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Publication numberUS2889900 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 9, 1959
Filing dateMay 3, 1956
Priority dateMay 3, 1956
Publication numberUS 2889900 A, US 2889900A, US-A-2889900, US2889900 A, US2889900A
InventorsBenoit M Singleton
Original AssigneeWoodlin Metal Products
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Window and storm sash assembly
US 2889900 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

B; M. SINGLETON WINDOW AND STORM SASH ASSEMBLY June 9, 19 59 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed May 5, 1956 INVENTOR 1 all ATTORNEY June 9, 1959 B. M. SINGLETON wmnow 'AND STORM SASH ASSEMBLY 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed May-3, 1956 INVENTOR jenoz'z flf z'n zezon, BY (m a.

ATTORNEY United States Fatent WINDOW AND STORM SASH ASSEMBLY Benoit M. Singleton, Middlebury, Ind., assignor to Woodlin Metal Products, Marshall, Mich., a corporation of Michigan Application May 3, 1956, Serial No. 582,413 Claims. (Cl. 189-69) The present invention relates broadly to window constructions, and in its specific phases to a window assembly having an inbuilt storm sash as a part of same.

Double pane windows with a sealed air space are used for heat insulation purposes, but such are satisfactory only as long as there is no leak of air into the space between panes of glass since as soon as that happens the window becomes subject to condensation of moisture on the inner surfaces between panes, and moreover such double pane windows are exceptionally expensive. This has led to the continuing use of conventional storm sash with various ways of mounting same on the Window frame, and even the use of clips for mounting a thin edged storm sash direct on a window sash suited for house trailer use. The complete lack of a unitary window and storm sash construction especially adapted for house trailer use and commercially feasible, led to the conception and development of the present invention.

Accordingly among the objects of the present invention is the provision of a window intended primarily for use such as in a house trailer and it aims to provide a new and improved construction for excluding cold.

A window sash is provided, said window sash having a metal frame and an elastic gasket which holds a light in said frame, and an object of the invention is to provide a storm sash having a frame which lies against and seals on a portion of said gasket.

Another object is to provide a novel construction for hingedly mounting the window sash and the storm sash, each hinge comprising a flange integral with a frame member and having an integral curl at its outer edge, and another flange integral with a sash member and having an integral bead turnably received in said curl.

A further object is to provide a frame construction which may be manufactured from lengths of extruded metal, some of said lengths having the required flanges, curls and beads to form the sash hinges.

Still further objects and advantages of the present invention will appear as the description proceeds.

To the accomplishment of the foregoing and related ends, the invention, then, consists of the means hereinafter fully described and particularly pointed out in the claims, the annexed drawings and the following description setting forth in detail certain means for carrying out the invention, such disclosed means illustrating, however, but several of various ways in which the principle of the invention may be used.

In the annexed drawings:

Figure l is an outer side elevation showing a construction in which both the window sash and the storm sash are hingedly mounted at their upper edges.

Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view on line 22 of Figure 1, looking in the direction of the arrows and with the window sash and the storm sash being in closed position.

Figure 3 is a similar view but showing both sashes swung bodily outward.

Patented June 9, 19519 Figure 4 is a similar View but showing the window sash closed and the storm sash swung outwardly.

Figure 5 is an outer side elevation showing a construction in which the window sash is hinged along one vertical edge and the storm sash along its upper horizontal ed e.

The construction shown in Figures 1 to 4 will first be described. In these views, a window frame 7, a window sash 8, and a storm sash 9 are shown. The window frame 7, the frame 10 of the window sash 8, and the frame 1 1 of the storm sash 9 are all formed from extruded metal bars suitably joined at the corners of the respective frames.

In the following detail description, all reference numerals used will be found on Figure 2, whereas only the principal numerals have been applied to Figures 3 and 4.

The upper member 12 of the window frame 7 is provided with an integral, outwardly projecting, longitudinal flange 13, the outer edge of said flange being provided with an integral curl 14 extending in a substantially straight line from end to end thereof. This curl 14 extends downwardly at 15, inwardly at 16, and upwardly at 17 with respect to the flange 13 and forms one element of a hinge for the window sash 8.

The upper member 18 of the Window sash frame it) is provided at its upper edge with an integral, outwardly projecting, longitudinal flange 19 which underlies the flange 13, said flange 19 having a downwardly and inwardly curled outer edge forming a bead 243 which is turnably received in the curl 14, thus hingedly mounting the window sash frame It on the window frame 7.

Below the flange 13 of window frame 7, the upper member 18 of the window sash frame it) is provided with a lower integral flange 13a having a curled outer edge 14a. This flange 13a and the curled edge 14a are identical with the flange 13 and its curled edge 14 and detail description may therefore be dispensed with.

The upper member 21 of the storm sash frame 11 has an integral flange 19a at its upper edge and underlying the flange 13a said flange 19a having a bead Ztla turnably received in the curl 14a to hin edly mount the storm sash frame 11 on the window sash frame 10. The elemerits 13a, 14a, 19a and Zila are duplicates of the elements 13, 14, 19 and 20 above described and further description may therefore be dispensed with.

The inner perimeter of the window sash frame It) is formed with a channel 22 in which an elastic gasket 23 is seated to mount the light 24. This gasket 23 projects beyond the channel 22 as shown, and makes possible, in addition to supporting light 24, a side seal on the storm sash as will be hereinafter described.

The storm sash frame 11 has a channeled portion 25 in which a gasket 26 is received for mounting the storm sash light '27. The inner side of the channeled portion 25 lies against the side of the portion of the gasket 23 which projects out of the channel 22, for weather exclusion. Thus a substantially sealed air space is formed between sash lights 24 and 27 to form an eflicient pocketed air space, and yet same has the advantages of removability of the storm sash, and in case of moisture condensation between lights, same can be readily wiped away without the necessity of removing the storm sash.

A turn button 28 is shown for normally holding the storm sash frame 11 against the gasket 23 but not sufficiently tight to cause serious relatively permanent sweating of the adjacent faces of lights 24 and 27, and yet such turn button makes it easy to pivotally swing the storm sash outward for wiping away any condensation which may form on the inner faces of the lights 24 and 27.

Both sashes 8 and 9 may be swung bodily outward as seen in Figure 3, or the storm sash 9 may be swung outwardly from the window sash 8, as seen in Figure 4, thus making a very flexible type of construction.

The hinges for the two sashes effectively exclude'rain, and a weather seal all around between the window sash frame 8 and the window frame 7 may be'provided by using any suitable form of gasket 29, one type of which is shown.

In Figure the window sash 30 is mounted on the window frame 31 by means of a vertical hinge 32 of conventional type, and the storm sash 33 is mounted on said window sash 30 by means of a horizontal hinge 34 constructed as above described.

From the foregoing, it will be seen that a novel and advantageous window and storm sash construction has been disclosed for attaining the desired ends. However, it is to be understood that minor changes may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as it has been described above.

Other modes of applying the principle of my invention may be employed instead of those explained, change being made as regards the window and combinations herein disclosed, provided the means stated by any of the following claims or the equivalent of such stated means be employed.

I therefore particularly point out and distinctly claim as my invention:

1. In a window, a window frame, a window sash having a metal frame, hinge means for pivotally mounting said sash direct on said Window frame, the upper member of said window sash frame having spaced downwardly from its upper edge, an outward projecting integral flange extending longitudinally thereof, said flange having an integral curl at its outer edge and extending from end to end thereof, said curl being provided with an outwardly extending portion which, in turn, is provided with a stepped and planar inner surface, said curl then extending downwardly, then inwardly and then upwardly with respect to said flange, the inner perimeter of said sash frame having a channel, a yieldable light-holding gasket tightly filling and held in said channel and having a portion projecting therefrom, and a storm sash at the exterior of said window sash, said storm sash having a metal frame abuttingly and sealingly engageable on said projecting portion of said gasket, the upper member of this storm sash frame having another outwardly projecting integral flange extending longitudinally thereof and underlying the aforesaid flange, said other flange on said storm sash having an integral longitudinal bead at its outer edge and turnably received in the aforesaid curl, said bead having complementary planar and stepped portions which mate with said curl to limit rotation of the bead within said curl toward the normal closed position of said window sash and storm sash frames with respect to each other and without at the same time interfering with the hinged mounting of said storm sash on said window sash.

2. An extruded metal bar for window construction, said bar having an integral laterally projecting longitudinal flange at its upper edge, and a second similar flange below same, each said flange having an integral curled outer edge to form one element of separate hinges, said upper curled outer edge being defined by an outwardly projecting portion, a downwardly directed portion and an inwardly directed portion to form the inner member of a sash hinge, and said lower curled outer edge being defined by an outwardly projecting portion, a downwardly directed portion, an inwardly directed portion, and an upwardly directed portion to form the outer member of a storm sash hinge.

3. An extruded metal bar from which to form the top member of a window sash, said bar having an integral laterally extending longitudinal first flange at one edge, said first flange having an integral bead portion at its outer edge to form the inner element of a two element Window sash hinge, said bar having a second laterally extending longitudinal flange on the same side as the first flange and below and independent of same, said second flange extending laterally a greater distance than the first flange, said second flange having a curled outer edge to form the outer element of a storm sash hinge, both of said flanges being provided with stepped and planar portions for engaging complementary portions on the window elements hingedly connected thereto to limit rotation of said last mentioned elements with said flanges toward the normal closed position.

4. In a window, a fixed metal window frame, the upper member of said window frame having an outwardly projecting integral flange extending longitudinally thereof, said flange having a curl at its outer edge and extending from end to end thereof, said curl being provided with an outwardly extending portion which in turn is provided with a stepped and planar inner surface, said curl then extending downwardly then inwardly and then upwardly with respect to said flange, a window sash having a metal frame at the exterior of said window frame, the interior perimeter of said sash frame having a channel, a yieldable light-holding gasket tightly filling and held in said channel with an outer face portion of said gasket projecting therefrom, the upper member of said window sash frame having an outwardly projecting integral flange extending longitudinally thereof, and underlying the aforesaid window frame flange, said sash flange having an integral longitudinal bead at its outer edge and turnably received in the aforesaid curl, said bead having planar and stepped portions on its outer surface which mate with the complementary portions on said curl to limit rotation of the bead within said curl toward the normal closed position of said frames and with respect to each other without at the same time interfering with the hinged mounting of said window sash frame on said window frame, said window sash including a second outwardly projecting integral flange including a longitudinal curl duplicating that on the first mentioned flange, and a storm sash at the exterior of said window sash and having a metal frame engageable with said gasket and including a flange having a curl and bead along its upper edge duplicating that aforesaid and hingedly suspending said storm sash from said window sash, said storm sash hingedly engaging the curl on said second flange for mounting said storm sash on the upper member of said window sash.

5. In a. window, a fixed metal window frame, the upper member of said window frame having an outwardly projecting integral flange extending longitudinally thereof, said flange having a curl at its outer edge and extending from end to end thereof, said curl being provided with outwardly extending portion which, in turn, is provided with a stepped and planar inner surface, said curl then extending downwardly, then inwardly, and then upwardly with respect to said flange, a window sash having a metal frame at the exterior of said window frame, the upper member of said window sash having another outwardly projecting integral flange extending longitudinally thereof, and underlying the aforesaid flange, said other flange having an integral longitudinal bead at its outer edge and turnably received in the aforesaid curl on the window frame flange, said bead having planar and stepped portions on its outer surface which mate with the complementary portions on said curl to limit rotation of the bead within said curl toward the normal closed position of said frames with respect to each other, without at the same time interfering with the hinged mounting of said window sash frame on said window frame, said window sash member including a second flange below said head and duplicating at its edge a curl similar to that defined, and a storm sash at the exterior of said window sash and having a metal frame with flange, curl, and bead duplicating those aforesaid and hingedly mounting said storm sash frame on the curl of the second flange of the upper member of said window sash frame, the inner perimeter of said Window sash frame having a channel, a yieldable 5 light-holding gasket held in said channel, and having a portion projecting therefrom, said storm sash frame being abuttingly engageable with said projecting portion of said gasket and forming a seal thereon.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 6 Anderson Oct. 29, 1935 Wagner Jan. 31, 1950 Adams et a1 Aug. 30, 1955 Wagner July 2, 1957 FOREIGN PATENTS Great Britain Aug. 9, 1928 Germany Aug. 4, 1930

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1690807 *Oct 25, 1927Nov 6, 1928John AntalWindow
US1940322 *Oct 10, 1930Dec 19, 1933Ainsworth Mfg CorpHinge construction
US2019379 *Sep 15, 1934Oct 29, 1935Ellis G AndersonMetal curtain slat joint
US2495830 *Feb 25, 1946Jan 31, 1950Wagner Carl JVentilator construction
US2716447 *Sep 24, 1949Aug 30, 1955Carr Adams & Collier CompanyCasement unit
US2797778 *Jun 1, 1954Jul 2, 1957Wagner Carl JWindow construction
DE504004C *Oct 30, 1928Aug 4, 1930Mathias Peters & CoAus Teilen der Scheibenrahmen gebildetes Scharnier fuer die Klappfluegel von Schiebefenstern
GB289069A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3115082 *Mar 22, 1960Dec 24, 1963Melvin SanoffAir conditioner cover
US3159909 *Jul 7, 1961Dec 8, 1964Robert B HamiltonConversion of installed jalousie windows to awning type windows
US3296743 *Mar 31, 1964Jan 10, 1967Al LipsonCombination metal door and door frame unit
US3360910 *May 31, 1966Jan 2, 1968Envirco IncFilter framing system
US4337975 *Mar 17, 1980Jul 6, 1982Nissan Motor Company, LimitedSunshine roof structure of vehicle
US4469018 *Feb 19, 1982Sep 4, 1984Taulman Noel WEnergy-saving closure for foundation vents
US4644697 *Sep 21, 1984Feb 24, 1987Nida Edmund ASecurity screen assembly
US5394649 *Dec 9, 1991Mar 7, 1995V. Kann Rasmussen Industri A/SWindow with a frame of extruded profile members
US5893600 *Jun 26, 1997Apr 13, 1999Hehr International, Inc.Reglazable window
US6149514 *Feb 29, 2000Nov 21, 2000Maury; Richard A.Cover for foundation vents, kit and method for production thereof
Classifications
U.S. Classification49/62, 49/397
International ClassificationE06B3/38, E06B3/28, E06B3/32, E06B3/26, E06B3/04
Cooperative ClassificationE06B3/2605, E06B3/28, E06B2003/2615, E06B3/38
European ClassificationE06B3/38, E06B3/28, E06B3/26C