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Publication numberUS2885683 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 12, 1959
Filing dateMar 14, 1957
Priority dateMar 14, 1957
Publication numberUS 2885683 A, US 2885683A, US-A-2885683, US2885683 A, US2885683A
InventorsSol Lipkin
Original AssigneeSol Lipkin
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cap
US 2885683 A
Images(2)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 12, 1959 s. LIPKIN 2,885,683

` CAP Filed March 14, v1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 #umm Ju INVENToR. Soz. L /PK/A/ Irfan/vers S. LIPKIN May 12, 1959 CAP Filed March 14, 195'? 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 m. .M wm .n WM 4 N Il United States Patent() CAP Sol Lipkn, Minneapolis, Minn. f Application March 14, 1957, serial No. 646,167 4 Claims. (Cl. 2-172) therebeneath `to be in covering relation to the head, upper l forehead, the ears andthe rearward portion of the neck of afwearer.` The inband will consist of an elongated piece of material continuous -about the front, sides and portions of the rear of they crown and an expansible gore connecting end edges of the elongated piece, covering an upperportionof the neck, exerting a pull 'on said end edges and 'keeping said elongated piece in contact with the covered portions ofl the wearer. A cap made according to the invention additionally can include a visor upon and.' a liningwithin the crown. v

In the accompanying drawings forming `a part of this specification,

Fig. 1 is a front elevational view cording to the invention as when the inband in turned down position;

of a capmade acapplied to -use with Fig. 2 is a side elevational view of the disclosure of i Fig. 1;

" Fig. `3 vis .a perspective view of the cap as it would appear from beneath with Ithe inband in turned down position;

Fig.'` 4 is an enlarged yfragmentary plan view of the l cap as it would appear from beneath with the inband at a position between its turned down and turned up positions; I

Fig. 5 is a detail sectional view, taken on line 5-5 inFig. 2;

Fig. 6 is a detail' sectional View, taken on line 6 6 in Fig. 3; 1

Fig. 7 is aplan View .of the inband as when in laid out, partially unfolded condition;

Fig. 8 is a detail sectional view, taken on line 8-8 ICC 16 joining the legs 14, 15. The connecting strip 13 is stitched, as at 17, along the interior marginal edge of the crown and about the whole of the circumference thereof to have the fold 16 of the strip adjacent the lower edge of the crown and so that the legs 14, 15 thereof extend normally upwardly into the crown. The interior edge of the continuous turn-down inband 12 is stitched, as at 18, between the legs 14, 15. The inband selectively can be turned up into the crown against the inside surface thereof, or turned down, as in the drawings, in covering relation to the head, the forehead, the ears and the upper portion of the neck of a wearer of the cap.

'Ihe continuous turn-down inband 12 is constituted as an elongated piece of material 19 and an expansible gore 20. The elongated piece 19 is continuous about the front, sides and portions of the rear of the crown and is adapted to extend, when the inband is turned down, over the upper forehead, ears and por-tions of the rear of the neck at the sides thereof. End edges of said clon# gated piece are denoted 21, 21. The expansible gore 20 desirably can consist of customary fabric into which elastic material, such as threads of rubber, are interwoven. As s'hown, the expansible gore 20 is composed as a length of material bent upon itself, as at 22, at an unsecured edge of the continuous turn-down inband. A binding strip 23 is stitched, as at 24, to and continuously about the exterior edge of the elongated piece 19.

Said elongated piece of material of the turn-down inband 12 is constituted as two separate plies, represented 25 and 26, respectively, in superimposed relation, as disclosed in Figs. 5, 7, 8 and 9 of the drawings. The inner edge of the rplies 25, 26 are straight andthe inner edge portions of said plies of the elongated piece 19 are secured by the stitching 18 to and between the ex-v terior edge portions of the legs 14, 15 of the connecting strip 13, and the outer edge portions of said plies are secured by the stitching 24 between folds ofthe binding strip 23. The ply 26 is a single'piece of material yas shown. 'Ihe ply 25 also is continuous but constituted as two pieces of sewed together material. The outer edge of the elongated piece 19 is curvilinear at each side thereof .and generally S-shaped to provide a r'elativelynarrow forehead covering portion, a relatively wide ear covering portion and a narrowing rear covering'portion. Each of the end edges 21,21 of said elongated lpiece 4extends "at an angle to the secured edge thereof. 'v

The expansible gore 20 is situated centrally of the crown at the rear thereof and tapers in direction from its location of jointure with the'crown -to the outer edges of Ithe elongated piece 19 of thel turn-down inband. Each of the opposite side edges of each fold of the'expansible gore is stitched, as at 28, tothe adjacent end edge portion of a ply, 25 or'26, as lthe case may be, of the elongated piece 19, and the opposite side edge portions o-f said expansible gore folds lie between said plies 25 and 26, as clearly disclosed in Fig. 9. `Edge `portions of the folds of said expansible gore adjacent the crown are stitched, as at 27, to and between the legs 14, 15 of the connecting strip 13, as well as between the end edges 21, 21 of said elongated piece. The end edge portions of the plies 25, 26 are yfolded inwardly of the elongated piece 19 and the side edge portions of the folds of the expansible gore lie between the inwardly folded end edge portions of said plies 25, 26. The stitching 18, 27 secures the end portions of the folds of the expansible gore 20 and the end portions of the plies 25, 26 ofthe elongated piece A19 in overlapping relation. vThe .unsecured edge of the expansible gore, bent upon itself at 22, terminates ush with the curvilinear edges of the rearward end portions of the elongated piece of material to extend as a relatively smooth projection of the curvilinear side edges of said elongated piece.

The continuous turn-down inband 12 will be of width at the front thereof to lie in. snug covering relation to the front and sides of the forehead, at the sides thereof to lie in snug covering relation to the ears and at the "rear thereof to lie in snug covering relation to an upper portion of the rear of the neck of a wearer.

The expansible gore 2l) will become partially stretched over the rear of the neck in direction transversely of the crown upon application of the cap to the head with the inband 12 turned down, and' the stretched expansible gore will resiliently retain the full length of the binding strip 23 in engaged relation with the front and sides of the forehead, the opposite sides of the face beneath the ears and portionsy of the neck at opposite sides of said expansible gore. The ears of a wearer will lie within the ear covering portions. With movement of the head to different positions the inband will be capable of becoming increasingly stretched. No matter what may be the relative position of the head and neck of a wearer, the continuous inband and its binding strip will be snugly fitted. The expansible gore will expand in response to movements of the head which increase the circumference of the inband and contract with head movements which permit the circumference of the inband to become decreased. The inband of a cap made according to the invention can be readily and easily placed in covering relation to the head, ears and neck of a wearer.

Inasmuch as the turn-down inband 12 is continuous, the whole of the head of a wearer, the ears and the upper portion of the rear of the neck are completely covered and. protected, it being here noted that an important purpose of a cap` with turn-down inband is protection of parts of a wearer below the lower edge of the crown of a head covering when worn without turn-down inband.

The connecting strip 13 is incorporated in such a way that two thicknesses thereof are between the head and the crown of the cap when the inband is up and four thicknesses are so positioned when the inband is down. The thickness of the connecting stn'p is doubled when the inband is turned down. The additional bulk holds the cap and inband more snugly in place than would otherwise be the case. The action of the expansible Igore will be effectively transmitted equally to all portions of the elongated piece and the cap will be held snugly in place.

What is claimed is:

1. A cap comprising a crown adapted to be fitted upon the head, a continuous U-shaped connecting strip including a pair of legs and a fold joining said legs to each other, said strip being secured -along an interior marginal edge` of the crown to have said fold adjacent the lower edge of said crown, said legs of said U-shaped strip extending normally upwardly into said crown, a continuous normally upwardly positioned turn-down inband secured along an edge thereof 'between the legs of said -U-shaped connecting strip for the whole circumference thereof, said continuous turn-down inband being constituted as an elongated piece of material continuous about the front, sides and portions of the rear of said crown and an expansible gore at the rear of the crown, said elongated piece of material having a straight secured edge, a pair of end edges and oneach side of the longitudinal center line of the crown a curvilinear outer edge generally S-shaped to provide a relatively narrow forehead covering; portion, -a relatively wide ear covering portion and a narrowing rear. neck covering portion, said inband lying in snug covering relation to the head and ears and upper portion of the rear of the neck when extended downwardly' from the crown, each of said end edges `extending at an angle to the secured edge of said elongated piece of material, said expansible gore lling the gore being constituted as a length of material folded down upon itself at its unsecured edge.

2. A cap comprising a crown adapted to be fitted upon the head, a continuous U-shaped connecting strip including a pair of legs and a fold joining said legs to each other, said strip being secured along an interior marginal edge of the crown to have said fold adjacent the lower edge of said crown, said legs of said U-shaped strip extending. normally upwardly into said crown, a continuous normally upwardly positioned turn-down inband secured along an edge thereof vbetween the legs of said U-shaped connecting strip for the whole circumference thereof, said continuous turn-down inband being constituted as an elongated piece of material continuous about the front, sides and portions of the rear of said crown and an expansible gore at the rear of the crown, said elongated piece of material having a straight secured edge, a pair of endl edges and on each side of the longitudinal center liner of the crown an outer edge generally tapered i to provide a relatively narrow forehead covering portion,

a relatively wide ear covering portion and a rear neck covering portion, said inband lying in` snug covering relation to the `head and ears and upper portion of the rear of the neck when extended downwardly from the crown, each of said-end edges extending at an angle to the secured edge of said elongated piece of material, said expansible gore: filling the space and extending between and being connected to said end edges and having an unsecured edge extending as a relatively smooth projection of the outer side edges of the elongated piece, and a binding strip secured to said outer edges of the elongated piece of material, said elongated piece being constituted as two separate plies in superimposed relation, each of said plies being continuous across the front of the crown, and said expansible gore being constituted as alength of material folded down upon itself at its unsecured edge.

3. The combination as specified in claim 2 wherein the end edge portions of the plies of said elongated piece are folded inwardly thereof, the side edge portions of the folds of said expansible gore lie between the inwardly folded end edge portions of saidplies and the opposite side edges of each fold of the expansible gore are stitched to end edges of a ply of the elongated piece adjacent thereto.

4. A cap comprising a crown adapted to be tted upon the head, a continuous U-shaped connecting strip in.- cluding a pair of legs and a fold joining said legs to each other, said strip being secured along an interior marginal edge of the crown to have said fold adjacent the lower edge of said crown, said legs of said U-shaped strip extending normally upwardly into said crown, a continuous normally upwardly positioned turn-down inband secured along an edge thereof between the legs of said U-shaped connecting strip for the whole circumference thereof, said continuous turn-down inband being constituted as an elongated piece of material continuous about the front, sides and portions of the rear of said crown and an expansible gore at the rear of the crown, said elongated piece of material having a straight securededge, a pair of end edges and an outer edge spaced from said straight secured edge to provide'fore'- head, ear and rear neck covering portions, said inband lying in snug covering relation to the head, ears and upper portions of the rear of the neck when extended downwardly from the crown, each of said end edges extending atV an angle to the secured edge of said elongated piece, said expansible gore filling the space'and extending lbetween and being connected to said end edges and having an unsecured edge extending as a relatively smooth projection of said outer side edge of the elongated piece, and a binding strip secured to said outer edge of said elongated piece, the elongated piece 4being constituted as two separate plies in superimposed relation, each of said plies being continuous across the front of the crown, said expansible gore being constituted as a length of material folded upon itself at its unsecured edge, end edge portions of the plies of the elongated piece being folded inwardly thereof, side edge portions of the folds of the expansible .gore lying between the inwardly folded end edge portions of said plies and opposite side edges of each fold of said expansible gore being stitched to the end edges of a ply of the elongated piece adjacent thereto.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Gordon July 22, Passman Sept. 20, Wallace May 24, Warren May 17, Hamilton Ian. 11,

FOREIGN PATENTS France May 13, France Sept. 1, France July 29,

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US705068 *Apr 8, 1902Jul 22, 1902Charles W GordonApparel-cap.
US970544 *Dec 2, 1908Sep 20, 1910Jacob H LiedermanEar-protector.
US1379142 *Jan 3, 1920May 24, 1921Leon WallaceCap
US1629188 *Nov 6, 1925May 17, 1927 Knitted cap
US2698945 *Mar 28, 1952Jan 11, 1955Hamilton Charles RProtective cap
FR375369A * Title not available
FR391569A * Title not available
FR427211A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3134983 *Jan 16, 1962Jun 2, 1964Sol LipkinCap
US3188654 *Dec 23, 1963Jun 15, 1965Chaim BonkCap
US3247523 *Aug 28, 1964Apr 26, 1966Sol LipkinCap
US3276038 *Feb 18, 1964Oct 4, 1966Joseph FeketeShape retaining lining for a hat or cap
US3292182 *Mar 17, 1965Dec 20, 1966Schuessler Walter EInband visor cap
US3337877 *Jul 19, 1965Aug 29, 1967Malrov United Hat & Cap Co IncCap
US3414906 *Feb 24, 1965Dec 10, 1968Chaim BonkCap
US4486903 *Jan 30, 1984Dec 11, 1984Joseph KrystalCap with ear band
US4551859 *Apr 30, 1984Nov 12, 1985Gerhardt Gilbert CCap
US4662007 *Mar 3, 1986May 5, 1987M. U. Industries, Inc.Elastic hingeless cap
US4951319 *Mar 31, 1989Aug 28, 1990Burlington Industries, Inc.Cold weather hat
US5012532 *Jun 2, 1989May 7, 1991Krystal Cap Company Ltd.Size adjustable cap
US20110131711 *Dec 7, 2009Jun 9, 2011Marietta KuchurisConvertible Insulating Headcover Apparatus With Flexible Face Shield
Classifications
U.S. Classification2/172, 2/195.2
International ClassificationA42B1/06, A42B1/04
Cooperative ClassificationA42B1/066
European ClassificationA42B1/06C