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Publication numberUS2898173 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 4, 1959
Filing dateFeb 7, 1957
Priority dateFeb 7, 1957
Publication numberUS 2898173 A, US 2898173A, US-A-2898173, US2898173 A, US2898173A
InventorsSquire Herbert D
Original AssigneeSquire Herbert D
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Refrigerator door container
US 2898173 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 4, 1959 Filed Feb. '7, 1957 H. D. SQUIRE REFRIGERATOR DOOR CONTAINER 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 IN V EN TOR.

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m: nrroe/vsy H. D. SQUIRE REFRIGERATOR DOOR CONTAINER Aug. 4, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Feb. 7, 1957 United States Patent REFRIGERATOR DOOR CONTAINER Herbert Squire, Galesburg, Ill.

Application February 7, 1957, Serial No. 638,872

10 Claims. (Cl. 3'12--248) This invention relates to improvement in comestible containers for refrigerator and more particularly to an improved container known as a crisper for use with refrigerator for the storage of dehydratable food, although it will be apparent that it is useful for the storage of any type of material whether it be in a conventional refrigerator or'a refrigerator for storing frozen foods.

As is well known to those versed in the art, it is common practice to provide a container, which usually is in the form of a drawer, that may be closed to prevent dehydration of foods. It is also common practice to provide refrigerators with doors wherein, in the innermost surface of the door, is provided a recess in which horizontal shelves are disposed and upon which certain materials to be refrigerated are disposed.

The present invention resides in the provision of a closed container, which is normally supported within the recess, and which may be rotated outwardly when the door is open, to provide easy access thereto for the removal or insertion of comestibles. Such a container permits the storage of the more bulky dehydratable foods in the door thus providing more useful utilization of the space particularly when it is disposed at the lower portion of the door.

It has a further advantage in that it is conveniently accessible, enables foods to be placed and removed with a minimum of effort, and then be swung out of the way when the door is closed.

Still other advantages of the invention will become more apparent from the following description, which description is illustrated by accompanying drawings and forms part of this specification.

In the drawings Fig. 1 is a horizontal section taken from a refrigerator door illustrating the container separated thereby and rotated to its outermost and horizontal position;

Fig. 2 is a view taken on line 2-2 of Fig. 1 taken in the direction of the arrows;

Fig. 3 is an isometric view of the container;

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary and elevation view of the con tainer showing its manner of support by projections on the door when in horizontal position;

Fig. 5 is a similar view showing the container rotated to an upward position prior to lowering the same;

Fig. 6 is a similar view showing the container in process of rotation to its lower position; and

Fig. 7 shows it in its lowered position wherein the container is in a vertical position.

Briefly the container of my invention is arranged for operation in conjunction with a recessed door of a refrigerator. It will be appreciated however, that the invention may be useful in conjunctionwith other types of supports such as are useful for shelves, or for a platform which may be moved from a horizontal usable position to a vertical storage position.

As stated and as shown in Fig. l, a door 10 is provided including an outer panel 11 and wherein the inner panel 12 is provided with a recess 13. This recess is usually of disposed slanting side walls 14 adjacent but spaced from the opposite edges of the doors. In the preferred construction, the door is provided with an inwardly projecting portion 15 in the form of a continuous rib which defines the periphery of the recess 13 and to the innermost extending portion of which are fastened first and second projections 16 and 16, respectively. The projections may be secured to the rib 15 in suitable manner and are in the form of pins 16 and 16 which are vertically spaced from each other and project towards the pins on the opposite side rib in alignment therewith. These pins comprise the support means about which the container may be revolved.

The container may take various forms, in the embodiment shown comprising a substantially rectangular box having a base portion 20 cooperating with an upper portion 21 through the medium of overlapping flange 22 on the base and upper portion. As best shown in Fig. 2, the base portion is provided with a hand grip 23 on its outermost edge when in horizontal position and which is under the container when it is disposed in a vertical position. The upper end of the part of the upper portion 21 is provided with a generally rectangular opening 25. The walls defining the opening are provided with pairs of peripheral grooves 26 and 27 in vertically spaced relation. Each of the grooves has slidably disposed therein doors 28 and 28' which may be slid in either direction to provide access to either end of the container and which, when slid outwardly from overlapping position relative to each other provide an enclosure for the container.

Each end of the container, at each end side wall, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3, is formed with a pair of grooves, each one of a pair of grooves being intended for guiding engagement with one of the pins 16 and/or 16'. These grooves may be molded into the wall of the container or they can be provided by a plate having corresponding ribs thereon to form the grooves, secured to the outside of the container or the device which is to be supported.

As best shown in Fig. 2, a first channel or groove 30 is provided, the walls of which are engaged with the upper (first) projection 16. This first channel or groove includes an entrance portion 30a which extends laterally inward from the edge of the container at that end and enables the container to he slipped onto or removed from the pin 16. Another portion 30b of the first channel 30 extends substantially perpendicularly away from the entrance portion 30a in a direction toward the upper portion 22 of the container and presents a first seat 30e for engagement by the first pin 16. An inclined wall 30d of the first channel extends away from the first seat 30e therein in a direction away from the second channel 32 and terminates in a second seat 300 for engagement by the first pin 16. This second seat is at the inner end of the first channel 30 and is spaced from the first seat 306 in that channel in a direction away from the second channel 32.

The second channel 32 includes an upwardly ofiset groove wall providing a seat 32a which is offset toward the first channel 30. The seat 3201 in the second channel 32 is spaced from the second seat 300 in the first channel 30 a distance equal to the spacing between the pins 16 and 16'. Therefore, pin 16 engages the seat 32a in the second channel at the same time that the pin 16 engages the second seat 300 in the first channel when the container is in horizontal position as shown in Figs. 2 and 4. In this position the container extends outwardly of the refrigerator door and the doors 28 and 28' may be opened by sliding to the right or left and the materials placed in the container or removed therefrom.

When it is desired to rotate the container to a vertical position, at which time the base is disposed within the recess 13 and only the upper portion 21 projects therefrom, the handle 23 is engaged and the outermost edge of the container raised. At this time, as best shown in Figs. 4 and 5, the inclined wall 32b at the outer end of the second channel 32 slides upwardly on the second pin 16, at which time the inclined wall 30d at the inner end of the first channel 30 slides upwardly over the first pin 16 causing a slight bodily inward movement of the container at the first pin 16 and outward movement of the container at the second pin 16', which movement continues until the second pin 16' hits a lowermost projection 320. The resistance to the upward movement can be readily felt at this time. It will be noted that the second channel 32 is provided with an arched portion 32:27, which is arcuate about the first seat 30e in the first channel 30 and therefore is now coaxial with the projection 16 as shown in Figs. 5 and 6.

It now remains for the container to be lowered which is effected by maintaining a slight inward pressure on the handle to retain the first pin 16 in the first seat 30e in the first channel while the container is rotated downward as shown in Fig. 6 so that the second pin 16 passes into the groove 320.. At this time the first pin 16 and the first seat 3% in the upper (first) channel provide the fulcrum about which the container rotates. The handle end of the container is then lowered, the second pin 16 sliding along the wall 32], Fig. 7, which defines channel 32d, until it arrives opposite to the seat 32g. Seat 32g is offset from the arcuate portion 32d of the second channel 32 in a direction toward the first channel 30 and is spaced from the second seat 300 in the first channel a distance equal to the spacing between the pins 16 and 16'. At this time the container is released and the pin 16 seats in the seat 32g at the same time that the pin 16 seats in the seat 30c. At this time the pin 16 functions as a fulcrum as well as a support and the pin 16' locks the container against accidental outward swinging movement. The container is now disposed with the base in the recess 13 and the door may be closed.

Limited access to the container may now be obtained through the doors if desired but preferably, particularly when the container is full of comestibles, it should be rotated to the horizontal position in order that they do not fall out.

When it is desired to obtain access to the container, the user merely engages the handle on the underside of the container and lifts upward and this causes the container to be moved upwardly relative to the pin 16 and 16' whereby the pin 16 becomes aligned with channel 32d and the pin 16 engages in the first seat 3% in the first channel. Continued rotation outwardly of the container moves it through the position shown in Fig. 6 at which time the pin 16 is riding on the wall 32 where it rides until it drops into the seat 32a or engages with the projection 32c, depending upon the amount of upward movement, after which it is gently released. The pins again set in the seats 30c and 32a as shown in Fig. 4.

Since the outer ends of the channels 39 and 32 are open the entire container may be quickly and easily removed from its connection with the door by holding it in position as shown in Fig. 6 and moving it upwardly and outwardly. This readily permits the removal of the same for cleaning purposes.

It will thus be seen that I have provided a container which may be connected to the door without any movable parts other than the container itself. All of the elements enumerated can be made of plastic, require no lubrication because of the loose tolerance.

Having thus described my invention I am aware that numerous and extensive departures may be made therefrom without departing from the scope or spirit of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A comestible container for a refrigerator having a door the inner side of which is formed with a recess, pairs of projections at each side of said recess, each pair including vertically spaced projections each of which extends toward the projection of the other side in horizontal alignment therewith, a container arranged to be supported by the projections, said container having at least two end walls the sides of which are formed with walls defining channels, the sides of which are arranged for guiding engagement with said projections, and including a first channel for guiding engagement with the upper projection and having an uppermost portion providing a fulcrum about which the container may be rotated, a second channel for cooperation with the lowermost projection [formed to provide a first notch for engagement with the lower projection for holding the container outwardly of the recess in a horizontal position, said second channel being provided with an abutment for engagement with the projection and constituting a fulcrum when the container is rotated upwardly, said first channel being provided with a cam surface and a seat outwardly and below the fulcrum portion of the first channel whereby when the container is rotated upwardly the wall of the channel is moved relative to the projection to move the projection to the seat, said second channel being provided with a curved portion coaxial with said seat in the first channel which is moved into alignment with the lower projection upon upward rotation of the container, said container, upon being rotated in a downward direction, causes the lower projection to pass into and be guided by said coaxial channel, the end of said coaxial channel being provided with an offset portion which provides a seat permitting the container to be lowered and the upper projection to be engaged with the fulcrum portion of the upper channel and said offset portion being in locking engagement with the lower projection to hold said container against swinging movement when in its lowered position.

2. In combination, a support, first and second spaced parallel projections carried by said support, and a supported member having spaced apart first and second channels which slidably receive the first and second projections, respectively, the first channel presenting a first seat for the first projection and a second seat for the first projection which is spaced from said first seat in a direction away from the second channel, the second channel having spaced apart otfset portions which are offset laterally toward the first channel and each of which presents a seat for the second projection which is spaced from the second seat in the first channel a distance equal to the spacing between the first and second projections, each of said offset portions of the second channel retaining the second projection and preventing pivotal movement of the supported member when the first projection engages said second seat in the first channel, and said second channel being positioned to pass over the second projection to thereby permit pivotal movement of the supported member about the first projection when the first projection engages the first seat in the first channel.

3. The combination of claim 2, wherein the first channel has a closed inner end which defines said second seat and the second channel has a closed inner end which defines one of said offset portions.

4. The combination of claim 3, wherein the other of said offset portions is located adjacent the outer end of the second channel and the supported member presents a lateral stop surface at the outer side of said other offset portion which extends from said other offset portion in a direction away from the first channel for engagement by the second projection when the supported member is slid over the projections to move said second seat in the first channel away from the first projection and move the first seat in the first channel into engagement with the first projection.

5. In combination, a support member, a supported member, first and second spaced projections carried by one of said members, the other of said members having spaced apart first and second channels which slidably receive the first and second projections, respectively, the first channel presenting a first seat for the first projection and a second seat for the first projection which is spaced from said first seat in a direction away from the second channel, the second channel having spaced apart oflfset portions which are ofiset laterally toward the first channel and each of which presents a seat which is spaced from the second seat in the first channel a distance equal to the spacing between the first and second projections, each of said ofiset portions of the second channel retaining the second projection and preventing pivotal movement of the supported member about the first projection when the first projection engages said second seat in the first channel, and said second channel being positioned to pass the second projection to thereby permit pivotal movement of the supported member about the first projection when the first projection engages the first seat in the first channel.

6. In combination, a support, first and second spaced parallel projections carried by said support, and a supported member having first and second channels which slidably receive said projections, respectively, the first channel intermediate its length defining a pivot seat for said first projection and said second channel having a portion which is arcuate about said pivot seat and is spaced from said pivot seat a distance equal to the spacing between said first and second projections so that the supported member may be pivoted about the first projection with said arcuate portion of the second channel passing over said second projection when the first projection engages said pivot seat, said second channel at one end of its arcuate portion terminating in a closed end which is oflfset radially inward from said arcuate portion, said first channel terminating in a closed end which is ofiset in the same direction as said ofiset end of the second channel, said offset closed ends of the channels receiving the respective projections when the supported member hangs down from the projections and the ofiset closed end of the second channel preventing pivotal movement of the supported member about the first projection when the supported member is so positioned, and said second channel at the outer end of its arcuate portion presenting a seat which is offset radially inward from said arcuate portion and which receives the second projection when the first projection engages the offset inner end of the first channel and the supported member extends laterally outward from the support, said offset seat in the second channel preventing the supported member from being moved pivotally about said first projection while the supported member extends laterally outward from the support and the first projection remains seated in the offset inner end of the first channel.

7. In a refrigerator having a door member formed with a recess at its inner side, a comestible container member received in said recess, one of said members carrying first and second spaced lateral projections at each side of said recess, with the projections at one side being aligned horizontally with the respective projections at the opposite side, the other of said members at each side of said recess presenting spaced apart first and second channels which slidably receive the respective projections at that side, each first channel presenting a first seat for the corresponding first projection and a second seat for said first projection which is spaced apart from said first seat in a direction away from the corresponding second channel, each second channel having spaced apart first and second ofiset portions which are offset laterally toward the corresponding first channel and each of which presents a seat which is spaced from the second seat in said first channel a distance equal to the spacing between the respective first and second projections, the first projections seating against said second seats in the first channels and the second projections seating in the first oflfset portions of the second channels when the container member extends vertically in said recess in the door member, said first offset portions of the second channels retaining the second projections and preventing pivotal movement of the container member about said first projections when the container member extends vertically with the first projections seating against said second seats in the first channels, said second channel being positioned to pass the second projections to thereby permit pivotal movement of the container member about the first projections when the first projections engage the first seats in the first channel, and said first projections seating against said second seats in the first channels and the second projections seating in the second offset portions of the second channels when the container member extends horizontally out from the door, and said second oflset portions of the second channels retaining the second projections and preventing pivotal movement of the container member about said first projections when the container member extends horizontally with the first projections seating against said second seats in the first channels.

8. The structure of claim 7, wherein the first channels have closed inner ends which define said second seats, said first channels being open at their outer ends, and the second channels have closed inner ends which define the seats at said first offset portions, said second channels being open at their outer ends.

9. The structure of claim 8, wherein there are provided lateral stop surfaces adjacent the outer ends of the second channels which extend from said second 01T- set portions in a direction away from the first channels for engagement by the second projections when the container member is displaced to seat the first projections against the first seats in the first channels.

10. The structure of claim 9, wherein each of said second channels presents a portion which is coaxial with the first seat in the respective first channel and which extends between said first and second ofiset portions of; the second channel.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,463,283 Kaufman et a1. Mar. 1, 1949 2,578,096 Smith Dec. 11, 1951 2,584,173 Van Fowler Feb. 5, 1952 2,694,906 Didion Nov. 23, 1954

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2463283 *Mar 7, 1946Mar 1, 1949Gen Motors CorpRefrigerator, including a cabinet provided with a sliding door
US2578096 *Oct 6, 1948Dec 11, 1951Smith Robert PMedicine cabinet
US2584173 *Dec 2, 1947Feb 5, 1952Fowler Jess VanTiltable panel assembly
US2694906 *Dec 5, 1951Nov 23, 1954Gen Motors CorpRefrigerating apparatus having a hydrator receptacle
Referenced by
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US3175081 *Apr 2, 1963Mar 23, 1965Mcphilben Mfg Co IncLuminaire
US3183030 *May 24, 1963May 11, 1965Ernest SchlueterFastening clip
US3443745 *Oct 9, 1967May 13, 1969St Regis Paper CoRefuse sack holder
US4333588 *Aug 8, 1980Jun 8, 1982General Electric CompanyIce dispenser assembly
US4584589 *Jan 3, 1985Apr 22, 1986Radiation Systems, Inc.Antenna having a rapid engagement pivot joint between the antenna reflector and support structure
US4775201 *Nov 14, 1986Oct 4, 1988Whirlpool CorporationRemovable tilt-down bin for refrigerator
US5370455 *Jan 28, 1993Dec 6, 1994General Electric CompanyRefrigerator door module assembly
US5375924 *Aug 13, 1993Dec 27, 1994Maytag CorporationAdjustable refrigerator door tray assembly
US5445452 *May 23, 1994Aug 29, 1995Whirlpool CorporationRefrigerator adjustable utility compartment/sliding shelf
US5951134 *Apr 17, 1995Sep 14, 1999Whirlpool CorporationTwo piece collar bin
US6742855 *Nov 30, 2001Jun 1, 2004General Electric CompanyFreezer tip out bin
US6905183 *Jul 15, 2002Jun 14, 2005Maytag CorporationTilt-out door buckets for refrigerators or freezers
US6908163 *Jan 15, 2004Jun 21, 2005Maytag CorporationBucket assembly for a refrigerator
US6997526Dec 9, 2002Feb 14, 2006Maytag CorporationRefrigerator door storage systems
US7070249 *Dec 29, 2004Jul 4, 2006Maytag CorporationTilt-out door buckets for refrigerators or freezers
US7219608 *Jul 1, 2003May 22, 2007Daewoo Electronics CorporationFood preparation table
US7293846 *Oct 15, 2004Nov 13, 2007Whirlpool CorporationStorage bin assembly for a refrigerator
US7552983 *Sep 24, 2004Jun 30, 2009Lg Electronics Inc.Door basket refrigerator
US8152256 *Sep 6, 2007Apr 10, 2012Lg Electronics Inc.Accepting device for refrigerator
US8322804 *Dec 9, 2009Dec 4, 2012Lg Electronics Inc.Container elevating apparatus in a door refrigerator
US8616665May 24, 2011Dec 31, 2013Whirlpool CorporationDoor bin for a domestic refrigerator
US20100175414 *Dec 9, 2009Jul 15, 2010Kim Seong WookContainer elevating apparatus in a door refrigerator
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CN101063582BApr 28, 2006Nov 17, 2010泰州乐金电子冷机有限公司Doors suspending basket of refrigerator
WO2005057107A1 *Dec 7, 2004Jun 23, 2005Bsh Bosch Siemens HausgeraeteCooling device comprising a receptacle that can be closed by means of sliding doors
WO2008122515A2 *Mar 26, 2008Oct 16, 2008Bsh Bosch Siemens HausgeraeteRefrigerated product tray and refrigeration device equipped therewith
Classifications
U.S. Classification312/248, 248/241, 312/321.5, 312/300, 220/480, 16/358
International ClassificationF25D23/04
Cooperative ClassificationF25D23/04
European ClassificationF25D23/04