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Publication numberUS2901786 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 1, 1959
Filing dateJan 2, 1957
Priority dateJan 2, 1957
Publication numberUS 2901786 A, US 2901786A, US-A-2901786, US2901786 A, US2901786A
InventorsJames W Batts
Original AssigneePermanent Glaze Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Window construction
US 2901786 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 1, 1959 J. w. BATTS WINDOW CONSTRUCTION 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Jan. 2, 1957 (/cI/heJ 14/. 50!};

, INVENTOR BY f Sept. 1, 1959 J. w. BATTS WINDOW CONSTRUCTION 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 2, 1957 JAMES W. BATTS ATTORNEYS United States Patent nn nineteen; sentiments-pm of my cafipl' 'Se'ri'aYNo. 524,650, filed July 27, "1955, i d.

invention""lates :to windowcoristrnctions par tb ifdvemheans' for 'i'nounting 'a pane of g s's in' a window-nine.

A principal object of the invention is to provide a novel window pane retaining strip adapted to be conveniently lied to '2v."winclo\iv fr'airi'e in locking "engagement with the e *Aho robjet is to -"rovide 'a' windew pan retaining heet 'rnetil construction adapted to be p v I dew fr'eirne'and engage a window pane steem li "'igionstlie'reon. v A fl'irthr bject resides in the provision of an inexpensive window 'p'tiiie "retaining strip faeilitatingglaz'ing operations. l p 7 still*fl'irtlier'db'je otis to provide anovel Window con- *struction utilizing a window pane retaining strip eniiig' "p'alfie and-the frarne i'n' such'a manner that the "SlIl'lIZl and die will beeifectively'l'ocked against reinoval. A related'objec't isto design the strip so'that 'a sealing fifeinsa'pplied between the strip and the pane will be desirably protec'ted "from external elements.

*"Aiifadditional object "is to pr'ovide anovel waterproof window onstrilction ch'racterized by superior watershedding or water tight characteristics.

' 'Fuitherobjeets 'andwidvzintages of the invention will "Hedh part"obviou's and in part pointed out hereinafter.

The novel features of the inventionmaybebestmade sclearfrointhe following description and accompanying drawings in which:

Figured 'is'frfigmentary, perspective view of awindow constructidneiiibodying theinvention;

Figure 2 is a vertical "sectional viewof the construction'of Figure-1';

-.Fi-gure 6 is a perspective viewof one form of window pane retainingstrip of the invention;

'Figtire 4"is afront elevational view'of thewindow construction; s

Figure 5 is a fragmentary, perspective view of another dorm-of window construction embodying the invention; Figure 6 isa vertical sectional view of the sill part of thegco'nstruc'tion of Figure S,'and g t =Fi-'gure 7 is a perspective view'of a modified form of .P 'e a' g ipp Referring now to Figures 1-3 of the drawings, the embodiment ofmy, invention disclosedinthe aforesaid co- {pending application, ,SerialNo, 524,650, includes a window pane retaining strip 10 adapted to be connected to i a frarne'part' or rail of a window construction, as the sill part 12; andengageable with a window pane 14. ,The strip 10;prefera.blyis formed of integral, resilient oi flexible s'heet fnetal, such as aluminum, including a glongitudinally extendingleg portion 1 6'joined to an iniclinedplen'ar portion 18 defining with leg 16 an obtuse in'ferior angle. The "upper end of planar portion 18 de- 'fi'nes e first pane engageable portion 20 'and preferably is e se s Her n 2. .1 d sp e f er t i lths. leg 16 'thanit is from the second pane eng 'elgeableporh e m,- Ledge .13 i f feb y 'j 'sll d iii lsl i a tudinal groove 30 therein adjacent the outer end' thereof.

tected from the deteriorating effects of external el i i .r'b tt m en. i vi lgesi isb .1 aid (he parts, "preferably of the same transverse 'cros ss strip 10 in the head part djlincludes "rniter ed or 'bj'e e "ice 2 reversely beiit rearwardly downwardly into' e. conceive portion 212 defining a groove for the receptionlof ase'ar ing means. The lower part of cdncavepoitio'n ZZ'Constitutes e second ane iigageaue portion 24 strip T0 preferably is foi med so that the firsti v w tap-of r iej maqo irm "mending*siu part 12 "may b structed ofany suitable rr iaterial, such asntietalor wood, an'dfpart 'lz 'i n clude s the usual window pinejeiigigiiig shoulder 26 and ledge ZE eiteiiding laterallyibu dly The preferred Inanner in which strip 10 isiitillzed to l z ga win o ifiafe Winni ep na 1 fi P EQPQ P i hi ib Ti edwl ieixw a e the peripheral abutinent shoulderllfi thereof, and '6 b p '0 i ie n o t ti :30; a ndie et h the successive dotted and solidline posi oils of the illustrated in Figure 2 this or insejrtion for th leg in i ab in ii qi i eted hither YI t B r ue bf th ela iv ii n i sfih various portions of the strip it will be appreciated that w "fir w en ag b bo i 2' w ll norma y ai s t e b evl' .e e lineior s te i jd s inwardly fron the outeriedge of the pene, the econd pane engjaigeable portion 24 9f the strip will be disposed in a positionoiltwardly the .outer edge "ofth'e pane 14, but in pressu r e contact therewitdand the leg l6 will'be firnilyl anchored in groove 30,

ltwill be 'evide tth at after 10 l -See iattached tothe franie 'injthe ebove'rn nne the groove forn ied by "the concave portion22 thereof be completely enclosed by the enge'gernerit *ofQthe strip h v v r y a l i 'a eia 3hr "sea ing gasket in aybe arranged in this groovearid'be proents.

; A window frame 32, glazed bylrnieiins of 'istiips the invention: is illustrated in Figure 4 and includes 36 configuration assill part 12, lZQdGfiIlQ a eriplierals oiilder 2 6and peripheral f1eug 2s; i be app 'ated that it is not necessary to have the groove n each name "part align perfectly withihegrooves of th rernainnig parts. strip 10 is arifang'ed 'in 'eacl v the franiqparts the rii5'rine r previously described o sill part '12 and the invention contemplates a new err gernent of rhe'ends of the strips 10 for preventir'igwafter from'leeking through theiointsl'of the window. re-

' IQ I D ffl iS i iigs ie i thf91L g structure at the ends of strips 10, The strip 10 fitte nto the sill part 12 preferably includes squared or stra ght ends 38disposed parallel to andengag'iiig the ledgeQS of theadjacentjarnb parts The strips connectecl to the jamb parts 34 preferably include 'r'nitered or beveled lower ends 40 fitting over or lapping theadjecentfends of the strip 10 in sill part ll while the uppert ends 42 of the strips 10 "for jernb parts :34 are 's' qiiared for. engageinent to 'the ledge 2'8 of the head 'part l 36 The led ends 44 'fittiiig over orlzipping the adjacent ends 'oflt'lie strips in the jamb parts 34. Thus, it will be seen that anyrainor other pre cipitation striking the window in any direction will be desirably shedded by the strips 10. These various strips 10 preferably are attached in, operative position in the same order in which theirend struc- :tur'e's weredescribed, v I I. W 7

An outstanding advantage of the strip 10 is that once it is errang'ed in pane retaining posit ion, it willjbe secur'ely retained in this position the to the i'es'ilieiicy thereof and the manner in which it engages the frame 32 and pane 14. When leg 16 of each strip is anchored in the groove 3t), the first portion 29 will be firmly resiliently urged against pane l4 and in addition, the weight of the glass pane 14 on the second portion 24 of strip 10 in the sill part 12 will tend to deform or deflect the concave portion 22, thereby enhancing this friction engagement of first portion 24 The portions 24 for the strips 10 in the jamb 34 and head 36 parts will also be in pressure contact with the adjacent edges of the pane. It will be evident that any attempts to remove the strip it) from its operative position, such as by pulling outwardly on the planar portion 18 or portion 20 thereof, will tend to distort the concave portion 22 in such a manner that the second pane-engaging portion 24 will be more tightly and firmly pressed inwardly against the outer edge of the pane 14, thereby effectively resisting and preventing re moval of the strip.

Another embodiment of the invention is illustrated in Figures through 7, wherein the parts of the window corresponding to similar parts of the Figures 1-4 embodiment are identified by similar reference numerals. The pane retaining strip in Fi ures 5-7 preferably is also formed of integral, resilient sheet metal and is connected to a window frame 32' for retaining the pane 14 therein. As in the case of window frame 32, all of the parts of frame 32 preferably are formed of identical transverse sectional configuration, and include the pane-engaging shoulder 26' and ledge 28 extending laterally outwardly therefrom. In this embodiment, however, an inner, stripreceiving, longitudinal groove or channel 46 is formed in the ledge 28' of the frame part adjacent the juncture of the ledge 28' and shoulder 26' (Figure 6). This groove 46 preferably is of inclined V-shape in crosssection having a rear or back vertical surface, and the outer groove 30 in the ledge 28 preferably is also of inclined V-shape in cross-section, but with a forward or front vertical surface.

The strip 10 includes the leg 16', and planar portion 18 joined thereto and terminating at its upper end in the first pane-engageable portion 20'. The concave portion 22 depending from portion 20' preferably merges into the lower, second paneengageable portion 24', the free or outer end of the latter portion may be disposed approximately the same distance from first portion 20' as the top of leg 16'.

To glaze the frame 32', the pane 14' is arranged therein against the peripheral shoulder 26 and the strips 10' may be attached to each of the frame parts in the following manner. The leg 16' is fitted into the outer groove 30' and the strip 10 is moved through the successive positions indicated in dotted and solid lines in Figure 6 until the second pane-engageable portion 24 is disposed in the groove 46 at which time the leg 16' will bear firmly against the vertical surface of its groove 30'. Additionally, the portion 24 will now be pressed firmly against the forward portion of the outer edge of pane 14' and the portion 2t! will be pressed firmly against the pane 14' at a region inwardly of the edge. The outer groove defined by the concave portion 22 for the reception of a sealing means will be enclosed by the pane 14' in the engaged regions of the latter, in the same manner as that described for strip 10. The ends of the strips 10' for each of the parts of window frame 32' preferably will be formed in the manner of the aforedescribed embodiment for endowing frame 32 with desirable watershedding characteristics.

It will be appreciated, that in addition to all of the advantages of the previously described, Figures 1-4 embodiment, the strip 10' is adapted to readily accommodate variations in the dimensions of the pane 14' without sacrificing any of its locking characteristics, and also without necessitating alteration. Stated differently, the strip 10' may be conveniently and expeditiously arranged in pane retaunng position whether the pane 14' fits substantially 4 exactly into the juncture of the angulated peripheral recess formed by shoulder 26' and ledge 28 of each frame part or whether the pane 14' is somewhat smaller than the size required for exact fit in such recess.

It will be evident that the transverse distance between the bottom of leg 16 and the free end of portion 24 of strip 10, in normal detached position, may be some What greater than the corresponding transverse distance between the bottoms of grooves 46 and 30' whereby portion 24 and leg 16 will be deformed or deflected relatively toward each other when the strip is arranged in operative position. Such deflection improves the locking action of the strip by increasing the pressures in the three principal locking regions, namely, leg 16', portion 20' and portion 24'.

It will thus be seen that the objects of this invention have been fully and eifectively accomplished. It will be realized, however, that the foregoing specific embodiments have been shown and described only for the purpose of illustrating the principles of the invention and are subject to extensive change without departure from such principles. Therefore, this invention includes all modifications encompassed within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. In an article of the character described, a Wooden window frame having a peripheral abutment surface, a window pane arranged against and in direct contact with said surface, a peripheral groove formed in said frame and spaced laterally from said abutment surface, said groove extending in a direction generally parallel to said abutment surface, and a plurality of window pane retaining resilient strips, said strips including: a leg fitted into said groove, a first portion joined to said leg and resiliently pressing directly against and in contact with the window pane at a point inwardly of an outer edge of the pane, and a second portion joined to said first portion and spaced from said leg, said second portion terminating in a free end disposed outwardly of the window pane and substantially in the same plane therewith, and said second portion resiliently pressing against and engaging the outer edge of the window pane and extending from said pane edge toward said abutment shoulder.

2. The structure defined in claim 1 wherein said strips are of integral metallic construction; and a longitudinally extending concave portion being formed between said first and second portions for the reception of a sealing means.

3. The structure defined in claim 2 wherein said leg is planar and is joined to said first portion by a planar portion inclined with respect to said leg.

4. The structure defined in claim 3 wherein the first portion is disposed approximately equidistantly from the top of the leg and the second portion, said frame including a second peripheral groove intermediate the abutment surface and the first-named groove, and said second portion being fitted into said second groove.

5. The structure defined in claim 3 wherein the first portion is disposed farther from the top of the leg than it is from the second portion, said second portion extending in contact with an outer edge of the window pane throughout substantially the entire width of the edge.

6. In an article of the character described: a rectangular window frame having interconnected top, bottom and jamb parts defining a rectangular window pane receiving opening, a longitudinal angulated recess in each of said parts defining a peripheral abutment surface and a ledge perpendicular thereto adjacent said opening, said peripheral ledge having a coextensive groove formed therein, said groove extending in a direction generally parallel to said abutment surface; a window pane being arranged against said abutment surface; a plane retaining resilient strip for each of said frame parts, each of said strip including a leg fitted into said groove, and first and second portions joined to said leg and frictionally engaging said window pane respectively at an outer edge thereof and at a region disposed inwardly of said edge, said second portion extending from said pane edge toward said abutment surface, the strip connected to said bottom part having squared ends parallel to and engaging said jamb parts, the strips connected to said jamb parts having mitered lower ends fitting over the strip on said bottom engaging said head part, and the strip connected to said head part having mitered ends fitted over the strips on said jamb parts.

References Cited in the file of this patent frame part, and squared upper ends parallel to and 10 2,252,197

UNITED STATES PATENTS Edwards July 20, 1915 Day Aug. 31, 1915 Peremi et al. June 7, 1938 Passer Aug. 12, 1941

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1147008 *Jan 7, 1910Jul 20, 1915Oliver M EdwardsWindow-sash.
US1151571 *Jul 18, 1913Aug 31, 1915William T DayPane-fastener.
US2119685 *Jun 3, 1936Jun 7, 1938Peremi EdmundGlazing strip
US2252197 *Jun 12, 1939Aug 12, 1941William C PasserWindowpane fastener
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4074677 *Jun 16, 1976Feb 21, 1978Whirlpool CorporationOven door full front viewing panel
US4154033 *Jun 22, 1978May 15, 1979Andersen CorporationTwo-part glazing system
US5109647 *Jul 20, 1990May 5, 1992See Jack CGrill clip
US6155010 *Sep 24, 1998Dec 5, 2000Reflectolite Products, Inc.Window grill clips
US20120240514 *Sep 21, 2011Sep 27, 2012Woodard Kramer EWall system
U.S. Classification52/773, 52/775
International ClassificationE06B3/60, E06B3/58
Cooperative ClassificationE06B3/5842, E06B3/60, E06B3/605
European ClassificationE06B3/58B6, E06B3/60, E06B3/60A