|Publication number||US2896623 A|
|Publication date||Jul 28, 1959|
|Filing date||Oct 12, 1955|
|Priority date||Oct 12, 1955|
|Publication number||US 2896623 A, US 2896623A, US-A-2896623, US2896623 A, US2896623A|
|Inventors||Edward L Fitzgerald|
|Original Assignee||Diana Mfg Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (11), Referenced by (20), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 28, 1959 E. L. FITZGERALD BREAST PAD AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE Filed Oct. 12 1955 ATI'QENEY,
2,896,623 BREAST PAD AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE Edward L. Fitzgerald, Green Bay, Wis., assignor to Diana Manufacturing Company, Green Bay, Wis., a corporation of Wisconsin 7 I This invention relates to a breast pad and method of manufacture.
Pulp or tissue wadding is laminated in a layer of uniform thickness between external plies of tissue. The resulting web is advanced through a pair of dies one of which forms successive portions of the web to the shape of the desired pad, while, at the same time, uniting the plies with the pulp by pressure deformation to effect fibrous interlock. A subsequent die, which may be mounted on the same carrier punches out the formed pad. The successive pads thus blanked from the web are received on a conveyor. Either before or after the die operation, the plies are desirably stitched along lines which will be on minor chords for further assuring the permanent connection of the parts.
Aside from the fibrous interlock of the plies at spaced points about the periphery of the pad, a feature of the product is the offset central portion which receives the nipple of the patients breast but is of uniform thickness without such compression as would change its absorptive capacity relative to the rest of the pad. The stitching is also a feature, this having been found desirable to resist sterilizing treatment which might free some of the plies if the fiber interlock were solely relied upon to maintain connection between plies.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of a pad embodying the invention.
Fig. 2 is a view taken in cross section on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a diagrammatic view illustrating a portion of the manufacturing process, the dies used being shown partially in side elevation and partially in section.
The pad shown at 5 comprises inner and outer tissue plies 6 and 7 with an intervening layer of filling material at 8 which is of substantially uniform density and thickness throughout except in the areas 9 spaced around the perimeter of the pad where fibrous interlock has occurred. The tendrils indicated at 10 in Fig. 2 diagrammatically illustrate fibers displaced by the punches used in the mating dies which shape the pad. These fibers of the tissue become interengaged with fibers of the filling material layer 8 in such a way as to tend to maintain the several plies in connection.
In the preferred manufacture of the pad, a web 11 which comprises the tissue and filler plies as above described is fed through a die set which includes a lower platen 12 and an upper platen 13. The lower platen has a convex portion 14 complementary to theconcave interior 15 shown in the finished pad of Fig. 2. The portion 16 of the platen is complementary to the outwardly deformed nipple-receiving pocket 17 of the pad.
The female die 18 has complementary surfaces 19 corresponding to the outwardly convex annular portion 20 of the finished pad. It also has a recess at 21 complementary to the offset and outwardly convex central area 22 at the outside of the n pp e-receiving pocket.
The complementary surfaces of the upper and lower dies are uniformly spaced at all points within the annu- I I 2 lar rim portion 23 of the pad which is approximately planiform except at the points where the fiber lockis effected. p
-To effect fiber lock, the lower platen 12 is provided with pegs at 25 for which the die 18 is provided with sockets at 26.- The interaction of the pegs with the web as the pegspush the web into the sockets 26 pro duces the outwardly convex bosses 9 and interlocks the fibers 10 as above described.
The platen 13 carries a blanking punch 30 cooperating with a blanking die 31 formed in platen 12 from which an opening 32 extends downwardly through the platen. In each reciprocation of the platen 13 respecting the platen 12, a new area of the web is formed as above described and a previously formed area is punched from the web and discharged through the port 32 onto the delivery conveyor 34.
In order that movement of web 11 may be continuous, the entire die set may be reciprocated unitarily along ways 35. The die set is actuated by cam 36, cam follower 37, lever 38 and link 39 to move at the speed of the web during punch operation and retraction.
The lines of stitching shown at 45 are desirably (although not necessarily) applied to the web before the web is passed through the dies. This is done on an ordinary sewing machine or a pair of sewing machines. The lines of stitching extend transversely of the finished pad. They may be close to the outer perimeter of the convex area 20 in which case much of the stitching is confined to the flat rim 23. This zone about the perimeter of the pad is annular in the circular pad shown.
For many purposes, the stitching is unnecessary, since the fiber interlock achieved in the protuberances 9 fastens the plies quite securely. However, if the pads are sterilized in a hospital autoclave, the resulting softening of the fibers may tend to release the interlock. Hence, when the pads are expected to be thus sterilized, the stitching is desirably used and the specific location shown has been found peculiarly satisfactory in that it accomplishes the purpose without any impairment of the softness of the pad portions which are under pressure engagement with the breast of the wearer.
If the lines of stitching are parallel this facilitates the use of automatic sewing equipment and permits two or more sewing machine heads to function concurrently. It will be observed that the lines of stitching are not required to transverse any of the protuberances 9 despite their proximity to the fiat rim at 23.
The fact that the filler is not compressed at 46 across the nipple-receiving pocket 17 is a substantial advantage both in maintaining full absorptiveness of the filler and in minimizing pressure on the nipple. Compression at this point would result in objectionable hardness and a decrease in absorptive capacity. The method of manufacture as herein disclosed leaves all plies in uniform thickness and density and at uniform spacing except in the areas of fiber interlock and protuberances 9, these being confined to the outer rim.
1. A breast pad comprising an outwardly convex multi-ply disk having adjacent its center a further outwardly convex portion providing a nipple-receiving pocket, the outwardly convex and pocket-forming portions of said disk being of substantially uniform thickness and density and comprising material of substantially like absorptive capacity, the disk being provided with an outer rim having at intervals embossed protuberances in which fibers of the several plies are interlocked.
2. A breast pad comprising inner and outer plies of tissue and an intervening filler ply, the several plies having concentric outwardly convex annular portions and central outwardly displaced pocket-forming portions,
References Cited in the filer of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Wandel July 29, Bronson Apr. 18, Schnaittacher July 14, Fourness Jan. 25, Pitcher May 2, St'einberger Feb. 20, De Iorio Oct. 7, Hardy June 9, Snowdon Dec. 15, Aagesen v Mar. 3,
FOREIGN PATENTS Great Britain Aug. 14,
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|U.S. Classification||604/385.7, 2/267, 450/39|
|Cooperative Classification||A61F2013/15016, A61F13/141, A61F13/15577|
|European Classification||A61F13/15M, A61F13/14|