|Publication number||US2892196 A|
|Publication date||Jun 30, 1959|
|Filing date||Jan 17, 1956|
|Priority date||Jan 17, 1956|
|Publication number||US 2892196 A, US 2892196A, US-A-2892196, US2892196 A, US2892196A|
|Inventors||Bernard Pundyk, Fred Meer|
|Original Assignee||Bernard Pundyk, Fred Meer|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (15), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 30, 1959 B. PUNDYK ET AL PREFABRICATED GARMET CONSTRUCTION Filed Jan.
ernan/ ,Dandy/f Freo Meer UnitedStates Patent O r2,892,196 PREFABRICATED GARMNT CONSTRUCTION Bernard Pundyk, Sunnyside, Fred Meer, New York, N.Y.
Application January 11, 1956, serai No. 559,700 1 Claim. (ei. dans) This invention relates to new and useful improvements` and structural refinements in garment construction, and in particular the invention concerns itself with the construction of garments from prefabricated components.
In the practice ofy so-called home sewing`, the housewife has been confronted with the necessity of rst purchasing a paper pattern, pinning sections of the pattern to the material from which the garment was to be made, cutting out pieces of the material in accordance with the pattern sectionspinn'ed thereto, basting the cut out material pieces and finally sewing the same together into a complete garment. This procedure was not only time consuming, but it was also quite diiiicult, particularly for a novice. As a result, many housewives were inclined to purchase a ready-made garment in preference to spending time, elort and money in trying to make one themselves. Moreover, even those who attempted to do their own work often found that their product was illfitting or otherwise lacking the characteristics of the ready-made variety.
The present invention eliminates the forgoing disadvantages first by altogether dispensing with the conventional paper pattern and providing pre-shaped or pre-cut sections of material ready for assembly, and second, by marking the pre-shaped garment sections with seam indicating lines and other orienting indicia, whereby they may be quickly, easily and accurately assembled even by persons of very limited skill.
As such, the invention also contemplates furnishing all the needed components such as the pre-shaped garment sections, thread, buttons, etc., for a single garment in an individual package, appropriately marked with the size, color and nature of the garment, so that the same may be quickly and easily selected and purchased by the prospective user with the knowledge that all the required material for the project is at hand.
With the foregoing more important objects and features in View, and such other objects and features as may become apparent as this specication proceeds, the invention resides in the arrangement of parts and details of construction substantially as shown in the accompanying drawing, wherein like characters of reference are employed to designate like parts and wherein -for illustrative purposes:
Figure 1 is a group plan view showing a plurality of individual, pre-shaped garment sections marked with seam indicating lines and other indicia for sewing the same together;
Figure 2 is a fragmentary perspective View illustrating a clip used for temporarily holding together a pair of superposed garment sections;
Figure 3 is a fragmentary plan view showing a plurality of garment sections embodied in a unitary sheet of material having lines of perforations for separating the sections therefrom by tearing; and
Figure `4 is a fragmentary perspective view, on an enlarged scale, or the sheet of material shown in Figure 3.
Referring now to the accompanying drawing in detail,
'2,892,196 Patented June 30, 1959 ice particularly to Figiii'e ,1 thereof, the reference characters A, B, C, D and E designate a plurality of individual garment sections or pieces of material from which the garment is vto be made, these sections being pre-cut or pre-shaped in accordance with the size and shape of the respective portions of the garment which they constitute. For purposes of simplicity of illustration, the sections A, B, etc. have been shaped arbitrarilyfit being understood, of course, that the teachings of the invention maybe applied to the construction of garments of various different types.
As illustrated in the drawing, the garment sections D, C, B and E have marginal edges 10, 11, 1'2 and 13, re spect'iiely', which are to be joinedto matching edges 10a, 11a, 212i: and ISaof the section A. The sections B and C also have matching edges 14, 14a which are to be joined together.
In order to properly identify 'these various edges and to indicate to the seamstress how they are to be joined, the Various sections A, B, etc. are marked with seam indicating lines 15, 16, 17, 18 and 19, which lines are disposedadjacent and ysubstantiallyparallel to the edges to be joined and are substantially coextensive with the length of sei'ns for joining the same. Moreover, in order to properly distinguish the edges in each pair to be joined from other edges of the U'armentsections, the seam indieating linesfo'r each pair of matching edges are marked with matching indicia,s`uch as for example, Vthe squares 20 for the matching lines 15, the triangles 21 for the lines 1,6, the circlesi2l2 for 'the lines 1p7, the diamonds 2,3 for tlieline's 1S and the X 'narks 24 for the 'lines 1 9. In addition, ,the lines and the iiidicantheron for each pair ofiiiatchiiigedges may be of am different color from the lines and Vindieia of other pairs of matching edges, it being apparent from the foregoing that in this manner the seamstress may readily identify the edges of the sections which are to be joined.
It is also contemplated that the section markings A, B, etc., provided on the sections themselves in a systematic order, whereby to indicate, by their alphabetical (or numeral) progression the sequence in which the sections are to be assembled. Such markings, as well as the seam indicating lines and indicia, are intended to be made with so-called fugitive colors, well known in the art, so that they automatically disappear after they have served their purpose.
Apart rfrom their primary purpose of identifying the matching edges of the garment sections, the seam lines 15, 16, 17, etc., also serve to indicate to the seamstress the actual location of the seam to be sewn as well as its approximate length. The seam indicating lines and indicia are marked on the reverse side of the material and when the garment sections are to be joined, they are placed back to back as shown in Figure 2 and the seam is simply sewed along the seam line visible on top when the superposed sections are placed in a sewing machine.
In order to assure that the seam indicating lines of the superposed garment sections are in proper alignment, the garment sections are provided adjacent the ends of the seam lines with punched sight apertures 25 surrounded by colored markings 26 for easy visibility. Thus, when the sections are placed back to back, the seam lines may be readily aligned by simply aligning the sight apertures, as will be clearly apparent.
It is to be also noted that the seam indicating lines and consequently, the iinished seams, are accurately located with respect one to another rather than with respect to marginal edges of the garment sections. In this manner, assurance is had that the assembled garment is of the proper size and tit, which necessarily is not the case in conventional practice where the seamstress attempts to merely follow the edge of the material at constant spacing 3 and any variations therefrom usually produce accumulative errors and resultant ill-iitting.
In the event it is desired to temporarily hold marginal edges of two sections together, as is done by conventional basting, the invention contemplates the use of substantially U-shaped clips 27 of resilient material, which may be simply slipped over the superposed or juxtaposed marginal edge portions of the sections, as is illustrated in Figure 2. The clips 27 iirmly hold the sections together, yet may be easily removed when so desired, and the use of troublesome pins for basting purposes is eliminated.
As already stated, the sections A, B, C, etc., may be pre-shaped and preecut into the form of individual pieces ready for assembly. On the other hand, if so desired, such pieces may be embodied in a unitary sheet or piece of material 28 as shown in Figures 3 and 4. In such event, the sections illustrated as K, L, M, N, etc., are laid out on the sheet 28 and the sheet is provided with lines of perforations 29 which coincide with the marginal edges of the respective sections. The sections may be easily separated from the sheet by simply tearing the same along the perforated lines. The seam indicating lines 15, 16, etc. and the indicia 20, 21, etc. are marked on the sections K, L, M, etc., as already explained.
The various garment sections, clips 27, thread, buttons, and all other material required for the assembly of a particular garment may be contained in a single package, appropriately marked with the style, size and color of the garment, for purposes of convenience. Also, in the event that the garment is of a complex form, the sections within the package may be separated into sub-assemblies intended for individual construction prior to their nal assembly into the complete garment.
It will thus be seen that we have provided means for convenient, simple and accurate garment construction from pre-shaped garment sections with self-orientng means for assembling the same, such as may be satisfacl 4 torily undertaken even by persons with little or no previous sewing experience.
While in the foregoing these has been described and shown the preferred embodiment of the invention, various modications may become apparent to those skilled in the art to which the invention relates. Accordingly, it is not desired to limit the invention to this disclosure and various modications may be resorted to, such as may lie within the spirit and scope of the appended claim.
What is claimed as new is:
In prefabricated garment construction, the combination of a plurality of pre-shaped garment sections having pairs of matching edges adapted to be stitched together, seam indicating lines marked on said sections adjacent and substantially parallel to said edges, said lines being substantially coextensive with seams to be sewn therethrough for joining said sections together, matching indicia marked at the seam indicating lines of the matching edges in each pair for distinguishing the same from other seam indicating lines, said sections being provided adjacent the ends of said seam indicating lines with sight apertures for locating one seam indicating line upon another when said sections are superposed, and colored markings provided on said sections surrounding said apertures whereby to render the same easily visible.
References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 928,535 Patterson July 20, 1903 891,939 Laub June 30, 1908 1,481,613 Mackey Jan. 22, 1924 1,934,282 Telzerow Nov. 7, 1933 2,030,026 Golding Feb. 4, 1936 2,568,805 Hare Sept. 25, 1951 FOREIGN PATENTS 285,296 Great Britain Feb. 16, 1928
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US891939 *||Sep 11, 1906||Jun 30, 1908||May Manton Pattern Company||Garment-pattern.|
|US928535 *||Mar 11, 1909||Jul 20, 1909||John L Patterson||Fabric.|
|US1481613 *||May 17, 1922||Jan 22, 1924||Mackey Charles T||Chart for drafting garments|
|US1934282 *||Mar 25, 1933||Nov 7, 1933||Telzerow Alma D||Garment material and pattern|
|US2030026 *||Apr 10, 1935||Feb 4, 1936||Ira W Hirshfield||Garment manufacture|
|US2568805 *||Dec 15, 1949||Sep 25, 1951||Hare Rose M||Basic dress pattern sheet|
|GB285296A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3033357 *||Apr 10, 1958||May 8, 1962||Brown Vogel Lida||Apparel kit|
|US3118801 *||Jun 16, 1959||Jan 21, 1964||Sol Lamport||Method of preparing sail fabric strips of synthetic resin material|
|US3325826 *||Apr 14, 1965||Jun 20, 1967||Mattel Inc||Material adapted for apparel manufacture|
|US3523304 *||Jan 24, 1968||Aug 11, 1970||Montgomery Ward & Co||Precut garment construction|
|US3824628 *||Jun 7, 1973||Jul 23, 1974||Bannister P||Method and equipment for sewing|
|US3939565 *||Apr 22, 1974||Feb 24, 1976||Bush Roberta F||Pattern fitting tool and method of custom fitting patters|
|US3943642 *||Oct 9, 1974||Mar 16, 1976||Scan-Tron Corporation||Trim marks of equilateral triangular shape|
|US4395964 *||Jun 8, 1981||Aug 2, 1983||Warren Marjory A||Method of making patchwork articles|
|US4860900 *||Oct 28, 1987||Aug 29, 1989||Horst Forschner||Garment kit and method of assembly thereof|
|US4882788 *||Aug 5, 1988||Nov 28, 1989||Made With Love, Inc.||Precut and partially assembled clothing|
|US4995514 *||Apr 13, 1989||Feb 26, 1991||Horst Forschner||Method and measurement system for the production of garment kits|
|US5141140 *||Apr 9, 1991||Aug 25, 1992||Moffett Hall Deborah J||Apparatus for the creation of fabric appliques and method of using same|
|US5555629 *||Jul 6, 1992||Sep 17, 1996||Bracken Enterprises Limited||Garment pattern making|
|EP0018792A2 *||Apr 24, 1980||Nov 12, 1980||Louisville Manufacturing Co., Inc.||Surface ornamented caps and method of making panelled caps with surface ornamentation|
|EP0018792A3 *||Apr 24, 1980||May 6, 1981||Louisville Manufacturing Co., Inc.||Surface ornamented caps and method of making panelled caps with surface ornamentation|
|U.S. Classification||2/243.1, 156/277, 156/250, 206/227, 33/12|
|International Classification||A41H3/00, A41H3/08|