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Publication numberUS2891562 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 23, 1959
Filing dateJul 1, 1957
Priority dateJul 1, 1957
Publication numberUS 2891562 A, US 2891562A, US-A-2891562, US2891562 A, US2891562A
InventorsKruczynski Anthony
Original AssigneeKruczynski Anthony
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Collapsible ice shanty sled
US 2891562 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 23, 1959 A. KRuczvNsiq 2,891,562

COLLAPSIBLE ICE SHANTY SLED Filed July 1. 1957 I 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 A. KRUCZYNSKI COLLAPSIBLE ICE SHANTY SLED June 23, 1959 2 SheetsSheet 2 Filed July 1, 1957 INVENTOR.

ANTI/0N). A'Awcz r/vs/r/ COLLAPSIBLE ICE SHANTY SLED Anthony Kruczynski, Madison Heights, Mich.

Application July 1, 1957, Serial No. 669,147

14 Claims. (Cl. 135-1) This invention relates to collapsible and transportable structures and more particularly pertains to light weight easily collapsible, erectable, and transportable ice fishing shanty and sled combination.

Collapsible transportation building structures have been employed heretofore such as ice fishing shanties to attempt to facilitate the transportation of the structure to the area of use and for erecting and moving the structure to the desired position, however, the several devices of the prior art have not proven entirely satisfactory inasmuch as they are complicated in design and construction, expensive to manufacture, and difficult to transport, erect and position for use.

With the foregoing in view, the primary object of the invention is to provide an easily collapsible, transportable structure particularly suitable for ice fishing which is simple in design and construction, inexpensive to manufacture, and easy to transport, erect, and move to the desired position for use.

An object of the invention is to provide a combined sled-frame for sliding the device thereon and supporting the floor, support bow, and tent structure thereon.

An object of the invention is to provide a floor member on the sled-frame and paired spaced longitudinal rod members disposed between the frame cross members for preventing upward movement of the floor member and for anchoring the tent member against upward movement.

An object of the invention is to provide U-shaped bow member pivotally mounted on the frame lineal side members for supporting a tent closure above the floor member.

Arr object of the invention is to' provide spring elements in bow member triangulating braces yielding integrally for moving the bow member downwardly in a collapsed position substantially parallel to the frame without removal of the braces.

An object of the invention is to provide a collapsible tent member located between the floor and the cross beam of the bow member including a spreader frame connected to the bow member cross beam via resilient links.

, An object of the invention is to provide windows and doors in the tent closure for the purpose of light, ventil-ation, and entry.

,. -These and other objects of the invention will become apparent by reference to the following description of ,a collapsible building structure particularly suitable for ice fishing shanties embodying the invention taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:

-Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of the device in the erected position.

Fig. v2 is a side elevational view of the device in the collapsed condition.

=-,Fig, 3 is a cross sectional view of the device seen in-Fig. 1 taken on the line 3--3 thereof; and Fig. 4 is a perspective, partly in cross section, view of gtiom States Patent Referring now to the drawing wherein like numerals refer to like and corresponding parts throughout the several views, the collapsible fishing shanty structure disclosed therein to illustrate the invention comprises a sled-frame 10 for running on ice or snow and for supporting the floor 11, bow member 12, and tent closure 13 suspended on the bow member 12 and held down by the paired longitudinal rods 14.

More particularly the light weight, easily collapsible, erectable and transportable ice fishing shanty comprises paired lateral frame-runner angle irons 20 and 21 having upturned ends 22 and 23 at either end thereof, paired lateral frame cross member angle irons 24 and 25 disposed across the frame members 20 and 21 at their upturn ends 22 and 23 and it is to be noted that all the frame angle irons have horizontal flanges 25 and vertical flanges 26; the one piece plywood floor member lies on and between the lateral cross member horizontal flanges 25 and is lineally confined between the cross member vertical flanges 26 and laterally confined by the pins 27 or by extending the floor member 11 sidewise outwardly into contact with the lineal frame members 20 and 21 and vertical flanges 26; the paired rods 14 are disposed between the lateral cross members 24 and 25 and vertical flanges 26 and overlie the floor 11 so as to prevent upward movement of the floor 11 and it is to be noted that the rods 14 are threaded at their end portions and carry the nuts 28 thereon so that by removing the nuts the rods can he slid endwise outwardly from over the floor mem ber 11.

The tent closure 13 has side walls 29 and 30 which overlie the rods 14 and terminate in open ended lapped hems 31 which receive the rods 14 thereby anchoring the bottom portion of the tent closure 13 and the tent may be provided with end windows 32, side Windows 33, and a zipper openable-closeable opening 34 providing a portal. The tent closure 13 is provided with end walls 34 and 35 and a top canopy 36 connected to the side and end walls and the canopy spreader tent supp )I't frame 37 lies beneath the canopy 36 and comprises side spreader bars 38 and 39, end spreader bars 40 and 41, and an intermediate bar 42 connected between the side bars 38 and 39 equipped with bends 43 forrning'sockets for the ends of the resilient support links 44 which are hung on the bow member 12 cross beam 45 for holding the tent closure 13 in an upright spread, taut position; the canopy 36 can be equipped with a smoke stack grommet 46 for receiving an extending stack from a stove which may be disposed on the floor 11.

The U-shaped bow member 13 has supporting stanchion legs 50 and 51 pivotally connected as at 52 and 53 to the vertical flanges 26 of the lineal frame members 20 and 21 respectively and the legs 5051 preferably comprise upper portions 54 connected to the cross beam 45 and lower portions 55 pivotally connected to the upper portions 54 as at 56 and it is to be particularly noted that the bow member 12 preferably is made of angle iron with the pivotally connected ends of the leg portions 54 and 55 interlocked in a knee joint at the pivot 56 with the inwardly directed flanges 57 abutting and interlocking against the parallel flanges 58 so as to prevent pivotal motion at 56 beyond a straight line inone direction and to permit pivotal movement in the opposite direction to move the leg portions 54 and 55 to the positions seen in Fig. 2 in substantial parallelism with the frame 10 in a collapsed condition.

Paired triangulating braces 59 are connected at their lower ends to the frame members 21 and 22 spaced outwardly from the pivots 52 and 53 respectively and at their upper ends to the leg portions 54 above the pivots 56 and normally urge the knee joint into locked straight angle condition.

The paired triangulating braces 60 are connected to the upper ends of the lower leg portions 55 such as at the pivot 56 at one end thereof and at the lower ends thereof are connected to the frame members 26 and 21 outwardly of the pivot points 52 and 53 respectively and hold the lower leg portions 55 in an erect condition in opposition to the paired braces 59 so as to hold the U-shaped bow member 12 in an upright condition to support the tent closure 13 via the spring links 44 and spreader frame 37 as held down by the rods 14 adjacent the floor 11.

In operation, the device having been assembled as hereinbefore described, the user places the device in the collapsed condition of Fig. 2 and transports same easily in his car trunk or on top of the car as desired and upon arriving at the lake edge removes the device and places same on the snow or ice with the lineal frame members 21 and 22 horizontal flange portions 25 acting as runners; the device is then easily pulled out on the ice or snow to the desired fishing spot and due to the fact that it can be pulled in a collapsed condition the adverse effects of wind resistance is obviated.

Upon arriving at the desired fishing spot the user removes the hold-down cable 60 and releases the holddown hooks 61 and the paired spring braces 68 move from their extended conditions seen in Fig. 2 under a full loaded spring condition to erect the bottom half leg portions 55 to an erect position in counteraction to the spring braces 59 which react against the braces 69 due to the fact that they are connected to the top leg portions 54 and pull the top leg portions 54 into an erect straight angle condition with the bottom leg portions 55; the knee joint at the pivot 56 locks against overtravel of the upper leg portions 54 relative to the lower leg portions 55 and the spring links 54 suspended on the cross beam pull the spreader frame 37 resiliently upwardly to stretch the tent closure 13 to a taut condition. The device is then easily located over a hole in the ice and the hole 63 in the floor ll provides communication thereto for fishing and the windows 32 and 33 can be provided with blinds for darkening the interior for improving visibility into the water.

While the inventive device has been disclosed and described in its preferred embodiment, it is obvious that the legs and 51 can be formed of one piece and the triangulating braces 59 and 6t) made of strap material and removably connected to the legs 54 and 51 for supporting the device in an erect position and for permitting the bow member 13 to move to a collapsed condition.

The inventive fishing shanty with these features constitutes a compact, easily collapsible, easily erectable, neat appearing, easily transportable and slidable protective closure easily carried on a vehicle and easily moved on the ice or snow and is extremely light for handling and provides a much more satisfactory fishing shanty than much heavier, clumsier devices.

Although but a single embodiment of the inventive collapsible closure device has been shown and described in detail, it is obvious that many changes may be made in the size, shape, detail, and arrangement of the various elements of the invention within the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A light weight, easily collapsible, erectable, and transportable ice fishing shanty-sled combination comprising paired lineal angle irons having upturned ends constituting sled runners and frame side members, paired lateral angle irons disposed across said lineal irons upturned ends constituting sled draw bars and frame end members; all said irons having horizontal and vertical flanges; a plywood floor member lying on said lateral irons horizontal flanges and confined against displacement by said lateral irons vertical flanges and against lateral movement by said lineal irons vertical flanges at their upturned ends, paired spaced longitudinal tent holddown rods disposed between said lateral irons vertical flanges overlying said floor member preventing upward movement of said floor member; said rods being adjacent said lineal members, a tent disposed above said floor member having side walls connected to said rods and end walls spanning said side walls; said walls having top portions; a canopy member connected to the tops of said walls, a spreader-frame under said canopy member, links on said spreader frame extending upwardly through said canopy member, a U-shaped bow member having a beam laterally spanning said canopy member and connected to said links and having paired stanchion legs leading downwardly from said beam and having lower ends pivotally connected to said lineal irons vertical flanges on either side intermediate their length, first paired triangulating braces having one end connected to said stanchion legs intermediate their length and the other end connected to said lineal members vertical flanges adjacent one lateral crossmember, and second paired triangulating braces having one end connected to said stanchion legs and the other end connected to said lineal members vertical flanges adjacent said other lateral cross member; said device being collapsible by removing said links and braces from said bow member so as to permit pivoting said how member and braces downwardly into a position closely paralleling said lineal members to collapse said tent on said floor.

2. In a device as set forth in claim 1, said links and braces including spring elements expandable to permit forced collapsing of said bow member without removal of said links and braces.

3. In a device as set forth in claim 1, said stanchion legs being upper and lower angle iron pieces pivotally connected in a knee joint with their flanges arranged for pivotal movement in one direction and locking in the other direction; said first paired braces being connected to said upper leg pieces for holding above said pivotal connection and said second paired braces being connected to said lower pieces below said pivotal connection; both said paired braces urging said leg piece flanges in locked condition.

4. In a device as set forth in claim 3, said braces including spring elements urging said legs knee joints into locked condition and for resiliently yielding for forced pivoting of said knee joint to collapse said legs to lower said tent.

5. In a device as set forth in claim 4, said links including spring elements for stretching said tent and for yielding in compensation during leg pivotal movement.

6. A light weight, easily collapsible, erectable, and transportable ice fishing shanty-sled combination comprising paired combined sled runners and frame side members, paired lateral cross members at the ends of said side members, a plywood floor member lying between and on said cross-members, paired spaced longitudinal rods disposed between said cross-members overlying said floor member, a tent disposed above said floor member having side walls connected to said rods and end walls spanning said side walls; said walls having top portions; a roof member connected to said walls at their top portions, a spreader-frame under said roof member, links on said spreader frame extending upwardly, a U- shaped bow member having a beam laterally spanning said roof member and connected to said links and having paired stanchion legs leading downwardly from said beam and having lower ends connected to said side members on either side, and paired triangulating braces having one end connected to said stanchion legs and the other end connected to said side members for supporting said how member in an erect position; said device being c01- lapsible by removing said braces from said bow member so as to permit pivoting said bow member downwardly into a position closely paralleling said side members to collapse said tent member; said braces inclu spring elements expendable to permit forced collapsing of said bow member without removal of said links.

7. A light Weight, easily collapsible, erectable, and transportable ice fishing shanty-sled combination comprising paired combined sled runners and frame side members, paired lateral cross members at the ends of said side members, a plywood floor member lying between and on said cross-members, paired spaced longitudinal rods disposed between said cross-members overlying said floor member, a tent disposed above said floor member having side walls connected to said rods and end walls spanning said side walls; said walls having top portions; a roof member connected to said walls at their top portions, a spreader-frame under said roof member, links on said spreader frame extending upwardly, a U- shaped bow member having a beam laterally spanning said roof member and connected to said links and having paired stanchion legs leading downwardly from said beam and having lower ends connected to said side members on either side, and paired triangulating braces having one end connected to said stanchion legs and the other end connected to said side members for supporting said bow member in an erect position; said devices being collapsible by removing said braces from said bow member so as to permit pivoting said bow member downwardly into a position closely paralleling said side members to collapse said tent member; said legs having upper and lower pieces pivotally connected in a knee joint, flanges arranged for pivotal movement in one direction and locking in the other direction; said paired braces being connected to said upper leg pieces for holding above said pivotal connection and said second paired braces connected to said lower pieces below said pivotal connection; both said paired braces urging said leg flanges in locked condition.

8. In a device as set forth in claim 7, said braces including spring elements urging said legs knee joints into locked condition and for resiliently yielding for forced pivoting of said knee joint to collapse said legs to lower said tent.

9. In a device as set forth in claim 8, said links including spring elements for stretching said tent and for yielding in compensation during leg pivotal movement.

10. A light weight, easily collapsible, erectable, and transportable building combination comprising paired frame side members, paired lateral frame cross-members connected to the side members, a floor member lying between and on at least one pair of frame members, a tent disposed above said floor member, means holding said tent downwardly adjacent said floor member, and a bow member having a 'web beam connected to said tent for holding said tent upwardly and having paired legs connected to said beam and supported on said frame side members, said device being collapsible by lowering said bow member to permit said tent member to collapse on said floor; said how member being pivotally mounted and braces including expandable spring elements to permit forced collapsing of said bow member.

11. A light Weight, easily collapsible, erectable, and transportable building combination comprising paired frame side members paired lateral frame cross-members connected to the side members, a floor member lying between and on at least one pair of frame members, a tent disposed above said floor member, means holding said tent downwardly adjacent said floor member, and a bow member having a web beam connected to said tent for holding said tent upwardly and having paired legs connected to said beam and supported on said frame side members, said device being collapsible by lowering said bow member to permit said tent member to collapse on said floor; said legs being two piece having upper and lower pieces piyotal'ly connected in a knee joint pivotal in one direction and locked in the other direction; first paired braces connected to said upper leg pieces for holding above said pivotal connection, and second paired braces connected to said lower leg pieces below said pivotal connection; both said paired braces urging said leg pieces in locked condition.

12. In a device as set forth in claim 11, said braces including spring elements urging said knee joints into locked condition and for resiliently yielding for forced pivoting of said knee joint to collapse said legs to lower said tent.

13. In a device as set forth in claim 12, spring elements disposed between said beam and tent for stretching said tent and for yielding in compensation during leg pivotal movement.

14. A light weight, easily collapsible, erectable, and transportable building combination comprising paired frame side members, paired lateral frame cross-members connected to the side members, a floor member lying between and on at least one pair of frame members, a tent disposed above said floor member, means holding said tent downwardly adjacent said floor member, and a bow member having a web beam connected to said tent for holding said tent upwardly and having paired legs connected to said beam and supported on said frame side members, said device being collapsible by lowering said bow member to permit said tent member to collapse on said floor; said bow having side legs having knee joints for collapsing said bow member; and means for locking said knee joints to prevent said side legs collapsing to maintain said how member in an erect tent supporting condition.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,551,762 Marsh Sept. 1, 1925 2,473,076 Scheibner June 14, 1949 2,717,160 Schmidt et a1. Sept. 6, 1955

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1551762 *Aug 4, 1923Sep 1, 1925Marsh Willard ETent
US2473076 *Jun 27, 1947Jun 14, 1949Scheibner CarlCollapsible structure for ice fishing
US2717160 *Feb 3, 1954Sep 6, 1955Farmgard Products CompanyFishing shelter
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3352313 *Dec 23, 1965Nov 14, 1967Martin J KroeningFold-a-door fish house
US3507293 *Nov 13, 1968Apr 21, 1970Kenneth D Du BrayPortable and collapsible fish house
US3570507 *Jul 7, 1969Mar 16, 1971Morris KashubaIce fishing tent
US3578003 *Apr 1, 1969May 11, 1971Everett Lucille GPortable platform and shelter
US3834292 *Apr 23, 1973Sep 10, 1974E SundHeat insulating protective cover for temperature sensitive goods
US3971395 *Dec 16, 1974Jul 27, 1976Lipinski Vincent BCollapsible self-storing shelter
US4084597 *Oct 18, 1976Apr 18, 1978Compton Richard BFish house
US4252136 *Jan 31, 1979Feb 24, 1981Anthony KruczynskiErectable-collapsible enclosure structure
US5085446 *Jun 20, 1990Feb 4, 1992Hoffman Larry DPortable sportsman seating apparatus
US8857825Jul 29, 2013Oct 14, 2014Richard A JohnsonIce fish house base and expansion lever
US20050253417 *May 13, 2004Nov 17, 2005Michael CundyRecreational trailer
US20060181038 *Jan 31, 2005Aug 17, 2006Clam CorporationSled with wind brace
Classifications
U.S. Classification280/19.1, 135/123, 135/116, 135/148, 135/901
International ClassificationB62B15/00, A01K97/01, B65D6/18
Cooperative ClassificationB62B15/00, A01K97/01, Y10S135/901
European ClassificationA01K97/01, B62B15/00