or sheath, not shown.

Should. a plastic construction be used, if the plastic isa clear glass-like material', or made of glass, the passageway 43: couldb'e dispensed with, and a solid tube used, the solid tube having a sheath or coating on its cylin-' dri'calf sidescomposed' of opaque material, not shown.

In the structure shown in Figures 6 and 7, the mirror shown comprises a piece of reflecting material 44 of glass or metal: which is held in place by the circular support 46. The support formspart' of the neck 48 and the stem 50. The boss 54 is provided with screw threads 56. All of these parts are part of a single casting of clear transparent plastic material, such as a synthetic resin. An opaque coating or a sheath may be provided for these parts. Any type of resin. may be used, provided it is a clear resin,,andwill pass rays:oflight from alight source to the mirror, and particularly the circular support 46. Glass may be used in place of the plastic or metallic materials. No passageway is provided in the structure of Figures 6 and 7. The numeral 58 shows the semi-spherical socket for the light bulb 30.

In Figures 8 and 9, an ear knife is shown at 60, having a shank 62, a base 64, a boss 66 and threads 68. The boss has a semi-spherical recess 70 for the light bulb 30 of the flashlight, whose threads engage threads 68. A passageway 72 extends from the recess through shank 62 to the knife 60.

The structure shown in Figures 10 and 11 is similar to that shown by Figures 8 and 9, but in the former construction the scalpel or knife is offset relative the longitudinal axis of the support or base. As shown, the scalpel 74 is removably mounted in a recess shown in dotted lines in the base 76. The base has a boss 78, screw threads 80, a bulb recess 82, and passageway 84.

The structures of Figures 12 and 13 are similar to those heretofore described, except instead of providing screw threads for joining the base to a flashlight, a squared boss with a friction grip is provided. As shown, the instrument stem is indicated at 86, the base at 88, the multi-sided boss at 90, semi-spherical recess at 92, a ball 94, and a spring for said ball, as shown at 96. The recess 92 communicates with a longitudinal passageway 98 that extends to the end (not shown), of the instrument.

It will be understood that the multi-sided boss 90 fits into a multi-sided socket of a flashlight, as shown in Figure 14 at 100.

Figure 15 shows a pair of forceps 102 mounted on a base 104, a boss 106 having threads 108 for the flashlight shown in Figure 1. The boss has a semi-spherical recess 110, which is in communication with the passageway 112. In this construction, the passageway 112 does not extend beyond the point where the forceps join the base, in order that rays of light will be projected between the arms of the forceps, as shown.

The structure of Figures 16 and 17 is substantially the same as that of Figure 15. However, in Figure 16, the passageway 114 is inclined so as to direct the rays of light from the flashlight of the type shown in Figure 1, to the ends 116 of the forceps 118.

Figure 18 shows forceps with offset sides, and Figures 19 and 20 show forceps having straight sides. The construction of passageways and other details are the same as those shown in Figure 15.

In Figure 21, is illustrated a handle 120 having a multisided socket 122 that may be used to take the place of the structure shown in Figure 14.

Figure 22 shows a mirror 124 on a stem 126, having a ball and socket connection 128 to the base 130, the latter having spring legs 132 for engaging the sides of the square-sided base of the aforementioned flashlight.

As each instrument has a square sided base, as shown in Figure 20, a detachable mirror, 'as shown in Figure 22, can be used with each of them.

The above description and drawings disclose several embodiments of the invention, and specific language has been employed in describing the several figures. It will, nevertheless, be understood that no limitations of the scope of the invention are thereby contemplated, and that various alterations and modifications may be made such as would occur to one skilled in the art to which the invention relates.

I claim:

1. A combined surgical or dental instrument and lighting means therefor comprising a hollow cylindrical base and a tubular instrument-holder, screw-threaded coupling means on each end of said holder, said base being adapted to contain a cylindrical battery, the upperend of said base having screw-threaded means adapted to receive the first of said coupling means of said holder,

said base being thereby detachably connected to said first- Cir coupling means of said holder, a circular apertured flange being disposed within said holder, said flange having a tapered collar surrounding said aperture and adapted to receive and retain a spring urged lamp bulb which may be lighted when said base and said instrument holder are screwed together thereby moving the central contact of a battery in said base into engagement with the central contact of said lamp bulb, an instrument having a screwthreaded shank and being detachably connected to said second coupling means of said holder, said shank having a longitudinally extending passageway therethrough and adjacent said lamp, said shank having a semi-spherical recess communicating with said passageway and forming a pocket within which said collar and said lamp project.

2. A combined surgical or dental instrument and lighting means therefor comprising a hollow cylindrical base and a tubular instrument-holder, screw threaded coupling means on each end of said holder, said base being adapted to contain a cylindrical battery, the upper end of said base having screw-threaded means adapted to receive the first of said coupling means of said holder, said base being thereby detachably connected to said first coupling means of said holder, a circular apertured flange being disposed within said holder adjacent said second of said coupling means on said holder, said flange having a tapered collar surrounding said aperture and adapted to receive and retain a spring urged lamp, a battery source for said lamp being encased within said base and arranged to provide electrical current to said bulb responsive to said base being rotatively positioned therewith, an instrument having a screw-threaded shank and being detachably connected to said second coupling means of said holder,

said shank having a semi-spherical recess communicating with said passageway and forming a pocket within which said collar and said lamp project.

3. A combined surgical or dental instrument and lighting means therefor comprising a hollow cylindrical 1 base and a tubular instrument-holder, screw-threaded coupling means on each end of said holder, said base being adapted to contain a cylindrical battery, the upper end of said base having screw-threaded means adapted to receive the first of said coupling means of said holder, said base being thereby detachably connected to said first coupling means of said holder, a circular apertured flange being disposed within said holder, said flange having a tapered collar surrounding said aperture and adapted to receive and retain a spring urged lamp, an elongated tubular instrument having a screw-threaded shank and being detachably connected to the second of said coupling means of said holder, said instrument having a longitudinally extending passageway therethrough and adjacent said lamp, said shank having a semi-spherical .recess communicating with said passageway and forming a pocket within which said collar and said lamp project.

4. A combined surgical or dental instrument and lighting means therefor comprising a hollow cylindrical base and a tubular instrument-holder, screw threaded coupling means on each end of said holder, said base being adapted to contain a cylindrical battery, the upper end of said base having screw-threaded means adapted to receive the first of said coupling means of said holder, said base being thereby detachably connected to said first coupling means of said holder, a circular apertured flange base being rotatively positioned therewith, an elongated tubular instrument having a screw-threaded shank and being detachably connected to said coupling means of said holder, said instrument having a longitudinally extending passageway therethrough and adjacent said lamp, said shank having a semi-spherical recess communicating with said passageway and forming a pocket within which said collar and said lamp project.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Hambleton Feb. 8, 1944 6 Berger Dec. 31, 1946 Lamb Oct. 14, 1947 Kleinschmidt Oct. 10, 1950 Orlando Jan. 22, 1952 Hettrick Dec. 22, 1953 Zuckerman Jan. 19, 1954 Manoloff June 22, 1954 Wood Feb. 26, 1957

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1439404 *Mar 11, 1922Dec 19, 1922Cotharin Claude LIlluminated tool
US2107791 *Feb 24, 1936Feb 8, 1938Henning WilliamDental tool
US2134081 *Dec 17, 1936Oct 25, 1938Gaede John EWrench
US2341375 *Oct 26, 1942Feb 8, 1944Thomas ManganIlluminated multiple socket wrench
US2413484 *Sep 2, 1942Dec 31, 1946Jacques BergerTest light
US2428975 *Aug 19, 1944Oct 14, 1947Anthony H LambIlluminated mirror
US2525414 *Jun 15, 1946Oct 10, 1950Kleinschmidt Willard GWork illuminating tool handle
US2583491 *Feb 27, 1948Jan 22, 1952Francis Orlando JosephPlumb bob device
US2663791 *May 31, 1951Dec 22, 1953Hettrick Carl RWriting implement flashlight attachment
US2666843 *Aug 4, 1950Jan 19, 1954Cedric H MarksIlluminated tweezers
US2681979 *Jan 15, 1951Jun 22, 1954Manoloff NickIlluminated baton
US2783364 *May 26, 1955Feb 26, 1957Wood Jr Elwood SIlluminated lug wrench attachment
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3287547 *Jun 10, 1964Nov 22, 1966Albert W SpeddingIlluminated tweezer
US3349764 *Oct 7, 1964Oct 31, 1967Halasz IstvanSelf-illuminating tongue depressor with detachable tongue blade
US3510643 *Aug 7, 1967May 5, 1970Robert H FileEating utensil with illuminated head portion
US3592199 *Feb 9, 1970Jul 13, 1971Medical Products CorpAutoclavable surgical instrument illumination
US3598113 *Oct 9, 1968Aug 10, 1971Welch Allyn IncDisposable laryngoscope construction
US3614415 *May 19, 1969Oct 19, 1971Vicon Products CorpFiber illuminator
US3638644 *Mar 5, 1969Feb 1, 1972Michael ElbertIlluminated surgical speculum
US3848587 *Nov 21, 1972Nov 19, 1974B McdonaldEar, nose and throat examining instrument
US4195329 *Dec 1, 1977Mar 25, 1980Les Produits Associes Lpa SaDiagnostic lamp, particularly for checking teeth
US4453546 *Sep 27, 1982Jun 12, 1984The United States Of America As Reprsented By The Secretary Of The ArmyFor controlling eye position
US4542741 *Nov 16, 1983Sep 24, 1985Burgin Kermit HSurgical instrument with incorporated lighting system
US4642738 *Jan 16, 1986Feb 10, 1987Moshe MellerIlluminated dental drill
US4657012 *Apr 1, 1985Apr 14, 1987Burgin Kermit HSurgical instrument with incorporated lighting system
US4785796 *Sep 12, 1986Nov 22, 1988Mattson Philip DOtoscope and flexible, disposable curette for use therewith
US5003434 *Jul 13, 1990Mar 26, 1991Den-Tal-Ez, Inc.Miniature hand-held spot source of illumination
US5316473 *Apr 24, 1992May 31, 1994Dentsply Research & Development Corp.Light curing apparatus and method
US5683350 *Nov 21, 1995Nov 4, 1997Paul; Glennon H.To backlight the maxillary sinuses of a patient
US6080105 *Jun 26, 1997Jun 27, 2000Spears; Robert A.Illuminated dental and surgical retractor and kit including plurality of blades and blades recharging base
US7419493Dec 12, 2003Sep 2, 2008Regents Of The University Of MinnesotaScleral depressor
US8083751Aug 19, 2008Dec 27, 2011Regents Of The University Of MinnesotaScleral depressor
US8235893 *Sep 28, 2007Aug 7, 2012Josephberg Robert GScleral depressor
US20050288683 *Sep 2, 2005Dec 29, 2005Ophtec B.V.Intraocular lens for implantation in an eye and instrument and methods for insertion of such a lens
US20080081952 *Sep 28, 2007Apr 3, 2008Josephberg Robert GScleral depressor
EP0156472A1 *Feb 8, 1985Oct 2, 1985MICRA Ltd.Forceps
WO1988000014A1 *Jul 7, 1987Jan 14, 1988Nigel Alan BiggsImprovements relating to tweezers
WO2004054487A2 *Dec 12, 2003Jul 1, 2004Arthur G ErdmanScleral depressor
WO2013059892A1 *Jul 24, 2012May 2, 2013Navarro Sobral Jose ManoelStructural arrangement introduced into a saliva-suction device
Classifications
U.S. Classification362/119, 362/572, 433/29, 30/329, 362/573, 600/241, 362/139, 600/248
International ClassificationA61B1/07, A61B1/273, A61B17/32, A61B17/30, A61B1/24, A61B17/24, A61B13/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61B1/2733, A61B1/07, A61B1/24, A61B17/30, A61B13/00, A61B17/3211, A61B17/24
European ClassificationA61B1/24, A61B17/30, A61B17/24, A61B1/273B, A61B1/07, A61B13/00, A61B17/3211