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Publication numberUS2900661 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 25, 1959
Filing dateMar 11, 1957
Priority dateMar 11, 1957
Publication numberUS 2900661 A, US 2900661A, US-A-2900661, US2900661 A, US2900661A
InventorsCarl Schnell
Original AssigneeCarl Schnell
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Plucking device for feathers, hairs or the like
US 2900661 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 25, 1959 SCHNELL 2,900,661

PLUCKING DEVICE FOR FEATHERS, HAIRSOR THE! LIKE Filed March 11, 1957 INVENTOR. CARL SCHNELL United States Patent PLUCKING DEVICE FOR FEATHERS, HAlRS OR THE LIKE Carl Schnell, Winterbach, near Schorndorf, Germany Application March 11, 1957, Serial No. 645,104

3 Claims. (Cl. 1711.1)

In large shops, hotels or the like, poultry has to be plucked in fairly large quantities. For this purpose use has hitherto been made of rotatably mounted containers in the form of a drum, which are rotated manually or by means of a motor and which accommodate the particular poultry to be plucked. These drums are provided internally with radially extending pins or the like of flexible material, which are provided with resin or other sticky substances for the plucking work. The adhesive power of the particular adhesive substance used is not suflicient, however, to pluck the feathers of freshly killed poultry. It is therefore necessary to scald the poultry before plucking, and in consequence the appearance suffers considerably and the selling value is reduced.

According to the invention, in order to avoid the relatively high costs that had to be expended for previously known plucking devices and the other disadvantages occurring with these, a plucking device for feathers, hair or the like comprises at least two discs or the like, which are rotatable in the same direction, are disposed at an angle to one another, and converge at one point. Such a device is passed manually for example over a freshly killed bird, the feathers passing into the space between the inclined pair of discs, then being clamped fast between the discs and plucked out, whereupon the plucked feathers are ejected rearwardly in consequence of the divergence of the discs. The discs may be driven either manually or by a motor.

The discs are preferably held at an angle to one another by means of press-on rollers or the like. In this case, pressing rollers may be disposed at the outer and inner surfaces of the discs respectively, the inner and outer rollers preferably being offset by 180 relative to one another. In order to enable the angle position of the discs or the bearing pressure at the point of contact of the discs to be varied, the pressing rollers are mounted so as to be adjustable.

In order to obtain particularly dependable guiding and good support for the discs, it is also possible to bear against the discs by means of wedge-shaped guide pieces instead of press-on rollers or some of the latter. The discs are advantageously provided, at least at the plucking surface, with a friction lining, for example rubber vulcanised thereon. Particularly when a relatively large number of discs is used, said discs are advantageously connected positively, but rockably, to a driven shaft passing through them. In this case the shaft may advantageously be provided with longitudinal ribs or the like and the discs be provided with correspondingly shaped recesses radiating from their bearing bore and permitting a rocking of the discs relative to the shaft.

One embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing by way of example, in which:

Figure 1 is a side elevation of a plucking device, and

Figure 2 is a front elevation of Figure 1.

Two holder jaws 1 and 2, are rockably connected together. The lower jaw 2 has a certain number of wedge- 2 V shaped guide pieces or abutments 3 and 4, in which there is 'rotatably mounted the shaft 5, which is driven by means of a flexible shaft for example (not illustrated). The shaft 5 is disposed transversely of the wedges and is provided with longitudinal ribs 6 and accommodates a relatively large number of discs 7, which are disposed on the shaft at an angle to the axis of the shaft other than a right angle. The discs are at equal and opposite angles to the shaft axis and thus at an angle to each other. The discs are disposed in pairs, each pair being in contact or in close proximity to each other at one position 13 around their peripheries remote from the jaw 1 and spaced apart to a progressively greater extent towards the diametrically opposite positions on their peripheries. Said discs 7 are provided (not shown) with recesses radiating from their centre bores, so that the discs 7 are positively connected to the shaft 5 by way of the ribs 6, but can be rocked relative to the shaft 5. The discs of each pair lie with their outer surfaces against the adjacent inclined surfaces of the wedges 3, 4, said surfaces being at approximately the same angle to the axis of the shaft as the discs. The top jaw has at its front end a plurality of downwardly extending fork-like projections 8, which are in each case provided with two pressing rollers 11, 12, the axes 9, 10 of which are offset relative to one another. The pressing rollers 11, 12 are disposed against the inner surfaces of each pair of discs and are freely rotatable on their axes 9 and 10 and force the discs 7 apart at their upper ends, so that each pair of discs is in contact at their positions 13 remote from the rollers 11, 12 and adjacent the large ends of the wedges. The discs 7 are provided with vulcanised rubber as at 7X, for better adhesion to the feathers, or hairs, to be plucked. In order to be able to regulate the angle position of the discs '7 or the bearing pressure at their points of contact 13, the distance between the two holder jaws 1 and 2 is adjustable by means of the nut 15 on the screw 14. By means of this the pressing rollers 11 and 12 are simultaneously moved towards the shaft 5 or farther away from the latter, so that the discs '7 are forced apart to a greater or lesser extent at the top.

In order to pluck a freshly killed bird, it is now no longer necessary to scald it; on the contrary, the plucking device according to the invention is simply passed over the body of the bird or the like, so that the feathers are clamped between the rotating pairs of discs '7 and are plucked out. On further rotation of the discs 7 the plucked feathers are ejected rearwardly.

The feathers or hairs of the bird or the like are parted and moved to the side on the movement of the hand device by the fork arms of the part 2, which are constructed as wedge pieces 3, 4 at the front, so that said feathers or hairs pass between the pairs of discs 7 in relatively large quantities.

Deflectors 16, by means of which the plucked feathers are prevented from moving upwardly with the discs at the back of the device, can also extend from the part 2 to engage between the pairs of discs. These deflectors are also of wedge shape and lie one between each pair of discs with their inclined surfaces at about the same angle to the axis of the shaft as the discs, and are disposed at the contacting parts of the discs.

I claim:

1. A plucking device for feathers, hairs or the like, comprising at least one pair of discs rotating at an angle to each other in the same direction and converging at one point; and presser rollers contacting the adjacent faces of adjacent discs of the pair and influencing the angular position of the discs relatively to one another; said rollers being arranged between the discs and pressing the discs apart, to cause the pair of discs to converge at said References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Johnson July 13, 1915 Bingham Sept. 6, 1932 Bingham Aug. 22, 1933 FOREIGN PATENTS France Oct. 4, 1948 Belgium Jan. 15, 1951 France June 18, 1956

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1146575 *Sep 14, 1914Jul 13, 1915John P H JohnsonBeet-harvester.
US1875980 *Dec 15, 1928Sep 6, 1932Cowley Ringham GeorgeMachine for plucking birds
US1923415 *Sep 22, 1931Aug 22, 1933Cowley Bingham GeorgeMachine for plucking and stubbing birds
BE500184A * Title not available
FR943472A * Title not available
FR1123971A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4079741 *Oct 28, 1976Mar 21, 1978Yair DaarHair plucking device
US4524772 *Jul 22, 1983Jun 25, 1985Yair DaarApparatus for hair removal
US4726375 *Mar 30, 1987Feb 23, 1988General Ideas And Products Ltd.Depilatory device for removing hair
US4807624 *Mar 2, 1988Feb 28, 1989Hair Remover Ltd.Device for removing hair
US4825867 *Mar 2, 1988May 2, 1989Hair Remover Ltd.Depilatory device for removing hair
US4923463 *Oct 17, 1988May 8, 1990Crestmoore Ltd.Depilatory device for removing hair
US4935024 *Apr 19, 1989Jun 19, 1990Moshe DolevHair removal device
US4960421 *Jan 17, 1989Oct 2, 1990Yair DaarDepilatory device
US4960422 *Jan 17, 1989Oct 2, 1990Jacques DemeesterDepilating appliance
US4983175 *Sep 11, 1989Jan 8, 1991Yair DaarDepilatory device
US5007915 *Nov 28, 1989Apr 16, 1991Crestmoore Ltd.Depilatory device
US5011485 *Jul 27, 1989Apr 30, 1991Yair DaarDepilatory device
US5041122 *May 31, 1989Aug 20, 1991U.S. Philips Corp.Depilation apparatus
US5078715 *May 5, 1989Jan 7, 1992Yair DaarDepilatory device
US5084055 *Nov 27, 1989Jan 28, 1992Jacques DemeesterDepiliating appliance
US5100413 *Mar 5, 1991Mar 31, 1992Moshe DolevRotary head multi-tweezer hair removal device
US5100414 *Mar 5, 1991Mar 31, 1992Moshe DolevRotary head multi-spring hair removal device
US5108410 *May 24, 1991Apr 28, 1992Matsushita Electric Works, Ltd.Depilating device
US5116348 *Jul 10, 1990May 26, 1992U.S. Philips Corp.Depilating apparatus
US5207689 *Dec 12, 1991May 4, 1993Braun AktiengesellschaftDepilating appliance
US5234442 *Aug 23, 1990Aug 10, 1993Braun AktiengesellschaftEpilating appliance
US5312419 *Dec 18, 1992May 17, 1994U.S. Philips CorporationDepilation apparatus with twisting action
US5449364 *Apr 14, 1994Sep 12, 1995U.S. Philips CorporationDisc-type depilation apparatus with play-free shaft coupling
US5462557 *Jan 3, 1994Oct 31, 1995U.S. Philips CorporationDisc-type depilation apparatus with force transmission studs
DE3930884A1 *Sep 15, 1989Mar 28, 1991Braun AgGeraet zum auszupfen von haaren
EP0101656A1 *Jul 29, 1983Feb 29, 1984Improver CorporationApparatus for hair removal
EP0147285A2Dec 11, 1984Jul 3, 1985Braun AktiengesellschaftEpilation apparatus
WO2000051460A1Mar 1, 2000Sep 8, 2000Zero Tech Technology Ltd.Depilator
Classifications
U.S. Classification452/84, 452/102, 606/133
International ClassificationA22C21/02, A22C21/00
Cooperative ClassificationA22C21/028
European ClassificationA22C21/02D