|Publication number||US2894644 A|
|Publication date||Jul 14, 1959|
|Filing date||Nov 18, 1955|
|Priority date||Nov 18, 1955|
|Publication number||US 2894644 A, US 2894644A, US-A-2894644, US2894644 A, US2894644A|
|Inventors||Christiansen Nels M, Magnuson Raymond A|
|Original Assignee||Vogel Peterson Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (12), Referenced by (7), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 14, 1959 Filed R. A. MAGNUSON ETAL GARMENT RACK Nov. 18. 1955 az/eaz rs azfozozzd a. Magm 943M d i aa z 6444 j' M GARMENT RACK nited States Patent Raymond A. Magnuson and Nels M. Christiansen, Chicage, 11]., assignors t Vogel-Peterson (10., Chicago, 111., a corporation of Illinois Application November 18, 1955, Serial No. 547,644
3 Claims. (Cl. 211-177) The present invention relates generally to collapsible or knock-down garment racks and more especially, the invention is concerned with improvements over garment racks of the type disclosed in United States Patent No. 2,589,269, issued March 18, 1952, to Raymond A. Magnuson and Nels M. Christiansen.
It is a general object of the present invention to provide an improved garment rack embodying few parts which are novelly constructed and arranged to facilitate assembly and disassembly.
It is a more specific object of the invention to provide in a garment rack an improved brace construction which not only insures rigidity of the assembled rack but also permits both assembly and disassembly by one person without any need for external support for any of the racks parts to aid him in so doing.
Other objects and advantages will become apparent from the attached detailed discussion and upon reference to the drawings, in which:
Figure l is a fragmentary perspective view of an assembled rack embodying the features of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary section taken along line 2-2 in Fig. l.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary section of the con nection between the bottom rail and a lower cross brace, as shown in section in Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is an exploded perspective view of the connection shown in Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is an exploded perspective view of the connection between the diagonal brace and the end cross brace of the illustrative device, as shown in section in Fig. 2.
While the invention has been described in connection with a preferred embodiment, it will be understood that it is not intended to limit the invention thereto, but it is intended to cover all modifications and alternative construction falling within the spirit and scope of the invention as expressed in the appended claims.
In the illustrative rack, the supporting elements are embodied in two end frames and 11, each comprising a pair of spaced upright posts 12 and a series of cross braces 13, 14, and 16, rigidly connecting the posts together. The posts and cross members may be formed of wood or, as shown, of sheet metal of relatively light gauge bent into channel or open-tube shape of rectangular cross section.
The cross braces 14 and 15 may advantageously be of channel section wherein the web of the channel at each end of the cross brace is cut away to permit the channel flanges 18 to straddle one of the posts 12 and to be appropriately attached thereto as by spot welding. Each of the lower cross braces 13 extends slightly beyond the bottom ends of the posts 12 and includes at each of its ends a recess formed in the upwardly facing web for receiving the posts. When the post 12 is positioned within the recess the joint may be completed by welding or brazing. If desired, foot-caps 1211 may be secured to ice cover and strengthen the joints between the posts 12 and the lower cross braces 13.
It will be observed that in the illustrative rack each of the cross braces 13 and 14 is reinforced by a supplemental channel located within the channel-shaped members comprising these cross braces and preferably connected thereto by spot welding or the like. Thus, a downwardly opening shallow channel 19 is arranged within the cross brace 13 in such a manner that its flanges 19a fit snugly within the flanges 13a of the cross brace (Fig. 3). As will be seen, the channel 19 is so positioned that the outer edges of the flanges 19a and 13a are flush. In like manner a shallow channel 20 is disposed within the cross brace 14.
The ends of the upper cross braces .16 are seated in notches 17 formed in the top of each of the posts 12 by cutting away the upper portion of the inside post face. The members 16 may be further connected with the posts by spot welding or the like if desired.
The end frames 10 and 11 thus constitute two rigid structures which are light in weight and when disconnected from the rack are relatively flat and can be readily stored. The width of the end frames is preferably slightly greater than the width of the garments to be hung in the rack but if desired may either be narrower or wider.
For maintaining the end frames 10 and 11 in spaced relationship, an elongated bottom rail 21 is provided which is adaptable to detachably interconnect the respective bottom cross braces '13. From the drawings it will be seen that the bottom rail 21 may advantageously be of downwardly opening channel section similar to that of the cross braces, including depending flanges 21a having inturned shoulders 21b formed along their lower edges defining the open side of the rail. As will be seen from Fig. 4, the rail 21 carries at its ends connecting elements in the form of downwardly directed locking tabs' 22 which are adapted to enter appropriate sockets 23 provided in the respective bottom cross braces 13.
In this instance the locking tabs 22 comprise a pair of generally rectangularly-shaped plate members preferably cut from flat sheet metal and spot welded to the ends of the rail 21 inside the spaced flanges 21a. The lower portion of the end of the rail '21 is cut away as at 210 to expose the connecting tabs 22.
For receiving the locking tabs 22, each of the sockets 23 is formed by a centrally positioned opening in the web portion and contiguous inner flange portion of the brace 13, and two spaced transverse slots 25 are provided in the upwardly facing web portions of each of the supplemental channels 19 exposed by the opening. Thus each socket 23 is complementally formed with respect to the end of the rail 21, and the locking tabs 22 at each end of the rail can be easily inserted into the slots 25 so that the bottom rail is seated firmly in the lower portions of the end frames 10 and 11. Attention is directed to the fact that the slots 25 are somewhat longer than the locking tabs 22 to allow some play, for purposes to be presently explained, without producing any looseness of the assembled rack.
When the rack is assembled diagonal braces 26, also preferably of channel section, extend across the lower corners between the bottom rail 21 and the end frames 10 and 11, having appropriate connections thereto. In the present instance the braces 26 are mounted on the upper web of the bottom rail 21 as by ordinary hinges 27 spaced inwardly from the lower cross braces 13. When in properly assembled relation the upper ends of the braces 26, which carry downwardly turned hook members 28 thereon are seated in sockets 29 provided in the inner flanges 14a of the cross braces 14 (Fig. 5).
Conventional knock-down garment racks which are commercially available are extremely diflicult for one person to assemble. Usually such racks must be put together by at least two persons. One person must normally hold one end frame in a vertical position with one end of the bottom rail connected thereto and the corresponding diagonal brace in place while another person holds the other end frame in a vertical position and connects thereto the opposite end of the bottom rail and the other diagonal brace. Then while the end frames are maintained in a vertical position, the upper ends of these frames must be connected together by a tension member extending therebetween to hold the rack in assembled condition.
Where one person attempts to assemble such a rack alone he must use an external support, such as the wall of a room or the like, to aid him in holding up one end frame of the rack while he manipulates the other end frame and bottom rail. and then puts in place the upper tension member. This is an inconvenient and clumsy procedure at best.
The reason that assembly of such racks is so difficult is that conventional end frame and bottom rail connections are not capable of maintaining the end frames in a vertical condition during assembly without temporary external support being provided for these end frames. After the first end of the conventional bottom rail is connected to one vertical end frame and the diagonal brace put in place, the upper end of this end frame if externally unsupported tends to tip or lean outwardly or away from the central portion of the rack. Such out ward leaning of this end frame of course results in an outward and upward pulling action being exerted along the diagonal brace so that the bottom rail is accordingly pulled upwardly at the joint between the brace and the rail, and the bottom rail thus tends to pivot about the connection between itself and the end frame. Under such circumstances the diificulty inherent in the assembly of such a garment rack will be readily apparent.
In carrying out the invention, means is provided for facilitating assembly and disassembly of the rack by one person without any need for external supports for any of the racks parts. In the present instance such means includes an outwardly turned tang 36 longitudinally extending along each of the inner flanges 13a of the cross braces 13 and disposed directly below the socket 23 for locking cooperation with the inner end portions of the inturned bottom rail shoulders 21b. It will be seen that the tang 30 corresponds in length to the distance between the interior surfaces of the flanges 21a so that the opposing end portions of each of the inturned shoulders 21b at one end of the bottom rail 21 are adapted to engage the underside of the respective ends of the tang projecting from the corresponding bottom cross rail 13. In practice the length of the tang 39 is slightly less than the inner web measurement of the channel-shaped bottom rail to facilitate easy movement of the parts into and out of engagement.
Thus in assembling the illustrative rack a person may stand up one end frame with one hand and easily insert the tabs 22 at one end of the bottom rail into the slots 25 carried in the lower cross brace 13 on that end frame with the other hand. Engagement of the rail shoulders 21!) with the tang 30 may then be effected by simply swinging this end frame slightly outwardly to permit the inner end portions of the shoulders adjacent the cutaway portion 21c to slip under the ends of the tang. Such slight swinging movement of the end frame and resulting pivotable connection between the bottom rail and end frame is possible because of the aforementioned play of the locking tabs 22 within the slots 25. The corresponding diagonal brace 26 is then connected to the end frame by seating the hook 28 in the socket 2h provided by the end frame cross rail. This is accomplished by swinging the end frame slightly inwardly to resume a vertical psition so that the hook member 28 extends into and becomes tightly seated in the socket 29.
In this way the bottom rail 21 and end frame are positively locked together as shown in Fig. 3 and the end of the bottom rail is seen to fit snugly within the socket 23. The members are held from becoming disengaged and the end frame stands up vertically without requiring external supports and without causing the bottom rail to be lifted or otherwise displaced.
Thus, one end frame is capable of maintaining itself upright and the person may then assemble the other end of the rack in like manner. To complete the assembly, the upper ends of the end frames 10, 111 are connected by a tension member which pre-stresses the frame members and thereby holds the braces 26 in compression to remove all play and produce a rigid assembly. The end frames 10 and 11, whether of metal or wood, yield sufficiently to permit them to be pre-stressed for the aforesaid purposes.
The tension member employed may advantageously be in the form of an elongated garment hanger rail 31 connected between the opposing upper cross braces 15 and disposed at the desired height for a hanger rail. In the present instance the rail 31 is notched at 32 at each of its ends to provide a portion 33 extending over and resting on the cross braces 15. Any suitable connection between the hanger rail 31 and the cross braces 15 may be provided but a hook or clip type connection is preferred. The length of the rail 31 is suitably adjusted so that when firmly connected to the cross braces 15 it exerts a slight bending moment on the end frames 10, H to develop compression in the braces 26 for the aforesaid purposes.
A shelf 34 may advantageously rest on the top of the frames 10 and lll so as to serve as a cover for the garments as well as a shelf. In the preferred form, the shelf 34 is made of sheet metal downwardly flanged at its sides and carrying at its ends downwardly extending fiat hooks (not shown) which enter appropriately placed registering slots provided at the top of the upper cross braces 16.
In disassembling the rack, the shelf 34 and hanger rail 31 are first removed which thereby releases the end frames 10 and 11 for slight swinging movement outwardly with respect to the bottom rail 21 so that the upper ends of the diagonal braces 26 may be withdrawn from their seats in the sockets 29. After the hooks 28 are so disengaged from the sockets 29, the bottom rail 21 may be removed from the end frames 10 and Ill by disengaging the shoulders Zlb from the tang 30' and lifting the tabs 22 at successive ends of the rail 21 from engagement with the corresponding sockets 23. The entire rack is thus knocked down in a matter of seconds time and the individual elements which are few in numer and light ht may be readily stored in a small space.
One of the advantages of the invention is the provision of an improved knock-down garment rack which may be quickly and easily assembled in the middle of a large room, such as a wardrobe or gymnasium floor, by one person without the aid of external props or supports.
We claim as our invention:
1. A knock-down garment rack comprising, in combination, a pair of spaced and substantially vertical end frames each including a horizontal cross bar, a horizontal bottom rail detachably joined to said cross bars at substantial right angles thereto in a manner to permit limited swinging movement of said end frames relative to said bottom rail, said bottom rail having a downwardly facing opening therethrough defined by a pair of opposed inturned shoulders running longitudinally of the rail, a diagonal brace interposed between and connected to each end frame and a point intermediate the ends of the bottom rail for strengthening the assembled rack, a pair of disengageable connections interposed between the ends of said bottom rail and said respective end frame cross bars, each of said connections including a connecting tab on the end of the bottom rail, each of said cross bars having a complemental socket engaged by respective ones of said connecting tabs, and retaining means arranged longitudinally on each of the cross bars adjacent said sockets and engaging said inturned rail shoulders to positively prevent inadvertent disengagement of said connections when the end frames undergo limited swinging movement outwardly with respect to said bottom rail.
2. In a knock-down garment rack having a pair of spaced and substantially vertical end frames each including a horizontal cross bar, a horizontal rail for detachably joining said cross bars at substantial right angles thereto in a manner to permit limited swinging movement of said end frames relative to the rail, and including a brace member interposed between and connected to each end frame and a point intermediate the ends of the rail; a disengageable connection interposed between one end of the rail and one of the end frame cross bars; said connection comprising a locking member adjacent the end of the rail and an inturned shoulder on the rail and longitudinally spaced from the locking member, and said one of the cross bars having a complemental socket engaged by said locking member and an outturned tang engaged with said inturned shoulder so that the tang and shoulder prevent inadvartent disengagement of the connection when the end frame undergoes limited swinging movement outwardly with respect to the rail.
3. In a knock-down garment rack having a pair of 6 spaced and substantially vertical end frames each including a horizontal cross bar, a horizontal rail for detachably joining said cross bars at substantial right angles thereto in a manner to permit limited swinging movement of said end frames relative to the rail, and including a brace member interposed between and connected to each end frame and a point intermediate the ends of the rail; a disengageable connection interposed between one end of the rail and one of the end frame cross bars; said connection including means for positively locking the rail end and respective end frame toprevent inadvertent disengagement of the connection when the end frame undergoes limited swinging movement outwardly with respect to the rail.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 430,340 Eyles June 17, 1890 543,020 Holmes July 23, 1895 774,272 Poles Nov. 8, 1904 1,540,140 Ohnstrand June 2, 1925 1,655,593 Bulman Ian. 10, 1928 1,662,768 Wait Mar. 13, 1928 1,908,270 Shafier May 9, 1933 2,152,584 Cranshaw Mar. 28, 1939 2,216,319 McGee Oct. 1, 1940 2,589,269 Magnuson et a1. Mar. 18, 1952 2,589,947 Magnuson et a1 Mar. 18, 1952 2,592,839 Wessig Apr. 15, 1952
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US430340 *||Nov 12, 1889||Jun 17, 1890||John h|
|US543020 *||Apr 17, 1895||Jul 23, 1895||Clothes-drier|
|US774272 *||Jun 27, 1904||Nov 8, 1904||William C Poles||Hammock frame or support.|
|US1540140 *||Jul 29, 1922||Jun 2, 1925||Library Bureau||Joint for cabinets and the like|
|US1655593 *||Dec 28, 1925||Jan 10, 1928||Bulman Elvah O||Collapsible display device|
|US1662768 *||Mar 31, 1927||Mar 13, 1928||Wesley Wait||Interlocking joint for metallic frames|
|US1908270 *||Dec 12, 1930||May 9, 1933||Om Edwards Co Inc||Window sash construction|
|US2152584 *||Dec 15, 1937||Mar 28, 1939||Cutler Mfg Company||Frame for fire screens, etc.|
|US2216319 *||Nov 30, 1938||Oct 1, 1940||Cons Expanded Metal Companies||Building construction|
|US2589269 *||Sep 21, 1945||Mar 18, 1952||Magnuson A||Garment rack|
|US2589947 *||Jul 12, 1949||Mar 18, 1952||Magnuson A||Garment rack|
|US2592839 *||Aug 19, 1947||Apr 15, 1952||Wessig August||Folding table|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3123221 *||Apr 20, 1960||Mar 3, 1964||Eot||Clothes rack|
|US3508666 *||Jan 26, 1968||Apr 28, 1970||R D Jones Export Co Inc||Adjustable height clothes rack|
|US4960308 *||Oct 3, 1989||Oct 2, 1990||White Consolidated Industries, Inc.||Support shelf for crisper drawers in refrigerators|
|US5167564 *||Dec 16, 1991||Dec 1, 1992||Lord Murray L||Toy clothes rack apparatus|
|US6488160 *||Mar 2, 2001||Dec 3, 2002||Wen-Tsan Wang||Folding collapsible clothes rack|
|US7140501 *||Apr 11, 2002||Nov 28, 2006||Shumake Clayton||Hat and uniform caddy|
|US20110271439 *||May 4, 2010||Nov 10, 2011||Victor Hoernig||Enclosure with storage|
|U.S. Classification||211/206, 211/123, 211/186|
|International Classification||A47F7/24, A47B81/00, A47F5/10, A47F7/19|
|Cooperative Classification||A47F5/10, A47B81/007, A47F7/24|
|European Classification||A47F7/24, A47B81/00E, A47F5/10|