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Publication numberUS2886374 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 12, 1959
Filing dateApr 3, 1957
Priority dateSep 20, 1956
Also published asDE1112906B
Publication numberUS 2886374 A, US 2886374A, US-A-2886374, US2886374 A, US2886374A
InventorsHenry Meats William
Original AssigneeTelehoist Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tipping bodies for commercial vehicles
US 2886374 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 12, 1959 w. H. MEATS TIPPING BODIESFOR COMMERCIAL VEHICLES Filed April 3, 1957 9% ,4 awm AT TORNEY United StatSP3tnt O TIPPING BODIES FOR COMIVIERCIAL VEHICLES William Henry Meats, Cheltenham, England, assignor to Telehoist Limited, 'Cheltenham, England Application April 3, 1957, Serial No. 650,529

Claims priority, application Great Britain September 20, 1956 5 Claims. (Cl. 296-28) This invention relates to all-metal fixed-side tipping bodies for commercial vehicles. Such bodies are largely employed for the carriage and deposit of sand, gravel, ballast and the like, and to facilitate the depositing operation the longitudinal sides and the floor of the body merge into each other by way of an arc.

The main object of the invention is to effect economies in the manufacture of such bodies while simultaneously obtaining maximum strength for a given material utilisation. A further object is to provide an improved construction of such bodies enabling them to take up the minimum stowage space while being shipped in a knocked-down state.

The invention comprises the combination, in an allmetal fixed-side tipping body for a commercial vehicle, of longitudinal side panels bent outwardly and then downwardly towards their lower longitudinal edges to form side sills affording lower marginal rigidity, and a floor sheet the longitudinal side edges of which are upwardly turned to form arcuate flanges connected to the side panels adjacent the top of the side sills of the latter.

Preferably the lower longitudinal edges of the side panels are turned inwardly so that the side sills are in the form of inwardly open channels, the inwardly turned portions of the side panels and the floor sheet being connected to transverse members of the floor structure.

A preferred form of body in accordance with the invention will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is an exploded view of the body showing in perspective the five main separate parts and,

Figure 2 is a detail sectional view through the lower portion of one of the longitudinal side panels of the body to illustrate the connection of the longitudinal side panel to the floor structure.

Referring to the drawings, the all-metal fixed-side tipping body is constructed in five main separate parts or sub-assemblies as shown in Figure 1. These separate parts are a headboard 10, a tailboard 11, two longitudinal side panels 13, 13 and a floor structure 14 all of which are substantially flat so that they take up the minimum amount of space during shipment and/or stowage prior to final assembly of the body. The longitudinal side panels 13, 13 are formed from flat sheets the upper longitudinal edges of which are turned outwardly, downwardly and inwardly to form upper stiffening channels 15. Along their lower longitudinal edges each of the side panels 13, 13 has an integrally formed side sill 16, more clearly shown in Figure 2, produced by bending the panels outwardly at an obtuse angle to form a downwardly and outwardly sloping portion 17, then bending them downwardly at a similar angle to form a vertical portion 18 below the sloping portion, and finally bending them inwardly to provide a horizontal inwardly projecting flange 19, the side sill thus produced being in the form of an inwardly open channel.

Along its longitudinal side edges the rectangular floor 2,886,374 Patented May 12, 1959 sheet 20 of the floor structure 14 of the body is turned upwardly to form arcuate flanges 21, 21 of slightly greater depth than the side sills 16, 16 of the longitudinal side panels 13, 13 and adapted to be connected to the inner vertical surfaces of the respective side panels just above the downwardly and outwardly sloping portions 17, 17 of the side sills. Such connection may be effected by a continuous weld, as shown at 22 in Figure 2, if suitable welding facilities are available at the place where the bodies are to be finally assembled, or alternatively connection can be eflected by means of bolts, not illustrated, which pass through registering holes formed in the upper ends of the flanges 21, 21 and the side panels 13, 13.

The floor structure 14 of the body comprises a spaced series of transverse members 23 to the upper surfaces of which the central flat portion 20a of the floor sheet 20 is secured, each transverse member being formed from a length of channel section material and having its ends projecting beyond the upturned arcuate flanges 21, 21 of the floor sheet to enable the lower inwardly projecting flanges 19 of the side sills 16, 16 which are aligned with the central flat portion of the floor sheet and nearly meet the latter, to be secured thereto and hold the inwardly open channels and arcuate flanges 21 in rigid relationship. The connection may be effected either by means of bolts, not illustrated, or a welding operation, as indicated at 27, 28. It will be appreciated that the inwardly open channels, arcuate flanges 21, 21 and the outer ends of the transverse members 23 form longitudinally extending boxlike structures which impart rigidity both in the horizontal and vertical planes to the lower edges of the side panels 13, 13 and the floor structure 14. Extra rigidity may be, and in the example illustrated is, imparted to the side panels 13, 13 by spaced vertical stilfeners 24 secured to the outer surfaces of the main vertical portions of the side panels, the lower edges 24a of the stiffeners sloping downwardly and outwardly and being secured, as by means of welding, to the downwardly and outwardly sloping portions 17 of the side sills 16 whilst their upper horizontal edges are secured within the upper stilfening channels 15 of the side panels.

As a further feature facilitating shipping of the body in its sub-assemblies, the corner pillars 25 of the body preferably form part of the side panel assemblies 13, 13 instead of, as in normal practice, being attached to the front and rear transverse members 23a, 23b of the floor structure 14. On final assembly of the body the lower ends of the corner pillars 25 are connected to the front and rear transverse members 23a, 23b of the floor structure 14. It will be understood that also during final assembly of the body the headboard 10 and tailboard 11 are secured to the respective corner pillars 25.

I claim:

1. For a commercial vehicle, an all-metal fixed-side tipping body comprising the combination of longitudinal side panels bent outwardly and then downwardly towards their lower longitudinal edges to form side sills afiording lower marginal rigidity to said side panels, and a floor sheet horizontally aligned with the lower edges of said side sills and the longitudinal side edges of which are upwardly turned to provide upstanding flanges of arcuate form merging with a central flat portion of the floor sheet and the upper ends of which terminate at, and are connected to, the inner surfaces of said panels just above the top of the side sills of the latter.

2. For a commercial vehicle, an all-metal fixed-side tipping body comprising the combination of longitudinal side panels which, towards their lower longitudinal edges, are bent outwardly, downwardly and then inwardly to provide side sills in the form of inwardly open channels affording lower marginal rigidity to the side panels, and a floor structure comprising a spaced series of transverse assesses v members and a floor sheet the longitudinal side edges of which are upwardly turned to provide upstanding flanges of arcuate form merging smoothly with a central flat portion of the floor sheet and the upper ends of which are connected to the inner surfaces of the side panels just above the top of the side sills of the latter, the inwardly turned portions of the side sills, which are aligned with the central fiat portion of the floor sheet and nearly meet the latter, being secured to the upper surfaces of said transverse members of the floor structure so that longitudinally extending box-like structures are formed which impart rigidity both in the horizontal and vertical planes to the side panels and floor structure.

3. For a commercial vehicle, an all-metal fixed-side tipping body comprising the combination of substantially vertical longitudinal side panels formed from fiat sheets which, towards their lower longitudinal edges, are provided with horizontally arranged inwardly open channels formed by bending the side sheets outwardly at an obtuse angle to form downwardly and outwardly sloping portions, then bending them downwardly at a similar angle to form vertical portions below said sloping portions, and finally bending them inwardly to provide horizontal inwardly projecting flanges defining the lower edges of the channels, and a floor structure comprising a spaced series of transverse members and a floor sheet the longitudinal side edges of which are upwardly turned to form up standing flanges which curve inwardly to merge smoothly with a central portion of the floor sheet and the upper ends of which are connected to the inner surfaces of the side panels just above the downwardly and outwardly sloping portions thereof, the inwardly turned flanges of the side sheets, which are aligned with the central flat portion of the floor sheet and nearly meet the latter, being secured to the upper surfaces of said transverse members of the floor structure which project outwardly beyond the upstanding flanges of the floor sheet, the upstanding flanges of the floor structure, the inwardly open channels of the side panels and the respective outer ends of the transverse members forming longitudinally extending box-like structures which impart rigidity both in the horizontal and vertical planes to the lower portions of the side panels and the floor structure.

4. A tipping body according to claim 3, wherein corner pillars of the body are incorporated in said two longitudinal side panels and the body comprises, in addition to the two substantially fiat longitudinal side panels and the floor structure, two additional substantially fiat main subassemblies, namely a headboard and a tailboard, so that said body occupies minimum stowage space while being shipped in a knocked-down state.

5. A tipping body according to claim 3, wherein spaced vertical stifleners are secured to the outer surfaces of said longitudinal side panels, the lower edges of the stifieners being secured to the upper surfaces of said outwardly bent portions of the side panels.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,857,796 Stylinger May 10, 1932 2,115,248 Bernstein Apr. 26, 1938 2,489,670 Powell Nov. 29, 1949 2,502,093 Johnson Mar. 28, 1950 2,595,028 Vutz Apr. 29, 1952 2,697,631 Miller Dec. 21, 1954 FOREIGN PATENTS 647,463 France July 30, 1928

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1857796 *Mar 31, 1928May 10, 1932Auto Truck Equipment CompanyTruck body
US2115248 *Nov 10, 1936Apr 26, 1938Bernstein JacobTransport tank mounting
US2489670 *Sep 19, 1946Nov 29, 1949Reynolds Metals CoBody for wheeled vehicles
US2502093 *Sep 23, 1946Mar 28, 1950Johnson William DMetal wagon body
US2595028 *Aug 2, 1949Apr 29, 1952Avco Mfg CorpVehicle body structure
US2697631 *Apr 24, 1952Dec 21, 1954Miller Melvin GVehicle body partitioning and load securing device
FR647463A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2945721 *Oct 8, 1957Jul 19, 1960Converto Mfg Co IncTruck body construction
US3804464 *Feb 26, 1973Apr 16, 1974Frontier CorpTruck body construction
US6481785 *Oct 22, 1998Nov 19, 2002Haul Supreme Pty LtdDump body
US6986540 *Sep 16, 2003Jan 17, 2006Honda Motor Company, Ltd.Bed system for a pickup truck
US20050057074 *Sep 16, 2003Mar 17, 2005Augustine Robb LouisBed system for a pickup truck
DE10201593A1 *Jan 16, 2002Aug 14, 2003Schmitz Gotha FahrzeugwerkeSkip device has various plates forming several modules with lengthwise frame sectors
EP1435309A1 *Feb 5, 2003Jul 7, 2004General Trailers FranceBody for an industrial vehicle, manufacturing process for such a body and industrial vehicle with such a body
Classifications
U.S. Classification296/181.7, 296/183.1
International ClassificationB62D33/02, B60P1/28, B60P1/04
Cooperative ClassificationB62D33/02, B60P1/286
European ClassificationB60P1/28B2, B62D33/02