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Publication numberUS2900494 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 18, 1959
Filing dateNov 4, 1957
Priority dateNov 9, 1955
Publication numberUS 2900494 A, US 2900494A, US-A-2900494, US2900494 A, US2900494A
InventorsCheng Wing Gee
Original AssigneeMeyer Mfg Company Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electric torches
US 2900494 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 18, 1959 WING GEE `CHI-:NG

ELECTRIC TORCHES Filed Nov. 4, 1957 vs. E 9. Rn R www N6 1T BMW/MA we, m www m, m 5w 9 4| I n W Q United States Patent t) ELECTRIC TORCHES Wing Gee Cheng, Kowloon, Hong Kong, assignor of one-half to Meyer Manufacturing Company Limited, To-kWa-wan, Kowloon, Hong Kong Application November 4, 1957, Serial No. 694,271

Claims priority, application Great Britain November 9, 1955 3 Claims. (Cl. 240-10.66)

This invention relates to portable electric illuminating devices of vthe kind supplied by a dry battery and usually termed electric torches.

In my pending patent application Serial No. 593,256, liled June 22, 1956, of which the instant application is a continuation-in-part, I have disclosed a portable electric illuminating device supplied by a dry battery and comprising a tubular body to receive the dry battery, one end of said tubular body being formed so as to constitute a foot or base on which the device can stand on a supporting surface such as a table, two electric lamp bulbs itted respectively one at each end of said body portion, means for electrically connecting said lamp bulbs to said battery, said means comprising two alternative energising circuits each of which is associated with one of said lamp bulbs, and a switch for selectively controlling the supply of energising current from said battery to one or other of said alternative circuits to illuminate the lamp bulb associated therewith, said switch having a neutral position in which it disconnects both of said alternative circuits from said battery, a xed casing in which a bridging contact arm constituting the movable part of said switch is mounted, a push button slidably mounted on said xed casing and mechanically coupled to said bridging contact arm, and a locking device for normally retaining said bridging contact arm in a neutral or ofi position, said locking device comprising a stud coupled to said bridging contact arm and normally engaging in an opening in said fixed casing, and means for releasing said stud from said opening when itis required to move the switch into either one of its two on positions, said release means comprising a stud slidably mounted in said push button in alignment with said locking stud.

One object of the present invention is to provide an improvement in the torch construction described in the specication or my said co-pending application which will simplify the construction thereof.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a visible warning device which will indicate in suitable circumstances that the current supply -to one end of the torch has not been switched oit.

The improvements effected by the present invention will be described in greater detail with reference to the accompanying drawings which illustrate a torch construction incorporating the improvements of the present invention. v

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a View in elevation, partly in section, of the improved torch construction;V

Fig. 2 is a perspective view of a plastic partition incorporated in the construction shown in Fig. l and forming one ,feature of the present invention.

The construe-tion shown in Fig. l combines features shown in Figs. l and 3 of the drawings tiled with my said pending patent application Serial No. 593,256 with the improvements according to the present invention. As illustrated the device comprises a substantially cylindrical body or casing itt of aluminium or any other suitable Patented Aug. 18, 1959 metal or material having one end 12 of larger diameter than the other end 13 so as to form a base or foot. In the construction illustrated in the drawings led with pending application Serial No. 593,256 ythis larger end 12 of the casing 10 has a diameter approximately twice the diameter'of the end 13 but in the present construction the difference in these diameters is substantially less; the diameter of the larger end may for example be 1%() the diameter of the smaller end 13. The larger end 12 of the casing is provided with an external screw thread 14 engaged by a screw-threaded metal ring 15 serving to secure in position a transparent ring 16 made of coloured e.g. red, plastic, a lens or cover glass 17, and a parabolic metal reflector 18, between the outer edge of which and the end of the casing 10 is clamped a plastic ring 19.

The apex of the reflector 18 is extended to provide a screw threaded metal lamp shell 20 and in this shell 20y is screwed a plastic lamp bulb holder 21 for a lamp bulb 22. When Ithis lamp bulb is in position in the holder 21, its outer terminal or shell is in electrical contact with the rellector 18, while its centre pin or terminal 23 abuts against a contact strip 24 mounted upon but insulated from the body 10.

A dry battery 25 is contained in the body 10 with its positive terminal or stud 26 projecting through a slot in a plastic cup 27 secured in the body 1t) by rivets 28. The construction of this plastic cup 27 forms one of the features of the present invention and is illustrated separately in Fig. 2. As shown in Fig. 2 the cup 27 is formed with an L-shaped slot 29 extending radially from the centre of the cup to the wall thereof and continuing down the length of the wall. This arrangement enables the Contact strip 24 to be bent inwards to engage in the slot and thereby to be directly contacted on one side by the positive terminal 26 of the battery 2S, and on the other side by the terminal 23 of the lamp bulb 22.

The opposite end 13 of the body 10 is provided with an internal screw `thread to receive the screw threaded end of a cylindrical cap 30 of transparent plastic or other suitable material constituting a shade or lens when the device is employed as a table lamp. Loosely mounted within the cap 30 is a disc 31 of plastic or other insulating material fixed on the upper face of a metal cup 32 adapted to abut against the central terminal or pin of an upper lamp bulb 33, a helical spring 34 being interposed between the cup 32 and the negative end or terminal of the battery 25. In addition to forming part of the circuit of the lamp 33 the spring 34 also operates to press the positive terminal 26 of the battery 25 into electrical contact with the conductor strip 24 and the latter into contact with the terminal 23 of the lamp 22.

The metal shell or outer terminal of the lamp bulb 33 is screw threaded into a metal shell or socket member 35 which is electrically connected to the casing 10 by a metal ring 36 having an inwardly projecting contact strip 37' in contact with the shell 35 and a second contact strip 38 which passes through the wall of the cap immediately above the screw thread so as to make contact with the body 10 when the cap is screwed into position.

One end of a metal conductor strip 39 is connected to the cup 32, this strip extending along the interior of the body 10 between insulating strips 40, 41 to a switch controlling 111e supply of current to the lamps 22 and 33, this switch being housed in a casing 42 xed on the body l0 and comprising a push button or knob 43 slidably mounted on the casing 42, and a bridging contact arm 47. The push button 43 is mechanically coupled to the bridging contact arm 47 by short arms or tongues formed on the inner edge of the casing of the button, these arms extending through slits in the casing 42.

The push button 43 comprises a hollow sheet metal member provided with a stud 44 made of plastic or other suitable material, this stud vbeing capable of sliding inwards and being held in its normal position shown in Figure l by means of a bow spring 45. A projection 46 in the centre of the spring 45 abuts against a locking stud 48 carried on the arm 47 and sliding within a correspending `opening in the casing 42, the outer end of the stud 48 when in its normal position engaging in the opening in the casing 42 but being ush with the outer surface of the casing. The inner end of the stud 43 is slidably mounted in an aperture in the bridging contact arm 4'7 and is resiliently held in the position shown in Fig. l by means of a bow spring 54.

The arm 47 is arranged to co-operate with three fixed contacts 50, 51 and 52 mounted upon but insulated from the body of the torch.

The fixed contact 50 forms part of the conductor strip 39 while fixed contact 51 forms part of the contact strip 24. Fixed contact 52 is formed on one end of a metal conductor strip 53 the other end of which makes contact with the reflector 18.

The operation of the device is similar to that described in the specification of co-pending application Serial No. 593,256.

Under inoperative conditions, i.e. when both lamps 22 and 33 are unilluminated the push button 43 and contact arm 47 occupy the position shown in Fig. l, and are prethen completed from the positive terminal of the battery through contact strip 24, xed contact 5l, contact arm 47, push button 43, the metal body l@ of the torch, ring 36, lamp shell 35, lamp 33 to the negative terminal of the battery 25.

ln order to extinguish the lamp 33 it is only necessary to move the push button 43 downwards, i.e. away from the lamp 33 to the position shown in Fig. 1 in which the push button is again automatically locked by the stud 48 which re-engages in the aperture in the casing 42.

When it is desired to use the device as a hand torch, the push button 43 is again released by depressing the stud 44 and is displaced in the opposite direction in order to bring the bridging contact arm 47 into a position in which its opposite ends close respectively on fixed contacts 50, 52. A circuit is then completed from the positive Aterminal of the battery 25 through contact strip 24, lamp 22, reflector 18, contact strip 53, fixed contact 52, contact arm 47, fixed contact 50, conductor strip 39, cup 32, spring 34, to the negative terminal of the battery.

As described in the specification of the co-pending application above referred to the lens cap may be made of transparent or translucent material or coated with phosphorescent material so that the position of the device can be readily observed even in darkness.

Advantages of the improved construction above described are as follows:

The slot 29 provided in the plastic cup or partition 26 enables the contact strip 24 to be bent along this slot between the positive terminal of the battery and the terminal of the lamp 22 thus providing a simple contact arrangement between these two terminals.

The contact strips 24 and 53 can be accommodated in the slot 29 which will tend to prevent lateral deformation or displacement of these contact strips as a result of rough handling.

The provision of the transparent ring 16 will provide a visual warning in the event that the circuit of the torch lamp 22 has been left closed inadvertently.

What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

l. A portable electric illuminating device adapted for use either as a table lamp or as a hand torch, comprising a tubular body or casing to receive a dry battery, two lamp bulbs mounted respectively one at each end of said 'tubular body on opposite sides of said dry battery, alternative circuits for electrically connecting one or other of said lamp bulbs to said battery, a movable switch member for controlling said alternative circuits, a transverse partition of insulating material between the positive terminal of said battery and the terminal lof one of said lamp bulbs, said transverse partition having a slot into which the positive terminal of said battery penetrates, said slot extending along an upstanding wall integral with the partition, a first conductor strip located in said slot and forming part of one of said alternative circuits, means for pressing said positive terminal of said battery into electrical contact with said first conductor strip and for pressing said first conductor strip into electrical contact with said terminal of said lamp bulb, a second conductor strip located in said slot and forming part of the other of said alternative circuits, the ends of said two conductor strips forming fixed contacts cooperating lrespectively with said movable switch member in one or other of the operative or on positions thereof.

2. A portable electric illuminating device adapted for use either as a table lamp or as a hand torch comprising a tubular body or casing to receive a dry battery, one end of said tubular casing being made larger than the other end, two lamp bulbs mounted respectively one at each end of said tubular body on opposite sides of said dry battery, the lamp bulb mounted at the larger end of said tubular body being intended for use as a torch whilst the lamp bulb mounted at the smaller end of said tubular body is intended for use as a table lamp, alternative circuits for electrically connecting one or other of said lamp bulbs to said battery, a movable switch member for controlling said alternative circuits, a transverse partition of insulating material between the positive terminal of said battery and the terminal of one of said lamp bulbs, said transverse partition having a slot into which the positive terminal of said battery penetrates, said slot also extending along an upstanding wall integral with .the partition, a first conductor strip located in said slot and forming part of one of said alternative circuits, means for pressing said positive terminal of said battery into electrical contact with said first conductor strip and for pressing said rst conductor strip into electrical Contact with said 4terminal of said lamp bulb, a second conductor strip located in said slot and forming part of the other alternative circuit, the ends of said two conductor strips forming fixed contacts co-operating respectively with said movable switch member in one or other of the operative or on positions thereof.

3. A portable electric illuminating device adapted for either as a table lamp or as a hand torch comprising a tubular body or casing to receive a dry battery, one end of said tubular casing being made larger than the other end, two lamp bulbs mounted respectively one at each end of said tubular body on opposite sides of said dry battery, the lamp bulb mounted at the larger end of said tubular body being intended for use as a torch whilst the lamp bulb mounted at the smaller end of said tubular body is intended for use as a table lamp, alternative circuits for electrically connecting one or other of said lamp bulbs to said battery, a movable switch member for controlling said alternative circuits, a transverse partition of insulating material between the positive terminal of said battery and the terminal of one of said lamp bulbs, said transverse partition having a slot into which the positive terminal of said battery penetrates said slot extending also along an upstanding wall integral with the partition, a first conductor strip located in said slot and forming part of one of said alternative circuits, means for pressing said posi-tive terminal of said battery into electrical contact with said rst conductor lstrip and for pressing said rst conductor strip into electrical contact with said terminal of said lamp bulb, a second conductor strip located in said slot yand forming part off the other alternative circuit, the ends of said two conductor strips forming fixed contacts co-'operating respectively with said movable switch member in one or other of the operative or on positions thereof, Iand further comprising Ia translucent ring fitted in the larger end of said tubular body so as to project from said larger end for the purpose described.

References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Broadhead Nov. 7, 1916 Muros Apr. 17, 1934 Ayotte et al. Nov. 28, 1939 Desimone Aug. 26, 1941 Gardner Oct. 14, 1941 La France Aug. 30, 1955 `Carpenter Dec. 20, 1955 lGraubner Feb. 11, 1958 FOREIGN PATENTS Great Britain Dec. 16, 1953

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1203576 *Jan 18, 1915Nov 7, 1916James E BroadheadTrainman's flash-light.
US1955511 *Dec 21, 1931Apr 17, 1934Muros JosephElectric flash light
US2181447 *Feb 24, 1939Nov 28, 1939Scovill Manufacturing CoLock switch for flashlights
US2253952 *Mar 23, 1940Aug 26, 1941Bright Star Battery CompanyFlashlight
US2259416 *Dec 19, 1940Oct 14, 1941Mer Q Ree IncLamp construction
US2716700 *May 1, 1953Aug 30, 1955France Ivan E LaFlashlight construction
US2727981 *Mar 4, 1952Dec 20, 1955Harold G CarpenterElectric torch with auxiliary outlet
US2823300 *Jul 1, 1954Feb 11, 1958Union Carbide CorpLight modifying attachment for flashlights
GB700958A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3520203 *Nov 15, 1968Jul 14, 1970Eg & G IncPositioning device
US3624384 *Nov 29, 1968Nov 30, 1971Ledingham Gordon RIlluminated earring
US3835272 *Apr 19, 1973Sep 10, 1974Wisenbaker ERotary screw switch
US5671999 *Aug 8, 1996Sep 30, 1997Tbi Concepts, L.L.C.Flashing identification light adaptor system for flashlight
US5909952 *Apr 17, 1997Jun 8, 1999Tbi Concepts, L.L.C.Flashing indentification light adaptor system for flashlight
US6017129 *Jul 27, 1998Jan 25, 2000Krietzman; Mark HowardSwitchable tail-cap illuminator with power supply
WO1998006974A1 *May 29, 1997Feb 19, 1998Tbi Concepts L L CFlashing identification light adaptor system for flashlight
WO2013104554A1 *Jan 3, 2013Jul 18, 2013Osram GmbhAn led illumination device
Classifications
U.S. Classification362/184, 200/60
International ClassificationF21L4/00
Cooperative ClassificationF21V23/0414, F21L7/00
European ClassificationF21V23/04L, F21L7/00