|Publication number||US2890519 A|
|Publication date||Jun 16, 1959|
|Filing date||Aug 1, 1955|
|Priority date||Aug 1, 1955|
|Publication number||US 2890519 A, US 2890519A, US-A-2890519, US2890519 A, US2890519A|
|Inventors||Storz Jr Charles R|
|Original Assignee||Storz Instr Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (67), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 16, 1959 c. R. STORZ, JR
SURGICAL SPRING cu FORCEPS Filed Aug. 1. 1955 FIG.7
2,890,519 Patented June 16, 1959 SURGICAL SPRING CLIP FORCEPS Charles R. Storz, .lr., St. Louis, Mo., assignor to Storz Instrument Company, St. Louis, Mo., a corporation of Missouri Application August 1, 1955, Serial No. 525,562
3 tIlaims. (Cl. 29-225) The invention relates to surgical instruments to be used in holding and manipulating cross action spring clips, known as serre-fines, and the invention comprises a forceps-like structure in which one of the clamping fingers at the forward end of the instrument may be used as a receptacle for the spring clip.
The main object of the invention is to facilitate the handling of spring clips of the type mentioned by mounting a clip at the end of the instrument, frictionally retaining the clip in mounted position without muscular action by the user, pressing the jaws of the spring clip apart when it is desired to apply the clip to a blood vessel or the like, and freely releasing the spring clip from the instrument after the clip has been applied, so that the instrument may be freely withdrawn.
Another object is to facilitate the insertion of the spring clip at one end of the instrument into a deep cavity without injury to the tissue surrounding the cavity.
These and other detail objects as will appear from the following description are attained by the structure illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure 1 is a top view of a forceps embodying the invention.
Figure 2 illustrates one of the cross action spring clips or serre-fines to be handled by the instrument.
Figure 3 is a view of one side of the instrument shown in Figure l but drawn to a larger scale, and holding a clip.
Figure 4 is an elevation of the other side of the instrument, and holding a clip.
Figure 5 is a longitudinal section through the forward end of the instrument showing the clamping fingers engaging the spring clip to frictionally retain it in the instrument.
Figure 6 is a similar section showing the clip jaws released.
Figure 7 is a transverse section on the line 77 of Figure 5.
The instrument comprises a forceps-like structure with elongated arms 1, 3 having handles 5, 7, respectively, at the rear end of the instrument. The forward ends of the arms form clamping fingers 9, 11, respectively. Elements on finger 11 form a box-like enclosure 13 projecting toward finger 9 and having an open outer end adapted to freely receive the spring clip C. Three sides of the receptacle are continuous. The fourth side facing in the general plane of movement of the arms and toward finger 9 is slotted at 15 to receive the corresponding portion of finger 9 when handles 5 and 7 are moved toward each other. Finger 9 is shorter than finger 11 and the outer end of the receptacle includes a transverse shallow element l7 crossing the end of slot 15 and cooperating with the other deeper sides to form a rectangular enclosure.
At the crossed portion of arms 1 and 3, arm 1 is slotted at 19 parallel to the plane of movement of the pivoted arms and arm 3 fits snugly between the sides of slot 19 so as to frictionally maintain the arms in adjusted position, although readily subject to shifting by muscular pressure on the handles. With this structure, the instrument, when in the position shown in Figure 1, will freely receive a spring clip C and handles 5 and 7 may be moved together (Figure 5) to engage the spring clip and frictionally retain it within the instrument until handles 5 and 7 are moved apart, when the clip will be released. Upon movement of fingers 9 and 11 toward each other from the position shown in Figure 5 to the position shown in Figure 6, the looped portion of the spring clip will be compressed to spread its jaws, as indicated in Figure 6, so that they may straddle a blood vessel or other material to be clipped. When the clip is so applied, handles 5 and 7 may be moved apart and the clip will be released from frictional engagement with the fingers and the instrument may be freely withdrawn Without straining the blood vessel or other clipped part.
The inner end of receptacle 13 includes a stop 23 which limits the movement of fingers 9 and Ill towards each other. Preferably receptacle 13 is oblong in cross section with its shorter dimension less than the width of the material of the clip C so that the clip may only be inserted into the receptacle in the necessary angular relation for clamping.
The structure described attains the objectives set forth above and provides a simple, efiicient instrument for applying clips of the type described without requiring pressure on the clamping fingers except at the moment of compressing the clip. The clip may be inserted into and removed from a fairly deep cavity with minimum likelihood of injuring tissue at the side of the cavity.
The details may be varied without departing from the spirit of the invention and the exclusive use of those modifications coming within the scope of the claims is contemplated.
What is claimed is:
1. A device for compressing a surgical cross action spring clip or serre-fine, comprising a forceps-like instrument with arms pivoted to each other each having a handle at one end and a clamping finger at the other end, one finger being provided with a structure box-like in cross section transversely of the finger and having opposing elements spaced apart in the general plane of pivotal movement of the arms and adapted to retain between them a spring clip, said structure having an opening at the outer end of the finger adapted to receive a spring clip endwise therethrough, the side of said structure facing toward the other finger being recessed to receive a portion of the latter mentioned finger to engage and compress transversely a spring clip within the structure.
2. A forceps-like instrument for folding cross action spring clips, comprising a par of crossed arms, each having a handle at one end, the other end of one arm having a hollow receptacle of rectangular box-like cross section, transversely of the length of the arm, with its outer end open to freely receive therethrough a spring clip inserted lengthwise of the arm with the opposed sides of the receptacle engaging and positioning the sides of the clip, the side of the receptacle facing toward the other arm having a slot of less width than said side and extending lengthwise of said side, said side including a shallow transverse element closing the outer end of the slot, said other arm terminating short of said element and being of less width than said slot and movable transversely of its length through said slot to the interior of the receptacle to engage and compress a clip therein.
3. A forceps-like instrument comprising a pair of crossed arms having a pivot at their crossing, there being individual handles on the arms at one end of the instrument, the other ends of the arms forming respective clamping fingers, one of which includes an enclosure, box-like in cross section transversely of the finger and extending lengthwise of the finger away from said pivot a greater distance than the outer end of the other finger, said enclosure being constructed and arranged to freely receive and surround a surgical cross action spring clip through its outer end, said enclosure projecting toward the other finger and the portion of the enclosure nearest the latter finger being open from its inner end nearer said pivot toward but not through its outer end to receive the latter-mentioned finger within the enclosure when the fingers are brought together to compress the spring clip 10 within the enclosure.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Baker June 30, Hansen Dec. 6, Gomez Oct. 15, Fisher Dec. 27, Van Niel Feb. 1, Melcher Mar. 22, Yelton Aug. 27,
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US732501 *||Jan 5, 1903||Jun 30, 1903||William J Baker||Pliers for clamping clips on wires.|
|US777021 *||May 21, 1904||Dec 6, 1904||Laurits Hansen||Pliers.|
|US1452372 *||Oct 15, 1921||Apr 17, 1923||Sanchez Gomez Joaquin||Surgical suturing device|
|US1653803 *||Mar 31, 1927||Dec 27, 1927||Fisher Scientific Co||Laboratory tongs|
|US2700910 *||Jan 6, 1954||Feb 1, 1955||Tinnerman Products Inc||Pivoted jaw spring nut remover|
|US2704399 *||Jan 12, 1954||Mar 22, 1955||Melcher Karl||Pivotal coupling for a pair of cooperating tool legs|
|US2803871 *||Aug 18, 1954||Aug 27, 1957||Max Yelton Samuel||Spring clip attaching tool|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3327376 *||Jun 8, 1966||Jun 27, 1967||Irving L Freeman||Object installing and removing device|
|US3446212 *||Jul 19, 1965||May 27, 1969||New Research & Dev Lab Inc||Hemostatic clip and applicator therefor|
|US3613683 *||Jun 4, 1969||Oct 19, 1971||Kees George Jr||Clip-applying surgical instrument|
|US3827438 *||Jul 10, 1972||Aug 6, 1974||Kees G||Aneurysm clip|
|US3954108 *||Aug 27, 1974||May 4, 1976||Davis Hugh J||Occlusion clip and instrument for applying same|
|US4444187 *||Dec 9, 1982||Apr 24, 1984||Metatech Corporation||Miniature surgical clip for clamping small blood vessels in brain surgery and the like|
|US4932955 *||Jun 29, 1984||Jun 12, 1990||Baxter International Inc.||Clip|
|US5242456 *||Jun 10, 1992||Sep 7, 1993||Kensey Nash Corporation||Apparatus and methods for clamping tissue and reflecting the same|
|US5944729 *||Dec 12, 1997||Aug 31, 1999||Scanlan International, Inc.||Vascular occlusion clamp with radiopaque retrieval, identification and marking string|
|US6241740||Apr 9, 1998||Jun 5, 2001||Origin Medsystems, Inc.||System and method of use for ligating and cutting tissue|
|US6514265||Mar 1, 1999||Feb 4, 2003||Coalescent Surgical, Inc.||Tissue connector apparatus with cable release|
|US6527786||Jun 21, 1999||Mar 4, 2003||Origin Medsystems, Inc.||System and method of use for ligating and cutting tissue|
|US6551332||Mar 31, 2000||Apr 22, 2003||Coalescent Surgical, Inc.||Multiple bias surgical fastener|
|US6607541||Jun 3, 1998||Aug 19, 2003||Coalescent Surgical, Inc.||Tissue connector apparatus and methods|
|US6613059||Mar 1, 1999||Sep 2, 2003||Coalescent Surgical, Inc.||Tissue connector apparatus and methods|
|US6641593||Jun 3, 1998||Nov 4, 2003||Coalescent Surgical, Inc.||Tissue connector apparatus and methods|
|US6945980||Apr 5, 2001||Sep 20, 2005||Medtronic, Inc.||Multiple loop tissue connector apparatus and methods|
|US6960221||Jul 1, 2002||Nov 1, 2005||Medtronic, Inc.||Tissue connector apparatus with cable release|
|US7182769||Jul 25, 2003||Feb 27, 2007||Medtronic, Inc.||Sealing clip, delivery systems, and methods|
|US7547313||May 16, 2003||Jun 16, 2009||Medtronic, Inc.||Tissue connector apparatus and methods|
|US7722643||Jul 29, 2002||May 25, 2010||Medtronic, Inc.||Tissue connector apparatus and methods|
|US7744611||Nov 19, 2003||Jun 29, 2010||Medtronic, Inc.||Minimally invasive valve repair procedure and apparatus|
|US7763040||Feb 10, 2003||Jul 27, 2010||Medtronic, Inc.||Tissue connector apparatus and methods|
|US7879047||Dec 10, 2003||Feb 1, 2011||Medtronic, Inc.||Surgical connection apparatus and methods|
|US7892255||Aug 28, 2003||Feb 22, 2011||Medtronic, Inc.||Tissue connector apparatus and methods|
|US7896892||Apr 3, 2003||Mar 1, 2011||Medtronic, Inc.||Multiple bias surgical fastener|
|US7914544||Dec 7, 2004||Mar 29, 2011||Medtronic, Inc.||Minimally invasive valve repair procedure and apparatus|
|US7938840||Nov 18, 2003||May 10, 2011||Medtronic, Inc.||Apparatus and methods for anastomosis|
|US7963973||Sep 2, 2005||Jun 21, 2011||Medtronic, Inc.||Multiple loop tissue connector apparatus and methods|
|US7976556 *||Dec 21, 2006||Jul 12, 2011||Medtronic, Inc.||Anastomosis apparatus and methods|
|US8029519||Sep 14, 2006||Oct 4, 2011||Medtronic, Inc.||Eversion apparatus and methods|
|US8066724||Jan 10, 2003||Nov 29, 2011||Medtronic, Inc.||Anastomosis apparatus and methods|
|US8105345||Jan 10, 2003||Jan 31, 2012||Medtronic, Inc.||Anastomosis apparatus and methods|
|US8118822||Apr 5, 2001||Feb 21, 2012||Medtronic, Inc.||Bridge clip tissue connector apparatus and methods|
|US8177836||Mar 10, 2009||May 15, 2012||Medtronic, Inc.||Apparatus and methods for minimally invasive valve repair|
|US8211124||Feb 5, 2007||Jul 3, 2012||Medtronic, Inc.||Sealing clip, delivery systems, and methods|
|US8211131||Apr 5, 2011||Jul 3, 2012||Medtronic, Inc.||Apparatus and methods for anastomosis|
|US8298251||Feb 27, 2008||Oct 30, 2012||Medtronic, Inc.||Anastomosis apparatus and methods|
|US8353092||Feb 7, 2011||Jan 15, 2013||Medtronic, Inc.||Multiple bias surgical fastener|
|US8353921||Aug 4, 2010||Jan 15, 2013||Medtronic, Inc||Tissue connector apparatus and methods|
|US8394114||Sep 26, 2003||Mar 12, 2013||Medtronic, Inc.||Surgical connection apparatus and methods|
|US8518060||Apr 9, 2009||Aug 27, 2013||Medtronic, Inc.||Medical clip with radial tines, system and method of using same|
|US8529583||Mar 31, 2000||Sep 10, 2013||Medtronic, Inc.||Surgical clip removal apparatus|
|US8668704||Apr 24, 2009||Mar 11, 2014||Medtronic, Inc.||Medical clip with tines, system and method of using same|
|US8945151 *||Jul 13, 2005||Feb 3, 2015||Atricure, Inc.||Surgical clip applicator and apparatus including the same|
|US8968336||Dec 4, 2012||Mar 3, 2015||Edwards Lifesciences Corporation||Self-cinching surgical clips and delivery system|
|US9017347||Dec 14, 2012||Apr 28, 2015||Edwards Lifesciences Corporation||Suture clip deployment devices|
|US9265514||Apr 17, 2012||Feb 23, 2016||Miteas Ltd.||Manipulator for grasping tissue|
|US9414837||Jun 18, 2014||Aug 16, 2016||Edwards Lifesciences Corporation||Suture clip deployment devices|
|US9498202||Jul 9, 2013||Nov 22, 2016||Edwards Lifesciences Corporation||Suture securement devices|
|US9532786 *||Mar 15, 2013||Jan 3, 2017||Arnoldo Guzman Sanchez||Compressive system for reducing edge bleeding in classical hysterotomy in cases of placenta praevia|
|US9549730||Mar 16, 2015||Jan 24, 2017||Edwards Lifesciences Corporation||Suture clip deployment devices|
|US9592047||Dec 18, 2013||Mar 14, 2017||Edwards Lifesciences Corporation||System for securing sutures|
|US9592048||Jul 11, 2014||Mar 14, 2017||Edwards Lifesciences Corporation||Knotless suture fastener installation system|
|US9610088||Apr 1, 2015||Apr 4, 2017||A-Base Korlatolt Felelossegu Tarsasag||Manipulator for grasping tissue|
|US9668739||Mar 3, 2015||Jun 6, 2017||Edwards Lifesciences Corporation||Self-cinching surgical clips and delivery system|
|US20030078603 *||Jul 29, 2002||Apr 24, 2003||Coalescent Surgical, Inc.||Tissue connector apparatus and methods|
|US20030093118 *||Jul 1, 2002||May 15, 2003||Coalescent Surgical, Inc.||Tissue connector apparatus with cable release|
|US20030183072 *||Apr 30, 2003||Oct 2, 2003||Lopez Carlos Erviti||Vacuum brake booster|
|US20060229675 *||Apr 6, 2006||Oct 12, 2006||Roberto Novoa||Anchoring System for Valve Replacement|
|US20070016228 *||Jul 13, 2005||Jan 18, 2007||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Surgical clip applicator and apparatus including the same|
|US20070027461 *||Sep 29, 2006||Feb 1, 2007||Barry Gardiner||Tissue connector apparatus and methods|
|US20100262167 *||Apr 9, 2009||Oct 14, 2010||Medtronic, Inc.||Medical Clip with Radial Tines, System and Method of Using Same|
|US20100274267 *||Apr 24, 2009||Oct 28, 2010||Medtronics, Inc.||Medical Clip with Tines, System and Method of Using Same|
|US20150088173 *||Mar 15, 2013||Mar 26, 2015||Arnoldo Guzman Sanchez||Compressive system for reducing edge bleeding in classical hysterotomy in cases of placenta praevia|
|DE2730691A1 *||Jul 7, 1977||Jan 19, 1978||Maruho Hatsujyo Kogyo Co||Wundklammer und vorrichtung zu ihrer anordnung|
|DE3337447A1 *||Oct 12, 1983||May 2, 1985||Andreas Dr Med Frydrych||Clip holder for medical purposes|
|U.S. Classification||29/225, 29/235, 606/158|
|International Classification||A61B17/128, A61B17/122, A61B17/12|
|Cooperative Classification||A61B17/1227, A61B17/128|