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Publication numberUS2897610 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 4, 1959
Filing dateMay 28, 1953
Priority dateMay 28, 1953
Publication numberUS 2897610 A, US 2897610A, US-A-2897610, US2897610 A, US2897610A
InventorsMichele Campagna
Original AssigneeBristol Mfg Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Heat insulated, gusset-type, water-proof footwear
US 2897610 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

M. CAMPAGNA Aug. 4, 1959 HEAT INSULATED,l GUSSET-TYPE, WATRPROOF FOOTWEAR Filed May 28, 1953 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Aug. 4, 1959 M. CAMPAGNA 2,897,610

HEAT INSULATED, GUSSET-TYPE, WATERPROOF FOOTWEAR Filed May 28, 1953 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Aug. 4, 1959 M. CAMPAGNA 2,897,610

HEAT INSULATED, GUSSETTTYPE, WATERPROOF FOOTWEAR Filed May 28, 1953 4 Sheets-Sheet 5v Allg-k 4, 1959 M. CAMPAGNA 2,897,610


Application May 28, 1953, Serial No. 358,037

1 Claim. (Cl. 36-4) This invention pertains to footwear, particularly to waterproof footwear, inclusive, for. example, of shoes or'-boots, whether of'ankle height, knee length or hip length, and including those which. are worn outside of other foot coverings,.such as, socks, slippers, shoes, or the like, as well as those which are worn inside of other foot coverings, for example, heatinsulating inserts to be worn within-shoe-pacs or similar types of footwear.

Waterproof footwear, comprising such articles as are includedin the above category, is frequently worn under low. temperature. conditions, for example, by fishermen wading in cold trout streams; by fishersion commercial fishing boats exposed to icy sea water; bylumbermen, trappers,.etc;, whofmust tramp through snowor slush; by. farmers, policeand other outdoor workers; as Well as bymembers of the'Arrned Forces, especially those stationed in arctic'climates where'temperatures fall far below# zero.. The usual rubber boot orv shoe, while adequately excluding water, rates very low as respects its heat.

insulating. properties.

Conventional rubber boots have no front opening and thus .afford adequate protection against the entry of Water, but: because, they have no front opening,- they cannot be. made to lit` the foot snugly and do not make good walking. boots. In` order to, provide. a watertight boot, whichis comfortable. to-walk in, for eXample-abcot for military use, it isnecessarytoprovide the boot with a frontor throat opening or itsfequivalent andto exclude water by providing the` boot with a,- watertight tongue tospan-the opening. Customarily, the tongle is of relatively. thin material, and thus even though the walls of the bootitself may possessheat. insulating characteristics, tie front of thefoot is not adequately protected against cold...

The. present. inventionhasfor one object the provision Ofawalking boot, which is completely waterproof, althou'glihaving a front opening, and which provides adequat'e heat insulation at all points, includingfthe closure for the front opening.

A further object is t provide a, waterproof walking boot comprisingalining which atv every point, except at. the extreme upper. edge of the boot, is separated from theouter skin of the boot by insulation.

A further Objectis to provide a Waterproof walking boot whose upper is so devised as to protect the entire periphery of the angle portion ofthe wearers foot from cold'.

A' further object is to provide a waterproof boothaving a front opening andwhich has a lining which is separated at'every point in outof-contact relation to the outer skin ofthe boot, except at the extreme upper edge of the boot.'

A further-Objectis to provide'a waterproof boot having afront-v opening and a bellows type tongue for closing the opening and wherein the bellows tongue comprises outer and'nner skins defining betweenthemv` an airtight chamber.

Further objects` and advantages of the invention will be arent pointed out in the'following more detailed description and by reference tothe accompanying drawings, wherein Fig. lv is a side elevation of-'a bootembodying the. improved construction of the present invention;`

Fig. 2 is a front elevationof the boot4 of Fig. l showing the front opening completely closed;

Fig. 3 is a fragmentarydiagrammatic horizontal section on the line 3 3 of Fig. 1, tolarger scale, and'with the throat partly open;

Fig. 4 isa fragmentarydiagrammaticsection on` the line 4--4 of Fig. l;

Fig. 5 is a fragmentaryv diagrammatic vertical sectionf on the line 5-5 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 6 is adiagrammatic perspective view illustrative of the rst stepfin the lpreparation of a boot according: to the method'ofthe'present invention;

Fig. 7 isa perspective View similar to Fig. 6 illustrating. the first step in l attaching the tongue;

Fig. Sais a diagrammatcplan view partly brokenaway a'nd to larger scale, showing the tongue prior to its assembly with other parts;

Fig.v 9 is ay diagrammatic section= on theline 9--9 of' Fig. 8` showing. thek insulation ofy thecenter'panel' of thetongue;

Fig. l() is a diagrammatic section to larger scale on theV line 10-10of Fig. 7;

Figs. l1 and 12 are-perspective views'similar to Fig.y 7, illustrating steps ofthe. method -foll'owingthestep i1- lustrated in Fig. 7;

Fig. 13 isa diagrammatic transverse section throughl the leg portionof theinner or of thezboot, showing the sock or liningskin` asrhavingbeen removed.Z from the paddle'lasgturned inside outand'relasted-on;a boot last;

Fig. 14 is a diagrammaticperspectiveview. showing theA sock or inner skin mounted on thefbootlast and illustrating the rststepinthe formation. on' the bottom of thev boot;

Fig. l5 is a fragmentary, perspectivev View illustratingg the application of reenforce. elements to theheeland fore-- part portions of the inner or lining skin;v

Fig.. l6- is a perspective view illustrating the; applica-Y tion of the inner insulating ply to the inner skin; g

Fig. 17 is a section substantiallyonthe line ll:'7-1f7olfY Fig. 16 but to larger scale;-

Fig. 18 isa View similar, to -view 16 butillustrating: the application-of the insulating. cushion sole to, tomof the inner. or, liningskin;

Fig. 19. isa fragmentary planview showing the. outer.'v

waterproof combination topland-quarter membersn of vthez boot;

Fig; 22 is a plan view offthe waterproofjvamp ele.' ment;

Fig. 23V isV arfront 'elevation of the structureafter the; applicationy ofthe quarter and vamp; elements to'tlie out'er' surface'of the outer insulatingpl'y;

Fig. 24 is a frontV elevation ofthe eyele't stay beforeI its application to` therboot; Y

Fig. 25 is anelevation ofthe back stay;y

Fig. 26 is a fragmentary si'cleelevation showing; thel outer foxing piecesin place, and" Fig. 27T is a View similar'to Fig. 26,1 but showing the" outer sole andheel in place;-

In accordance:` with the presentinventiona novelmethod of procedureisfollowedlin makingitlielimprovedboot: This method includes certainl-steps1whiclr are customary;

in rubber boot manufacture and others which are believed to `be novel but all are combined in a new sequence to produce a boot having the desired novel characteristics. It will be understood that the method about to be de, scribed represents the best pratcice known at the present time but that -any equivalent procedure, producing approximately the same results and which comes within the terms of the appended claims, is to ybe considered as within the scope of the invention. It is further to be understood that certain of the hereinafter suggested steps may be omitted and that certain Well-known and customary steps, not herein specilically referred to, may be used or introduced as deemed desirable by those skilled in the art.

In accordance with the preferred procedure and referring to the drawings for illustration of the principal steps, the iirst step consists in dipping a paddle last 30 (Fig. 6) in a suitable coagulant for rubber latex (such coagulants being well known to those skilled in the art) and then dipping the last into liquid latex, thereby forming on the paddle last a thin coating or lm which quickly sets to form a seamless sock-like skin 31 on the last. If desired, the thickness of this skin may be increased by repeated dippings.

The next step is to assemble a tongue 32 with the sock or skin 31. This tongue 32, (Fig. 8) in accordance with the present invention, comprises the substantially V- shaped piece 33 of thin, waterproof sheet material, for example exible textile fabric, desirably nylon tricot, the upper end of this V-shaped piece being of a Width at least as great as the maximum width to which the upper end of the throat opening of the boot may be extended while the boot is being donned. With this wider V-shaped piece 33 there is associated a narrower V-shaped piece 34, preferably of the same material as the part 33 and which, when assembled with the latter, is arranged symmetrically with respect to the part 33 and with its lower, narrow end arranged a short distance above the lower end of the part 33. The part 34 is of a width at its upper end substantially greater than the maximum width of the upper end of the throat opening of the completed 'boot when the boot is in use and laced up. Before attaching the part 34 to the part 33, it is desirable to place on the part 33 a reinforce element 35, for example, a piece of strong textile fabric which may or may not be impregnated or frictioned with rubber and which as here shown is of approximately kiteshape, with its wider end up and with its narrower end closely `adjacent to the narrower end of part 33. A ply 36 of insulating material is arranged to overlie reeinforce element 35 after the latter has been assembled with the part 33. This insulating ply 36 is here illustrated by way of example Ias a piece of napped textile fabric, for example woolen blanket cloth, napped on one side only. However, material napped on both sides might be employed, as well las other flexible insulating materials, for instance a sheeted latex foam, and when hereinafter reference is made to textile fabric napped on one lface only, it is to be understood as by Way of example only and not by way of limitation. 'Ibis insulating element 36 is here shown vas a V-shaped piece, somewhat narrower at its upper end than the part 34, and which is arranged in symmetrical relation to the part 33 and with its napped surface opposed to the part 33. Having -assembled the reenforce member 35 and the insulating member 36 with the part 33, the part 34 is laid over the part 36 and the margin of the part 34 is adhered to the part 33, the presence of the napped insulating member 36 between the parts 33 and 34 resulting in the separation of the parts 33 and 34 at the location of the insulating material so that when the margins of the part 34 are adhered to the part 33 there results a completely sealed pocket within which the insulating material is housed. The margins of the part 34 may be secured to the part 33 in any desired manner, for example by the employment of a suitable adhesive medium.

The tongue 32, prepared as just described, comprises a central panel in which the insulating material is housed and lateral wings 37 and 38. each consisting only of the relatively thin flexible material of which the part 33 is formed. The marginal portions 39 and 40 (Figs. 7 and l0) of these wings are now adhered to the yforward portion of the seamless sock or skin 31 on the paddle last 30. In thus adhering the margins 39 and 40 to the skin 31, the tongue is rst folded so that the central panel portion, comprising the insulating material is doubled together (as shown in Fig. 10). With the tongue in this folded or doubled condition, the opposite wing portions 37 and 38 are united to each other at their upper edges, for example, by the use of an adhesive sealing strip 39a (Fig. 7) to form a seal along the upper margin of the doubled tongue. Thus the interior of the folded tongue is sealed against the entrance of uid into the space between the opposed wings 37 and 38.

Following or preceding the attachment of the tongue, a slip strip 41 (Fig. 7), for example of nylon or stockinet fabric, although any exible material which is resistant to abrasion and which affords a slippery surface may be used, is ladhered to the heel portion of the sock 31. The sock 31 (with its attached tongue and slip strip), still mounted on the paddle last, is now dipped into a waterproof liquid, for example latex or nylon, thus forming a seamless film or layer Z (Figs. 3 and 5 which covers all of the exposed surfaces of the sock, tongue and slip strip, and which makes the insulation containing chamber of the tongue airtight. The sealing strip at 39a prevents the liquid from flowing down into the space between the wings of the folded tongue. More than one dipping may be performed, if a thicker lm or layer be desired. After this film has set, the upper portion of the sock and tongue is trimm-ed off along the line 44 (Fig. 12) so as to remove the sealing strip 39a, whereby the wings of the tongue are freed from each other so that the tongue may open out at its top.

The composite sock 318 (Fig. l2), now comprising the adhering inner and outer layers of waterproof material, is stripped from the paddle last and turned inside out, thus disposing the last-formed seamless lm at' the inside. The composite sock 31a is now relasted upon a boot last L (Fig. 13) with said last-formed seamless film contacting the last. While introducing the last L, the wing portions 37 and 38 of the tongue 32 are folded along substantially vertical lines 45 and 46 (Fig. 13) so that the center of the insulating panel portion of the tongue is disposed symmetrically with reference to the front-to-rear vertical plane X-Y of the last L. A thin iiexible sole element 47 (Fig. 14) of textile fabric, coated with latex, or frictioned with rubber compound on both sides, is now preferably adhered to the bottom surface of the sock 31a. A heel stay 48 (Fig. 15) of textile fabric coated with latex or frictioned with rubber compound is now adhered to the heel portion of the sock 31a, and to the heel portion there is valso adhered a heel piece or counter 49 of rag stock. A vamp reeinforce of coated fabric 50 is adhered to the forepart portion ofthe sock 31a, and a toe-cap 51 of rag stock is applied.

An inner insulating ply 52 (Figs. 16 and 17) is now adhered to the outer surface of the sock 31a. This insulating ply may, for example, be napped textile fabric, for instance wool blanket cloth napped on one side only, the base fabric of this ply being directly adhered to the sock 31a so that the napped surface of the insulating ply is outwardly exposed. While, as above noted, textile fabric napped on one side only has given highly satisfactory results, the invention is not necessarily limited to the employment of this particular insulating material, but contemplates the employment of any material having equivalent insulating characteristics. The material forming the insulating ply 52 is so cut that when it is applied to the sock'31a, it completely covers the latter, except for the bottom, and a marginal portion-68 of the sock 31a at the top of the latter and a narrow `strip 53 of thesock 31a at the approximate location of thethroat opening of the completed boot, the front edges 54-and 55 (Fig. 16) of the ply 52 being spaced apart a distance of the order of one inch at this strip 53. Theply S2 does not extend below the level of the sole element 47, its lowerredges 58 being substantially flush with the bottom surface of the said` sole element. i

An insulating rnid-sole 58X (Fig. 18) is 4now adhered to the bottom surface of the sole elementv47, if the latter be employed, or directly tothe bottom surface of the sock 31a, if said sole element is not provided;

The insulating mid-sole 58X is of suitable heat-insulating material, desirably resilient, for example a good grade of wool felt which may be of a thickness, for example, of three-quarters of an inch. Desirably this insulating insole is so shaped at its lateral margins as to provide an upwardly-directed beveled edge 59 (Fig. 5) which overlaps the lower edge 58 (Fig. 17) of the insulating ply 52.

There is also provided an outer insulating ply 60 (Fig. 19) which may, for example be of the same material as the ply S2. This outer insulating ply is cut substantially to the same shape as the ply 52, although of slightly larger dimensions. It comprises right and left portions shaped, when assembled, to provide the narrow gap 61 at the location of the throat opening, this gap being defined by the parallel edges 62 and 63. The lower margins of the ply 60 are preferably beveled at 64 (Fig, 5) and its lower edge is approximately at the level of the lower face of mid-sole 58x so that the lower margin of the ply 6@ embraces the lateral edge of the midsole 58X. The ply 60 is provided with a sealing strip 65 at its upper margin, the strip 65 extending above the upper edge of the ply 60. The ply 60 is also provided with sealing strips 66 at those margins which border the gap- 61, and with a sealing strip 66a, at its forepart portion, which joins the abutted edges of the right and left portions of the ply 60. The ply 60 is assembled with the parts carried by the last L so that the napped surface of the ply 6d is disposed inwardly, that is to say, in opposition to the napped surface of the inner ply 52, and with the edges 62 and 63 of the fabric of the ply 60 opposed. In assembling the ply 6d with the parts already mounted on the last L, the sealing strip 65 at the upper edge of the ply 60 is adhered to the upper exposed margin 68 (Fig. 16) of the sock 31a, while the sealing strips 66 are adhered to the sock 31a within the gap 53 (Fig. 16) between the edges 54 and 55 of the right and left parts of the insulating ply 52.

The insulating ply 60 also has a lasting strip 67 (Fig. 19) at its lower margin and, in assembling the parts, this strip is drawn inwardly over the bottom of the mid-sole and adhered to the latter.

Right and left combined top and quarter members 70 (Fig. 2l), of fabric coated with latex or frictioned with rubber, are provided, each of these members having a substantially vertical front edge 71 and a forepart flap 'portion 72. There is also provided a vamp 73 (Fig. 22) of similar material. The parts 70 and 73 are assembled with and adhered to the outer or base-fabric surface of the outer insulating ply 60, the vertical edges 71 of the right and left member 7 (l being arranged at the front of the boot and spaced apart, for example, approximately la of an inch (Fig. 23) while the llaps 72 of the two parts 70 are overlapped and adhered to each other. The spacing of the edges 71 exposes the sock 31a at the front of the boot to facilitate the slitting of the sock from the top of the boot down as far as the throat opening is to extend, thereby freeing the tongue to expand laterally. A front stay 74 is provided, this stay, as shown in Fig. 24, comprising a strip 75 of coated fabric, a U-shaped piece 76 of fabric coexistent with the margin of and adhered to one face of the part 7S, and a part 77, wider and longer than part 75, which is adhered to the other face of the piece 75. This composite stay is adheredito theiparts 70 and 73 at the front of the boot in symmetricalrelation to the gap Ybetween the edges 71 of the part 4705 A heel stay 78 (Fig. 25) is Valso provided andv adhered to the backof the boot. If desired, a steel shank piece (not shown) may now be applied to the bottom of themidsole 58X and this shank piece may be covered by the application of a piece of fabric, if desired. The'entire boot is now dipped in latex, or equivalent waterprooiing material, which is allowed to set and-thus provides a seamless coating K extending over the entire surface of the boot. Forepart foxings 79 and 80 (Figs. 26 and 27) outer sole S, heel H, and a ski-shelf F are now assembled and united to the other parts, and the exterior'of the boot is sprayed with colorless lacquer and then the boot is vulcanized. Theneafterthe outer skin of the boot is slit from its top to'a pointl near the 'lower end of tongue, thereby providing the throat opening at the front of the hoot.

\ Eyelets and/ or hooks are applied, and other customary or desirable finishing operations are performed to complete the boot ready for the market.

By the above procedure a boot is provided which comprises an interior shell or skin, whose inner surface is a seamless, waterproof film which provides a very smooth and slippery surface, making it easy to don and doff the boot and also making the boot very comfortable to Wear. This inner skin or shell, as here specifically illustrated, is insulated from the outer skin or shell of the boot by opposed independent plies of insulating fabric, which collectively form a resiliently yieldable layer which prevents contact of the inner and outer shells and provides a multitude of minute air spaces, and at the bottom of the boot by the thick heat-insulating sole. It will be noted that there is no contact of the inner skin of the boot directly with the outer skin or shell, except at the extreme upper edge of the boot and at opposite sides of the throat opening. However, although the outer and inner shells do contact at the opposite edges of the throat opening, the central panel of the tongue, which spans the throat opening, contains heat-insulating material. When the boot is worn, the lateral margins of this central panel of the tongue overlap the insulated portions of the upper at opposed edges of the throat opening so that the space which receives the angle of the wearer is insulated throughout its entire periphery.

It will also be noted that al1 insulation, including that in the upper portion of the boot and in the bottom, as well as in the tongue, is sealed leaktight between outer and inner shells of waterproof material so that it is impossible for moisture, either from the foot or from the exterior of the boot, to enter the insulating material and thus reduce its effective insulating properties.

While one desirable embodiment of the invention has herein been illustrated and described, by way of example it is to be understood that the invention is broadly inclusive of any and all modifications, either of materials or method steps which fall within the scope of the api pended claim.

I claim:

In combination, a heat-insulated rubber boot having top, angle and foot portions, which boot comprises a moisture-impervious lining sock and a moistureimpervi ous outer shell, means so uniting the lining sock and the outer shell as to permit relative movement of their opposed surfaces while forming between them an airtight chamber, the boot top having a throat opening extending downwardly from its upper edge, said lining sock and outer shell being united leak-tight at the upper edge of the top and at opposite margins of the throat opening, heat-insulating material within the chamber between the lining sock and outer shell, an expansibfle gusset bridging the throat opening, said gusset .having foldable Wings Whose outer margins are adhered in leaktight contact with the outer shell at opposite sides respectively of the throat opening, the gusset comprising a main ply of moisture-impervious material which is thin and flexible and whose 'lateral portions constitute the wings, and a central ply of moisture-impervious material narrower than and overlying the central portion only of the main ply and whose margins are adhesively bonded leak-tight to the main ply thereby providing between said plies an air-tight chamber, heat-insulating material within said last-named chamber, said chamber being of a width such that when the throat opening is closed the heat-insulating material within said chamber extends laterally in overlapping relation with the forward edges of the heat-insulating material n the chamber between the lining sock and the outer shell.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 809,713 Mayhew Ian. 9, 1906 8 Julian L Nov. 16, 1926 Martin lune 7, 1927 Van Dinter YJuly 22, 1930 4Hilgert Nov. 18, 1930 Van Dinter June 6, 1933 Ferrettie Aug. 29, 1933 Bodle et a1. Aug. 14, 1934 Lovell Apr. 13, 1937 Martin Aug. 26, 1941 Manson et al Sept. 14, 1943 Demick May 23, 1950 LHollier Jan. 3, 1956 Riley et al Apr. 17, 1956 LHollier Sept. 4, 1956

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2967359 *Sep 3, 1959Jan 10, 1961Barron Edward RInsulated ski boot structure
US3050874 *Jan 9, 1961Aug 28, 1962Superga Societa Per AzioniRubber ski shoe
US3165841 *Mar 19, 1962Jan 19, 1965Ro Search IncShoe sole having portions of different elasticity in combination with safety boot
US3412486 *Sep 9, 1966Nov 26, 1968Desma Werke GmbhFootwear having a unitary molded structure
US3742623 *May 12, 1972Jul 3, 1973Servus Rubber CoBoot with heel protection
US4149323 *Nov 7, 1977Apr 17, 1979Roy Norman AFootwear upper construction
US5365677 *Jun 30, 1992Nov 22, 1994Dalhgren Raymond EFootwear for facilitating the removal and dissipation of perspiration from the foot of a wearer
US5615495 *Oct 23, 1995Apr 1, 1997Mastrocola; Todd L.Insulating sole cover
US7350321 *May 22, 2003Apr 1, 2008Adidas International Marketing B.V.Shoe upper and methods of manufacture
US7552603Jun 19, 2008Jun 30, 2009Dahlgren Footwear, Inc.Channeled moisture management sock
US8512269 *Mar 9, 2010Aug 20, 2013William Scott StanoMolded ankle-foot orthoses and methods of construction
U.S. Classification36/4, 36/54, 12/142.00E
International ClassificationA43B7/00, A43B7/34
Cooperative ClassificationA43B7/34
European ClassificationA43B7/34