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Publication numberUS2904041 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 15, 1959
Filing dateJan 23, 1957
Priority dateJan 23, 1957
Publication numberUS 2904041 A, US 2904041A, US-A-2904041, US2904041 A, US2904041A
InventorsBrown Albert L
Original AssigneeBrown Albert L
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Protective device
US 2904041 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 15, 1959 ALBERT L. BROWN IN VEN TOR.

United States Patent This invention relates to a shield for an external body member and more particularly to a combined mechanical and chemical prophylactic or similar device.

In order-to prevent infection, the transmission of certain-diseases and for hygienic purposes a shield is often applied to an external body member. Such devices or shields are normally in the form of a tubular member formed of a thin membrane of nubber or rubber-like material wherein one end of the tube is closed. Devices of this character are also used for contraceptive purposes. Shields of this type form mechanical barriers surrounding the external body member and must be manufactured and tested with meticulous care in order to assure against the existence of any holes or perforations therein and to eliminate the possibility of rupturing the membrane during use. Shields of this type also present problems with reference to the possibility of leakage therefrom by reason of the foregoing through the open end thereof. As an alternative, chemicals have been proposed for use for similar purposes and are in use. These chemicals are often prepared in the form of suppositories, jellies or salves which are applied to the body member or cavity. The use of chemical prophylactic and contraceptive substances has been found to be impractical in many appli cations and have not proved to be entirely effective in others.

It is, therefore, an object of this invention to provide a shield arrangement which combines the features of the mechanical and chemical procedures and thereby assures the complete effectiveness of the arrangement for the purpose for which it is employed.

. It is another object of this invention to provide an arrangement of the character indicated which may be readily and economically manufactured and which may be conveniently packaged and stored while being availablefor immediate use.

It is a further object of this invention to provide. an arrangement of the character indicated wherein any imperfection in the mechanical device is compensated for by the presence of the chemical substance and wherein the action of the chemical substance is fortified by the provision of a mechanical barrier which confines it to the region in which it may be most effectively employed.

It is also an object of this invention to provide an arrangement to the character indicated wherein the chemical substance of a germicidal or spermicidal nature is maintained in sealed condition until required for use and the contamination or leakage thereof is effectively prevented.

A further object of this invention is to provide an arrange'ment which is conveniently hygienic and esthetically unobjectionable when placed into use.

Other and further objects, advantages and benefits of this invention will become apparent from the description thereof contained in the annexed specifications and drawings or will otherwise become obvious. It will be understood that the invention herein disclosed may be employed for other purposes to which the structure and arrangement are adapted.

As shown in the accompanying drawing:

Figure 1 is a cross section of an embodiment of this invention in form for pack-aging and shipment,

Figure 2 is an elevational View of the device as shown in Figure 1, in unrolled condition as when placed in use, partly broken away to show the contents thereof,

Figure 3 is a perspective view of the diaphragm or cap of the arrangement shown in Figure 1,

Figure 4 is a cross sectional view of a modified embodiment of this invention,

Figures 5 and 6 are cross sectional views of further embodiments of the invention, and V Figure 7 is a top plan view of the cap or diaphragm shown in Figure 3.

As shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3 the present invention comprises a tubular sheath designated generally by the numeral 10. Tubular member or sheath 10 is fabricated of a relatively thin rubber membrane although rubber containing or rubber-like materials may also be employed as is well known in the mechanical prophylactic art. In employing the term rubber it is intended to include all such suitable materials. The sheath 10 is closed at one end which is shaped into a hemispheric head portion 11 while the other end 12 of the sheath is open. An annular bead 13 is formed at the upper end of the sheath 10' and the device is normally packaged by rolling the beaded end of the sheath downwardly so that the sheath is rolled upon itself as shown at 14. By rolling the beadedend of sheath upon itself in this manner the head of the external body member may be readily inserted into the interior of the head end of the sheath and the device may be then unrolled to cover the body member. In rolling the sheath upon itself said sheath is rolled to a point spaced from the head end so as to provide a cavity 16 at the head end of the sheath within which a medicament may be deposited. The numeral 15 designates a medicament which may be in the form of a germicide, spermicide or such other substance as may be found to be desirable in the particular application for which the device is employed. It is preferred to fill the cavity 16 head end 11 of the sheath with the chemical substance in viscous form such as a jelly, although the material may be deposited in the cavity 16 of the head end in other forms particularly as will appear hereafter.

In order to enclose the medicament 15 within the cavity and to prevent the escape or contamination of said medicament as well as any contact therewith until the device is actuallyput into use, a diaphragm or covering cap 17 is positioned directly over said medicament and in spaced relation with the terminal portion of the head end 11 of the sheath. The cap 17 thus cooperates with the head 11 to form a closed chamber corresponding to cavity 16 for the medicament 15. As may be more particularly seen in Figures 2 and 3, the diaphragm or cap 17 may be formed of any suitable material, it being preferred to form it of a rubber or plastic substance which will not be affected by the chemical action of the medicament nor cause any contamination thereof.

The cap 17 is advantageously fabricated in the form of an annular disc which is provided with a peripheral annular concave groove 18. Groove 18 is defined by shoulders 19 and 20 and thus forms an annular concave seat for the rolled portion 14 of the sheath so as to capture said rolled portion of the sheath and thereby firmly position said disc transversely across the interior of the sheath and to seal the contents of cavity 16 therein. The cooperative action of cap 17 with cavity 15 at the head end 11 of the sheath thus forms an enclosed and sealed chamber for the medicament. In order to increase the effectiveness of the seal between the sheath and the cap, the diameter of the cap and the diameter of the peripheral groove may be increased so as to be somewhat larger than the diameterof the interior of the sheath and the rolled portion thereof respectively so that the sheath and rolled portion are stretched somewhat by the insertion of the cap. -By dimensioning the cap in this manner a more effective seal 'is obtained between the sheath and the cap and the cap is more firmly positioned and maintained thereacross. 'A tab or finger grip 21 is advantageously disposed on the exterior surface of the cap and projects therefrom to facilitate the removal of the cap as the device is placed into use. In order to place the device into use it is merely necessary therefore to pull out the cap and unroll thev sheath after the insertion of the external body member into the cavity of the head end. As this is done a layer of medicament is interposed between the body member and the sheath wall and said medicament is applied over the surface of the body member. There is thus aiforded the additional protection of a medicament layer between the body member and the sheath or any cavity into which it may be introduced. Furthermore any emission from the body member is immediately subjected to the action of the medicament so that if any leakage should occur between the body member and the sheath such emitted material would have been subjected to the action of the medicament while confined within the sheath. Since the two substances are mixed, the emitted material will continue to be subjected to the action of the medicament even after accidental leakage from the sheath. A modified form of the invention is shown in Figure 4. As shown in said figure the cavity 16 formed at the head end ,11 of the sheath has deposited therein a medicament 15 which is similar in nature to the medicament described in connection with the preceding figures. The medicament '15 is sealed into the cavity 16 by means of a transverse wall 22 which is spaced from the head end 11 of the sheath so as to form a similar capped and enclosed chamber therebetween. The transverse wall or diaphragm 22 is disposed adjacent the rolled up portion 14 of the sheath and advantageously is comprised of a thin disc of material which is solid at room temperature but readily melts at normal body temperatures so that contact of the body member with said disc material causes it to be readily melted thereby giving access to the medicament which is then automatically applied to the body member. An example of a suitable material for this purpose is cocoa butter although similar materials such as room temperature solid jells, paraflins or waxes may be employed for this purpose.

Figure illustrates a further embodiment of this invention which is in all respects similar ;to the embodiment illustrated in Figure 4 in that the medicament 15 within cavity 16 is confined to the head end 11 of the rolled sheath by means of a transverse partition or diaphragm 23 formed of cocoa butter or similar suitable material solid at room temperature but which readily or cap 23 .is maintained in position by adhesive contact with the upper surface at diaphragm 23 .and may be readily removed by lifting it away from said diaphragm. The contents of the cavity in the chamber defined by diaphragm 23 and head end 11 of the sheath are thus doubly protected by means of diaphragm 23 and the annular disc 24. As heretofore indicated, the meltable diaphragm 23 automatically gives access to the medicament as it melts upon being subjected to the body temperature of the external member or a body cavity. The diameter of cap 24 is advantageously somewhat larger than the diameter of the tubular member at this point to additionally secure itin position by means of the resilient grasp of :the rubber sheath thereon.

Figure 6 illustrates an additional embodiment of this invention wherein the medicament 15 disposed in the cavity 16 formed at the head end 11 of the sheath 10 is sealed in by means of a transverse diaphragm 26. Said diaphragm 26 comprises a sheet or membrane of pliable material such as for example aluminum foil. The diaphragm membrane 26 is held in position by being bent over the rolled up portion of the sheath so as to form an inturned depending flange 27 surrounding a substantial portion of the external peripheral surface of rolled up portion 14 of the sheath 10. The annular concave flange thus formed surrounds and grips the rolled up portion of the sheath and forms an effective seal therewith which firmly maintains the diaphragm in position and effectively seals the contents 15 of the chamber as defined by the transverse diaphragm 26 and head end 11 of the sheath. Diaphragm or membrane 26 may be formed of an aluminum foil which is bent over to surround the bead after the sheath has been rolled. It may, however, also be preformed of somewhat more rigid sheet material and the beaded end of the sheath may then be inserted into the concave annular flanged portion thereof. It will also be understood that the membrane need not be a metallic foil but may be formed from a sheet of suitable plastic or similar material.

Some of the advantages of this invention may also be realized by filling the cavity 16 at the head end of the sheath 10 with a medicament 15 which includes as a carrier cocoa butter or the like to maintain the medicament in solid condition at room temperature but being readily reduced to a liquid or fluent condition upon being subjected to normal body temperatures. In such event the body member contacting the medicament will cause it to melt or be reduced to fluent condition thereby rendering the medicament eifective for the desired purpose here and above described. In this connection the melting of the material would be considerably accelerated upon the introduction of the body member into a body cavity. Where such arrangement is employed the medicament containing sheath should be enclosed in a suitable sealed package to prevent contamination.

In connection with cap 17 it is further pointed out that said cap is provided with a notch 28 formed in the shoulder 19. When the rolled up bead is disposed within groove 18 notch 28 exposes a portion thereof so that the finger of the user may be applied over the exposed portion of the rolled bead 14 and the bead may then be readily rolled over the shoulder 20 .to accomplish the removal of the cap 17 from within the sheath.

I have here shown and described a preferred embodiment of my invention. It will be apparent, however, that the invention is not limited to this embodiment and that many changes, additions and modifications can be made in connection therewith without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as herein disclosed and hereafter claimed.

Iclaim:

1. A combined mechanical and chemical shield for an external body member comprising an elongated tubular sheath having a closed head end adapted to be applied upon an external body member, the other end being open, said open end being rolled upon itself to form a rolled bead spaced from said head end and defining a cavity therein, a medicament disposed within said cavity and means for confining said medicament within said cavity and for protecting it from contamination, said means comprising a diaphragm disposed transversely across said sheath adjacent said rolled bead whereby an enclosed chamber is provided for said medicament-which chamber is defined by said diaphragm and said head end.

2. A shield for an external body member comprising an elongated tubular sheath of rubber or the like having a closed head end adapted to be applied upon an external body member, the other end of said sheath being open and rolled upon itself to form a rolled bead spaced from said head end, a medicament disposed within said head end, a diaphragm removably disposed across the interior of said sheath for confining said medicament within said head end and for protecting it from contamination, said diaphragm comprising a circular disc, said disc being provided with a peripheral groove within which said rolled bead is removeably received in order to maintain said diaphragm in position across said sheath and to define an enclosed chamber for said medicament between said head end and said disc and to permit contact between said member and said medicament upon the removal of said disc.

3. A shield for an external body member comprising an elongated tubular sheath of rubber or the like having a closed head end adapted to be applied upon an external body member, the other end of said sheath being open and rolled upon itself to form a rolled bead spaced from said head end, a medicament disposed within said head end, a diaphragm removeably disposed across the interior of said sheath for confining said medicament within said head end and for protecting it from contamination, said diaphragm comprising a circular disc, said disc being provided with a peripheral groove Within which said rolled bead is removeably received in order to maintain said diaphragm in position across said sheath and to define an enclosed chamber for said medicament between said head end and said disc and to permit contact between said member and the medicament upon the removal of said disc, said disc being provided with a projecting tab whereby said disc may be readily grasped to facilitate the removal thereof upon said sheath.

4. A shield for an external body member comprising an elongated tubular sheath of rubber or the like having a closed head end adapted to be applied upon an external body member, the other end of said sheath being open and rolled upon itself to form a rolled bead spaced from said head end, a medicament disposed within said head end, a diaphragm removeably disposed across the interior of said sheath for confining said medicament within said head end and for protecting it from contamination, said diaphragm comprising a circular disc, said disc being provided with a peripheral groove within which said rolled bead is removeably received in order to maintain said diaphragm in position across said sheath and to define an enclosed member for said medicament between said head end and said disc and to permit access of said body member to said medicament upon the removal of said disc, the peripheral groove of said disc being defined by spaced shouliders, a notch formed in one of said shoulders whereby a portion of said rolled bead is exposed thereby permitting the application of finger pressure to said exposed head portion to facilitate the removal of said disc from said sheath.

5. A combined mechanical and chemical shield for an external body member comprising an elongated tubular sheath having a closed head end adapted to be applied upon an external body member, the other end being open, said open end being rolled upon itself to form a rolled bead spaced from said head end and defining a cavity therein, a medicament disposed within said cavity and means for confining said medicament within said cavity and for protecting it from contamination, said means comprising a transverse diaphragm disposed transversely across said sheath adjacent said rolled bead whereby an enclosed chamber is provided for said medicament defined by said diaphragm and said head end, said diaphragm being in the form of an annular disc, the diameter of which is larger than the interior diameter of said sheath whereby said disc causes said sheath to be stretched when it is disposed therein and is thereby retained more securely in position.

6. A combined mechanical and chemical shield for an external body member comprising an elongated tubular sheath having a closed head end adapted to be applied upon an external body member, the other end being open, said open end being rolled upon itself to form a rolled bead spaced from said head end and defining a cavity therein, a medicament disposed within said cavity and means for confining said medicament within said cavity and for protecting it from contamination, said means comprising a diaphragm disposed transversely across said sheath adjacent said rolled bead whereby an enclosed chamber is provided for said medicament which chamber is defined by said diaphragm and said head end, said diaphragm is comprised of a material which is relatively rigid at ambient temperature and which melts readily at normal body temperature.

7. The device according to claim 6 wherein a disc is provided overlying said diaphragm.

8. The device according to claim 6 wherein said diaphragm is comprised of a thin layer of cocoa butter.

9. A combined mechanical and chemical shield for an external body member comprising an elongated tubular sheath having a closed head end adapted to be applied upon an external body member, the other end being open, said open end being rolled upon itself to form a rolled bead spaced from said head end and defining a cavity therein, a medicament disposed within said cavity and means for confining said medicament within said cavity and for protecting it from contamination, said means comprising a diaphragm disposed transversely across said sheath adjacent said rolled bead whereby an enclosed chamber is provided for said medicament which chamber is defined by said diaphragm and said head end, said diaphragm comprising a membrane extending across said open end and overlying said rolled bead and having an annular depending inturned flange surrounding a portion of said rolled bead.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,410,460 Robinson Nov. 5, 1946 2,485,942 Nosik Jan. 31, 1950 2,601,851 Jones July 1, 1952 2,767,711 Ernst Oct. 23, 1956

Patent Citations
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US2601851 *May 19, 1949Jul 1, 1952Jones Robert OApplicator for treating skin ailments
US2767711 *Feb 25, 1954Oct 23, 1956Ernst OttoEye medicament package
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3282414 *Mar 12, 1965Nov 1, 1966Stanley PenksaHermetically sealed packaged prophylactic
US3363624 *Aug 14, 1964Jan 16, 1968Fishman SamProphylactic device
US3911501 *Jan 4, 1974Oct 14, 1975Lawrence Peska Ass IncSelf-lubricating surgical glove
US4332243 *Apr 4, 1980Jun 1, 1982Morton GutnickDevices and methods for the prevention of transmission of venereal disease and non-gonococcal genital infections
US4415548 *Apr 30, 1982Nov 15, 1983Schmid Laboratories, Inc.Spermicidally lubricated prophylactics and method for making same
US4446860 *May 20, 1982May 8, 1984Morton GutnickDevices and methods for the prevention of transmission of venereal disease and non-gonococcal genital infections
US4498466 *May 2, 1983Feb 12, 1985Pomeranz Mark LReclosable condom having sealed chamber with a rheopexic material within
US4527988 *Sep 20, 1982Jul 9, 1985Lutz Peter LPorous contraceptive device with an interstitial liquid
US4564006 *Jul 25, 1984Jan 14, 1986Pomeranz Mark LReclosable condom
US4625716 *Oct 4, 1985Dec 2, 1986Pomeranz Mark LPenile prosthesis with rheopexic material enclosed in a chamber
US4794920 *Jul 14, 1987Jan 3, 1989Robichaud David MBirth control device
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US4829995 *Sep 4, 1987May 16, 1989Aegis Medical CorporationFluid barrier for medical dressing
US4855169 *Jan 27, 1988Aug 8, 1989Apex Medical Technologies, Inc.Prophylactic sheath with augmented border
US4894059 *Sep 22, 1986Jan 16, 1990Coloplast A/SCatheter applicator for urinary incontinence equipment
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US5163449 *Nov 20, 1990Nov 17, 1992Valk Willem L V DDevice for a male condom, and a condom to be used with this device
US5199444 *Jul 8, 1991Apr 6, 1993Family Health InternationalCondom having enhanced grippability structure and annular sealing element
US5204060 *Oct 11, 1991Apr 20, 1993Berol Kemi AbMethod for disinfection
US5351698 *Apr 1, 1992Oct 4, 1994Family Health InternationalBidirectionally donnable generally tubular sheath articles, and apparatus and method for making and using same
US5360590 *Jun 4, 1993Nov 1, 1994Family Health InternationalMethod of making a condom article
US5361779 *Nov 18, 1992Nov 8, 1994Family Health InternationalTubular sheathing article comprising knitted retention structure, and method of making the same
US5479940 *Jul 20, 1993Jan 2, 1996Babled; Raymond G.Securing and protective rigid disc for condom; condom provided with such a disc
US5549120 *Nov 7, 1994Aug 27, 1996Persson; LarsApparatus for applying an elastic protective sheath on an elongate bodily membrane, and protective aid article having such an apparatus
US5577514 *Dec 18, 1995Nov 26, 1996Zimmerman; Arnold S.Condom
US8360012Apr 20, 2011Jan 29, 2013Pawz Dog Boots LlcDisposable, protective canine sock/boot requiring no fasteners
US8794191Dec 18, 2012Aug 5, 2014Pawz Dog Boots LlcDisposable, protective canine sock/boot requiring no fasteners
US20030164145 *Jan 24, 2003Sep 4, 2003Julie St. JohnBootie/paws
US20090229538 *Nov 13, 2006Sep 17, 2009Pawz Dog Boots LlcDisposable, Protective Canine Sock/Boot Requiring No Fasteners
US20140130806 *Oct 4, 2013May 15, 2014Leon B. KassmanSide-specific fluid-retaining condom system with a holding plug
EP0079015A1 *Oct 29, 1982May 18, 1983Ansell IncorporatedSpermacidal condom
EP0429144A1 *Nov 21, 1990May 29, 1991Van der Valk, Willem LodewijkDevice for a male condom, and a condom to be used with this device
WO1986004499A1 *Feb 11, 1985Aug 14, 1986Pomeranz Mark LCondom with opening and closing means for easy mounting and penile implant containing a rheopexic material
WO1992006657A1 *Oct 10, 1991Apr 30, 1992Michel RiuDevice for placing a protective sheath on an organ of the human body
WO1994005237A1 *Jul 20, 1993Mar 17, 1994Raymond BabledProtection and undeceitful rigid patch for contraceptive sheath; contraceptive sheath provided with such patch
Classifications
U.S. Classification128/844
International ClassificationA61F6/04, A61F6/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61F6/04
European ClassificationA61F6/04