|Publication number||US2891290 A|
|Publication date||Jun 23, 1959|
|Filing date||Jul 16, 1957|
|Priority date||Jul 16, 1957|
|Publication number||US 2891290 A, US 2891290A, US-A-2891290, US2891290 A, US2891290A|
|Original Assignee||Gen Bronze Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (13), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 23, 1959 T. HAUCK 2,891,290
WINDOW SCUPPER ARRANGEMENT Filed July 16, 1957 VII/II;
:1] III ///I/ w INVENTOR TAEWDO/PE #4061? BY @lir, H0144} ATTORNEYS United States Patent 2,891,290 WINDOW SCUPPER ARRANGEMENT Theodore Hauck, Amityville, N.Y., assiguor to General Bronze Corporation, Garden City, N.Y. Application July 16, 1957, Serial No. 672,217
3 Claims. (Cl. 20-70) permit a continuous "draining regardless of wind pressure and yet will not permit the moisture to be blown back into the room.
Many attempts in this direction have been made by workersin the industry but these have met with indifferent'successg to make the weep holes small enough to resist the tendency of a back flow of the moisture under wind pressure and yet large enough for satisfactory drainage has posed a problem that has not been completely solved. l
The present invention, however, solves these problems and results in an improved scupper arrangement that is able continuously to drain the moisture from the sill even against great wind pressure but yet prevents the backing up of the moisture in the sill and possible overflowing into the room.
'In accordance with the present invention there is provided in the sill of a window a relatively large Weep hole opening which is covered by an outside flap. This flap freely swings over the weep hole to cover it against outside air blowing in but yet, while covering the weep hole, permits water -to drainout from the sill even against great wind pressure.
A better understanding of the invention together with a fuller appreciation of its many advantages will best be gained from the following description given in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:
Figure 1 is a face view of a portion of a window sill fitted with a scupper arrangement according to the invention;
Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view taken as indicated by lines 2-2 in Figure 1;
Figure 3 is an enlarged cross-section of the scupper flap taken as indicated by lines 33 in Figure 1;
Figure 4 is is an exploded perspective view, somewhat enlarged, of the scupper flap and its mounting hinge plate; and
Figure 5 is a bottom view of the flap taken as indicated by lines 5-5 in Figure 2.
With reference particularly to Figures 1 and 2, there is shown a channeled window sill 12 which may be horizontally mounted on the lower edge of a window opening in a building (not shown). Hinged along a vertical line and mounted above the sill is a sash frame 14, which, as seen in Figure 2, is adapted to be swung outward, i.e., away from the sill when the Window is opened. When the Window is closed, frame 14 fits snugly against the sill as shown.
Sill 12, which is hollow, is provided with one or more large weep holes 16 through which water and the like 2,891,290. T Patented June23, 1959 can drain to the outside. Each weep hole is positioned low enough on the sill through its vertical wall 18 so that the lower wall 20 of the sill is as high as or higher than the lower edge of the weep hole. To promote the fiow of water over the front edge of wall 20, it is chamfered at 21 along a generally 45 angle. Mounted on the outside of wall 18 in front of each weep hole is a thin generally but not entirely flat flap 22 which is free to swing open, as indicated by the dotted lines in Figure 3, or closed as shown by the solid lines in Figure 3 and in Figure 2. Flap 22, as seen in Figure 4, is suspended from its top edge by two horizontal tongues 24 integral with the flap and engaged very loosely in the two open ends 26 of an upwardly curved lip 28 of the plate 30. Lip 28, as seen in Figure 3 has a relatively wide flat inside surface 31 from which flap 22 hangs and by virtue of which the flap is urged flush against plate 30. When the flap is swung out to the dotted line position indicated, the square shouldered under faces of tongues 24 move outward along the inside surface 31 against the upwardly curved portion of lip 28. This increases the tendency of the flap to swing flush against plate 30 and permits easy opening and closing of the flap.
Plate 30, shown separately in Figure 4 has a large center opening 32 which, when the plate is secured in place on sill wall 18 as seen in Figures 2 and 3, is contiguous and generally coextensive with weep hole 16. Just above tongues 24 on flap 22 are two outwardly bent ears 34 which by coming against plate 30 limit the outward swinging of the flap to the dotted line position indicated in Figure 3.
Because of the loose engagement of flap tongues 24 withincurved 28, the flap is in effect suspended on a floating hinge. This minimizes the likelihood of the flap binding in any position and makes the flap lie flush against plate 30 when closed and freely and quickly swinging even under extremely light pressures. It'will be appreciated that thestructure of this hinge and flap arrangement is very simple, moreover, a flap can be fitted over almost any weep hole in an already installed window. r l
When a gust of windi blowsagainst the outside bf thetwindow, flap 22 will swing closed over weep hole 16 in face to face contact with plate 30 and eifectively prevent rain and the like from being blown into the weep hole. To enable water or moisture to drain out from the sill when flap 22 is closed, the flap is provided with an outwardly bent center section 36. This section is bent with a taper across its width, as seen in Figure 5, and along its length, as seen in Figure 3. Thus, when the flap is closed there exists a thin tapered opening 38 between the inside face of flap section 36 and the lower portions of plate 30 and sill wall 18. Even with high winds blowing against the flap, water will still be able to drain through weep hole 16 and opening 38 to the outside.
The reason or reasons for this phenomenon are not fully understood but it may be due to capillary action of the water within tapered opening 38 or it may be due to a Venturi tube effect caused by the wind blowing past the mouth of this opening. In any event this scupper arrangement provides a very effective but inexpensive drain for a Window sill and the like. Liquid flow out from the sill will be allowed even against high winds and when there is no wind, i.e. when the flap is free to swing open, greater quantities of liquid and fairly large objects and debris can be flushed through the weep hole.
In a weep hole-flap arrangement, substantially identical to that illustrated herein, which has been built and successfully tested good water drainage through tapered ripening 738 "was obtained even in the face o'fwinds as high as 50 knots. The inside bottom edge of flap 22 along section 36 as seen in Figure was bent approximately inch out from the plane of the flap leaving a inch width for opening 38 at the bottom. Section -36aextended upwardfor approximately half the width of :the ffiap. This section was formed simply by bending -flap 22 outward along a vertical centerline by the -re- :quired amount. Chamfered face '21 was inclined .at 45 and extended down along the loweredge 'of-opening 32 in plate 30 as shown in Figure .2. The shapes and relative sizes and positions of the flap, weep hole and ,plate 30 were substantially exactly as shown herein.
The above description of the invention isintended in illustration and not in limitation thereof. Various achanges may occur to those skilled in the art and these may be made without departing from the spirit or scope rot-the. invention asset forth.
, This application is a'continua'tion impart of co pending :application, Serial No. 446,62-7, filed July '29, 1954, :Patent No. 2,'827,674,aissued March 25, 1958.
1. In a window construction the combination of a sill comprisinga bottom wall and anouter vertical wall extending across and substantially normal to said bottom Wall, said'outer-wall being provided with a drain opening having its bottom edge defining surface intersecting with and inclined outwardly and downwardly from and in draining relation to 'the top surface'of said bottom wall, and a flap positioned outside of said outer wall to extend across and overlapping edge portions of said opening and having a hinge'connection with said outer wall ad- *jacent to said opening whereby lower edge portions of the flap are free to swing outside of said outer wall toward and from said opening, said flap having a midportion of its lower edge flared outwardly from out of the normal plane of said flap whereby in'closed position, said lower edge portion extends across said opening and beyond'the ends of the lower-edge of said inclined edge defining surface of the opening, :and'said flared portion of the flap is spaced from 'said lower edge of said inclined surface to afiord a narrow drain opening of maximum width at its mid-portion and tapering toward its endsbetween the flap and said vertical-wall.
2. In a window construction which includes a sill having a bottom wall and an outer vertical wall provided with a weep hole for draining water from said bottom wall through said outer vertical wall, the .combination with said outer wall of a drainage controlling 'fiap connected to the outer face of said outer wall to swing freely toward and from weep hole covering position, said flap having lateral edge portions which in closed position of the flap overlap said outer wall at lateral edges of said weep hole, and said flap having at its free end and between said lateral edge portions an intermediate portion of convex transverse sectional contour which in closed position of the flap overlaps the bottom edge of said weep hole, said convex'portion ofthe flap being arranged and adapted to maintain between said weep hole and said flap, even when the latter is in weep hole covering position under .high wind pressure, a drainage opening which varies in effective width from a -maximum at its mid-portion to a minimum at its ends to provide at least some effective draining through said weep hole.
3. In a weep hole controlling device for a window construction wherein the sill has a bottom wall and an outer vertical wall which is provided with a weep hole for draining water from said bottom wall, the combination of a base plate attachable to "said outer wall and having an opening arranged and adapted to register with said weep hole, and a draininge controlling .fiap loosely mounted on said base plate to swing freely 'toward and from weep hole covering aPOsition, said flap having lateral edge portions which in closed :P'Osition of the flap overlap said latera'l edges 'of said base plate opening, said flap having at its .freeend and between said lateral edge portions an intermediate portion ofconvex transverse sectional contour which in -closed ,position of the flap overlaps the bottom=edge of said base plate opening, said convex gportion of the flap being arranged and adapted to maintain between said opening and said flap, even when the latter is in weep hole :covering position under high wind pressure, a drainage :passageway of maximum width at its mid-portion and tapering toward its ends to provide at least some effective drainage through said weep hole and said base plate opening.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 987,946 'Bugler :Mar. 28, 1911 1,097,879 Reichard May 26, 19.14 1,451,021 Hanson- Apr. :10, 1923 2,203,753 Strandt June 11, 1940 2,787,034 Hauek --..Apr. 2, 1957 2,827,674 Hauck "Mar. 25, 1 958
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US5887387 *||Dec 23, 1996||Mar 30, 1999||Dallaire Industries Ltd.||Drainage system for horizontally sliding closure assemblies|
|US20080307713 *||Jun 12, 2007||Dec 18, 2008||Smoronk Dean V||Scupper for enclosed patio, porch or pool|
|DE3722550A1 *||Jul 8, 1987||Jan 26, 1989||Wicona Bausysteme||Frame profile for windows or doors, having drainage openings|
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|WO1997024504A1 *||Dec 23, 1996||Jul 10, 1997||Dallaire Ind Ltd||Drainage system for horizontally sliding closure assemblies|
|U.S. Classification||52/209, 49/397, 49/21|