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Publication numberUS289917 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 11, 1883
Publication numberUS 289917 A, US 289917A, US-A-289917, US289917 A, US289917A
InventorsFeedebick Koskul
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Feedebick koskul
US 289917 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No' Model.)


1 1 2,, gtented Dec. 11,1883

2 Shets-Sheet 1. F. KOSKUL. MANUFACTURE OF ORNAMENTS, LETTERS, FIGURES, ORUHARAGTERS 289 say fiodel.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.



No. 289,917; Patented Dec. 11, 1883.

hmzw V UNr-r -n I STATES PATENT. Erica.

FREDERICK KosKUn-or sfr. Louis, ivnssocnr.

SPECIFICATION forming To all whom it may concern/.- Be it known that I, FREDERICK,KOSKUL,- a citizen of the United States, residing in, the

city and county of St. Louis, and State of Mis-' souri, have invented a new and useful improvement in themanufacture of ornaments, letters, figures, or characters upon afoundation of any desired material, of which the'follo'wing, in, connection with the annexed drawings and of piece of foundation material with ornamentaldesign up'omit, prepared and treated in accordance-with; my invention, the same being'as itappearswhen-finished and partly deprived of thepaper or other coveringwhich isused in its production. Thede'sign in this fig-F re is-formed of. pieces of wood 'andinterposed irregular pieces of pearl-shell, the said fragments .beingseparated, so as to show a tion, or the color of the varnish. Figs. 2,3, and 4.- are similar views to Fig. 1, but showing different ornamental desi gns, one of which,

' Fig. 3, having a zigzag-shaped metal strip set into the varnish-coat 'upon the founda-' tion;' material, and illustrating one of many ways in which metal may be used as anornament: Fig; 5 is a horizontal section of Fig. 1. Fig.6 is a horizontal section of ,the foundation material with its embedding-varnish applied thei to their protection and covering paper or other material, this View showing the ornaments and paper out of contact withthe embedding-varnish and ready to be laid against the same, as in Fig. '5. 3 Fig. 7 is a horizontal section illuscrating a different way of applying the ornacuts to the foundation material, the orna 5o ments beingplaced upon the embedding-var- 'nish of the said foundation material before the paper or other fibrous covering is brought in part 'of Letters Patent N Application filed October 16, 1883.

. stance on one of its surfaces, and talge anyfl metal, celluloid, shell, or pear1,,oranyotl e porti'ono'fthe background or surface of the wood, metal,,or other suitable foundaeto, and of the ornamentaldevices attached ester-7, dated Decembei 11,;1883,

lflll ili a I contac m; and Fig. 8 showsa' horizontal section of the parts shown in Fig. 7 .as

they appear before the paper is brought, in-5 contact with the'ornaments. a, 4 To perform my process and produce foundaQ tion material having. either ornaments, letters, figures, or .charactersuof any desired or. se; lected design upon it, I proceed'as follows-r Prepare a foundation-piece A, ,of'either wood, metal, paper, or any other suitable mat'erial with 'a goodcoveriug of one, two, ormore coats of shellac or other varnish. If desired, 5 pigments to produce any desiredcolor may be introduced into the varnish. forms an embedding-surface, B,- for ornaments,-- 1 letters, figures, or-characters Next prepare; a piece of paper or other suitable protection and covering material, C, with cementing-sub sired ornaments, letters,v figures, [or ,charac ters, D, made of thin material-.such-as,wood,

suitable material-and apply the same to; th cement-coated surface of the papery, If foun more convenient or desirable, the ornaments may have the cementing material'applied to them instead of its being applied to ithe paper WVhen the varnish coat "is perfectly @d17y,..-:th portions A B and G D are brought togethei with the ornamentsD lying face'idown-war upon the varnish embedding-surface;1B,.and. thenv either a warm or hot board,warm-or; hot iron plate, or warm'or hot roller or-.:.rolljers.8 5 placed upon the upper surfaceiofihej .pape

and through one or the O'EhGI-;Of thesedinplements the whole subiected to'heat and pressure sufficient to insure melting of .the 3. varnishembedding-surface-B and the embeds,

-ment:of the ornaments-into the surface B5.

The protection or covering papenisremoved. when the ornamented foundation material-i used, in order to expose the ornaments=-t0 ;-;t-h eye The heated boardrorairon plate maybe-s acted upon by a screw, while the be pressed down by springs or tmanua to while -it is rolled over thepaple'n V I Any suitable mode ormean'stfo ,applyin pressure may be adopted," as well as any :suit able modeof heating theboard, pl'ateyor roll-v er-as, for instance, I may. use the 'comnion' hand smoothing-iron. -.--;a;.. ,4 As another way of performing th procea This coating 2 name" and producing foundation material having ornaments upon it, the ornaments B may be placed directly upon the varnish surface B- without being first fastened tothe paper C, in 5 which case the paper will-be placed upon the ornaments and heat and pressure applied, as in the first instance. This done, the paper will be removed (whenever the manufactured product is brought into use) to expose the ornaments. I prefer the process first described, and as illustrated in Figs-5 and 6. i V The'gist of my invention lies in a foundatio material; either of wood, metal, paper, or othensuitable substance, having a varnish coat, which is allowed to become dry, and the ornaments of any description, or letters, figarea, or characters, covered by paper, and the whole united in one body by heat and pressure. As the heated pressing implement softens the varnish,care must be had that it is not used too hot. y The object sought by the heat and pressure, in the illustrations herein given of my invention, is to effect such an embedment of the ornaments into the. varnish as will produce ornamented foundation material having a plane surface after the paper covering 0 is re- I moved. My invention may be employed in the pro- 3'c duction of an entire panel, as follows: A whole panel with border and other adjuncts might be sawed out to show a very rich ornament when pressed into varnish, and the sawed-out parts might be filled with pearl-shell or partioles of metal, as illustrated in Fig. 4. In

such case but little, if any. of the varnish surface B remains to be seen if .the sawed-out parts are filled out with pearl-shell or other ornamentation, as illustratedat in Fig. 4;

0 but if they are not filled out the spaces will show the color of the varnish surface B, as illustrated at in said Fig. 4.

In carrying out my invention, it will be found that the ornaments to be adopted are almost innumerable, a few of which may be mentioned as instances-to wit, sawed-out orments of wood, cut-out ornaments of metal, or ornaments of particles of metal, pearlshell, and the like. 5o

. A, having a dried varnish coating, B, for' receiving the ornaments, a wall-covering con- V sisting I veneer ,might be manufactured byfollowing my herein-described process; and by pressingv thin 'metal ornaments into drytra'nsparent varnish applied to walnut foundation mate-- rial a'walnut background'wili be visible when the paper covering 0 is removed; and by pressing wood veueering into dry varnish ap? plied gto metal foundation material a metal background would'be visible when the said papercoveringis removed? p I contemplate employing my process in the production of foundation material having ornaments of convex, concave, rectangular, el-

liptical, cyma recta, cy'naareversa, and other By using paper as the foundation material varnish veneers and 'mode of applying orna;

of paper, varnish, metal, or wood' shapes embedded in varnish applied upon said material, and in such cases the heated board or iron plate used to heat or melt the varnish and press and unite the whole mass 'into one body will have shapes corresponding which the varnish is applied, instead of heat" 1 ing the upper covering. This, however, may

not be desirable as a hot board, plate, or roll ers will be far more effective than cold iniplements run over the paper. Under my invention of employing heat and pressure various results may be produced-as, for instance- First. Vood, metal, or composition ornaments can be pressed into a coating of varnish applied to other material serving'as a foundation, saidwood, metal, or composition nish to unite into one body the ornament, the varnish coating,nnd the foundation material. Basso-rilievo or raised ornaments can also be produced by either heating the ornaments and pressing them into the-varnish, or by heating the foundation material and coating-varnish,

ornaments to represent either sawed-through I or open work, and when pressed into the varor by sawing out wood to a shape required and pressing it by a heated plate into the covering of varnish, and afterward carved.

Second. A transfer consisting of a film of varnisli',"or, in other words, a varnish veneering similar to my patent allowed March 15, 1883, Serial No, 73,482, may betransferred to paper'or other foundation by heating and pressure.

Third." Transferring of any kind' of prints upon a varnishESurface by means'of heat and pressure, the front being placed upon transferpaper or other common paper not prepared specially. For instance, the print of a newspaper can be transferred, thev print adhering to the varnish "and the ffpaper being washed away with very little di 'culty.

I do not hereinelaim any of the special ways mentioned under the last three para graphs denominated-first, second, third, as I shall apply for separate patents therefor.

I make no claim under this patent for the ments thereto or thereon or therein, described and claimed in patents allowed to me on May 15 and June 8, 1883. I am aware of Letters Patent No. 236,383; but this patent does not show or embrace any invention which I claim.

What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

1'. The process of producing embedded ornaments, letters, figures, or characters upon foundation material, consisting in applyinga coat or coats of varnish upon said material,-' allowing this varnish to become dry, applying the ornaments upon the varnish beneath a cov- .ering of fibrous material, and applying heat and pressure upon the mass, and the. removing'jthe covering to expose' the'ornaments, sub- 3. The c'ombination,with the foundation ma? r0 'stantially asdeseribed. v terial A, dried varnish coatB, and pressed em 1- The new article of manufacture herein de bedded ornaments D, of the paper or fibrous scribed, consisting of the foundation material removable covering, substantially as aii for 5thavingoi'naments, letters, figures, or ehara'cthe purpose described.- f ters' embedded into avarnish applied tmthe FREDERICK KOSKUL. material, and proteetedbya removable cover-' Witnesses: ing, which, when takefiiaway, exposes the or- VIRGIL M. HARRIS, naments. substantially-asdeseribed. FRED. G.'KLE1N.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5670237 *Jun 7, 1995Sep 23, 1997Mannington Mills, Inc.Method for making a surface covering product and products resulting from said method
US5891564 *Dec 11, 1996Apr 6, 1999Mannington Mills, Inc.Decorative surface coverings
Cooperative ClassificationE04F15/10