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Publication numberUS2900079 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 18, 1959
Filing dateSep 23, 1958
Priority dateSep 23, 1958
Publication numberUS 2900079 A, US 2900079A, US-A-2900079, US2900079 A, US2900079A
InventorsPace Robert M
Original AssigneePace Robert M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Submersible pump filter-skimmer for swimming pools
US 2900079 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 18, 1959 PACE 2,900,079

SUBMERSIBLE PUMP FILTER-SKIMMER FOR SWIMMING POOLS Filed Sept. 23, 1958 lz l ,6

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United States Patent SUBMERSIBLE PUlVIP FILTER-SKllVllVlER FOR SWllVIlVIING POOLS Robert M. Pace, Indianapolis, Ind.

Application September 23, 1958, Serial No. 762,816

Claims. (Cl. 210--169) This invention relates generally to apparatus used in maintaining swimming pools and in particular to a uni tary pump, filter, and skimmer for such pools.

While filter-skimmer apparatus of the type disclosed and claimed in my United States Patent 2,826,307, titled Fluid Recirculation Systems, has come into widespread use, the applications in which these are used conventionally require a separate mounting for the watercirculating pump. Depending upon the type of pump used, these often require pressure tanks, the pump and tank often being installed above ground so as to be accessible. If disposed near the pool, the pump and accompanying tank tend to give the pool area a cluttered ap-' pearance. If installed out of the pool area, the added plumbing expense can be substantial.

It is the primary object of the present invention, therefore, to provide a unitary pump and filter-skimmer which can be installed below ground level at pool side in a single housing.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a unitary pump and filter-skimmer in which a submerged motor and pump are utilized, the noise of operation of the pump and motor being thereby muffled and pump priming and packing difficulties being thereby eliminated.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a unitary pump and filter-skimmer assembly utilizing a submerged pump and motor subassembly, the subassembly being conveniently removable for inspection or repair.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a unitary pump and filter-skimmer apparatus which can be installed with a minimum of plumbing expense.

These and other objects will become apparent as the description proceeds with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

Fig. 1 is a sectional side view of an apparatus embodying the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a perspective, cutaway view of the apparatus of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the apparatus installed at a swimming pool.

Referring initially to Figs. 1 and 2, there is shown at a generally cylindrical filter tank having a closed lower end 11 and an open upper end which accommodates the removable closure plate 12. The tank is provided with an inlet neck 13, which projects laterally from the tank near its upper end. The tank is installed adjacent the side 14 of a swimming pool with its upper end at ground level and with the pool coping 16 overlying the inlet neck. The inlet neck provides a passageway through which water may flow from the pool into the tank.

Within the inlet neck a buoyant weir 17 is pivotally mounted and serves to admit floating debris to the tank but prevents its return to the pool. The structure and operation of the weir is disclosed in detail in Patent 2,826,307, mentioned supra. Just below the inlet neck the interior of the tank is provided with an annular abut- 2,900,079 Patented Aug. 18, 1959 ment or flange 18, which supports a perforated leaf basket 19.

A second annular abutment or flange 21 supports a plate 22, which extends transversely across the tank. The plate supports a pump 23, having an inlet fitting 24 whose center coincides with the axial center line of the tank. The pump inlet fitting receives the lower end 26 of a filter structure which includes a central tube 27 provided with a handle 25 and communicating with the interior of multiple filter elements 28. The filter elements may take the form of substantially disc-like, hollow members formed of a screen covered by a fabric envelope. One type of filter structure usable in the apparatus of the present invention is disclosed in detail in the aforementioned Patent 2,826,307. It will be evident that other types of filter structures might also be utilized, the functional requirement being that they communicate with the inlet passage to the pump.

The pump is driven by a submersible motor 29 supported beneath the pump by the plate 22. Wiring 31 for the motor extends exteriorly of the tank through a conduit 32 and may be connected to a remote switch and to a suitable source of electrical power. A quick-disconnect coupling 33 connects the pump discharge to a pool return line 34, and a vacuum line 36, threaded into a flange on the tank, communicates with the interior of the tank.

As may be seen in Fig. 3, the tank 10 is installed at poolside with the vacuum line 36 extending through the side of the pool and provided with a fitting (not shown) which permits the attachment of a vacuum pool cleaning device thereto. The pump discharge line 34 is connected to a manually operated three-way valve 37. One valve passage is connected to the pipe 38, which returns water both to the surface of the pool by means of pipe 39 and to the floor of the pool by means of pipe 41. The other valve passage is connected to a waste pipe 42. The valve 37 and an electrical switch (not shown) controlling the pump motor may be housed in a deck box, as indicated by broken lines at 43. The deck box may be installed so that it has a removable lid at ground level which permits access to the valve and switch.

In operation, with the valve 37 positioned so that communication is established between the pipes 34 and 38, I

water will be drawn from the pool through the inlet neck 13 and into the tank. After flowing through the filter structure, water will be discharged by the pump through the discharge line 34 and returned to the pool. During this circulation of the water, the leaf basket 19 will retain debris of a relatively large size and the filter structure will remove finer particles from the water. Should it be desired to clean the pool through the vacuum line 36, the leaf basket and filter structure may be removed from the tank and a vacuum lid (not shown) placed over the annular flange 18 sealing the lower portion of the tank against the entry of water from the pool. Under these conditions it will be evident that water will be drawn from the pool through the vacuum connection and into the tank. The pump will discharge this water through the line 34 and will discharge it through the waste line 42, assuming that the valve 43 has been manipulated so that communication is established between pipe 34 and waste line 42.

It will be noted that the pump and its drive motor operate submerged, thereby eliminating overheating, priming and packing problems and providing a mufiling of the noise of operating of the pump and the motor. Since the tank houses the skimmer, filter structure, pump and drive motor, the unitary assembly is installed in one operation with a minimum of plumbing required.

The arrangement of the pump and motor within the tank permits its convenient removal therefrom for inspec- 3 tion or maintenance. This may be accomplished by first removing the leaf basket and filter structure from the upper end of the tank. The quick-disconnect coupling 33 may then be disengaged from the pump and the plate 22, together with the pump and motor may be lifted from the tank.

While the invention has been disclosed and described in some detail in the drawings and foregoing description, they are to be considered as illustrative in character, as other modifications may readily suggest themselves to persons skilled in this art and within the broad scope of the invention, reference being had to the appended claims.

The invention claimed is:

1. -A unitary pump and filter-skimmer'assembly for swimming pools comprising, a cylindrical skimmer tank having a closed bottom and adapted to be mounted in axially erect position adjacent the pool with its upper end extending above the normal water level in the pool, an inlet neck projectinglaterally from said tank near the upper end thereof, a buoyant weir pivotally mounted in said neck to admit floating debris to the tank and .preelude its return to the pool, abutments extending from the inner face of said tank side wall intermediate the ends of the tank, a plate supported by said abutments, a pump having an inlet passage and an outlet passage mounted on said plate with the center of its inlet passage coinciding with the axial center line of said tank, a filter structure removably supported above said pump and communicating with said inlet passage, a submersible motor adapted to drive said pump and supported by said plate below the pump, and a conduit having a quick disconnect coupling to said pump discharge passage and extending exteriorly of said tank to provide a pool return line, removal of said filter from said tank and disconnection of said coupling permitting removal of said plate and consequently said pump and motor from said tank.

2. A unitary pump and filter-skimmer assembly for swimming pools comprising, a cylindrical skimmer tank having a closed bottom and adapted to be mounted in axially erect position adjacent the pool with its upper end extending above the normal Water level in the pool, an inlet neck projecting laterally from said tank near the upper end thereof, a buoyant weir pivotally mounted in said neck to admit floating debris to the tank and preelude its return to the pool, abutments extending from the inner face of said tank side wall intermediate the ends of the tank, a plate supported by said abutments, a pump having an inlet passage and an outlet passage mounted on said plate with the center of its inlet passage coinciding with the axial center line of said tank, a filter structure removably supported above said pump and communicating with said inlet passage, and a submersible motor adapted to drive said pump and supported by said plate below the pump, removal of said filter permitting removal of said plate and consequently said pump and motor from said tank.

3. A unitary pump and filter-skimmer assembly for swimming pools comprising, a generally cylindrical skimmer tank adapted to be mounted in axially erect position adjacent the pool with its upper end extending above the normal water level in the pool, an inlet neck projecting laterally from said tank near the upper end thereof, means mounted in said neck to admit floating debris to the tank and preclude its return to the pool, abutments extending from the inner face ofsaid tank side wall intermediate the ends of the tank, an element supported by said abutments and extending transversely across said tank, a pump having an inlet passage and an outlet passage mounted on said element with the center of its inlet passage coinciding with the axial center line of said tank, a filter structure removably supported above said pump and communicating with said inlet passage, and a submersible motor adapted to drive said pump and supported by said element below the pump, removal of said filter permitting removal of said plate and consequently said pump and motor from the upper end of said tank.

4. A unitary pump and filter-skimmer assembly for swimming pools comprising, a generally cylindrical skimmer tank adapted to be mounted in axially erect position adjacent the pool with its upper end extending above the normal water level in the pool, an inlet neck projecting laterally from said tank near the upper end thereof, means mounted in said neck to admit floating debris to the tank and preclude its return to the pool, abutments extending from the inner face of said tank side wall intermediate the ends of the tank, an element supported by said abutments and extending transversely across said tank, a pump having an inlet passage and an outlet passage mounted on said element, a filter structure removably supported above said pump'and communicating with said inlet passage, and a submersible motor adapted to drive said pump and supported by said element below the pump, removal of said filter permitting removal of said plate and consequently said pump and motor from the upper end of said tank.

5. A unitary pump and filter-skimmer assembly for swimming pools comprising, a generally cylindrical skimmer tank adapted to be mounted in axially erect position adjacent the pool with its upper end extending above the normal water level in the pool, an inlet neck projecting laterally from said tank and adapted to admit water from the pool into said tank, skimming means mounted in said neck to admit floating debris to the tank and preclude its return to the pool, a pump having an inlet and a discharge passage supported in said tank below the normal water level therein, said pump discharge passage being connected to a pool return line, said pump inlet passage communicating through .a filter structure with the interior of said tank, and a submersible pump-driving motor mounted adjacent said pump, operation of said pump serving to circulate water from the pool through said tank and return filtered water to the pool.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2419146 *Jun 19, 1944Apr 15, 1947Curtis Pump CoBooster pump with vapor separating means
US2667270 *Nov 21, 1951Jan 26, 1954Cady Stanley SApparatus for filtering and agitating plating solutions
US2826307 *Aug 22, 1955Mar 11, 1958Robert M PaceFluid recirculation systems
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3169920 *Jan 3, 1961Feb 16, 1965Payne Robert TPool service unit
US3252576 *Dec 14, 1961May 24, 1966Robert E MillerWater straining apparatus with flow control means
US3263811 *Feb 28, 1963Aug 2, 1966Shamrock Pool Equipment CompanSkim filter
US3759389 *Apr 13, 1971Sep 18, 1973Valmar Swimming Pools LtdFilter assembly for swimming pools
US4022690 *Jan 8, 1976May 10, 1977Muskin CorporationIntegral pump skimmer and filter unit for above-ground swimming pools
US4637873 *Dec 16, 1985Jan 20, 1987Jacuzzi Inc.Front load skimmer/filter for spas and pools
US4798670 *Oct 7, 1987Jan 17, 1989Hayward Industries, Inc.Skimmer vacuum filter apparatus
US4903351 *Nov 14, 1988Feb 27, 1990Dengel Robert WSwimming pool winterizing faceplate kit
US5662797 *May 6, 1996Sep 2, 1997Varrassi; AnthonyFine mesh pre-filter
US6080324 *Jan 20, 1999Jun 27, 2000Sentry Valve Co., Inc.Swimming pool surge pit filter
US6572765 *Feb 26, 2001Jun 3, 2003Filter Specialists, Inc.Filtering system for swimming pool
US6709580 *Oct 4, 2001Mar 23, 2004Stoney Creek Equipment CompanyPond skimmer
US6770193Dec 13, 2002Aug 3, 2004Kevin T. FoleyPool skimmer barrier device
US6966079 *Jul 2, 2003Nov 22, 2005Stetson Michael APool skimmer
US6979401 *Jan 14, 2004Dec 27, 2005Porter C BradleyPond skimmer apparatus
US7076813May 9, 2005Jul 18, 2006Stetson Michael APool skimmer
US7727387 *Sep 19, 2006Jun 1, 2010Goggin Christopher MSwimming pool skimmer pump assembly
US8607373 *Sep 18, 2010Dec 17, 2013Hans Van Schenk BrillPool fluid control system
US20120066827 *Sep 18, 2010Mar 22, 2012Hans Van Schenk BrillPool fluid control system
WO2012021935A1 *Aug 17, 2011Feb 23, 2012Ben BremauerFiltration device
Classifications
U.S. Classification210/167.12, 210/416.2
International ClassificationF04D29/70, F04D29/00
Cooperative ClassificationF04D29/708
European ClassificationF04D29/70P