|Publication number||US2906507 A|
|Publication date||Sep 29, 1959|
|Filing date||Apr 19, 1957|
|Priority date||Apr 19, 1957|
|Publication number||US 2906507 A, US 2906507A, US-A-2906507, US2906507 A, US2906507A|
|Original Assignee||Hodson Leslie|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (10), Classifications (19)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
L. HODSON FENCE CONSTRUCTION Sept. 29, 1959 Filed April 19,]1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 'Les/l'e Hudson INVEN TOR.
walki- BY 25m L. HODSON FENCE CONSTRUCTION Sept. 29, 1959 2 SheetsSheet 2 Filed April 19, 1957 m m F H w m H .e U 5 e L m R m m M m V 1 m 3 Y B and United States Patent F FENCE CONSTRUCTION Leslie Hodson', Parkville, Md.
Application April 19, 1957, Serial No. 653,907 7 Claims. (Cl. 256-48) A further object of the invention is to provide a prac- H tical deviceof this nature which is constructed of a plurality of different shapes of parts that are adapted to be interlocked to form a chain of such parts. In this way parts of various shapes and/ or sizes may be intermingled to form designs or, if desired, chains may be constructed of parts'made wholly of one design, this being in accordance with the taste of the user. 1
,A further object of the invention is to provide a home assemblable fence which has a novel post to fit with the chain constructed in accordance with the parts and pieces supplied. The post may be of a simplified design involving a body with means to penetrate the soil or may be a design capable of having. the base filled with sand or other ballast to be used in combination witha ground piercinglprong or used without such a prong when a more readily movable fence is desired or to care for situations where the fence will be used on a supporting surface that cannot easily be penetrated.
These together with other objects and advantages which will become subsequently apparent reside in the details of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference being bad to the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which:
Figure l is a perspective view of a fence constructed in accordance with the invention;
Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view of one type of post within the purview of the invention;
Figure 3 is a transverse sectional view taken on the line 3-3 of Figure 2;
Figure 4 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view of three of the links in the chain of Figure 1;
Figure 5 is a fragmentary exploded sectional view showing the means of interlocking the confronting ends of one of the links in Figure 4;
Figure 6 is a fragmentary elevational view of a modification of the fence in Figure 1;
Figure 7 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view showing another type of interlock for the confronting ends of one of the links in the fence of Figure 6;
Figure 8 is a perspective view of a modified link;
Figure 9 is a perspective view of another link in the fence capable of being assembled in a fence;
Figure 10 is a perspective view of a still further link;
Figure 11 is a perspective view of another link;
Figure 12 is a perspective view of a further link; and
Figure 13 is a perspective view of still another link, these being illustrated to show that the links may be constructed in a number of shapes depending on the ornachain 38 to the post.
2,906,507 Patented Sept. 29, 1959 mental tastes and desires of the manufacturer and the buying public.
' In the accompanying drawings there is a fence 10 constructed in accordance with the invention. This fence has two posts 12 and 14, each of which may be made identical to each other (Fig. 2). The fence post 12 is made of a generally pylon shaped hollow plastic body 16 having transverse rigidifying partitions 18 and 20 therein intermediate a cap 22 and the'base 24 thereof. Base 24 is shown as being detachable, having an annular threaded part 26 above collar 28. The threaded part is adapted to be fitted into a mating threaded part of the post so that the bottom wall 24 may be removed in order to fill the cavity 30 at the lower end of the post with sand or other ballast should this be found desirable or necessary. There are means to pierce the soil to help anchor the post 12. These means consist of an elongated prong 32 depending from the lower surface of the bottom wall 24 of the post and having a pointed end 34. It is to be clearly understood that it is within the purview of the invention to construct post 12 in an alternate manner that is, with the bottom wall 24 integrally joined with the side wall of the post. Moreover the prong 32 may be omitted.
An eye 36 is at the top of cap 22 by which to attach Hooks 40 and 42 are adhered to the side wall of the post. These hooks open upwardly and are useful in holding an intermediate strand of the fence in place on the post. As shown in Fig. 6, hooks 40 and 42 may be on both sides of a post when the post is to be used as an intermediate post. Alternatively they may be at right angles to each other as shown in Fig. 1.
End posts preferably have only one hook thereon as seen at 44 in Fig. 6.
Chain 38 is constructed of a plurality of rings or open frame-like bodies, such as rings 45, 46 and 47 (Figs. 4
and 5). These rings constitute the chain forming parts and each is .made of a plastic ring that has a. slot. 48 with the confronting ends 50 and 52 of the part 45 being spaced slightly from each other. In assembly the part 45 is sprung open and parts 47 and 46 inserted in the loop thereof. Then the confronting ends 50 and 52 of the part 45 are brought together and fastened by clip 54. The outer surfaces of the confronting ends 50 and 52 of part 45 have recesses 56 and 58 with slots or keyways 58 and 60 at the ends thereof. Clip 54 has an outer surface which is arcuate to complete the circular formation of part 45 and is of a thickness to fit snugly within the recesses 56 and 54. Keys 62 and 64 at the extremities of clip 54 snap into the keyways 58 and 60 and thereby lock part 45. Chain 38 is constructed of a large number of parts identical to parts 45, 46 and 47, although it is within the prerogative of the user as to the particular type and shape of parts with which he constructs his fence.
Fence 70 of Fig. 6 is made of post 44 and a post 72. Chain 74 is attached to the eyes 75 and 76 of these posts and other posts (unshown). Chain 78 is attached to hooks 79 and 80 on posts 44 and 72 while another chain 82 is attached to hook 83 on the opposite side of post 72 and continues to the next adjacent post. The length of the fence 70 is indeterminate.
Chain 74 is constructed of parts 88 that are joined together by parts 90 (Fig. 9) with part 92 at the extremity of each chain. Part 92 is toroidal with clip 93 holding the confronting ends assembled. The holding function of clip 93 is the same as the holding function of clip 54 and the actual construction thereof is similar. Part 88 is made of four rings 94, 95, 96 and 97 with rings 96 and 94 being spaced and provided with clips to hold them assembled when uniting the parts 88 with similar or different parts. In the form of part or chain 3 link of Fig. 11, as in all other forms, the clips are the same with the exception of the exterior shape which is slightly alterable in accordance with the motif of the part with which it is associated.
Part 90 is in the shape of a diamond and has aslot 100 between the confronting ends of sides 102'tand 104. Clip 106 is fitted in recesses 109 and .110 (Fig. 7) and held in place by the keys 112and 114 which fit in keyways 116 and 118. At the ends of the recesses 109 and 110. The outer edges of clip 106.conform to the shape of the sides 102 and 104 with which they are connected.
Part 120 (Fig. 8) has clip 122, and it distinguishes from clip 90 only in that it is hexagonal in shape. Part or link 124, provided with clip 126 is similar to part 120, the distinguishing feature being that it .is shaped in the form of a star. Part 130 is in the form of an oval and it, too, has clip 132 holding the confionting ends thereof together in such manner that a chain may be formed of a plurality of these links in the manner described previously.
It is understood that various modifications and changes may be made without departing from the invention. For example, many othershapes'of parts may be an'ived at and packaged in kits for retail sale.
What is claimed as new is as follows:
1. In a fence construction, a chain adapted to be strung and supported in an elevated position, said chain comprising a plurality of interconnected links, each link constructed of a resilient material having an open framelike body with its ends aligned, but in spaced relation, means connected to said ends on the exterior surfaces only thereof and substantially flush with said exterior surfaces, said means thereby closing the opening defined by said spaced ends.
2. The combination of claim 1, wherein said connecting means comprises longitudinally extending recesses in the outer surfaces of said links adjacent each of said ends, transversely extending keyways in said recesses, snap clips receivable in said recess and having keys on the ends thereof engageable with said keyways.
3. A fence construction comprising a plurality of support posts each having a base and a conical shaped vertical member secured thereto, a mounting eye atop said vertical member integral therewith, said base being removably secured to said vertical member, a chain having links engageable with said eye and comprising a plurality of interconnected links, each link constructed of a resilient material having an open frame-like body with its ends aligned but in spaced relation, means connected to said ends on the exterior surfaces only thereof and substantially flush with said exterior surfaces, said means thereby closing the opening defined by said spaced ends.
4. The combination of claim 3, wherein said connecting means comprises longitudinally extending recesses in the outer surfaces of said links adjacent each of said ends, transversely extending keyways in said recesses, snap clips receivable in said recess and having keys on the ends thereof engageable with said keyways.
5. The combination of claim 4, wherein said vertical member is hollow and is provided with transverse rigidifying partitions disposed within and intermediate the top and bottom thereof.
6. The combination of claim 5, wherein the lower portion of said vertical member constitutes a closure being closed by said removable base, said closure receivable of a form of ballast to weight the bottom of said vertical member, thereby providing a more stable support for said chain.
7. The combination of claim 6, whereinsaidbase has an elongated prong depending from the lower surface thereof, said prong having a pointed lower end for engagement with the surface supporting said base.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 540,192 Rosback May 28, 1895 684,734 Wegner Oct. 15, 1901 691,433 Baker Ian. 21, 1902 1,164,909 Auberlin Dec. 21, 1915 2,103,410 Frei Dec. 28, 1937 2,384,338 Rasso Sept. 4, 1945 2,550,038 Brown Apr. 24, 1951
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US540192 *||Apr 11, 1894||May 28, 1895||Means for securing chains to fence-posts|
|US684734 *||Aug 25, 1900||Oct 15, 1901||Frederick A Wegner||Fence-post.|
|US691433 *||Apr 29, 1901||Jan 21, 1902||Charles F Tunstead||Detachable link.|
|US1164909 *||Oct 12, 1914||Dec 21, 1915||Herman Auberlin||Street-stanchion.|
|US2103410 *||Mar 20, 1936||Dec 28, 1937||Frei Jr John||Post construction|
|US2384338 *||Oct 23, 1944||Sep 4, 1945||Walter Rasso||Fence post or the like|
|US2550038 *||May 5, 1950||Apr 24, 1951||Brown William L||Closing attachment for links|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3061999 *||Jan 20, 1960||Nov 6, 1962||O'brien Robert E||Detachable chain links having camming notches|
|US3891189 *||Jan 28, 1974||Jun 24, 1975||Russo Michael T||Link chain support post|
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|US4787601 *||Feb 4, 1987||Nov 29, 1988||Markers, Inc.||Decorative border fence system|
|US5328292 *||Mar 11, 1993||Jul 12, 1994||Williams Francis R||Traffic barrier chain|
|US5421556 *||Mar 2, 1993||Jun 6, 1995||Associated Materials Inc.||Modular fencing components|
|US5816946 *||Nov 21, 1995||Oct 6, 1998||Grossman; Bennett S.||Portable safety system for isolating on-deck batter|
|US7077237 *||Sep 21, 2004||Jul 18, 2006||Haake Dan M||Chain railing system for scaffolding|
|US8777512 *||Mar 30, 2012||Jul 15, 2014||David Henderson||Vertically stackable and retrofittable traffic cone linking|
|USD735361 *||Sep 13, 2013||Jul 28, 2015||Regys Tremblay||Fence element|
|U.S. Classification||256/48, 256/1, 59/900, 59/85|
|International Classification||E01F9/011, E04H17/06, E01F13/02, E04H17/04|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S59/90, E01F13/028, E01F9/0116, E01F9/0117, E04H17/06, E04H17/04|
|European Classification||E01F9/011F4, E01F9/011F6, E04H17/06, E01F13/02D, E04H17/04|