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Publication numberUS2895472 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 21, 1959
Filing dateJan 5, 1956
Priority dateJan 5, 1956
Publication numberUS 2895472 A, US 2895472A, US-A-2895472, US2895472 A, US2895472A
InventorsMatheson James N
Original AssigneeElectric Storage Battery Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 2895472 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 21, 1959 N MATHESQN 2,895,472

RESPIRATOR Filed Jan. 5, L956 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. Jam as N. Maf/reson A Home y 1959 J. N. MATHESON 2,895,472

' RESPIRATOR Filed Jan. 5. 1956 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 United r 2,895,472 RESPIRATOR Application January s, 1956, Serial No. 557,466 22 Claims. c1. 128--146) This invention relates to a respirator, and, more particularly, to an industrial respirator including a face piece and removable filter for filtering dust and obnoxious fumes. V

This application is a continuation-in-part of my copending application, Serial No. 481,950, filed January 14, 1955, now Patent No. 2,874,693 issued February 24, 1959.

"Common types of industrial respirators including a removable filter have generally been made in two parts, namely a face piece and a filter box or holder, detachably secured to the face piece in an air tight manner. This type of respirator has an outstanding disadvantage in that it is extremely difficult to maintain a perfectly air tight fit between the filter holder or box and the face piece,

particularly after these parts have been detached and put together again a number of times. Another disadvantage is that incleaning the respirator, it is difiicult to clean all, the parts without taking them apart and putting them back together again which consumes considerable time.

A further disadvantage of commonly used dust filtering respirators with removable filters and of the above described type is that in cases wherein the face piece is made of metal or other rigid material, a rubber liner is required on the periphery to form an air tight fit with the face. However, such liner does not provide a comfortable fit with the face because of the metal backing of the rigid face piece-moreover difficulty has been experi enced in keeping the rubber liner in place in an air tight manner. Additional difiiculty is experienced when the respirator is to be washed, necessitating the removal of the rubber liner.

Another disadvantage of commonly used respirators including a filter box with a removable filter pad, generally supported by a rigid, open plastic frame, is that considerable ditficulty has been experienced in making a construction that is relatively fool proof in maintaining a dust tight connection with the filter. Commonly used types of respirators have a rigid filter holding box, and very commonly when the user replaces. a filter he does not arrange the filter pad properly, or perhaps does not insert the filter pad and frame holder into the box sulficiently to insure an air tight connection between the filter holder box and the margins of the pad so as to prevent leakage into the respirator of dust laden air. Nor are suitable means provided for simply and securely holding or locking the filterpad and frame .in place or for aligning the parts.

An object of my invention is to provide a respirator of the industrial type which is devoid of the above named disadvantages and which is integrally molded in one piece, instead of two detachably connected pieces, therefore which completely eliminates leaks between the face piece and filter box.

Another object of my invention is to provide anovel respirator including an integral rubber face piece and filter holding box of such construction as to insure a dust-tight fit with a removable filter pad and filter supporting frame and which will insure that the filter pad times without the danger of 2,895,472 Patented July 21, 1959 and frame will be securely held within the holder at all dislodgment or loosening ice or the development of leaks. C

A still further object of my invention is to provide an efficient respirator of relatively simple, inexpensive, one piece construction so that the entire respirator may be cleaned as a single unit without the necessity of disassembling the parts, and which is of such construction as, to provide an extremely comfortable and cushionedfit with the face of the wearer so that it may be worn for long periods of time without discomfort and which will provide a truly air-tight fit about the nose, cheeks and chin of the wearer which greatly surpasses thefit usually obtained by previous type respirators.

Another object is to provide novel detachable headband fasteners that will insure an airtight fit.

Another object is to provide a headband construction for an industrial respirator which provides self-alignment and uniform distribution of pressure about the face-con tacting margin of the mask, irrespective whether the mask is worn high or low on the head of thewearer.

Other objects and advantages of the present invention,

will become apparent from a study of the following description taken with the accompanying drawing whereinzl Figure 1 is a front, elevational view of an integrally molded respirator face piece and filter holding box embodying the principles of the present invention and showing parts of the box broken away to more clearly illustrate.

the internal construction thereof and of the removable filter and supporting frame contained therein;

Figure 2 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view taken.

Figure 5 is a bottom view of the assembly shown in Fig-,

ures 1 and 2;

Figure 6 is a fragmentary plan view of a modified form of air inlet valve having a single point of attachment to themask;

Figures 7, 9 and 11 are side views of three modified forms of strap fasteners to insure an air-tight fit about the checks of the wearer and Figures 8, 10 and 12 are cross-sectional views taken along lines VIII--VIH, X-X and XII-XII, respectively, thereof. Y

Referring more particularly to the drawing, numeral 1 denotes a face piece of rubber or other similar flexible material, such as plastic material, and of somewhat pear shape outline, having integrally molded therewith a filter receiving box or holder 2 of substantially triangular outline, projecting forwardly and downwardly of the face piece 1 to form a one piece composite unit. The lower end of the filter box 2 is open and the rear is in communication with the interior space in the face piece through an inhalation valve 8 to be described hereinafter.

The mouth portion of face piece 1 is of somewhat pear shape outline and terminates in a feathered edge portion 3 sufficiently reduced in thickness so as to provide a readily flexible margin which will provide a cushioned, yieldable, comfortable, air-tight or dust-tight: fit about the nose, cheeks and chin of the wearer.

The face piece is held against the face of the wearer by a self-aligning headband which fits about the head of, the wearer and which comprises a pair of flexible straps4 of rubber or similar material, having metallic terminals 4a attached thereto having holesthrough which the shank "portion of rivets 5 extend to attach straps 4' to the face 3 piece. Looped about intermediate portions of straps 4 on each 'side of the respirator are the sewed end loops of a head strap 6 of fabric or other suitable material. Thus regardless of varying directions of pull by head strap 6 as the result of placement thereof either high or. low on the head, the head strap 6 will automatically slide along the intermediate portions of straps 4 so as to provide equalization to evenly distribute the pull on both of'the rivets 4 and'in this manner, the pulling force is applied substantially centrally of the face piece so as to apply even pressure about the entire periphery 3 of the face piece. Without this self-aligning feature of the head band, the pull would be unevenly distributed and would be concentrated on one portion of the face piece, depending upon whether the head strap is worn high or low, thus would not insure a dust-tight fit on the face of the, wearer.

In order to enable the face piece to fit different wearers having noses of dilferent sizes and contours, one or more accordion pleats 7 are provided substantially centrally and forwardly of the nose surrounding portion of the face piece 1 so that the edge portion 3 of such nose surrounding portion may yield forwardly and fold the pleats as the result of pull of the face piece towards the face of the wearer. The accordion pleats not only provide yieldability and a more accurate and air-tight fit about the nose of the wearer, but enables the face piece to be worn either high or low upon a particular wearers face or by different wearers, also it provides extreme comfort in wear because of the soft, highly cushioned effect it provides about the bony part of the nose which is the most sensitive part to abnormal pressures.

Intermediate theface piece land filter holder box 2 there is disposed an integrally molded partitionla having a central, substantially trapezoidal opening, shown in dotted outline in Figure 4, the margin of which'forms a seat for a thin rubber inhalation valve diaphragm 8 of somewhat corresponding outline. Valve diaphragm 8 is held against the seatby two rubber supports 9,. shaped like rivets integrally molded to the seatand which have shanks extending through holes in diaphragmS and have heads for retaining the valve diaphragm in place. The valve diaphragm is mounted on supports 9 by stretching the hole containing portions thereof to temporarily enlarge. the .size of the holes sufiiciently so as to fit over the heads of supports 9. Such construction provides very little resistance to breathing because of the great freedom of flexing permitted at the top and bottom portions.

At the bottomof face piece 1 there is provided a substantially fiat, horizontal outer wall, 1a also integrally molded with face piece 1 and box 2 and made of the same rubber. In the bottomwall In there are molded two exhalation valve openings of circular outline which surround radiating spokes 12 of rubber extending from a central hub-like portion, also of integrally molded rubber, to form a wheel shaped valve seat for providing an air tight seal with two disc shaped valve diaphragms supported centrally on the hubv portion of the seat by means of downwardly projecting rubber rivets 13 that extend through central holes of the diaphragm, similar to supports 9.) Thus, a pair of exhalation valves are provided, each having a disc 10 of thin rubber, forming-diaphragms which are very easily flexed by exhalation of the wearer to permit air to be exhaled outwardly of the face Piece, but which, upon inhalation through valve 8, will forrn a seal about the perimeters of diaphragms 10 to close the valves and prevent inhalation of dust laden air.

'The rubber filter receiving ;box 2 is of somewhat triangular shape having closed sides and being open at the bottomend for receiving a filtersupporting frame 14, preferably, of plastic material, and a filter 16 of felt or the like supportedthereby. The frame 14 has a central rib 14a anda pair of substantially rectangularopenings 14b at,.thebottom serving asair inlet openings for dust-laden whichvpasses therethrough and through both folds of a somewhat butterfly shaped filter 16, thence passes along spaces adjacent the front and'rear walls of box 2. Such spaces are provided by virtue of integrally molded ribs 17 extending from the front and rear walls along the four inner edges of box 2. The frame 14 is provided with an integral, central, downwardly extending piece 15 to permit easy grasping by the wearer to facilitate insertion or removal of the filter pad'fand frame in the box 2. Said front and rear wall spaces are in communication at the top portion of box 2.

In order to securely hold the margin of the filter supporting frame 14 and the contacting filter margin in dusttight engagement while in the box 2, the integrally molded ribs 17 projecting-from the inner, corner edges of box 2 contact the margin of filter 16,,additionally, integrally molded lugs 18 are provided on opposite sides of the bottom end of the box 2 and which project inwardly toward each other to form, yieldable stops to engage opposite bottom edgesofthe frame 14 and thussecurely lockitin.

place ith the filter and frame all, the way in the boxto insure a dust-tight seal and to prevent the possibility of.

accidental withdrawal.

An important feature of my invention is the specific construction of the filter box 2, particularly in making it of rubber so asto allow it to expand somewhat as the frame 14 and filter 16 are inserted therein. Because of the slight yieldability of the box 2 along the interior. edges and opening thereof, there is assured an air-tight fit be-.

tween the box 2 and margins-of filter 16 as well as between.

the margins of the filter and supporting frame 14 to pre-,

vent accidental leakage of dust laden ,air directly into box.

2 without first passing through filter 16.

Figure 6 shows a modification of the inhalation valve diaphragm support wherein a central rib portion or par,- tition 2b is provided which has mounted, centrally thereof, a rubber rivet support 19 for detachably fastening the rubber diaphragm 8. Thus a single and central point of support is provided which further reduces the breathing to allow air leakagetherethrough in some instances. Thisv is because the direction of the forces applied to straps 4 and rivets 5 is somewhat outwardly at an angle and in .a direction tending to liftor separate the cheek-surrounding portions of the mask.

Figures 7 and 8 show a modification of the headband strap fasteners for eliminating the above mentioned tendency, and which, on the contrary, causes a tighter fit on the mask against the checks as the ends of headband strap 26 are pulled more tightly. Generally stated, by doubling back the ends of the headband strap upon themselves and applying a-lateral arm to which the forces are applied when pulling the strap more tightly towards,

the back of the wearers head, there is a tendency for the fasteners to rock in such direction as to push the. cheek-engaging portions of the mask inwardly more,

tightly toward the face. More specifically, referring to the modifications shown in Figures 7 and 8 showing.

the fastener on one side (the other being alike) afemale element 21 of a snap fastener which is attached to mask 1 has sandwiched between its outer and inner portions an open loop element 22 which has an opening at 22d through which the strap 26 may be slipped. The male element 23 of the snap fastener has sandwiched between its end portions a looped end portion 26a of the strap. It will be noted more clearly in Figure 8 that as the and in so doing will rock the male and female fastener;-

assembly in aclockwise direction as viewedin Figure.

8., This ;will;,cause the.-,cheek-engaging portion 1a of:-

Therefore the harder the ends of strap 26 are pulled,

the fighter the respirator mask will be forced against the cheeks to insure an air-tight fit. This effect is ob tained principally because the forces applied to the ends of strap 26 are offset laterally outwardly of the fastening points of the snap fasteners.

Figures 9 and 10 show another modification of the reversely looped headband strap for applying forces laterally outwardly of the snap fasteners and in a manner so as to rock the snap fastener assembly in a direction to cause the face engaging portion of the mask to push more firmly against the cheeks of the wearer. In this modification, a male element 28 of the snap fastener is attached to the mask l and the female element 29 has sandwiched between its end portions alooped end portion 26b of the strap 26, which strap 26 is looped back upon itself as indicated in Figure 10 and extended through a metal closed loop element 30 of rectangular outline. Therefore as the end of strap 26 is pulled against the rear of the wearers head so as to apply a force toward the right as viewed in Figure 10, it will cause the loop portion 260 of the strap to reduce in size and finally such force will cause a counterclockwise turning movement of the male and female fastener assembly (28 and 29) and in so doing will push thecheek-engag ing portion 1a of the mask more tightly against the checks to insure an airtight fit. It will be noted further that even if loop 260 were rotated in its own plane through an angle of 180 by accidental rotation of the female element, as might well happen, the pu ing forces applied to the ends of strap 26 will still tend to turn the fastener assembly counterclockwise to effect a tighter engagement of the mask portion 1a with the cheeks of the wearer; 1 r

Figures 11 and 12 show a still further modification of the head strap detachable fastening means to insure a more air-tight fit as the strap is pulled more tightly against the cheeks of the wearer. Figure .12 actually shows the fastening assembly adjacent the right cheek of'the wearer rather than the fastening attachment shown in Figure 11. The connections on both sides of the mask are the same as they are for the other modifications shown in Figures 7 to 10 inclusive. On each side of the mask, a pair of male snap fastener elements 31, 32 are attached and a pair of corresponding female snap fastener elements 33 and 34 are attached to the end portions of strap 26 and are detachably secured to the male fastener elements 31 and 32, respectively. As a pulling force is applied to the reversely looped strap 26to the right, as viewed in Figure 12, the fastener elements 31-33 will tend to rock in a clockwise direction and likewise the fastener elements 32-34 so as to force the cheek engaging portion 1a downwardly as viewed in Figure 12, that is, in a direction toward the right cheek, so as to further insure an air-tight fit.

It will be observed that in all the modifications shown in Figures 7 to 12 inclusive, the headband strap is detachably fastened, therefore may be easily applied ,to the mask, and at the same time the connections at the ends of the strap are such that they will tend to push the cheek engaging portions of the mask in a direction toward the cheeks, instead of away from them as in conventional masks, and in so doing will cause even greater air tightness of the fit as a consequence of greater pulling of the straps.

Thus it will be seen that I have provided a highly eflicient one-piece respirator including a face piece and filter holding box of rubber or similar flexible material which provides a relatively simple and inexpensive one piece construction which eliminates the possibility of leakage between the respirator and box as occurs in con ventional constructions and which can be easily taken apart and which may beeasily washed orcleaned, also which provides an amazing increase in comfort andfit on the face of different wearers having difierenr'nose provided a respi head band and face piece sizes and contours; furthermore I have rator including a self-aligning construction arranged to evenly distribute:pressurexalong the margin of the face piece to provide a'du'st-tightfit. about the nose, cheeks and chin of the wearer; furthermore I have provided a filter holding box'ofrubberas an integral portion of the face piece, instead ofas a separate detachable piece, so that the box will yield as:

a consequence of insertion of a filter supportingframe and filter therein and align them and insure. an air-tight or dust-tight fit along the margins of the box, filter and frame and in this manner assure that dustl laden air will enterthe respirator only through the inlet opening there'- for after passing through the filter.

While I have illustratedand described anemb odir nent of my invention, it will be understood that this is by way? and that various changesandmodb:

of illustration only, fications may be made within invention and within I claim:

the contemplation of my 1. A respirator including a unitary face piecdand.

filter holding box of flexible material integrally molded in one piece, the filter holding box being positioned ifor-t wardly and extending downwardly of said face piece in substantially the form of a triangular box with down wardly and outwardly sloping sidewalls and integral front and rear walls and an open base portion, a filter support-' ing frame having corresponding downwardly and outwardly sloping sidewalls and a filter pad of substantially butterfly shape folded over and supported thereon.

mounted in said box so that the edges of said padwill directly contact the. inner surfaceof the sidewalls of said; box and form a dust-tight fit therewith aided by the yieldability of the box and aligning functions of the:

flexible sidewalls thereofr 2. A respirator as recited in claim 1 whereinintegral projections are molded on opposite side portions of me bottom of said filter box, which project inwardly toward as stop elements for holding each other so as to serve the filter supportingframe in place when inserted in the box! 3. A respirator comprising a face piece adapted to provide an air-tight fit about the nose, :cheeks and chin of the wearer and being of resilient material, integrally molded with a filter box of-the same material, saidz'box' positioned forwardly and extending downwardly from said face piece and having closed side walls, front wall, and rear wall, and an open bottom wall, a filter and supporting element therefor mounted in said box so that the edges of the filterwill form a dust-tight fit with the inner surface of said side walls, the side walls of said box being stretchable as a consequence of insertion of said filter and support element to provide an air-tight fit, an integral vertical partition between said face-piece and filter box and having a central air inlet opening, and a thin flexible diaphragm supported on opposite side portions of the partition and covering said opening, the edges of said diaphragm forming an air-tight seal with the marginal portion of the partition surrounding said opening to form an inhalation valve.

4. A respirator as recited in claim 3 wherein said face piece has an integral bottom wall, also of flexible.

material, with outlet port means formed therein-and rubber diaphragm means cooperating therewith to rovide exhalation valve means.

5. A respirator as recited in claim 1 wherein said frame has a central, downwardly extending integral piece on the bottom edge thereof to enable easy, graspingl'by downwardly of said face piece and being substantially the scope of the following claims.

the operator to facilitate removal of the frame and filter;

6. A respirator comprising a face piece and filter holding box of rubber-like material, integrally molded in one piece, said box being disposed forwardly and extending andxannoperrxbottom wall, a'removable filter and filter supportin'gsframethaving acorrespondingtriangular shape extend outwardly away from said'snap fastener. elements,

whereby :pullin'g iforceshapplied by' the. headband. strap wil11 tend1to push the cheek'engaging portions of the maskzitoward the: face :of the wearer.

8. The combination as recited in claim 7 together with rigidhloopzgelements,one on each side 1 of the mask, through which the end portions of said hea'dband strap areepassed.

9;?Ihexc0mbination as recited in-claim 7 together with a'pair, ofrclosedsloop elements, one on each side of the mask,;.each having one :portion which is looped by-the extremeiend of thecstrapand aparallel portion through which .a sportionadjoining the end of the strap-is looped,

whereby. pulling of the headband towardthe back of thez'headrofthe .-wearer1wil l tend to turn the fastening elements"in axdirectioneso as. to effect tighter engage-' mentiof the mask with the cheeks ofthe wearer.

10.".Thejcombination as recited in .claim 7 wherein saidasnapzfastener elements comprise a pair of elements inzside-by-side relationship on the mask alongthe same direction as the straps and a pair of corresponding fastener elements attached to the end portions of the-straps for detachable: fastening with said first mentioned snap fastenerzelements',.andwherein the end portions of the straparedoubled 'ba'ck forwardly of said elements and extend outwardly alongside all of said snap fastener ele-' ments;whereby'rearward pull of the strap will tend to cause the snap fastener elements to turn in a direction so a'satonetfect:tighter' contact between the mask and cheeksgof the wearer.

11.,Aione piece respirator comprising a face piece of substantially triangular, cup-like configuration shaped to provide an=air tight seal around the nose, mouth and chin oftthe :wearer/ and a filter holding box of substantially triangularoutline and of flexible material integrallymolded:with and forwardly of -said face piece, two sidewallsxof said filter holdingv box-being completely closed and formed of said flexible material and extending downwardlyand outwardly from a point below the top of the face piece, .there being only one opening at the base of saidsboxnfor insertion-10f afilter assembly, said filter holding :box having an integrally molded rear wall, also of flexible material, forming substantially a continuation of-the front wall of said facepiece and'having an openingyand aninhalation valve mounted on said opening.

12. Airespirator as recited-in claim 11 wherein said flexible material is rubberand wherein. said rear wall has a'lateralintegrally vmolded extension, also of rubber, forming; therbottom wall 'oflthe respirator and including exhalation :valve: means- 13. A respirator as recited in claim 11 wherein said filter holding box rear wall has integrally formed therewithazlaterally and .rearwardly extending bottomvwall having .integral lyrmold'ed exhalation valve seat means:

14. A- respirator comprising a-face piece adapted to beifitted. over. the: nose, mouth and chin of the wearer, an arcuatevportion.ofasubstantially. reduced thickness being integrally-formed in the nose surrounding portion of said face piece, a'subs'tantially triangular filter holding housingforwardly of,-,said face piece and having 'a rounded top-portion.and completely closed side-portions extending-downwardlywand outwardly, said filter holding .hotusing? and face piece :beingrrnade offlexible, elastic material; integrally molded in one piece, .saidf-filter holding hous ing' havingaan: integrallywmo lded rear wall -withan inhalation valve'zopening' and 'integrally molded valve seat: ofi substantially? triangular shape, a correspondingly shaped flexible valve sheet, stud means'projectingfrom the rearsurfa'ce of said rear wall and supporting-said sheet over/said valve seat, and a substantiallytriangular filter holdingiframe and filter'inserted through an open ing in the :bottom of-said filterholding housing.

15. A respirator as recited in'claim 14"wherein-saidface 'piece includes a bottomywall integrally molded with,

andextending-laterally and rearwardly of, said rear'walli of the filter holding housing and having apair of integrally moldedt exhalation valve seats for seating-a pair ofexhalation. valves, said bottom: wall also beingof'fl'exh ble material.

16. A'respirator comprisinga substantially cup-shaped is' adapted to fit. in an air-tight manner about the nose cheeks and chinfof the-wearer, said face piece havinga top portion which-extends downwardly and angularly.

forwardlyand terminates in a-vertically downwardly exand mounted within said filter holder housing so as to form: an tair tight seat about the base portion of saidrear wall of the filter holding housing has an opening. and an inhalation valve mounted over said opening,asaid rear wall. having an integrally molded rearward extension forming-the bottom wall of the facepiece and hav:

ing integrally molded therein exhalation valve seat means, and flexible exhalation valves mounted on said-- valve seat means.

18. A respirator comprising a face piece of substantially triangular and cup-shape having integrally molded therewith-a filter holder housing of flexible material and of similar shape but of small dimension, the top portion ofthe filter holder housing being disposed below the top portion of the face piece, said housing having down? wardly and outwardly extending closed side walls and-an openbottom wall, said housing having-ridges integrally molded on the internal surfaces thereof for spacing the filter from the housing walls throughout substantially.

the entire length of; the filter, means for holding a detachable filter unit within said housing.

19. A" respirator comprising aone piece, integrallymolded face -piece and filter holder housing of rubberlike elastic material, the housing projecting forwardly of the face' piece and having downwardly, and outwardly disposed c omplet ely close side walls, an integral rear wall. forming substantially a continuation of V the front wall .of. said face piece and an open bottom wall for receiving a filter and filter holding frame,- saidface piece:being substantially.'cupashaped and of substantially triangulareoutline. and havinga marginal portion'at themouth thereof which is. substantially reduced -inthick- .ness. at. the periphery of the face piece to provide a ,very

yieldable,-+cushioned,- air-tight fit on the faceof the wearer.

in "onerpiece, the filter holding box being positioned "for-- face piece of such configuration that its mouth portiontending integrallyjformed filter holder housing comprisingrfront, rear and completely closed sidewalls integrally. molded as one 'piece and beingof flexible, elastic material. and havingia filter :receivingopening only at the bottom; of; said filter holder housing, said rear wall formingan integral continuation of said face piece, .in combination with a filter supporting frame having sides closely fitted to 'said-side walls, and'a filterdraped about said frame wardly and extending downwardly of said face piece in substantially the form of a triangular box with an open base portion and having front, rear and sidewalls, a filter supporting frame and filter pad supported thereon and mounted in said box so that said pad will directly contact the inner surface of the sidewalls of said box and form a dust-tight fit therewith aided by the yieldability of the box and aligning functions of the flexible sidewalls thereof, and integral rubber ribs formed along the inside edges of front and rear walls of the box to provide a seal with the margins of the filter pad and to provide a space between the filter paid and said walls of the box.

21. A respirator as recited in claim 8 together with integrally molded lugs on the bottom ends of said sidewalls for engaging the bottom of said frame to lock the frame in place when it is inserted in the box with sufficient wedging action so as to provide an air-tight seal between the perimeter of the filter and said side sidewalls.

22. A respirator comprising a face piece of resilient material of substantially cup shape having a marginal portion adapted to surround the nose, cheeks and chin of the wearer, and having a pleated portion extending across the nose piece and terminating at points at opposite sides of the nose piece such as to give an accordion effect and to allow said marginal portion surrounding the nose to pivot forwardly, as the result of collapsing movement of the pleated portion, at an angle with respect to the remainder of said marginal portion, thereby providing a yieldable, cushioned fit between the respirator and the face of the wearer, particularly about the nose, and having an integral, substantially triangular, filter housing portion extending forwardly and downwardly thereof with sides substantially parallel to those of the face piece, the side walls of said filter housing being completely closed and outwardly flexible so as to provide a yieldable but tight fit with the sides of a filter holding frame inserted in said housing.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 205,093 Howland June 18, 1878 1,320,935 Schwartz Nov. 4, 1919 1,395,760 Monro Nov. 1, 1921 1,546,163 Auster et al. July 14, 1925 2,131,730 Gaines Oct. 4, 1938 2,308,991 Melup Jan. 19, 1943 2,534,720 Loose Dec. 19, 1950 2,591,953 MacLean Apr. 8, 1952

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Referenced by
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US3029812 *Mar 3, 1958Apr 17, 1962Welsh Mfg CoRespirator
US3980080 *Dec 23, 1974Sep 14, 1976Rudolph MutoAir filtration gas mass
US4549543 *Dec 1, 1982Oct 29, 1985Moon William FAir filtering face mask
US4981134 *Jan 16, 1990Jan 1, 1991Courtney Darryl WFiltering face mask with inhalation/exhalation check valves
US5509436 *May 23, 1995Apr 23, 1996Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyUnidirectional fluid valve
US6843248Apr 18, 2001Jan 18, 20053M Innovative Properties CompanyFiltering face mask that has a new exhalation valve
US6854463 *May 11, 1994Feb 15, 20053M Innovative Properties CompanyFiltering face mask that has a new exhalation valve
US7013895Jan 21, 2005Mar 21, 20063M Innovative Properties CompanyExhalation and inhalation valves that have a multi-layered flexible flap
US7028689 *Nov 21, 2001Apr 18, 20063M Innovative Properties CompanyFiltering face mask that uses an exhalation valve that has a multi-layered flexible flap
US7188622 *Jun 19, 2003Mar 13, 20073M Innovative Properties CompanyFiltering face mask that has a resilient seal surface in its exhalation valve
US7302951Feb 23, 2005Dec 4, 20073M Innovative Properties CompanyUnidirectional respirator valve
US7311104Apr 18, 2001Dec 25, 20073M Innovative Properties CompanyMethod of making a filtering face mask that has an exhalation valve
US7428903Oct 6, 2000Sep 30, 20083M Innovative Properties CompanyFibrous filtration face mask having a new unidirectional fluid valve
US7493900Oct 3, 2000Feb 24, 20093M Innovative Properties CompanyFibrous filtration face mask having a new unidirectional fluid valve
US7503326Dec 22, 2005Mar 17, 20093M Innovative Properties CompanyFiltering face mask with a unidirectional valve having a stiff unbiased flexible flap
US8365771Dec 16, 2009Feb 5, 20133M Innovative Properties CompanyUnidirectional valves and filtering face masks comprising unidirectional valves
US8757156Oct 13, 2008Jun 24, 20143M Innovative Properties CompanyFace mask with unidirectional multi-flap valve
US20020170563 *Apr 18, 2001Nov 21, 2002Japuntich Daniel A.Filtering face mask that has a new exhalation valve
US20040255947 *Jun 19, 2003Dec 23, 20043M Innovative Properties CompanyFiltering face mask that has a resilient seal surface in its exhalation valve
US20040261795 *Jun 16, 2004Dec 30, 2004Brunell Robert A.Respirator mask and valve
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U.S. Classification128/206.15
International ClassificationA62B23/00, A62B23/02
Cooperative ClassificationA62B23/02
European ClassificationA62B23/02