Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2889995 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 9, 1959
Filing dateAug 17, 1956
Priority dateAug 17, 1956
Publication numberUS 2889995 A, US 2889995A, US-A-2889995, US2889995 A, US2889995A
InventorsBorell George L
Original AssigneeAlmo Lab Co Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Coaxial tube fluid injection system
US 2889995 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 9', 19.59 Q L, BQRELL 2,889,995

COAXIAL TUBE FLUID INJECTION SYSTEM I Filed Aug. 17, 1956 b4 L, $5/ ma n TR N ma n .W5

United States ,Panf

COAXIAL TUBE FLUID INJECTION SYSTEM George L. Borell, Glen Rock, NJ., assiguor to Almo Laboratories Co., Inc., New York, N. a corporation of New York Y Application August 17, 1956, Serial No. 604,760 7 Claims. (Cl. Z39-205.5)

This invention relates to a system for injecting a fluid into a liquid flow line in which a reduction in pressure at the point of injection is elected by virtue of the liquid ow. The system has special but by no means exclusive application to dish washing apparatus and will be described in that connection.

In the final rinsing section of conventional dish-washing machines, it has been found desirable to add special compounds in fluid form to the rinse water in order to increase the rate of evaporation of the water left on the washed utensils after the final rinse. Such compounds are known as wetting agents and it has been usual to inject the agents into the water line either by the direct action of a pump which is of course expensive to install or by a venturi or aspirator system. The latter method makes it difiicult to control the percentage of wetting agent in the rinse water unless the active material is greatly diluted before introducing it into the system and a method is devised by which the supply can be observed and replenished when necessary. Also some methodk of controlling the admixture of water and wetting agent in the proper ratio in the supply tank is necessaryA in order to maintain the final dispersion rate needed to treat the volume of rinse water used in the machine.

AInv general this invention contemplates novel means` for producing fluid injection from auid supply into a liquid ow pipe as a consequence of the liquid ow inv The injection is effected asan induced flow the pipe.

diier'ential established in the by' virtue ofV a 'pressure closed circuit Ywhich Vincludes 'the supply tank for thev uid and a pair of conducting 'tubes connected to the tank and terminating in orifices which are oppositely disposed to each other along the axis of ow within the pipe. The induced ilow through the circuit causes the liquid to replace the uid in the tank which is injected into the pipe at a rate which is proportionate to the liquid flow. Preferably, the tubes are arranged coaxially over their .entire length to permit heat exchange between them and to maintain hydrostatic balance lin the-system. .The-coaxial arrangement'fof lthe tubesy and the disposition of their -orices-within'ithe pipe in-"opposite directions along the axis of liquid flow facilitates the assembly of the principal parts in the system and promotes the creation of the desired pressure differential in the closed circuit.

Because the fluid in the tank is constantly replaced by incoming liquid, the amount of uid on hand may be readily observed during operation. Desirably, therefore, the walls of the tank are of transparent glass or plastic so that the ud on hand may be readily observed during operation. The rate of fluid injection and the proportioning of active materials in the rinse may be controlled by a metering valve, the rate being set to secure the degree of wetting action desired in the final rlnse.

The invention has other features and advantages which will appear from the following description of the em- YPatentedY June 9, 1959 .2 bodiment of the invention shown in the accompanying drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a composite sectional view of the mechanism comprising the injector system and of a rinse section to which the injector system is shown connected, the scale of the rinse section being reduced and the connecting pipe being shown as correspondingly reduced at a-a;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged, iragmentary section showing the connection of the pipe and tubes; and

Fig. 3 is an end section taken on line 3--3 of Fig. 2.

As shown in Fig. 1 the injector system is in communication with a water pipe 1 in which there is provided a control valve 2 and a vacuum breaker 3. The pipe 1 is connected on the right to the rinse section 4 of a dishwasher housing spray means 5 located above and below rails for supporting dish trays 6 which are caused to travel through the rinse section by means (not shown).

A wetting agent is injected into the pipe 1 between the vacuum breaker 3 and the rinse section 4, the source for the agent being a tank 7 which comprises a transparent wall section 8 supported in a base 9 and having a top 10. The base 9 and the top 10 are provided with rubber gaskets 9a and 10a, respectively, to seal the tank 7 where the top and bottom closures are joined to the Wall section 8. A tie bolt 11 holds the three structural parts of the tank together and is gasketed to prevent leakage from the bottom of the tank. The base 9 has a threaded aperture in which there disposed a drainage unit 12. The drainage unit 12 includes a drain plug 13 below the base to permit drainage from the tank of the displacement liquid above the opening in the tank of the drainage unit 12. After being drained to this level the tank may be replenished with wetting agent through an opening in the top 10 which is stopped with a conventional iller cap 10b having a threaded extension which isl screwed into opening of the top. The active iluid being heavier than water accumulates at the bottom of the tank.

The connection between the main pipe 1 and the tank 7 consists of an outer Ypressure tube 14 and an inner or iluid return tube 15 whichis coaxially disposed within the outer tube. A pair of clamping brackets 16 and 17 are arranged over and under the pipe 1 having complementary screw holes on each side thereof which relceive screws 18 and 19 so that the brackets may be ceived within the lower end of the boss 20. The outer and inner tubes are received by the nipple 21, boss 20 and bracket 17 and communicate with the interior of the Apipe 1 through a hole provided therein which is alined with the hole in themember 21 on assembly. A gasket washer 17a is interposed between the boss 20 of bracket 17 and a coacting face on the pipe 1. A compression nut 22 on the lower end of the nipple 21 connects the pipe and tube assembly. A ferrule 22a on the pipe 14 is disposed between the nipple 21 and the nut 22 to secure the fitting. The outer tube 14 is crimped as at point b against the inner tube 15 to prevent radial and axial relative movement of the tubes.

The open ends of the tubes within the pipe are oppositely stepped cut so that with water flo-wing in the pipe toward the rinse Isection 4 the open end of the outer tube 14 presents its lateral opening against the ow while the lateral opening in the end of the inner tube 15 faces in the direction of the ow. An increase in water pressure at the opening of the outer tube and a decrease in water pressure at the opening of the inner tube is thereby produced. The stepped cut openings in the tubes permit continuously straight wall sections Within the pipe thereby facilitating assembly without sacrilicing the desired pressures at these points.

Theother end of 'the outer tube 14 is secured in a second opening in the top of the tank by means of a nipple 23, which is screwed into the top and a compressing nut 24 mounted on outer threaded end of the nipple 23 serves to clamp ferrule 24a located between the nut 24 and the nipple 23 tightly about the tube 14.

The inner tube extends through the top of the tank into the tank and is received by metering valve 25. A needle 26 is adapted to be seated in the chamber of the valve withY which a pick-up tube 27 in the tank is in communication. The needle 26 extends through the base of the tank enabling the operator to control the rate of llow of wetting agent 28 from the tank into the inner tube 15 and therefore the injection of the agent into the pipe 1.

In operation when water is admitted to the system by the valve 2, hot waiter is caused to flow into the outer tube 14 and the tank 7. The water ilow causes the pressure at the opening of the inner tube 15 to fall below the pressure at the opening of the outer tube creating a suction in the inner tube resulting in an upward flow of wetting agent in the inner tube 15 and its injection into the water stream in the pipe. Accordingly, a mixture of water treated with wetting agent is sprayed in the rinse section. Because the outer and inner tubes are coaxial, the water traveling down the outer 'tube transmits heat to the inner tube and is cooled. As shown in Fig. l, the wetting agent 28 is dyed red so that the interface of the walter and agent is readily observed through the plastic tank. With cold water to displace the agent the interface is more distinct than would be the case for hot water which has a greater tendency rto cloud the iluid and the displacement liquid in the tank despite the disparity in their speciiic gravities. When the interface reaches a level below the opening in the tank of the drainage unit 12, the Water iiow in the pipe is turned off and the water in the tank is drained oif so that the tank may be supplied with additional agent. Through proper adjustment of the needle valve 25 an experienced operator can readily determine the rate of injection of the agent into the Water pipe by observing the degree of wetting action in the iinal rinse.

It should be understood lthat the operation of the described injector system may be reversed so that the inner tube 15 becomes in eiect the liquid pick-up tube and the outer tube 14 the ejector tube. This mode of operation, for example, might be desired when the active agent is introduced to the tank 7 as a soluble powder. While the preferred embodiment of the invention is described with reference to dishwashing equipment its application is not necessarily restricted to that art, and the invention should therefore be construed solely in accordance with the following claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A device for injecting a iiuid into a oW pipe adapted to conduct a liquid in a given direction comprising a pipe, a tank for containing a iluid to be injected into said pipe, a pair of coaxial tubes connecting said tank to said pipe, said tubes having continuously straight wall sections within the pipe and presenting openings therein at one of their end portions, said openings being oppositely directed along the line of liquid ow in said pipe, one of said tubes terminating at its other end portion in an aperture in said tank, and the other of said tubes having its other end portion disposed within the tank substantially below the level of said aperture, said tank being provided with a drainage unit, said drainage unit having an outlet opening disposed above the bottom of the tank whereby the liquid may be drained from the tank before the fluid to be replenished is entirely exhausted.

2. An injection system as claimed in claim 1 wherein the said other tube of said coaxial tubes terminates in a meter valve in said tank, said Valve being adjustable from without the tank whereby the rate of iluid injectionA may be controlled.

3. An injection system as claimed in claim 1 wherein said tank is fabricated of transparent material.

4. An injection system as claimed in claim 3 wherein the outer tube is crimped against the coaxial inner tube at a point intermediate the ow pipe and said tank whereby the tubes are secured against axial and radial relative displacement.

5. In a dish washing apparatus or the like, a fluid supply tank, a pipe adapted to supply a liquid to said dish washing apparatus, a pair of coaxial tubes extending into said pipe, the inner of said tubes extending within the pipe to a greater distance than the outer of said tubes, each of said tubes being provided within said pipe with a lateral opening directed axially with respect to said pipe, said lateral openings being oppositely directed, said tubes also extending into said supply tank, the inner of said tubes extending into said tank to a greater distance than said outer tube.

6. In a dish washing apparatus or the like as claimed in claim 5, a drainage unit, said drainage unit having an opening disposed in said tank and above the bottom thereof whereby the liquid may be drained from the tank before the fluid to be replenished is entirely exhausted.

7. In a dish washing apparatus or the like as claimed in claim 6, a meter Valve in said tank, said inner tube terminating in said meter valve, said valve being adjustable from without the tank whereby the rate of uid injection may be controlled. f

References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 341,234 Haigh May 4, 1886 1,769,428 Gatchet July 1, 1930 1,887,836 Faber Mar. 15, 1932 1,930,500 Archibald Oct. 17, 1933 2,585,092 Conto Feb. 12, 1952 2,628,129 Hosmer Feb. 10, 1953

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US341234 *May 4, 1886 Benjamin haigh
US1769428 *Jan 10, 1928Jul 1, 1930F L Gatchet IncSpraying device
US1887836 *Dec 23, 1929Nov 15, 1932Faber Engineering CompanySoap-sudsing apparatus
US1930500 *Jan 13, 1930Oct 17, 1933Archibald Ray MApparatus for dispensing soap solutions
US2585092 *Oct 18, 1949Feb 12, 1952Conto DominicFoam generating apparatus
US2628129 *Sep 18, 1950Feb 10, 1953Elmer Chamberlain HarryAdditive proportioner for fluid lines
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3096780 *Jun 2, 1960Jul 9, 1963Kane Robert JMeans for introducing chlorine into water
US3195558 *Apr 19, 1963Jul 20, 1965KlueberProportioning apparatus
US3776274 *Jul 10, 1972Dec 4, 1973Taft AApparatus for effecting chemical treatment of a liquid flowing through a pipe
US4074685 *Jul 16, 1976Feb 21, 1978Dodd Gilbert EApparatus for mixing medication with water supply
US4250910 *Aug 31, 1978Feb 17, 1981Holiday Industries, Inc.In-line apparatus for dissolving a solid in a liquid
US4313827 *Sep 4, 1980Feb 2, 1982Fischer & Porter Co.Enhanced disinfection system
US4881568 *Jul 6, 1988Nov 21, 1989Ho I ChungIrrigation chemical dispenser
US4907618 *Feb 21, 1989Mar 13, 1990Ho I ChungDispenser for irrigation chemicals
US5195997 *Nov 27, 1991Mar 23, 1993Carns William AIncontinent's aid
US5480615 *Dec 12, 1994Jan 2, 1996Curry; JeanetteGermicide diffuser
U.S. Classification137/205.5, 285/123.1, 239/311, 285/219, 137/605, 239/310, 285/197, 137/590, 239/566
International ClassificationA47L15/44, B01F5/04
Cooperative ClassificationA47L15/4427, B01F5/045, B01F2215/0077
European ClassificationB01F5/04C13, A47L15/44B2
Legal Events
Jan 28, 1992ASAssignment
Effective date: 19911204